Released: June 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table B17. Occupancy of Nongovernment-Owned and Government-Owned Buildings, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Number of Buildings (thousand)
All
Buildings*
Nongovernment-Owned Buildings Government-Owned Buildings
Nongov-
ernment-
Owned
Buildings
Owner
Occupied
Nonowner
Occupied
Unocc-
upied
Govern-
ment-
Owned
Buildings
Federal State Local
All Buildings* ............................... 4,645 4,011 1,841 2,029 141 635 46 164 425
                 
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 2,552 2,272 980 1,205 87 280 Q 77 183
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 889 783 384 375 Q 106 Q Q 87
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 738 625 320 293 Q 113 Q 40 64
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 241 185 91 86 Q 56 Q 16 36
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 129 82 35 40 Q 47 Q 9 37
100,001 to 200,000 ........................ 65 43 21 20 Q 22 Q 8 12
200,001 to 500,000 ........................ 25 16 7 8 Q 9 2 1 5
Over 500,000 ................................. 7 5 2 3 N 2 1 Q Q
                 
Principal Building Activity
Education ....................................... 386 141 83 58 N 245 Q 59 175
Food Sales ..................................... 226 224 94 130 N Q N Q Q
Food Service ................................. 297 283 72 211 N Q N Q Q
Health Care .................................... 129 122 68 54 N 7 Q Q Q
  Inpatient ....................................... 8 7 4 3 N 1 Q Q Q
  Outpatient .................................... 121 115 64 51 N Q Q Q Q
Lodging .......................................... 142 134 48 86 N 9 Q Q Q
Retail (Other Than Mall).................. 443 441 189 252 N Q Q N N
Office ............................................. 824 742 402 339 N 82 7 28 47
Public Assembly ............................ 277 182 114 68 N 94 Q 23 67
Public Order and Safety ................ 71 Q Q Q N 47 Q Q 42
Religious Worship .......................... 370 370 247 124 N N N N N
Service .......................................... 622 542 285 257 N 80 12 Q 42
Warehouse and Storage ............... 597 571 175 396 N 26 Q Q Q
Other .............................................. 79 70 38 32 N Q Q Q Q
Vacant ........................................... 182 166 Q Q 141 Q Q Q Q
                 
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................... 330 304 168 125 Q 25 Q Q 19
1920 to 1945 .................................. 527 461 222 206 Q 67 8 15 44
1946 to 1959 .................................. 562 463 213 227 Q 99 Q 22 74
1960 to 1969 .................................. 579 482 242 224 Q 97 Q 28 56
1970 to 1979 .................................. 731 638 286 334 Q 92 Q 25 60
1980 to 1989 .................................. 707 624 273 326 Q 83 Q 24 55
1990 to 1999 .................................. 876 759 327 423 Q 117 Q 30 84
2000 to 2003 .................................. 334 280 110 163 Q 55 Q Q 33
                 
Census Region
Northeast ....................................... 726 642 365 261 Q 84 Q 25 51
Midwest ......................................... 1,266 1,118 557 518 43 149 11 24 114
South ............................................. 1,775 1,563 598 888 77 212 6 50 156
West .............................................. 878 689 321 362 Q 190 Q 66 103
                 
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................... 855 762 374 361 Q 93 Q 27 56
  5,500-7,000 HDD ......................... 1,173 973 546 399 27 200 27 36 137
  4,000-5,499 HDD ......................... 673 608 276 318 Q 65 1 Q 42
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 1,276 1,103 440 621 42 173 Q 64 105
2,000 CDD or More and --                  
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 669 565 204 330 Q 104 Q Q 85
                 
Number of Floors
One ................................................ 3,136 2,675 1,119 1,454 102 461 35 114 312
Two ............................................... 1,031 921 478 414 29 110 Q 28 79
Three ............................................. 339 303 175 120 Q 37 Q 9 22
Four to Nine ................................... 128 102 65 36 Q 26 2 13 11
Ten or More ................................... 12 10 4 6 N 2 0 Q Q
                 
Elevators and Escalators
(more than one may apply)
Any Elevators ................................ 309 231 121 102 Q 78 6 27 45
Number of Elevators                  
  One .............................................. 208 154 87 60 Q 54 Q 15 35
  Two to Five .................................. 88 67 28 37 Q 21 1 11 9
  Six or More .................................. 13 10 6 4 Q 3 1 1 1
Any Escalators .............................. 6 5 3 2 Q 1 Q Q Q
                 
