Released: June 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table B16. Employment Size Category, Floorspace for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Total Floorspace (million square feet)
All
Buildings*
Number of Workers
Fewer
than 5
Workers
5 to 9
Workers
10 to 19
Workers
20 to 49
Workers
50 to 99
Workers
100 to 249
Workers
250 or
More
Workers
All Buildings* ............................... 64,783 15,492 6,166 7,803 10,989 7,934 6,871 9,528
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 6,789 4,659 1,264 689 155 Q Q N
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 6,585 3,323 1,373 1,109 689 Q Q N
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 11,535 4,006 2,075 2,456 2,113 692 Q N
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 8,668 1,222 836 1,327 2,920 1,648 667 Q
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 9,057 704 291 1,157 2,865 2,151 1,518 371
100,001 to 200,000 ........................ 9,064 804 Q Q 1,558 2,014 2,455 1,452
200,001 to 500,000 ........................ 7,176 Q Q Q 533 1,077 1,706 2,571
Over 500,000 ................................. 5,908 Q N N Q Q Q 5,087
Principal Building Activity
Education ....................................... 9,874 612 378 740 2,565 2,928 1,995 655
Food Sales ..................................... 1,255 484 Q Q Q Q Q N
Food Service ................................. 1,654 336 413 421 367 Q Q N
Health Care .................................... 3,163 Q 254 Q 335 111 683 1,539
  Inpatient ....................................... 1,905 N N Q Q Q 379 1,464
  Outpatient .................................... 1,258 Q 254 Q 312 Q 304 Q
Lodging .......................................... 5,096 802 437 1,023 1,049 703 562 Q
Retail (Other Than Mall).................. 4,317 1,235 828 755 440 572 333 Q
Office ............................................. 12,208 767 964 848 1,755 1,291 1,663 4,920
Public Assembly ............................ 3,939 1,381 443 588 836 Q Q Q
Public Order and Safety ................ 1,090 145 Q Q Q Q Q Q
Religious Worship .......................... 3,754 2,117 582 646 246 Q Q Q
Service .......................................... 4,050 1,612 513 747 597 Q Q Q
Warehouse and Storage ............... 10,078 3,433 807 1,545 1,843 1,025 585 Q
Other .............................................. 1,738 159 Q Q Q Q Q 293
Vacant ........................................... 2,567 2,359 Q Q Q N N N
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................... 3,769 1,262 524 481 713 400 Q Q
1920 to 1945 .................................. 6,871 2,211 608 1,053 909 668 518 903
1946 to 1959 .................................. 7,045 1,897 634 896 1,536 712 604 767
1960 to 1969 .................................. 8,101 1,967 642 825 1,408 1,201 1,145 913
1970 to 1979 .................................. 10,772 2,456 1,016 1,331 1,886 1,092 1,230 1,760
1980 to 1989 .................................. 10,332 1,625 1,035 889 1,274 1,432 1,403 2,674
1990 to 1999 .................................. 12,360 2,644 1,206 1,565 2,289 1,557 1,338 1,760
2000 to 2003 .................................. 5,533 1,431 500 763 973 871 471 524
Census Region
Northeast ....................................... 12,905 2,376 1,085 1,872 2,314 1,598 1,331 2,329
Midwest ......................................... 17,080 4,958 1,463 2,081 2,856 2,311 1,609 1,800
South ............................................. 23,489 5,670 2,595 2,741 3,883 2,654 2,534 3,413
West .............................................. 11,310 2,489 1,023 1,109 1,935 1,370 1,397 1,986
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................... 10,622 2,699 1,035 1,374 2,014 1,673 996 832
  5,500-7,000 HDD ......................... 17,335 4,857 1,529 2,155 2,709 2,166 1,561 2,357
  4,000-5,499 HDD ......................... 11,504 1,755 1,013 1,359 2,132 1,316 1,434 2,495
