Released: June 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table B15. Employment Size Category, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Number of Buildings (thousand)
All
Buildings*
Number of Workers
Fewer
than 5
Workers
5 to 9
Workers
10 to 19
Workers
20 to 49
Workers
50 to 99
Workers
100 to 249
Workers
250 or
More
Workers
All Buildings* ............................... 4,645 2,653 778 563 398 147 77 30
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 2,552 1,879 422 202 43 Q Q N
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 889 452 192 146 87 Q Q N
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 738 268 134 154 131 42 Q N
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 241 36 24 38 82 44 17 Q
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 129 10 4 16 41 31 21 5
100,001 to 200,000 ........................ 65 6 Q Q 11 15 18 10
200,001 to 500,000 ........................ 25 Q Q Q 2 4 6 8
Over 500,000 ................................. 7 Q N N Q Q Q 5
Principal Building Activity
Education ....................................... 386 150 49 57 69 42 15 3
Food Sales ..................................... 226 162 Q Q Q Q Q N
Food Service ................................. 297 101 92 68 30 Q Q N
Health Care .................................... 129 Q 41 Q 26 3 8 4
  Inpatient ....................................... 8 N N Q Q Q 4 3
  Outpatient .................................... 121 Q 41 Q 26 Q 5 Q
Lodging .......................................... 142 78 18 18 16 8 4 Q
Retail (Other Than Mall).................. 443 268 90 57 14 12 3 Q
Office ............................................. 824 255 215 133 128 46 30 18
Public Assembly ............................ 277 196 33 27 12 Q Q Q
Public Order and Safety ................ 71 30 Q Q Q Q Q Q
Religious Worship .......................... 370 283 42 31 10 Q Q Q
Service .......................................... 622 462 78 44 29 Q Q Q
Warehouse and Storage ............... 597 423 62 67 34 7 3 Q
Other .............................................. 79 45 Q Q Q Q Q 1
Vacant ........................................... 182 179 Q Q Q N N N
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................... 330 203 62 30 21 11 Q Q
1920 to 1945 .................................. 527 325 97 51 37 10 5 2
1946 to 1959 .................................. 562 344 90 61 46 14 5 2
1960 to 1969 .................................. 579 331 87 74 48 21 14 3
1970 to 1979 .................................. 731 394 118 91 85 23 15 5
1980 to 1989 .................................. 707 383 148 69 54 30 14 9
1990 to 1999 .................................. 876 481 128 135 83 26 18 6
2000 to 2003 .................................. 334 192 49 49 25 13 4 2
Census Region
Northeast ....................................... 726 363 137 110 66 27 16 7
Midwest ......................................... 1,266 787 173 145 102 37 15 6
South ............................................. 1,775 1,033 317 200 136 50 28 10
West .............................................. 878 469 151 108 94 33 18 6
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................... 855 501 131 101 81 28 10 3
  5,500-7,000 HDD ......................... 1,173 683 183 151 96 36 16 8
  4,000-5,499 HDD ......................... 673 360 124 79 62 25 16 6
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 1,276 747 218 141 102 40 22 6
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 669 362 123 90 56 19 12 6
Number of Floors
One ................................................ 3,136 2,005 515 333 198 69 13 3
Two ............................................... 1,031 491 174 162 134 41 25 4
Three ............................................. 339 134 77 48 40 19 18 3
Four to Nine ................................... 128 23 12 20 24 17 19 13
Ten or More ................................... 12 N Q Q Q Q 2 7
Elevators and Escalators
(more than one may apply)
Any Elevators ................................ 309 39 20 54 67 50 53 27
Number of Elevators
  One .............................................. 208 33 18 48 50 33 24 3
  Two to Five .................................. 88 Q Q 6 17 16 27 15
  Six or More .................................. 13 Q N N Q Q 2 9
Any Escalators .............................. 6 Q Q N Q Q Q 3
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ............................... 1,002 867 73 40 12 Q Q Q
40 to 48 .......................................... 1,117 567 240 161 98 34 14 3