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 ................................. 2,653 2,347 989 1,217 141 306 Q 72 211
5 to 9 .............................................. 778 701 376 325 N 78 Q Q 52
10 to 19 .......................................... 563 488 238 250 N 75 Q 26 43
20 to 49 .......................................... 398 303 156 147 N 94 Q 26 64
50 to 99 .......................................... 147 97 42 55 N 50 Q 12 34
100 to 249 ...................................... 77 53 30 23 N 24 Q 6 16
250 or More ................................... 30 22 9 13 N 8 1 Q 4
                 
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ............................... 1,002 854 356 357 141 148 Q Q 107
40 to 48 .......................................... 1,117 897 494 403 N 220 Q 58 150
49 to 60 .......................................... 1,062 932 469 463 N 129 6 35 88
61 to 84 .......................................... 591 532 213 319 N 59 Q 14 34
85 to 167 ........................................ 400 374 158 216 N 25 Q 11 9
Open Continuously ........................ 475 422 151 271 N 53 4 12 37
                 
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant ......................... 157 141 N N 141 Q Q Q Q
Mostly Vacant ................................ 25 25 Q Q N Q N N Q
Partially Vacant .............................. 548 477 176 301 N 71 Q 12 50
Not At All Vacant ........................... 3,915 3,368 1,654 1,714 N 547 37 151 360
                 
Number of Establishments
One ................................................ 3,754 3,200 1,460 1,740 N 553 41 147 366
2 to 5 .............................................. 643 584 342 242 N 59 Q 13 41
6 to 10 ............................................ 55 50 23 27 N 5 Q Q Q
11 to 20 .......................................... 23 22 10 12 N Q Q Q Q
More than 20 .................................. 14 13 5 8 N Q Q Q Q
Currently Unoccupied .................... 157 141 N N 141 Q Q Q Q
                 
Multibuilding Facility
Not Part of a Multibuilding
 Facility ........................................... 3,169 2,949 1,395 1,448 106 219 12 38 170
College or University ...................... 83 32 21 11 N 51 N 43 Q
Primary or Secondary School ........ 254 34 Q 20 N 221 Q 41 164
Office Complex .............................. 111 105 40 62 Q Q Q Q Q
Retail Complex ............................... 151 150 55 88 Q Q N Q N
Religious Campus or Complex ....... 195 195 136 57 Q N N N N
Health Care Complex ..................... 39 30 14 16 N Q Q Q Q
Lodging or Resort Complex ........... 61 59 15 40 Q Q Q N Q
Government Complex .................... 87 Q N Q N 84 15 Q 50
Other .............................................. 496 456 152 284 Q 40 Q Q 27
                 
Predominant Exterior
Wall Material
Brick, Stone or Stucco ................... 2,044 1,738 822 851 64 306 21 84 202
Concrete (Block or Poured) ........... 786 682 326 322 35 104 5 12 87
Concrete Panels ............................ 131 113 35 73 Q 18 Q 8 10
Siding or Shingles .......................... 779 669 323 329 Q 110 Q Q 66
Metal Panels ................................... 825 731 299 413 Q 93 Q Q 57
Window Glass ............................... 17 16 2 14 Q Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. 47 45 27 18 Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ........................ 18 Q Q Q Q Q N Q Q
                 
Predominant Roof Material
Built-Up .......................................... 1,036 848 344 460 44 188 8 51 129
Shingles (Not Wood) ...................... 1,325 1,159 592 536 Q 166 Q 46 113
Metal Surfacing .............................. 1,288 1,140 499 603 Q 148 Q 34 96
Synthetic or Rubber ....................... 511 431 208 208 Q 80 7 15 58
Slate or Tile .................................... 263 232 105 119 Q 31 Q Q Q
Wooden Materials .......................... 122 114 44 66 Q Q Q Q Q
Concrete ........................................ 61 53 30 23 N Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. 16 12 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ........................ 25 23 Q Q N Q Q N Q
                 