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 15,739 4,076 1,646 1,599 2,498 1,812 2,109 1,999
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 9,584 2,106 944 1,317 1,635 966 771 1,845
Number of Floors
One ................................................ 25,981 9,898 3,480 3,538 4,535 2,649 1,250 630
Two ............................................... 16,270 3,706 1,627 2,277 3,664 2,254 1,774 968
Three ............................................. 7,501 1,282 637 942 1,325 1,321 1,341 653
Four to Nine ................................... 10,085 605 404 1,040 1,249 1,470 2,134 3,182
Ten or More ................................... 4,947 N Q Q Q Q 372 4,095
Elevators and Escalators
(more than one may apply)
Any Elevators ................................ 24,617 1,200 621 1,836 3,055 4,168 5,060 8,677
Number of Elevators
  One .............................................. 8,221 649 499 1,114 1,660 2,072 1,782 445
  Two to Five .................................. 10,129 Q Q Q 1,285 1,983 2,798 2,709
  Six or More .................................. 6,268 Q N N Q Q 480 5,523
Any Escalators .............................. 2,350 Q Q N Q Q Q 1,973
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ............................... 6,863 5,562 484 284 243 Q Q Q
40 to 48 .......................................... 11,622 2,700 1,610 1,668 2,458 1,358 1,050 777
49 to 60 .......................................... 15,723 3,057 1,831 2,177 2,633 2,314 1,478 2,233
61 to 84 .......................................... 10,334 1,475 1,043 1,516 2,179 1,439 1,315 1,366
85 to 167 ........................................ 7,092 823 508 974 1,599 1,288 1,045 855
Open Continuously ........................ 13,149 1,874 690 1,184 1,876 1,346 1,918 4,260
Ownership and Occupancy
Nongovernment Owned ................ 49,421 13,316 5,386 6,790 7,940 4,556 4,139 7,293
  Owner Occupied ......................... 23,591 5,546 2,802 3,668 3,499 2,138 2,262 3,677
  Nonowner Occupied ................... 23,914 5,854 2,585 3,123 4,441 2,417 1,877 3,617
  Unoccupied .................................. 1,916 1,916 N N N N N N
Government Owned ...................... 15,363 2,176 780 1,013 3,049 3,378 2,732 2,235
  Federal ......................................... 1,956 Q Q Q Q Q Q 761
  State ............................................ 3,808 456 Q 277 916 803 681 493
  Local ............................................ 9,599 1,128 495 678 2,022 2,340 1,956 981
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant ......................... 2,161 2,161 N N N N N N
Mostly Vacant ................................ 406 Q Q Q Q N N N
Partially Vacant .............................. 12,382 1,926 663 910 1,415 1,726 1,572 4,171
Not At All Vacant ........................... 49,834 11,207 5,413 6,841 9,509 6,208 5,299 5,357
Number of Establishments
One ................................................ 45,144 11,824 4,924 6,115 7,967 5,487 4,368 4,458
2 to 5 .............................................. 10,960 1,399 1,183 1,584 2,369 1,487 1,451 1,486
6 to 10 ............................................ 1,958 Q Q Q 476 375 340 565
11 to 20 .......................................... 1,951 Q Q N Q 511 420 853
More than 20 .................................. 2,609 Q N Q Q Q 293 2,165
Currently Unoccupied .................... 2,161 2,161 N N N N N N
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 63,307 14,061 6,147 7,803 10,962 7,934 6,871 9,528
Natural Gas .................................... 43,468 7,023 4,084 5,317 8,212 6,156 5,127 7,549
Fuel Oil ........................................... 15,157 1,459 625 1,024 1,602 2,131 2,149 6,168
District Heat ................................... 5,443 853 Q Q 667 474 1,050 2,191
District Chilled Water ...................... 2,853 Q Q Q 327 505 583 1,219
Propane ......................................... 7,076 2,092 564 907 907 956 661 989
Other .............................................. 1,401 307 Q Q 319 Q Q 205