49 to 60 .......................................... 1,062 494 230 150 120 40 19 8
61 to 84 .......................................... 591 255 106 113 69 28 16 4
85 to 167 ........................................ 400 175 74 63 54 21 8 4
Open Continuously ........................ 475 294 56 36 43 18 19 10
Ownership and Occupancy
Nongovernment Owned ................ 4,011 2,347 701 488 303 97 53 22
  Owner Occupied ......................... 1,841 989 376 238 156 42 30 9
  Nonowner Occupied ................... 2,029 1,217 325 250 147 55 23 13
  Unoccupied .................................. 141 141 N N N N N N
Government Owned ...................... 635 306 78 75 94 50 24 8
  Federal ......................................... 46 Q Q Q Q Q Q 1
  State ............................................ 164 72 Q 26 26 12 6 Q
  Local ............................................ 425 211 52 43 64 34 16 4
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant ......................... 157 157 N N N N N N
Mostly Vacant ................................ 25 Q Q Q Q N N N
Partially Vacant .............................. 548 322 72 52 46 24 20 12
Not At All Vacant ........................... 3,915 2,152 704 509 351 123 57 18
Number of Establishments
One ................................................ 3,754 2,233 627 442 291 100 47 13
2 to 5 .............................................. 643 252 149 110 84 29 14 6
6 to 10 ............................................ 55 Q Q Q 17 9 6 4
11 to 20 .......................................... 23 Q Q N Q 6 6 2
More than 20 .................................. 14 Q N Q Q Q 4 4
Currently Unoccupied .................... 157 157 N N N N N N
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 4,404 2,415 775 563 397 147 77 30
Natural Gas .................................... 2,391 1,082 474 359 289 113 52 23
Fuel Oil ........................................... 451 252 67 38 36 22 20 16
District Heat ................................... 67 20 Q Q 16 7 9 5
District Chilled Water ...................... 33 Q Q Q 6 7 6 4
Propane ......................................... 502 318 75 59 30 9 8 3
Other .............................................. 132 84 Q Q 13 Q Q 1
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 3,982 2,080 733 536 387 141 76 29
Buildings with Cooling .................... 3,625 1,746 725 523 386 139 76 30
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 3,472 1,653 675 514 384 142 75 30
Buildings with Cooking ................... 801 301 152 134 115 53 31 14
Buildings with Manufacturing ........ 119 48 Q 19 21 Q 3 2
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................... 149 23 Q 21 31 23 22 16
Heating Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Heat Pumps .................................... 476 236 89 64 42 23 16 5
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 278 133 60 32 24 16 10 4
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. 166 92 Q 29 12 Q Q 1
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ 58 Q Q Q 11 8 5 2
Furnaces ....................................... 1,864 1,013 399 244 152 40 12 4
Individual Space Heaters ............... 819 470 120 102 86 22 14 5
District Heat ................................... 65 Q Q Q 16 7 9 5
Boilers ............................................ 579 216 88 81 94 51 34 15
Packaged Heating Units ................. 953 366 186 165 137 58 33 9
Other .............................................. 205 125 Q 28 19 5 Q 3
Cooling Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Residential-Type Central
 Air Conditioners ............................ 1,006 508 240 146 81 19 9 2
Heat Pumps .................................... 492 257 89 57 47 22 15 5
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 288 142 60 30 28 15 9 3
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. 174 104 Q 24 13 Q Q 1
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ 58 Q Q Q 11 8 5 2
Individual Air Conditioners ............. 742 428 110 93 68 25 14 4
District Chilled Water ...................... 33 Q Q Q 6 7 6 4
Central Chillers ............................... 111 Q Q 10 29 20 22 14
Packaged Air Conditioning
 Units .............................................. 1,613 619 345 274 223 92 44 16
Swamp Coolers ............................. 122 64 Q Q 21 Q Q Q
Other .............................................. 40 Q Q Q Q Q Q 1
Main Equipment Replaced Since
1990 (more than one may apply)