Renovations in Buildings
Constructed Before 1980
(more than one may apply)
Any Type of Renovation
 Since 1980 .................................... 1,018 871 484 368 Q 147 7 28 112
   Addition or Annex ....................... 256 212 132 80 Q 44 Q 7 37
   Reduction In Floorspace ............. 22 18 12 Q N Q Q Q Q
   Cosmetic Improvements .............. 741 648 367 268 Q 93 3 18 73
   Wall or Roof Replacement .......... 370 305 176 124 Q 65 Q 10 51
   Interior Wall                  
    Re-Configuration ........................ 411 350 204 140 Q 60 3 11 46
   HVAC Equipment Upgrade .......... 442 360 222 135 Q 82 4 12 66
   Lighting Upgrade ......................... 455 369 213 150 Q 85 4 16 66
   Window Replacement ................. 310 261 169 84 Q 50 Q 6 42
   Plumbing System Upgrade .......... 315 257 156 93 Q 58 3 11 44
   Insulation Upgrade ...................... 227 197 117 74 Q 31 Q Q 25
   Other Renovation ........................ 19 18 13 Q N Q Q Q Q
No Renovations Since 1980 .......... 1,710 1,477 647 748 82 233 27 66 140
Building Newer than 1980 ............. 1,917 1,663 710 913 40 254 12 71 172
                 
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 4,404 3,783 1,817 1,885 81 620 46 163 411
Natural Gas .................................... 2,391 2,078 1,044 997 36 313 23 72 218
Fuel Oil ........................................... 451 371 209 161 Q 80 4 24 52
District Heat ................................... 67 25 16 8 Q 42 4 27 11
District Chilled Water ...................... 33 13 9 4 Q 19 0 12 7
Propane ......................................... 502 425 225 194 Q 77 Q Q 53
Other .............................................. 132 122 75 46 Q 10 Q Q Q
                 
Space-Heating Energy Sources
(more than one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 1,766 1,519 714 781 24 246 14 55 177
Natural Gas .................................... 2,165 1,879 975 872 31 287 21 65 201
Fuel Oil ........................................... 360 309 183 126 N 51 Q 15 32
District Heat ................................... 65 23 16 7 Q 42 4 27 11
Propane ......................................... 372 317 167 146 Q 55 Q Q 38
Other .............................................. 113 107 67 40 Q Q Q Q Q
                 
Primary Space-Heating
Energy Source
Electricity ....................................... 1,258 1,093 490 581 Q 165 Q 40 117
Natural Gas .................................... 1,999 1,727 888 808 31 272 21 59 192
Fuel Oil ........................................... 282 239 143 96 N 43 Q Q 26
District Heat ................................... 63 22 16 7 Q 41 4 26 11
Propane ......................................... 308 260 122 134 Q 47 Q Q 33
Other .............................................. 72 71 42 Q N Q N N Q
                 
Cooling Energy Sources
(more than one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 3,589 3,097 1,546 1,511 39 493 35 125 333
Natural Gas .................................... 17 12 7 4 N Q Q Q Q
District Chilled Water ...................... 33 13 9 4 Q 19 0 12 7
                 
Water-Heating Energy Sources
(more than one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 1,910 1,657 847 796 Q 253 20 61 172
Natural Gas .................................... 1,445 1,248 618 611 Q 197 12 41 144
Fuel Oil ........................................... 94 72 46 25 N 23 Q Q 13
District Heat ................................... 27 11 8 Q N 17 1 15 Q
Propane ......................................... 128 107 49 58 N 21 Q Q 17
                 
Cooking Energy Sources
(more than one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 410 329 151 178 Q 81 Q 9 69
Natural Gas .................................... 457 389 170 217 Q 68 1 9 57
Propane ......................................... 108 91 52 38 Q 16 Q Q 13
                 
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 3,982 3,413 1,700 1,655 58 569 40 151 378
Buildings with Cooling .................... 3,625 3,112 1,556 1,516 39 513 35 139 340
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 3,472 2,994 1,507 1,453 34 479 33 119 327
Buildings with Cooking ................... 801 670 319 348 Q 131 Q 18 109
Buildings with Manufacturing ........ 119 118 70 47 N Q Q Q Q
Buildings with Electricity                  
 Generation .................................... 149 97 53 44 Q 52 Q 13 38
                 
Percent of Floorspace Heated
Not Heated ..................................... 663 598 140 374 83 66 Q Q 46
1 to 50 ............................................ 523 478 221 245 Q 45 Q Q 31
51 to 99 .......................................... 498 421 194 218 Q 77 5 13 59
100 ................................................. 2,962 2,515 1,285 1,192 37 447 32 126 289
                 
Percent of Floorspace Cooled
Not Cooled ..................................... 1,020 899 284 513 102 121 Q 26 85
1 to 50 ............................................ 985 865 456 394 Q 120 Q 38 72
51 to 99 .......................................... 629 534 274 257 Q 95 6 17 72
100 ................................................. 2,011 1,713 826 866 Q 299 20 84 195
                 
