Released: June 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table B14. Selected Principal Activity: Part 2, Floorspace for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Total Floorspace (million square feet)
All
Buildings*
Principal Building Activity
Office Public
Assembly
Public
Order and
Safety
Religious
Worship
Service Warehouse
and
Storage
All Buildings* ............................... 64,783 12,208 3,939 1,090 3,754 4,050 10,078
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 6,789 1,382 336 122 416 1,034 895
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 6,585 938 518 Q 744 722 868
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 11,535 1,887 1,077 Q 1,235 1,021 2,064
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 8,668 1,506 301 Q 930 560 1,043
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 9,057 1,209 474 Q Q Q 1,494
100,001 to 200,000 ........................ 9,064 1,428 868 Q Q Q 1,162
200,001 to 500,000 ........................ 7,176 1,493 Q Q Q Q 1,322
Over 500,000 ................................. 5,908 2,365 Q Q N Q Q
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................... 3,769 749 323 Q 586 Q 254
1920 to 1945 .................................. 6,871 1,186 353 Q 334 473 1,208
1946 to 1959 .................................. 7,045 917 780 Q 603 440 567
1960 to 1969 .................................. 8,101 1,335 408 Q 502 447 1,051
1970 to 1979 .................................. 10,772 2,162 594 Q 412 996 1,462
1980 to 1989 .................................. 10,332 3,296 448 Q 414 511 1,501
1990 to 1999 .................................. 12,360 1,913 734 327 566 777 2,723
2000 to 2003 .................................. 5,533 650 301 Q 338 263 1,312
Census Region and Division
Northeast ....................................... 12,905 3,012 1,048 362 627 740 1,523
  New England ............................... 2,964 578 Q Q Q Q Q
  Middle Atlantic .............................. 9,941 2,434 769 Q 474 620 1,112
Midwest ......................................... 17,080 2,989 1,012 221 1,115 1,289 3,017
  East North Central ........................ 11,595 2,190 635 Q 720 775 2,023
  West North Central ...................... 5,485 799 377 Q 395 514 994
South ............................................. 23,489 3,782 1,174 373 1,498 1,358 3,966
  South Atlantic .............................. 12,258 1,958 440 Q 721 753 1,836
  East South Central ....................... 3,393 481 Q Q 310 307 390
  West South Central ...................... 7,837 1,343 498 Q 467 298 1,740
West .............................................. 11,310 2,425 706 Q 515 664 1,572
  Mountain ...................................... 3,675 629 Q Q Q 345 506
  Pacific .......................................... 7,635 1,796 468 Q 341 319 1,066
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................... 10,622 1,593 876 Q 408 944 1,704
  5,500-7,000 HDD ......................... 17,335 3,165 818 360 1,320 1,185 2,639
  4,000-5,499 HDD ......................... 11,504 3,125 806 Q 499 644 1,479
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 15,739 2,341 910 Q 1,039 969 2,419
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 9,584 1,985 529 Q 488 308 1,836
Number of Floors
One ................................................ 25,981 2,460 1,448 371 1,255 2,713 6,637
Two ............................................... 16,270 2,269 1,428 Q 1,613 1,000 2,684
Three ............................................. 7,501 1,810 308 Q 737 Q Q
Four to Nine ................................... 10,085 2,644 693 Q Q Q Q
Ten or More ................................... 4,947 3,025 Q Q N N Q
Elevators and Escalators
(more than one may apply)
Any Elevators ................................ 24,617 7,721 1,256 600 669 Q 1,347
Number of Elevators
  One .............................................. 8,221 1,725 459 Q 556 Q 732
  Two to Five .................................. 10,129 2,832 696 Q Q Q Q
  Six or More .................................. 6,268 3,164 Q Q Q Q N
Any Escalators .............................. 2,350 1,143 Q Q N Q Q
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 ................................. 15,492 767 1,381 145 2,117 1,612 3,433
5 to 9 .............................................. 6,166 964 443 Q 582 513 807
10 to 19 .......................................... 7,803 848 588 Q 646 747 1,545
