Released: June 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table B12. Selected Principal Building Activity: Part 1, Floorspace for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Total Floorspace (million square feet)
All
Buildings*
Principal Building Activity
Education Food
Sales
Food
Service
Health Care Lodging Retail (Other Than Mall)
Inpatient Outpatient
All Buildings* ............................... 64,783 9,874 1,255 1,654 1,905 1,258 5,096 4,317
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 6,789 409 409 544 N 165 99 638
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 6,585 399 356 442 N 280 160 725
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 11,535 931 Q 345 Q 312 631 1,284
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 8,668 1,756 Q Q Q Q 803 578
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 9,057 2,690 Q Q Q 206 841 Q
100,001 to 200,000 ........................ 9,064 2,167 Q N Q Q 930 524
200,001 to 500,000 ........................ 7,176 1,420 N Q 467 Q 1,185 Q
Over 500,000 ................................. 5,908 Q N N 973 N Q Q
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................... 3,769 410 Q 281 Q Q Q 220
1920 to 1945 .................................. 6,871 1,036 Q 138 Q Q Q 445
1946 to 1959 .................................. 7,045 1,744 Q 194 318 Q 276 360
1960 to 1969 .................................. 8,101 1,665 Q Q 304 Q 744 543
1970 to 1979 .................................. 10,772 1,410 Q 227 556 197 840 900
1980 to 1989 .................................. 10,332 1,284 188 182 358 164 980 361
1990 to 1999 .................................. 12,360 1,546 281 327 161 416 807 1,080
2000 to 2003 .................................. 5,533 778 Q Q Q Q 489 407
Census Region and Division
Northeast ....................................... 12,905 1,683 238 172 358 177 1,171 630
  New England ............................... 2,964 Q Q Q Q Q 374 Q
  Middle Atlantic .............................. 9,941 1,384 Q 127 310 Q 797 419
Midwest ......................................... 17,080 2,541 320 453 438 359 1,144 880
  East North Central ........................ 11,595 1,990 218 248 316 235 548 544
  West North Central ...................... 5,485 552 Q 206 Q Q 595 337
South ............................................. 23,489 3,983 487 764 838 438 1,694 1,844
  South Atlantic .............................. 12,258 2,445 223 433 469 280 939 897
  East South Central ....................... 3,393 341 Q 99 Q Q 368 353
  West South Central ...................... 7,837 1,198 Q 232 235 Q 387 594
West .............................................. 11,310 1,667 Q 265 270 283 1,087 963
  Mountain ...................................... 3,675 640 Q Q Q Q 438 210
  Pacific .......................................... 7,635 1,027 Q 232 176 147 649 753
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................... 10,622 1,537 271 227 262 213 768 710
  5,500-7,000 HDD ......................... 17,335 2,800 368 400 450 334 1,314 865
  4,000-5,499 HDD ......................... 11,504 1,403 Q 219 323 240 1,132 695
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 15,739 2,435 273 440 592 252 1,275 1,454
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 9,584 1,698 Q 366 278 218 608 592
Number of Floors
One ................................................ 25,981 3,696 961 937 Q 441 646 2,742
Two ............................................... 16,270 2,911 263 379 Q 428 950 932
Three ............................................. 7,501 1,639 Q 176 Q Q 618 416
Four to Nine ................................... 10,085 1,585 Q Q 989 189 2,007 Q
Ten or More ................................... 4,947 Q N N 527 Q 875 Q
Elevators and Escalators
(more than one may apply)
Any Elevators ................................ 24,617 4,476 Q Q 1,813 532 3,377 584
Number of Elevators
  One .............................................. 8,221 2,690 Q Q Q 212 584 Q
  Two to Five .................................. 10,129 1,767 N Q 413 257 2,033 Q
  Six or More .................................. 6,268 Q N N 1,365 Q Q Q
Any Escalators .............................. 2,350 Q N Q Q Q Q Q
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 ................................. 15,492 612 484 336 N Q 802 1,235
5 to 9 .............................................. 6,166 378 Q 413 N 254 437 828
10 to 19 .......................................... 7,803 740 Q 421 Q Q 1,023 755