Percent Lit When Open
Zero ............................................... 47 45 Q Q N Q N Q Q
1 to 50 ............................................ 929 831 453 378 N 98 Q 26 64
51 to 99 .......................................... 1,108 939 477 463 N 168 17 36 115
100 ................................................. 2,176 1,839 863 977 N 337 21 98 218
Building Never Open/                  
 Electricity Not Used ....................... 386 356 38 177 141 30 Q Q Q
                 
Percent Lit When Closed
Zero ............................................... 1,964 1,660 805 796 58 304 Q 83 200
1 to 50 ............................................ 1,882 1,633 806 807 20 249 20 67 162
51 to 100 ........................................ 136 122 55 63 Q 15 Q Q Q
Building Never Closed/                  
 Electricity Not Used ....................... 664 596 174 362 60 67 4 12 51
                 
Heating Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Heat Pumps .................................... 476 401 226 170 Q 74 2 22 50
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 278 239 132 101 Q 39 Q Q 26
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. 166 152 91 61 N 14 Q Q Q
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ 58 32 14 18 N 25 Q Q 23
Furnaces ....................................... 1,864 1,664 863 772 Q 200 Q 48 144
Individual Space Heaters ............... 819 700 329 358 Q 119 12 19 88
District Heat ................................... 65 23 16 7 Q 42 4 26 11
Boilers ............................................ 579 448 254 191 Q 131 14 31 87
Packaged Heating Units ................. 953 813 375 426 Q 140 6 27 107
Other .............................................. 205 182 85 93 Q 23 Q Q 15
                 
Cooling Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Residential-Type Central
 Air Conditioners ............................ 1,006 915 463 444 Q 92 2 19 71
Heat Pumps .................................... 492 413 228 177 Q 79 Q 22 52
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 288 247 133 106 Q 41 Q Q 25
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. 174 157 93 64 N 17 Q Q Q
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ 58 33 14 19 N 25 Q Q 23
Individual Air Conditioners ............. 742 607 299 298 Q 135 Q 38 87
District Chilled Water ...................... 33 13 9 4 Q 19 0 12 7
Central Chillers ............................... 111 51 27 23 Q 60 4 21 35
Packaged Air Conditioning                  
 Units .............................................. 1,613 1,403 689 702 Q 210 14 42 154
Swamp Coolers ............................. 122 98 51 47 Q 24 Q Q Q
Other .............................................. 40 33 17 16 N Q Q Q Q
                 
Main Equipment Replaced Since
1990 (more than one may apply)
Heating ........................................... 1,197 1,047 537 487 Q 150 7 42 101
Cooling ........................................... 1,356 1,187 617 557 Q 170 15 44 111
                 
Water Heating Equipment
Centralized System ........................ 2,513 2,182 1,110 1,043 Q 331 27 80 224
Distributed System ......................... 785 681 325 352 Q 104 Q 28 72
Combination of Centralized                  
 and Distributed System ................. 175 131 72 59 Q 43 2 11 31
                 
Lighting Equipment Types
(more than one may apply)
Incandescent ................................. 2,184 1,913 973 928 Q 271 20 64 187
Standard Fluorescent .................... 3,943 3,369 1,680 1,673 16 575 43 156 376
Compact Fluorescent ..................... 941 785 399 385 Q 156 11 49 97
High Intensity Discharge ................ 455 348 177 166 Q 107 9 31 67
Halogen .......................................... 565 503 251 247 Q 62 6 15 41
Other .............................................. 8 Q Q Q N Q N Q Q
                 
Refrigeration Equipment
(more than one may apply)a
Any Refrigeration........................... 3,176 2,763 1,403 1,342 Q 413 23 110 280
  Commercial Refrigeration ............. 1,007 872 383 486 Q 135 Q 19 111
    Walk-In Units .............................. 666 576 230 345 Q 90 2 12 75
    Cases or Cabinets ..................... 825 729 317 410 Q 95 Q 15 77
  Residential-Type Units ................. 2,370 2,049 1,108 927 Q 321 19 85 216
  Vending Machines ....................... 996 779 392 385 Q 217 15 62 140
No Refrigeration ............................. 1,469 1,248 437 687 123 221 Q 55 144
                 