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 60,028 12,182 5,822 7,410 10,822 7,650 6,766 9,376
Buildings with Cooling .................... 56,940 9,591 5,726 7,304 10,566 7,428 6,806 9,519
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 56,478 9,525 5,393 7,182 10,480 7,688 6,815 9,395
Buildings with Cooking ................... 22,237 1,886 1,172 2,010 3,829 3,699 3,515 6,126
Buildings with Manufacturing ........ 3,138 288 Q 367 762 Q 382 628
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................... 12,821 248 Q 439 1,347 2,103 2,357 6,113
Heating Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Heat Pumps .................................... 8,814 1,196 647 932 1,460 1,398 1,513 1,668
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 5,442 636 443 520 749 938 869 1,286
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. 2,581 530 Q 364 443 Q Q 587
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ 2,691 Q Q Q 504 643 581 545
Furnaces ....................................... 19,615 5,347 3,043 3,057 3,814 1,899 1,290 1,165
Individual Space Heaters ............... 12,545 2,782 938 1,542 2,364 1,628 1,300 1,991
District Heat ................................... 5,166 Q Q Q 653 460 972 2,063
Boilers ............................................ 20,423 1,986 1,140 1,884 3,588 3,556 3,401 4,869
Packaged Heating Units ................. 18,021 2,269 1,571 2,209 3,526 2,835 2,736 2,874
Other .............................................. 3,262 544 Q 394 799 372 Q 808
Cooling Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Residential-Type Central
 Air Conditioners ............................ 11,035 2,630 1,461 2,035 2,129 1,097 776 906
Heat Pumps .................................... 9,041 1,303 696 862 1,485 1,339 1,427 1,929
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 5,426 703 492 489 764 887 828 1,264
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. 2,606 570 Q 325 455 Q Q 600
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ 2,940 Q Q Q 518 613 531 861
Individual Air Conditioners ............. 12,558 2,342 1,144 1,608 2,680 1,710 1,328 1,746
District Chilled Water ...................... 2,853 Q Q Q 327 505 583 1,219
Central Chillers ............................... 11,636 Q Q 294 1,243 1,736 2,436 5,590
Packaged Air Conditioning
 Units .............................................. 29,969 3,964 3,025 4,059 5,941 4,517 3,939 4,524
Swamp Coolers ............................. 1,561 349 Q Q 410 Q Q Q
Other .............................................. 1,232 Q Q Q Q Q Q 250
Main Equipment Replaced Since
1990 (more than one may apply)
Heating ........................................... 16,403 3,368 1,920 2,360 3,283 2,172 1,836 1,463
Cooling ........................................... 20,995 3,688 2,054 2,753 4,139 2,518 2,487 3,357
Office Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Computers ..................................... 55,627 7,716 5,515 7,456 10,870 7,828 6,714 9,528
  With Flat Screen Monitors ............ 26,417 1,269 1,537 2,418 4,134 4,283 4,356 8,420
Dedicated Servers ......................... 36,338 1,248 2,266 4,233 7,252 6,453 5,853 9,033
Laser Printers ................................ 33,012 5,130 3,660 4,409 6,785 4,689 3,717 4,623
Inkjet Printers ................................. 32,210 2,375 2,610 4,002 6,375 4,824 4,484 7,540
FAX Machines ............................... 52,373 5,814 5,103 6,958 10,372 7,798 6,825 9,503
Photocopiers .................................. 46,257 3,884 3,761 5,560 9,770 7,382 6,620 9,279
Number of Computers
None .............................................. 9,156 7,777 651 347 Q Q Q N
1 to 4 .............................................. 12,395 6,537 2,654 1,910 991 Q Q N
5 to 9 .............................................. 7,179 690 2,164 2,062 1,583 514 Q Q
10 to 19 .......................................... 6,610 242 445 2,336 2,436 888 Q Q