20 to 49 .......................................... 10,989 2,565 Q 367 Q 312 1,049 440
50 to 99 .......................................... 7,934 2,928 Q Q Q Q 703 572
100 to 249 ...................................... 6,871 1,995 Q Q 379 304 562 333
250 or More ................................... 9,528 655 N N 1,464 Q Q Q
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ............................... 6,863 663 Q 98 N Q Q Q
40 to 48 .......................................... 11,622 2,556 Q Q N 450 Q 469
49 to 60 .......................................... 15,723 2,942 Q 178 N 421 N 1,434
61 to 84 .......................................... 10,334 2,317 249 512 N Q Q 1,486
85 to 167 ........................................ 7,092 1,313 639 651 N Q Q 629
Open Continuously ........................ 13,149 Q 252 Q 1,905 Q 5,054 Q
Ownership and Occupancy
Nongovernment Owned ................ 49,421 2,070 1,243 1,547 1,557 1,105 4,734 4,312
  Owner Occupied ......................... 23,591 1,232 541 489 911 700 1,624 2,020
  Nonowner Occupied ................... 23,914 839 702 1,058 646 405 3,110 2,292
  Unoccupied .................................. 1,916 N N N N N N N
Government Owned ...................... 15,363 7,804 Q Q 348 Q 363 Q
  Federal ......................................... 1,956 Q N N Q Q Q Q
  State ............................................ 3,808 1,671 Q Q Q Q Q N
  Local ............................................ 9,599 6,067 Q Q Q Q Q N
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant ......................... 2,161 N N N N N N N
Mostly Vacant ................................ 406 N N N N N N N
Partially Vacant .............................. 12,382 1,328 Q 222 415 326 631 313
Not At All Vacant ........................... 49,834 8,546 1,203 1,432 1,490 932 4,466 4,004
Number of Establishments
One ................................................ 45,144 8,714 1,057 1,375 1,328 676 4,234 3,410
2 to 5 .............................................. 10,960 946 Q 246 361 374 783 630
6 to 10 ............................................ 1,958 Q N Q Q Q Q Q
11 to 20 .......................................... 1,951 N N N Q Q N Q
More than 20 .................................. 2,609 N Q N Q Q N Q
Currently Unoccupied .................... 2,161 N N N N N N N
Multibuilding Facility
Not Part of a Multibuilding
 Facility ........................................... 40,048 4,232 1,109 1,390 397 867 2,859 3,610
College or University ...................... 3,480 1,549 N Q Q Q 369 Q
Primary or Secondary School ........ 3,947 3,437 N Q N Q Q N
Office Complex .............................. 2,712 Q Q N Q Q Q Q
Retail Complex ............................... 1,238 N Q Q N N N 553
Religious Campus or Complex ....... 2,347 453 N Q N N Q N
Health Care Complex ..................... 2,303 Q N Q 1,482 326 309 N
Lodging or Resort Complex ........... 912 Q N Q N N 799 Q
Government Complex .................... 2,014 N N Q N Q N N
Other .............................................. 5,783 Q N Q N Q Q Q
Predominant Exterior
Wall Material
Brick, Stone or Stucco ................... 32,817 7,229 559 1,047 1,131 874 3,054 1,341
Concrete (Block or Poured) ........... 10,832 1,265 342 263 428 Q 1,069 1,108
Concrete Panels ............................ 6,559 427 Q Q 201 Q Q 349
Siding or Shingles .......................... 4,120 437 Q 191 Q Q 466 403
Metal Panels ................................... 7,912 176 Q Q Q Q N 1,087
Window Glass ............................... 1,024 Q N Q Q N Q Q
Other .............................................. 1,113 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ........................ 406 Q N Q Q N Q Q
Predominant Roof Material
Built-Up .......................................... 21,170 3,901 360 477 980 384 1,571 1,236
Shingles (Not Wood) ...................... 10,195 1,287 301 332 Q 427 1,314 454
Metal Surfacing .............................. 11,944 1,002 Q 311 Q Q Q 1,345
Synthetic or Rubber ....................... 14,730 2,829 274 315 770 266 1,182 925
Slate or Tile .................................... 2,462 533 Q Q Q Q 250 Q
Wooden Materials .......................... 887 Q Q Q N Q Q Q
Concrete ........................................ 2,231 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. 598 Q Q Q N N Q N
No One Major Type ........................ 565 Q Q Q Q Q N Q
Renovations in Buildings
Constructed Before 1980
(more than one may apply)
Any Type of Renovation
 Since 1980 .................................... 17,844 3,787 351 517 1,155 275 1,339 926
