Released: June 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table B11. Selected Principal Building Activity: Part 1, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Number of Buildings (thousand)
All
Buildings*
Principal Building Activity
Education Food
Sales
Food
Service
Health Care Lodging Retail (Other Than Mall)
Inpatient Outpatient
All Buildings* ............................... 4,645 386 226 297 8 121 142 443
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 2,552 162 164 202 N 56 38 241
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 889 56 44 65 N 38 21 97
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 738 60 Q 23 Q 19 38 83
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 241 48 Q Q Q Q 23 14
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 129 39 Q Q Q 3 11 Q
100,001 to 200,000 ........................ 65 16 Q N Q Q 7 4
200,001 to 500,000 ........................ 25 5 N Q 2 Q 4 Q
Over 500,000 ................................. 7 Q N N 1 N Q Q
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................... 330 12 Q 32 Q Q Q 37
1920 to 1945 .................................. 527 26 Q 34 Q Q 11 66
1946 to 1959 .................................. 562 78 Q 30 Q Q 17 62
1960 to 1969 .................................. 579 60 Q Q 1 Q 25 59
1970 to 1979 .................................. 731 58 Q 46 2 14 25 90
1980 to 1989 .................................. 707 44 33 46 2 18 21 44
1990 to 1999 .................................. 876 75 56 66 0 36 30 68
2000 to 2003 .................................. 334 32 Q Q Q Q 6 17
Census Region and Division
Northeast ....................................... 726 31 40 37 1 17 27 76
  New England ............................... 233 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
  Middle Atlantic .............................. 493 21 Q 27 1 Q 9 46
Midwest ......................................... 1,266 63 57 88 2 29 34 111
  East North Central ........................ 696 34 43 54 1 19 15 69
  West North Central ...................... 571 29 Q 34 Q Q 19 42
South ............................................. 1,775 156 94 127 4 44 52 197
  South Atlantic .............................. 874 87 49 61 Q 25 26 106
  East South Central ....................... 348 Q Q 24 Q Q 13 42
  West South Central ...................... 553 56 Q 42 1 Q 13 49
West .............................................. 878 136 Q 45 1 30 30 60
  Mountain ...................................... 299 39 Q Q Q Q 16 21
  Pacific .......................................... 580 97 Q 34 1 17 14 39
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................... 855 38 45 48 1 21 29 69
  5,500-7,000 HDD ......................... 1,173 89 59 71 2 29 38 103
  4,000-5,499 HDD ......................... 673 35 Q 45 1 22 25 88
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 1,276 143 57 78 3 28 36 133
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 669 81 Q 54 1 21 15 50
Number of Floors
One ................................................ 3,136 281 183 210 Q 68 48 311
Two ............................................... 1,031 60 29 54 Q 37 52 103
Three ............................................. 339 31 Q 28 Q Q 17 25
Four to Nine ................................... 128 14 Q Q 3 3 23 Q
Ten or More ................................... 12 Q N N 1 Q 3 Q
Elevators and Escalators
(more than one may apply)
Any Elevators ................................ 309 50 Q Q 6 12 30 14
Number of Elevators
  One .............................................. 208 37 Q Q Q 8 11 Q
  Two to Five .................................. 88 12 N Q 3 3 17 Q
  Six or More .................................. 13 Q N N 2 Q Q Q
Any Escalators .............................. 6 Q N Q Q Q Q Q
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 ................................. 2,653 150 162 101 N Q 78 268
5 to 9 .............................................. 778 49 Q 92 N 41 18 90
10 to 19 .......................................... 563 57 Q 68 Q Q 18 57
20 to 49 .......................................... 398 69 Q 30 Q 26 16 14
50 to 99 .......................................... 147 42 Q Q Q Q 8 12
100 to 249 ...................................... 77 15 Q Q 4 5 4 3
250 or More ................................... 30 3 N N 3 Q Q Q
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ............................... 1,002 74 Q 26 N Q Q Q
40 to 48 .......................................... 1,117 124 Q Q N 53 Q 96
49 to 60 .......................................... 1,062 119 Q 35 N 32 N 159
61 to 84 .......................................... 591 56 46 102 N Q Q 118
85 to 167 ........................................ 400 12 106 101 N Q Q 30
Open Continuously ........................ 475 Q 45 Q 8 Q 140 Q
Ownership and Occupancy
Nongovernment Owned ................ 4,011 141 224 283 7 115 134 441
  Owner Occupied ......................... 1,841 83 94 72 4 64 48 189
  Nonowner Occupied ................... 2,029 58 130 211 3 51 86 252
  Unoccupied .................................. 141 N N N N N N N
Government Owned ...................... 635 245 Q Q 1 Q 9 Q
  Federal ......................................... 46 Q N N Q Q Q Q
  State ............................................ 164 59 Q Q Q Q Q N
  Local ............................................ 425 175 Q Q Q Q Q N
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant ......................... 157 N N N N N N N
Mostly Vacant ................................ 25 N N N N N N N
Partially Vacant .............................. 548 55 Q 24 1 18 18 26
Not At All Vacant ........................... 3,915 331 212 274 7 103 124 417
Number of Establishments
One ................................................ 3,754 360 203 270 6 84 130 368