20 to 49 .......................................... 7,414 Q Q 607 3,697 1,832 755 Q
50 to 99 .......................................... 5,376 Q Q Q 1,352 1,869 1,261 Q
100 to 249 ...................................... 6,690 Q Q Q 682 1,846 2,856 1,164
250 or More ................................... 9,963 Q Q Q Q 751 1,367 7,626
Number of Dedicated Servers
None .............................................. 28,445 14,244 3,900 3,570 3,737 1,481 1,018 495
1 to 4 .............................................. 24,116 1,238 2,263 4,108 6,522 4,846 3,438 1,700
5 to 9 .............................................. 3,864 Q Q Q 472 874 1,010 1,376
10 to 19 .......................................... 3,027 Q N N Q 306 879 1,678
20 to 49 .......................................... 2,583 N N N Q Q 420 1,749
50 or More ..................................... 2,748 N N N Q Q Q 2,530
Number of Photocopiers
None .............................................. 18,526 11,608 2,405 2,243 1,218 552 Q Q
One ................................................ 15,475 3,378 2,948 3,434 3,699 1,369 503 Q
2 to 4 .............................................. 15,082 488 786 1,736 5,046 4,260 2,055 710
5 to 9 .............................................. 5,515 Q Q Q 913 1,258 1,987 932
10 or More ..................................... 10,185 N Q N Q 496 2,075 7,492
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation ........ 22,223 1,872 1,172 2,010 3,829 3,699 3,515 6,126
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water .................. 19,482 1,842 1,062 2,031 3,540 2,931 3,190 4,886
Separate Computer Area ............... 26,873 532 645 2,213 4,533 5,114 5,119 8,716
HVAC Conservation Features
(more than one may apply)
Variable Air-Volume System ......... 19,597 1,043 626 1,349 2,953 3,058 3,547 7,021
Economizer Cycle .......................... 21,108 969 962 996 3,277 3,680 4,151 7,073
HVAC Maintenance ....................... 51,163 7,480 4,189 6,214 9,677 7,478 6,693 9,431
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS) ................ 15,630 507 302 517 2,250 3,050 3,262 5,742
Window and Interior Lighting
Features (more than one
may apply)
Multipaned Windows ..................... 38,910 6,336 3,351 4,917 7,333 5,550 4,574 6,850
Tinted Window Glass .................... 29,887 4,604 2,150 2,788 4,692 3,975 4,226 7,452
Reflective Window Glass .............. 8,544 986 229 449 1,213 1,473 1,093 3,100
External Overhangs
 or Awnings ................................... 17,242 3,002 1,845 2,924 2,769 2,282 2,055 2,365
Skylights or Atriums ....................... 12,546 834 665 1,580 1,868 2,023 1,990 3,587
Daylighting Sensors ....................... 2,868 211 Q Q 375 432 428 1,183
Specular Reflectors ....................... 26,118 2,554 1,623 2,483 4,410 4,039 3,980 7,028
Electronic Ballasts ......................... 46,882 7,653 3,942 5,454 7,894 6,744 5,977 9,218
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS)
 For Lighting ................................... 4,781 Q Q Q 603 700 735 2,538
Equipment Usage Reduced
When Building Not In Full Use
(more than one may apply)a
Heating ........................................... 42,722 8,305 4,310 5,290 7,271 5,757 4,648 7,139
Cooling ........................................... 43,205 7,318 4,490 5,546 7,520 5,893 4,765 7,672
Lighting .......................................... 46,987 10,224 5,264 6,412 8,751 6,393 4,854 5,089
Office Equipment ........................... 19,397 4,417 2,678 3,104 3,847 2,324 1,923 1,104
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet.
a The definition for one or more of these row items has changed and may not be directly comparable with past CBECS estimates. See "Guide to the Tables" for discussion of the differences.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample.
Notes: ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Form EIA-871A of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.