20 to 49 .......................................... 10,989 1,755 836 Q 246 597 1,843
50 to 99 .......................................... 7,934 1,291 Q Q Q Q 1,025
100 to 249 ...................................... 6,871 1,663 Q Q Q Q 585
250 or More ................................... 9,528 4,920 Q Q Q Q Q
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ............................... 6,863 221 679 Q 1,612 180 799
40 to 48 .......................................... 11,622 3,366 Q Q 417 1,057 1,887
49 to 60 .......................................... 15,723 4,392 545 Q 751 1,236 3,224
61 to 84 .......................................... 10,334 2,009 648 N 488 796 1,323
85 to 167 ........................................ 7,092 504 1,012 N 361 194 1,557
Open Continuously ........................ 13,149 1,717 445 552 Q 586 1,288
Ownership and Occupancy
Nongovernment Owned ................ 49,421 10,515 2,189 Q 3,754 3,018 9,371
  Owner Occupied ......................... 23,591 5,571 1,204 Q 2,804 1,680 3,736
  Nonowner Occupied ................... 23,914 4,944 984 Q 950 1,338 5,635
  Unoccupied .................................. 1,916 N N N N N N
Government Owned ...................... 15,363 1,693 1,751 967 N 1,032 Q
  Federal ......................................... 1,956 482 Q Q N 533 Q
  State ............................................ 3,808 531 726 Q N Q Q
  Local ............................................ 9,599 680 977 853 N 293 Q
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant ......................... 2,161 N N N N N N
Mostly Vacant ................................ 406 N N N N N N
Partially Vacant .............................. 12,382 5,600 510 Q 282 350 1,928
Not At All Vacant ........................... 49,834 6,608 3,429 966 3,472 3,700 8,150
Number of Establishments
One ................................................ 45,144 4,894 3,110 643 3,272 3,509 7,560
2 to 5 .............................................. 10,960 2,709 677 Q 479 465 2,034
6 to 10 ............................................ 1,958 1,144 Q Q N Q Q
11 to 20 .......................................... 1,951 1,332 Q Q Q Q Q
More than 20 .................................. 2,609 2,129 Q N N N Q
Currently Unoccupied .................... 2,161 N N N N N N
Multibuilding Facility
Not Part of a Multibuilding
 Facility ........................................... 40,048 8,186 2,397 549 2,446 3,009 6,204
College or University ...................... 3,480 345 677 N Q Q Q
Primary or Secondary School ........ 3,947 Q 268 N N Q Q
Office Complex .............................. 2,712 2,239 Q N N Q Q
Retail Complex ............................... 1,238 Q N N N 157 Q
Religious Campus or Complex ....... 2,347 Q Q N 1,287 N Q
Health Care Complex ..................... 2,303 Q N N N N Q
Lodging or Resort Complex ........... 912 Q Q N N N Q
Government Complex .................... 2,014 579 Q 496 N Q Q
Other .............................................. 5,783 564 326 Q N 596 2,932
Predominant Exterior
Wall Material
Brick, Stone or Stucco ................... 32,817 6,508 2,335 634 2,805 1,089 2,499
Concrete (Block or Poured) ........... 10,832 1,216 629 247 332 1,033 1,742
Concrete Panels ............................ 6,559 1,815 Q Q Q Q 1,963
Siding or Shingles .......................... 4,120 627 272 Q 413 329 570
Metal Panels ................................... 7,912 767 368 Q Q 1,205 3,219
Window Glass ............................... 1,024 663 N N Q N N
Other .............................................. 1,113 504 Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ........................ 406 Q Q N N Q Q
Predominant Roof Material
Built-Up .......................................... 21,170 4,899 931 386 440 829 2,803
Shingles (Not Wood) ...................... 10,195 1,551 703 Q 2,024 499 667
Metal Surfacing .............................. 11,944 939 775 209 456 1,627 4,174
Synthetic or Rubber ....................... 14,730 3,472 922 Q Q 851 1,536
Slate or Tile .................................... 2,462 537 Q Q 458 Q Q
Wooden Materials .......................... 887 189 Q N Q Q Q
Concrete ........................................ 2,231 437 Q Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. 598 Q Q N Q Q Q
No One Major Type ........................ 565 Q Q Q Q Q Q
Renovations in Buildings
Constructed Before 1980
(more than one may apply)
Any Type of Renovation