   Addition or Annex ....................... 6,551 1,539 Q Q 880 Q 500 188
   Reduction In Floorspace ............. 1,012 Q N Q Q Q Q Q
   Cosmetic Improvements .............. 13,119 2,762 299 411 848 236 1,120 701
   Wall or Roof Replacement .......... 8,070 1,961 Q 151 572 Q 626 363
   Interior Wall
    Re-Configuration ........................ 8,518 1,585 Q 149 805 180 523 434
   HVAC Equipment Upgrade .......... 10,768 2,636 Q 270 1,024 Q 854 478
   Lighting Upgrade ......................... 10,275 2,592 Q 241 767 Q 748 488
   Window Replacement ................. 6,354 1,652 Q Q 411 Q 437 328
   Plumbing System Upgrade .......... 7,144 1,607 Q 201 634 Q 562 325
   Insulation Upgrade ...................... 4,015 916 Q Q 280 Q Q 230
   Other Renovation ........................ 523 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No Renovations Since 1980 .......... 18,714 2,479 324 437 161 288 1,481 1,544
Building Newer than 1980 ............. 28,225 3,608 579 699 589 695 2,276 1,848
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 63,307 9,871 1,237 1,654 1,905 1,258 5,096 4,317
Natural Gas .................................... 43,468 7,045 747 1,396 1,805 739 4,256 2,866
Fuel Oil ........................................... 15,157 1,864 Q Q 1,683 199 2,193 501
District Heat ................................... 5,443 1,145 N Q 436 Q 345 Q
District Chilled Water ...................... 2,853 768 N Q 279 Q Q Q
Propane ......................................... 7,076 855 Q 220 329 Q 614 382
Other .............................................. 909 Q Q N Q N Q Q
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 60,028 9,755 1,131 1,608 1,905 1,195 4,994 4,075
Buildings with Cooling .................... 56,940 9,200 1,198 1,583 1,899 1,258 4,841 4,079
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 56,478 9,481 1,130 1,654 1,905 1,255 5,096 3,459
Buildings with Cooking ................... 22,237 6,402 677 1,611 1,819 Q 3,184 771
Buildings with Manufacturing ........ 3,138 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................... 12,821 1,776 Q Q 1,648 214 1,831 504
Heating Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Heat Pumps .................................... 8,814 1,787 Q 168 424 217 1,183 444
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 5,442 918 Q Q Q Q 662 279
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. 2,581 382 Q Q Q Q Q Q
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ 2,691 923 N Q Q Q 754 Q
Furnaces ....................................... 19,615 1,855 567 675 386 400 1,065 2,049
Individual Space Heaters ............... 12,545 1,500 Q 186 409 191 1,462 667
District Heat ................................... 5,166 1,106 N Q 353 Q Q Q
Boilers ............................................ 20,423 5,171 Q 328 1,477 380 2,773 383
Packaged Heating Units ................. 18,021 2,596 422 591 672 270 1,356 1,397
Other .............................................. 3,262 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Cooling Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Residential-Type Central
 Air Conditioners ............................ 11,035 1,263 173 468 321 384 1,102 624
Heat Pumps .................................... 9,041 1,674 Q 217 412 213 1,172 471
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 5,426 804 Q Q 322 Q 651 304
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. 2,606 382 Q Q Q Q Q Q
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ 2,940 893 N Q Q Q 754 Q
Individual Air Conditioners ............. 12,558 2,607 Q 234 607 Q 2,306 564
District Chilled Water ...................... 2,853 768 N Q 279 Q Q Q
Central Chillers ............................... 11,636 2,714 N Q 1,348 176 1,401 Q
Packaged Air Conditioning
 Units .............................................. 29,969 4,318 784 988 1,108 585 2,003 2,723
Swamp Coolers ............................. 1,561 Q Q Q Q N Q Q
Other .............................................. 1,232 Q Q Q Q N Q Q
Main Equipment Replaced Since
1990 (more than one may apply)
Heating ........................................... 16,403 2,519 298 498 418 262 1,703 1,121
Cooling ........................................... 20,995 3,445 378 608 893 333 2,026 1,346
Office Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Computers ..................................... 55,627 9,649 986 1,205 1,752 1,252 4,713 3,751
  With Flat Screen Monitors ............ 26,417 4,601 Q 381 1,566 688 2,178 1,324
