Released: June 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table B13. Selected Principal Activity: Part 2, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Number of Buildings (thousand)
All
Buildings*
Principal Building Activity
Office Public
Assembly
Public
Order and
Safety
Religious
Worship
Service Warehouse
and
Storage
All Buildings* ............................... 4,645 824 277 71 370 622 597
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 2,552 503 119 37 152 434 294
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 889 127 67 Q 104 100 110
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 738 116 69 Q 83 66 130
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 241 43 9 Q 27 17 27
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 129 17 7 Q Q Q 21
100,001 to 200,000 ........................ 65 11 6 Q Q Q 8
200,001 to 500,000 ........................ 25 5 Q Q Q Q 4
Over 500,000 ................................. 7 2 Q Q N Q Q
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................... 330 70 31 Q 65 Q 20
1920 to 1945 .................................. 527 85 36 Q 52 90 39
1946 to 1959 .................................. 562 75 45 Q 58 59 44
1960 to 1969 .................................. 579 116 30 Q 54 75 47
1970 to 1979 .................................. 731 145 44 Q 41 117 78
1980 to 1989 .................................. 707 153 31 Q 43 108 108
1990 to 1999 .................................. 876 142 42 21 35 110 164
2000 to 2003 .................................. 334 39 18 Q 23 42 98
Census Region and Division
Northeast ....................................... 726 155 63 23 52 100 65
  New England ............................... 233 47 Q Q Q Q Q
  Middle Atlantic .............................. 493 108 29 Q 41 79 46
Midwest ......................................... 1,266 231 57 20 107 221 160
  East North Central ........................ 696 134 25 Q 62 95 95
  West North Central ...................... 571 97 31 Q 46 126 66
South ............................................. 1,775 250 92 15 158 198 277
  South Atlantic .............................. 874 125 44 Q 77 101 125
  East South Central ....................... 348 41 Q Q 35 51 58
  West South Central ...................... 553 84 38 Q 46 46 93
West .............................................. 878 187 65 Q 53 103 95
  Mountain ...................................... 299 62 Q Q Q 42 31
  Pacific .......................................... 580 125 48 Q 33 61 64
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................... 855 154 66 Q 51 145 106
  5,500-7,000 HDD ......................... 1,173 219 59 25 116 173 132
  4,000-5,499 HDD ......................... 673 135 29 Q 39 104 82
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 1,276 195 76 Q 117 156 169
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 669 122 47 Q 47 44 108
Number of Floors
One ................................................ 3,136 441 168 50 193 510 493
Two ............................................... 1,031 234 81 Q 134 95 84
Three ............................................. 339 98 16 Q 40 Q Q
Four to Nine ................................... 128 44 11 Q Q Q Q
Ten or More ................................... 12 6 Q Q N N Q
Elevators and Escalators
(more than one may apply)
Any Elevators ................................ 309 102 19 6 24 Q 11
Number of Elevators
  One .............................................. 208 67 13 Q 24 Q 9
  Two to Five .................................. 88 29 6 Q Q Q Q
  Six or More .................................. 13 6 Q Q Q Q N
Any Escalators .............................. 6 3 Q Q N Q Q
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 ................................. 2,653 255 196 30 283 462 423
5 to 9 .............................................. 778 215 33 Q 42 78 62
10 to 19 .......................................... 563 133 27 Q 31 44 67
20 to 49 .......................................... 398 128 12 Q 10 29 34
50 to 99 .......................................... 147 46 Q Q Q Q 7
100 to 249 ...................................... 77 30 Q Q Q Q 3
250 or More ................................... 30 18 Q Q Q Q Q
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ............................... 1,002 62 120 Q 246 77 126
40 to 48 .......................................... 1,117 375 39 Q 32 204 140
49 to 60 .......................................... 1,062 262 34 Q 45 200 133
61 to 84 .......................................... 591 59 42 N 27 78 50
85 to 167 ........................................ 400 28 25 N 8 34 51
Open Continuously ........................ 475 38 16 39 Q 29 96
Ownership and Occupancy
Nongovernment Owned ................ 4,011 742 182 Q 370 542 571
  Owner Occupied ......................... 1,841 402 114 Q 247 285 175
  Nonowner Occupied ................... 2,029 339 68 Q 124 257 396
  Unoccupied .................................. 141 N N N N N N
Government Owned ...................... 635 82 94 47 N 80 26
  Federal ......................................... 46 7 Q Q N 12 Q
  State ............................................ 164 28 23 Q N Q Q
  Local ............................................ 425 47 67 42 N 42 Q