 Since 1980 .................................... 17,844 3,270 1,257 Q 1,214 895 1,695
   Addition or Annex ....................... 6,551 444 870 Q 428 348 Q
   Reduction In Floorspace ............. 1,012 Q Q N Q Q Q
   Cosmetic Improvements .............. 13,119 2,663 1,026 Q 810 545 979
   Wall or Roof Replacement .......... 8,070 1,607 773 Q 450 230 831
   Interior Wall
    Re-Configuration ........................ 8,518 2,083 638 Q 312 315 897
   HVAC Equipment Upgrade .......... 10,768 2,287 574 Q 578 302 844
   Lighting Upgrade ......................... 10,275 2,019 810 Q 489 452 783
   Window Replacement ................. 6,354 1,248 Q Q 451 Q Q
   Plumbing System Upgrade .......... 7,144 1,421 738 Q 392 Q Q
   Insulation Upgrade ...................... 4,015 938 277 Q Q Q Q
   Other Renovation ........................ 523 Q Q Q Q Q Q
No Renovations Since 1980 .......... 18,714 3,079 1,200 361 1,222 1,605 2,848
Building Newer than 1980 ............. 28,225 5,859 1,483 608 1,318 1,551 5,535
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 63,307 12,208 3,935 1,090 3,754 3,982 9,425
Natural Gas .................................... 43,468 8,208 2,723 637 2,629 2,496 5,494
Fuel Oil ........................................... 15,157 4,075 939 620 453 626 1,268
District Heat ................................... 5,443 1,569 547 Q Q Q Q
District Chilled Water ...................... 2,853 730 458 Q Q N Q
Propane ......................................... 7,076 368 393 Q 381 557 2,217
Other .............................................. 909 Q Q Q N 292 Q
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 60,028 11,929 3,777 1,083 3,581 3,687 8,126
Buildings with Cooling .................... 56,940 12,032 3,477 1,043 3,301 3,261 7,295
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 56,478 11,804 3,632 957 3,512 3,320 6,624
Buildings with Cooking ................... 22,237 3,077 1,506 543 1,552 Q Q
Buildings with Manufacturing ........ 3,138 469 Q N N Q 1,627
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................... 12,821 4,211 537 606 Q Q 721
Heating Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Heat Pumps .................................... 8,814 1,795 409 Q 577 457 913
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 5,442 1,260 Q Q 350 Q 439
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. 2,581 422 Q Q 291 Q 556
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ 2,691 506 Q Q Q N Q
Furnaces ....................................... 19,615 2,405 1,028 260 1,945 1,974 3,757
Individual Space Heaters ............... 12,545 2,186 677 Q 875 1,010 2,457
District Heat ................................... 5,166 1,526 530 Q Q Q Q
Boilers ............................................ 20,423 4,117 1,421 437 1,148 791 1,031
Packaged Heating Units ................. 18,021 3,754 879 328 733 957 3,118
Other .............................................. 3,262 970 Q Q Q 393 Q
Cooling Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Residential-Type Central
 Air Conditioners ............................ 11,035 1,669 532 Q 946 1,071 1,861
Heat Pumps .................................... 9,041 1,854 473 Q 612 496 981
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 5,426 1,259 Q Q 372 Q 457
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. 2,606 434 Q Q 305 Q Q
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ 2,940 615 Q Q Q N Q
Individual Air Conditioners ............. 12,558 1,201 951 372 847 802 1,440
District Chilled Water ...................... 2,853 730 458 Q Q N Q
Central Chillers ............................... 11,636 3,839 423 Q Q Q Q
Packaged Air Conditioning
 Units .............................................. 29,969 6,171 1,684 438 1,849 1,466 4,453
Swamp Coolers ............................. 1,561 Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. 1,232 439 Q N Q N Q
Main Equipment Replaced Since
1990 (more than one may apply)
Heating ........................................... 16,403 3,137 1,067 Q 1,239 1,269 1,964
Cooling ........................................... 20,995 4,573 1,435 256 1,360 1,352 2,283
Office Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Computers ..................................... 55,627 12,165 3,199 1,052 2,695 3,293 7,710
  With Flat Screen Monitors ............ 26,417 8,615 1,354 547 629 1,133 2,202