Office Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Computers ..................................... 3,081 2,576 1,350 1,218 Q 505 28 144 333
  With Flat Screen Monitors ............ 877 717 381 336 N 159 12 52 95
Dedicated Servers ......................... 1,175 967 516 450 Q 208 16 46 146
Laser Printers ................................ 1,970 1,642 892 745 Q 328 13 84 232
Inkjet Printers ................................. 1,420 1,190 605 582 Q 230 19 67 144
FAX Machines ............................... 2,715 2,373 1,210 1,154 Q 341 20 98 224
Photocopiers .................................. 1,939 1,638 949 682 Q 301 20 88 193
                 
Number of Computers
None .............................................. 1,565 1,435 491 811 133 130 Q Q 92
1 to 4 .............................................. 1,670 1,491 748 735 Q 179 Q 54 120
5 to 9 .............................................. 559 491 268 223 N 68 Q 19 38
10 to 19 .......................................... 370 297 176 121 Q 73 Q Q 47
20 to 49 .......................................... 255 181 104 76 N 74 Q 23 49
50 to 99 .......................................... 110 60 30 31 N 50 Q 13 36
100 to 249 ...................................... 79 35 15 20 N 44 Q 10 33
250 or More ................................... 38 21 9 11 N 17 1 6 10
                 
Number of Dedicated Servers
None .............................................. 3,471 3,044 1,325 1,579 141 426 29 118 279
1 to 4 .............................................. 1,060 878 468 409 Q 182 13 36 133
5 to 9 .............................................. 58 45 26 18 N 13 Q Q 9
10 to 19 .......................................... 30 23 11 12 N 7 1 4 Q
20 to 49 .......................................... 17 12 4 8 N 5 Q Q Q
50 or More ..................................... 10 9 6 3 N 1 Q Q Q
                 
Number of Photocopiers
None .............................................. 2,706 2,373 891 1,347 134 334 25 77 232
One ................................................ 1,250 1,109 641 460 Q 142 Q 51 79
2 to 4 .............................................. 549 432 253 179 N 117 Q 26 85
5 to 9 .............................................. 85 57 35 22 N 28 Q 8 19
10 or More ..................................... 54 40 20 21 N 14 1 3 10
                 
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation ........ 799 668 319 348 Q 131 Q 18 109
Activities with Large                  
 Amounts of Hot Water .................. 567 452 211 239 Q 115 Q 31 80
Separate Computer Area ............... 553 353 186 167 Q 200 8 47 146
                 
HVAC Conservation Features
(more than one may apply)
Variable Air-Volume System ......... 466 351 185 164 Q 115 3 35 77
Economizer Cycle .......................... 508 366 187 175 Q 143 6 46 91
HVAC Maintenance ....................... 2,581 2,119 1,084 1,018 16 462 32 129 302
Energy Management and                  
 Control System (EMCS) ................ 252 124 64 57 Q 128 4 31 94
                 
Window and Interior Lighting
Features (more than one
may apply)
Multipaned Windows ..................... 2,201 1,874 993 845 35 327 20 83 224
Tinted Window Glass .................... 1,323 1,120 556 543 20 204 13 56 135
Reflective Window Glass .............. 308 277 132 140 Q 31 Q 8 19
External Overhangs                  
 or Awnings ................................... 1,233 1,101 540 537 Q 132 10 26 96
Skylights or Atriums ....................... 331 276 143 128 Q 54 4 15 35
Daylighting Sensors ....................... 74 62 33 27 Q 12 Q Q 8
Specular Reflectors ....................... 928 752 389 358 Q 175 15 45 115
Electronic Ballasts ......................... 2,577 2,149 1,052 1,090 Q 428 25 111 292
Energy Management and                  
 Control System (EMCS)
 for Lighting .................................... 60 39 18 21 N 21 Q Q 17
                 
Equipment Usage Reduced
When Building Not In Full Use
(more than one may apply)a
Heating ........................................... 2,878 2,463 1,280 1,143 40 415 24 104 287
Cooling ........................................... 2,761 2,361 1,225 1,109 Q 401 28 104 269
Lighting .......................................... 3,685 3,153 1,590 1,563 N 533 40 146 346
Office Equipment ........................... 1504 1230 687 539 Q 273 10 76 187
                 
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet.
a The definition for one or more of these row items has changed and may not be directly comparable with past CBECS estimates. See "Guide to the Tables" for discussion of the differences.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample.
Notes: ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Form EIA-871A of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.