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant ......................... 157 N N N N N N
Mostly Vacant ................................ 25 N N N N N N
Partially Vacant .............................. 548 140 38 Q 18 62 119
Not At All Vacant ........................... 3,915 684 239 69 353 560 478
Number of Establishments
One ................................................ 3,754 536 237 57 339 561 518
2 to 5 .............................................. 643 228 35 Q 31 58 74
6 to 10 ............................................ 55 37 Q Q N Q Q
11 to 20 .......................................... 23 14 Q Q Q Q Q
More than 20 .................................. 14 7 Q N N N Q
Currently Unoccupied .................... 157 N N N N N N
Multibuilding Facility
Not Part of a Multibuilding
 Facility ........................................... 3,169 584 193 59 250 473 295
College or University ...................... 83 12 7 N Q Q Q
Primary or Secondary School ........ 254 Q 35 N N Q Q
Office Complex .............................. 111 82 Q N N Q Q
Retail Complex ............................... 151 Q N N N 21 Q
Religious Campus or Complex ....... 195 Q Q N 120 N Q
Health Care Complex ..................... 39 Q N N N N Q
Lodging or Resort Complex ........... 61 Q Q N N N Q
Government Complex .................... 87 25 Q 11 N Q Q
Other .............................................. 496 65 15 Q N 90 233
Predominant Exterior
Wall Material
Brick, Stone or Stucco ................... 2,044 475 129 21 241 140 119
Concrete (Block or Poured) ........... 786 75 48 25 34 149 85
Concrete Panels ............................ 131 28 Q Q Q Q 34
Siding or Shingles .......................... 779 163 55 Q 74 94 61
Metal Panels ................................... 825 60 30 Q Q 227 289
Window Glass ............................... 17 6 N N Q N N
Other .............................................. 47 Q Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ........................ 18 Q Q N N Q Q
Predominant Roof Material
Built-Up .......................................... 1,036 219 61 17 22 112 79
Shingles (Not Wood) ...................... 1,325 248 94 Q 235 129 65
Metal Surfacing .............................. 1,288 114 61 22 52 294 396
Synthetic or Rubber ....................... 511 113 36 Q Q 50 34
Slate or Tile .................................... 263 65 Q Q 44 Q Q
Wooden Materials .......................... 122 43 Q N Q Q Q
Concrete ........................................ 61 16 Q Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. 16 Q Q N Q Q Q
No One Major Type ........................ 25 Q Q Q Q Q Q
Renovations in Buildings
Constructed Before 1980
(more than one may apply)
Any Type of Renovation
 Since 1980 .................................... 1,018 193 75 Q 108 111 59
   Addition or Annex ....................... 256 42 28 Q 24 35 Q
   Reduction In Floorspace ............. 22 Q Q N Q Q Q
   Cosmetic Improvements .............. 741 139 63 Q 80 61 37
   Wall or Roof Replacement .......... 370 61 26 Q 45 41 23
   Interior Wall
    Re-Configuration ........................ 411 103 19 Q 27 44 26
   HVAC Equipment Upgrade .......... 442 73 39 Q 48 35 18
   Lighting Upgrade ......................... 455 94 28 Q 46 41 17
   Window Replacement ................. 310 72 18 Q 32 Q Q
   Plumbing System Upgrade .......... 315 49 27 Q 31 Q Q
   Insulation Upgrade ...................... 227 51 19 Q Q Q Q
   Other Renovation ........................ 19 Q Q Q Q Q Q
No Renovations Since 1980 .......... 1,710 298 110 16 162 251 168
Building Newer than 1980 ............. 1,917 333 91 43 100 259 370
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 4,404 824 274 71 370 601 464
Natural Gas .................................... 2,391 488 146 36 220 281 187
Fuel Oil ........................................... 451 65 42 23 38 93 37
District Heat ................................... 67 16 6 Q Q Q Q
District Chilled Water ...................... 33 9 3 Q Q N Q
Propane ......................................... 502 39 37 Q 51 92 48
Other .............................................. 61 Q Q Q N 34 Q
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 3,982 802 258 70 359 515 316
Buildings with Cooling .................... 3,625 790 213 61 308 370 266
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 3,472 733 227 70 315 418 243
Buildings with Cooking ................... 801 23 73 14 108 Q Q
Buildings with Manufacturing ........ 119 19 Q N N Q 44
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................... 149 38 5 19 Q Q 13
Heating Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Heat Pumps .................................... 476 113 24 Q 54 29 32
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 278 67 Q Q 31 Q 18
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. 166 42 Q Q 27 Q 15
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ 58 8 Q Q Q N Q
Furnaces ....................................... 1,864 362 120 41 193 288 156
Individual Space Heaters ............... 819 157 46 Q 71 131 98
District Heat ................................... 65 16 6 Q Q Q Q
Boilers ............................................ 579 123 48 13 73 49 25
Packaged Heating Units ................. 953 214 56 16 63 96 68
Other .............................................. 205 33 Q Q Q 60 Q