Heating ........................................... 1,197 626 227 158 123 37 20 6
Cooling ........................................... 1,356 667 268 183 154 48 25 10
Office Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Computers ..................................... 3,081 1,271 663 508 392 143 75 30
  With Flat Screen Monitors ............ 877 219 186 150 166 83 46 26
Dedicated Servers ......................... 1,175 188 256 262 266 110 64 28
Laser Printers ................................ 1,970 872 425 300 233 82 44 15
Inkjet Printers ................................. 1,420 400 342 275 239 94 48 23
FAX Machines ............................... 2,715 1,008 623 466 374 139 75 29
Photocopiers .................................. 1,939 575 447 344 332 138 74 29
Number of Computers
None .............................................. 1,565 1,382 115 55 Q Q Q N
1 to 4 .............................................. 1,670 1,116 338 160 48 Q Q N
5 to 9 .............................................. 559 112 245 131 65 5 Q Q
10 to 19 .......................................... 370 30 67 165 83 22 Q Q
20 to 49 .......................................... 255 Q Q 42 145 33 13 Q
50 to 99 .......................................... 110 Q Q Q 36 46 14 Q
100 to 249 ...................................... 79 Q Q Q 13 25 34 6
250 or More ................................... 38 Q Q Q Q 6 9 21
Number of Dedicated Servers
None .............................................. 3,471 2,465 522 301 131 37 12 2
1 to 4 .............................................. 1,060 185 256 257 237 84 34 7
5 to 9 .............................................. 58 Q Q Q 18 12 15 5
10 to 19 .......................................... 30 Q N N Q 5 9 7
20 to 49 .......................................... 17 N N N Q Q 5 5
50 or More ..................................... 10 N N N Q Q Q 5
Number of Photocopiers
None .............................................. 2,706 2,078 331 218 66 10 Q Q
One ................................................ 1,250 515 362 215 124 29 5 Q
2 to 4 .............................................. 549 60 81 122 182 77 24 3
5 to 9 .............................................. 85 Q Q Q 24 22 22 6
10 or More ..................................... 54 N Q N Q 9 23 20
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation ........ 799 300 152 134 115 53 31 14
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water .................. 567 199 94 90 99 45 28 11
Separate Computer Area ............... 553 73 73 105 143 84 51 25
HVAC Conservation Features
(more than one may apply)
Variable Air-Volume System ......... 466 102 79 84 103 41 36 21
Economizer Cycle .......................... 508 127 102 65 98 56 38 22
HVAC Maintenance ....................... 2,581 1,086 516 408 335 134 74 29
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS) ................ 252 57 18 34 57 41 29 16
Window and Interior Lighting
Features (more than one
may apply)
Multipaned Windows ..................... 2,201 1,056 398 329 255 96 46 21
Tinted Window Glass .................... 1,323 582 227 207 174 66 44 22
Reflective Window Glass .............. 308 150 44 25 45 23 12 8
External Overhangs
 or Awnings ................................... 1,233 585 251 207 119 42 23 7
Skylights or Atriums ....................... 331 118 54 59 48 25 17 9
Daylighting Sensors ....................... 74 31 Q Q 10 7 6 3
Specular Reflectors ....................... 928 358 178 121 146 67 38 19
Electronic Ballasts ......................... 2,577 1,275 452 355 279 122 65 29
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS)
 for Lighting .................................... 60 Q Q Q 14 8 5 6
Equipment Usage Reduced
When Building Not In Full Use
(more than one may apply)a
Heating ........................................... 2,878 1,522 533 383 259 109 50 22
Cooling ........................................... 2,761 1,357 547 396 278 109 50 24
Lighting .......................................... 3,685 1,935 695 510 344 126 57 19
Office Equipment ........................... 1,504 721 333 239 138 46 21 4
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet.
a The definition for one or more of these row items has changed and may not be directly comparable with past CBECS estimates. See "Guide to the Tables" for discussion of the differences.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample.
Notes: ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Form EIA-871A of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.