Dedicated Servers ......................... 36,338 6,895 447 427 1,628 689 3,369 1,870
Laser Printers ................................ 33,012 6,487 596 660 876 632 2,858 2,293
Inkjet Printers ................................. 32,210 4,787 524 482 1,443 836 2,143 2,061
FAX Machines ............................... 52,373 8,740 901 1,135 1,901 1,184 4,384 3,761
Photocopiers .................................. 46,257 8,786 592 347 1,876 1,104 3,686 2,626
Number of Computers
None .............................................. 9,156 225 269 448 Q Q 383 566
1 to 4 .............................................. 12,395 548 551 789 Q 255 911 1,637
5 to 9 .............................................. 7,179 315 Q 197 Q Q 875 792
10 to 19 .......................................... 6,610 597 Q Q Q 225 804 455
20 to 49 .......................................... 7,414 1,226 Q Q Q Q 723 513
50 to 99 .......................................... 5,376 1,583 N N Q 182 Q Q
100 to 249 ...................................... 6,690 3,143 N N 245 Q Q Q
250 or More ................................... 9,963 2,238 N N 1,278 Q Q Q
Number of Dedicated Servers
None .............................................. 28,445 2,979 808 1,226 Q 569 1,727 2,447
1 to 4 .............................................. 24,116 5,213 427 316 560 490 3,041 1,619
5 to 9 .............................................. 3,864 788 Q Q 205 Q Q Q
10 to 19 .......................................... 3,027 Q N N 348 Q Q Q
20 to 49 .......................................... 2,583 Q N N 301 Q Q Q
50 or More ..................................... 2,748 Q N N 214 Q Q N
Number of Photocopiers
None .............................................. 18,526 1,088 663 1,307 Q Q 1,410 1,691
One ................................................ 15,475 1,713 481 201 Q 435 1,461 1,739
2 to 4 .............................................. 15,082 4,477 Q Q Q 263 1,405 654
5 to 9 .............................................. 5,515 1,674 N N 187 171 Q Q
10 or More ..................................... 10,185 922 N N 1,507 235 Q Q
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation ........ 22,223 6,402 677 1,611 1,819 Q 3,184 771
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water .................. 19,482 4,524 Q 1,009 1,760 172 4,630 421
Separate Computer Area ............... 26,873 7,518 Q Q 1,598 375 2,227 652
HVAC Conservation Features
(more than one may apply)
Variable Air-Volume System ......... 19,597 4,050 Q 350 1,446 439 1,459 448
Economizer Cycle .......................... 21,108 4,284 Q 335 1,337 421 1,813 1,049
HVAC Maintenance ....................... 51,163 8,954 894 1,289 1,856 1,091 4,491 3,127
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS) ................ 15,630 5,073 Q Q 775 267 643 740
Window and Interior Lighting
Features (more than one
may apply)
Multipaned Windows ..................... 38,910 6,496 738 979 1,659 836 3,892 2,210
Tinted Window Glass .................... 29,887 4,468 333 586 1,569 710 2,052 1,864
Reflective Window Glass .............. 8,544 1,274 Q 137 790 169 587 478
External Overhangs
 or Awnings ................................... 17,242 2,623 465 848 810 306 1,934 1,916
Skylights or Atriums ....................... 12,546 2,457 Q Q 861 247 1,589 765
Daylighting Sensors ....................... 2,868 473 Q Q 304 Q 548 Q
Specular Reflectors ....................... 26,118 4,383 293 467 1,299 358 2,262 1,236
Electronic Ballasts ......................... 46,882 8,358 929 1,100 1,822 944 4,147 2,981
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS)
 for Lighting .................................... 4,781 1,144 Q Q Q Q Q 406
Equipment Usage Reduced
When Building Not In Full Use
(more than one may apply)a
Heating ........................................... 42,722 8,313 465 1,091 833 853 2,656 3,126
Cooling ........................................... 43,205 8,366 545 1,205 891 871 2,689 3,249
Lighting .......................................... 46,987 9,430 895 1,507 N 1,148 Q 4,048
Office Equipment ........................... 19,397 4,998 198 356 N 456 Q 1,636
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet.
a The definition for one or more of these row items has changed and may not be directly comparable with past CBECS estimates. See "Guide to the Tables" for discussion of the differences.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample.
Notes: ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Form EIA-871A of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.