Cooling Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Residential-Type Central
 Air Conditioners ............................ 1,006 273 63 Q 102 97 91
Heat Pumps .................................... 492 107 27 Q 57 33 28
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 288 65 Q Q 33 Q 16
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. 174 39 Q Q 28 Q Q
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ 58 8 Q Q Q N Q
Individual Air Conditioners ............. 742 107 40 20 74 116 48
District Chilled Water ...................... 33 9 3 Q Q N Q
Central Chillers ............................... 111 29 6 Q Q Q Q
Packaged Air Conditioning
 Units .............................................. 1,613 339 96 27 138 136 113
Swamp Coolers ............................. 122 Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. 40 15 Q N Q N Q
Main Equipment Replaced Since
1990 (more than one may apply)
Heating ........................................... 1,197 250 82 Q 130 165 71
Cooling ........................................... 1,356 295 89 19 135 131 87
Office Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Computers ..................................... 3,081 807 167 62 190 336 253
  With Flat Screen Monitors ............ 877 330 41 12 35 66 62
Dedicated Servers ......................... 1,175 450 38 17 36 85 118
Laser Printers ................................ 1,970 446 120 48 159 220 165
Inkjet Printers ................................. 1,420 515 50 26 52 124 125
FAX Machines ............................... 2,715 796 107 56 131 281 249
Photocopiers .................................. 1,939 655 99 33 187 139 179
Number of Computers
None .............................................. 1,565 Q 109 Q 181 286 344
1 to 4 .............................................. 1,670 263 110 40 143 256 127
5 to 9 .............................................. 559 194 21 Q 34 54 56
10 to 19 .......................................... 370 145 17 Q 10 19 48
20 to 49 .......................................... 255 116 13 Q Q Q 19
50 to 99 .......................................... 110 45 Q Q Q Q Q
100 to 249 ...................................... 79 27 Q Q Q Q Q
250 or More ................................... 38 17 Q Q N Q Q
Number of Dedicated Servers
None .............................................. 3,471 374 238 53 334 537 479
1 to 4 .............................................. 1,060 382 33 15 36 81 112
5 to 9 .............................................. 58 29 Q Q Q Q Q
10 to 19 .......................................... 30 20 Q Q Q Q Q
20 to 49 .......................................... 17 9 Q Q N N Q
50 or More ..................................... 10 8 N Q N N Q
Number of Photocopiers
None .............................................. 2,706 169 177 37 183 483 418
One ................................................ 1,250 337 68 22 152 117 125
2 to 4 .............................................. 549 241 23 Q 35 18 50
5 to 9 .............................................. 85 41 Q Q Q Q 3
10 or More ..................................... 54 36 Q Q N Q Q
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation ........ 799 23 73 14 108 Q Q
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water .................. 567 36 53 13 33 50 Q
Separate Computer Area ............... 553 201 36 10 16 19 44
HVAC Conservation Features
(more than one may apply)
Variable Air-Volume System ......... 466 114 26 7 34 30 29
Economizer Cycle .......................... 508 124 40 11 24 25 26
HVAC Maintenance ....................... 2,581 571 171 54 216 260 189
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS) ................ 252 51 23 Q Q Q 8
Window and Interior Lighting
Features (more than one
may apply)
Multipaned Windows ..................... 2,201 479 127 46 192 267 170
Tinted Window Glass .................... 1,323 268 55 22 162 144 104
Reflective Window Glass .............. 308 73 21 Q 17 38 29
External Overhangs
 or Awnings ................................... 1,233 242 67 Q 77 132 82
Skylights or Atriums ....................... 331 66 13 Q 16 66 39
Daylighting Sensors ....................... 74 17 Q Q Q Q Q
Specular Reflectors ....................... 928 219 60 23 73 136 77
Electronic Ballasts ......................... 2,577 507 153 47 196 354 222
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS)
 for Lighting .................................... 60 12 Q Q Q Q Q
Equipment Usage Reduced
When Building Not In Full Use
(more than one may apply)a
Heating ........................................... 2,878 539 214 38 336 368 229
Cooling ........................................... 2,761 570 175 38 288 303 199
Lighting .......................................... 3,685 766 242 22 354 538 356
Office Equipment ........................... 1,504 371 90 Q 133 174 142
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet.
a The definition for one or more of these row items has changed and may not be directly comparable with past CBECS estimates. See "Guide to the Tables" for discussion of the differences.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample.
Notes: ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Form EIA-871A of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.