Dedicated Servers ......................... 36,338 9,932 1,454 685 867 1,679 5,072
Laser Printers ................................ 33,012 5,997 2,058 656 2,229 2,114 4,455
Inkjet Printers ................................. 32,210 9,510 1,524 528 919 1,875 4,398
FAX Machines ............................... 52,373 12,067 2,690 1,010 2,149 2,999 7,330
Photocopiers .................................. 46,257 11,387 2,472 831 2,614 2,136 6,208
Number of Computers
None .............................................. 9,156 Q 740 Q 1,060 758 2,367
1 to 4 .............................................. 12,395 799 1,412 257 1,330 1,497 1,913
5 to 9 .............................................. 7,179 974 377 Q 769 837 1,405
10 to 19 .......................................... 6,610 958 414 Q 327 433 1,625
20 to 49 .......................................... 7,414 1,757 441 Q Q Q 1,529
50 to 99 .......................................... 5,376 1,281 Q Q Q Q Q
100 to 249 ...................................... 6,690 1,655 Q Q Q Q Q
250 or More ................................... 9,963 4,741 Q Q N Q Q
Number of Dedicated Servers
None .............................................. 28,445 2,276 2,485 405 2,887 2,372 5,006
1 to 4 .............................................. 24,116 4,027 1,138 432 840 1,374 3,721
5 to 9 .............................................. 3,864 1,277 Q Q Q Q Q
10 to 19 .......................................... 3,027 1,175 Q Q Q Q Q
20 to 49 .......................................... 2,583 1,387 Q Q N N Q
50 or More ..................................... 2,748 2,066 N Q N N Q
Number of Photocopiers
None .............................................. 18,526 821 1,467 259 1,141 1,914 3,870
One ................................................ 15,475 1,743 1,306 167 1,731 1,481 2,615
2 to 4 .............................................. 15,082 2,644 568 Q 784 396 2,477
5 to 9 .............................................. 5,515 1,412 Q Q Q Q 531
10 or More ..................................... 10,185 5,589 Q Q N Q Q
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation ........ 22,223 3,077 1,506 543 1,552 Q Q
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water .................. 19,482 2,299 1,574 424 775 514 Q
Separate Computer Area ............... 26,873 7,859 910 544 528 608 2,886
HVAC Conservation Features
(more than one may apply)
Variable Air-Volume System ......... 19,597 5,973 1,084 537 609 699 1,393
Economizer Cycle .......................... 21,108 6,022 1,392 452 432 699 1,475
HVAC Maintenance ....................... 51,163 10,888 3,272 988 2,744 2,450 6,811
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS) ................ 15,630 4,792 998 Q Q Q 795
Window and Interior Lighting
Features (more than one
may apply)
Multipaned Windows ..................... 38,910 7,897 2,466 774 2,492 1,948 4,329
Tinted Window Glass .................... 29,887 7,278 1,283 525 1,686 1,495 4,158
Reflective Window Glass .............. 8,544 2,558 360 Q 248 459 925
External Overhangs
 or Awnings ................................... 17,242 2,579 1,063 Q 987 1,038 2,098
Skylights or Atriums ....................... 12,546 2,510 650 Q 413 578 1,714
Daylighting Sensors ....................... 2,868 618 Q Q Q Q Q
Specular Reflectors ....................... 26,118 6,775 1,271 424 1,105 1,378 3,529
Electronic Ballasts ......................... 46,882 10,116 2,561 902 2,175 2,676 6,365
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS)
 for Lighting .................................... 4,781 1,913 Q Q Q Q Q
Equipment Usage Reduced
When Building Not In Full Use
(more than one may apply)a
Heating ........................................... 42,722 8,982 3,012 689 3,223 2,483 4,927
Cooling ........................................... 43,205 9,407 2,920 687 3,005 2,545 5,208
Lighting .......................................... 46,987 10,217 3,371 483 3,546 3,220 7,777
Office Equipment ........................... 19,397 3,337 1,367 Q 1,671 1,291 3,077
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet.
a The definition for one or more of these row items has changed and may not be directly comparable with past CBECS estimates. See "Guide to the Tables" for discussion of the differences.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample.
Notes: ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Form EIA-871A of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.