2 to 5 .............................................. 643 21 Q 26 1 32 12 68
6 to 10 ............................................ 55 Q N Q Q Q Q Q
11 to 20 .......................................... 23 N N N Q Q N Q
More than 20 .................................. 14 N Q N Q Q N Q
Currently Unoccupied .................... 157 N N N N N N N
Multibuilding Facility
Not Part of a Multibuilding
 Facility ........................................... 3,169 105 207 271 2 101 73 377
College or University ...................... 83 40 N Q Q Q 10 Q
Primary or Secondary School ........ 254 186 N Q N Q Q N
Office Complex .............................. 111 Q Q N Q Q Q Q
Retail Complex ............................... 151 N Q Q N N N 46
Religious Campus or Complex ....... 195 39 N Q N N Q N
Health Care Complex ..................... 39 Q N Q 6 16 6 N
Lodging or Resort Complex ........... 61 Q N Q N N 39 Q
Government Complex .................... 87 N N Q N Q N N
Other .............................................. 496 Q N Q N Q Q Q
Predominant Exterior
Wall Material
Brick, Stone or Stucco ................... 2,044 220 116 170 5 71 74 166
Concrete (Block or Poured) ........... 786 44 50 55 Q Q 22 121
Concrete Panels ............................ 131 10 Q Q 1 Q Q 8
Siding or Shingles .......................... 779 78 Q 51 Q Q 41 71
Metal Panels ................................... 825 30 Q Q Q Q N 69
Window Glass ............................... 17 Q N Q Q N Q Q
Other .............................................. 47 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ........................ 18 Q N Q Q N Q Q
Predominant Roof Material
Built-Up .......................................... 1,036 112 62 96 4 25 23 129
Shingles (Not Wood) ...................... 1,325 116 71 64 Q 52 72 98
Metal Surfacing .............................. 1,288 65 Q 49 Q Q Q 109
Synthetic or Rubber ....................... 511 53 33 55 3 12 14 68
Slate or Tile .................................... 263 32 Q Q Q Q 11 Q
Wooden Materials .......................... 122 Q Q Q N Q Q Q
Concrete ........................................ 61 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. 16 Q Q Q N N Q N
No One Major Type ........................ 25 Q Q Q Q Q N Q
Renovations in Buildings
Constructed Before 1980
(more than one may apply)
Any Type of Renovation
 Since 1980 .................................... 1,018 105 48 79 4 28 35 115
   Addition or Annex ....................... 256 31 Q Q 4 Q 13 18
   Reduction In Floorspace ............. 22 Q N Q Q Q Q Q
   Cosmetic Improvements .............. 741 77 37 67 3 25 29 86
   Wall or Roof Replacement .......... 370 49 Q 25 1 Q 17 39
   Interior Wall
    Re-Configuration ........................ 411 37 Q 24 2 23 14 48
   HVAC Equipment Upgrade .......... 442 60 Q 37 4 Q 20 50
   Lighting Upgrade ......................... 455 65 Q 29 2 Q 17 43
   Window Replacement ................. 310 40 Q Q 1 Q 16 33
   Plumbing System Upgrade .......... 315 42 Q 29 1 Q 17 38
   Insulation Upgrade ...................... 227 23 Q Q 1 Q Q 23
   Other Renovation ........................ 19 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No Renovations Since 1980 .......... 1,710 130 77 86 1 30 50 200
Building Newer than 1980 ............. 1,917 151 100 133 2 63 57 128
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 4,404 384 221 297 8 121 142 443
Natural Gas .................................... 2,391 213 98 226 7 65 86 245
Fuel Oil ........................................... 451 26 Q Q 7 6 28 37
District Heat ................................... 67 26 N Q 1 Q 6 Q
District Chilled Water ...................... 33 14 N Q 1 Q Q Q
Propane ......................................... 502 43 Q 52 Q Q 24 47
Other .............................................. 61 Q Q N Q N Q Q
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 3,982 382 188 282 8 116 142 408
Buildings with Cooling .................... 3,625 352 210 283 8 121 130 406
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 3,472 298 186 297 8 119 142 314
Buildings with Cooking ................... 801 125 84 284 7 Q 47 14
Buildings with Manufacturing ........ 119 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................... 149 16 Q Q 7 5 19 7
Heating Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Heat Pumps .................................... 476 66 Q 26 Q 19 25 42
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 278 31 Q Q Q Q 11 27
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. 166 14 Q Q Q Q Q Q
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ 58 27 N Q Q Q 14 Q
Furnaces ....................................... 1,864 111 77 125 Q 58 31 227
Individual Space Heaters ............... 819 67 Q 28 1 19 57 75
District Heat ................................... 65 25 N Q 1 Q Q Q
Boilers ............................................ 579 84 Q 36 6 16 42 30
Packaged Heating Units ................. 953 99 46 103 3 25 31 97
Other .............................................. 205 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Cooling Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Residential-Type Central
 Air Conditioners ............................ 1,006 59 36 69 1 46 23 95
Heat Pumps .................................... 492 63 Q 30 Q 19 25 50
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 288 27 Q Q Q Q 11 34
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. 174 14 Q Q Q Q Q Q
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ 58 27 N Q Q Q 14 Q
Individual Air Conditioners ............. 742 87 Q 33 3 Q 71 82
District Chilled Water ...................... 33 14 N Q 1 Q Q Q
Central Chillers ............................... 111 36 N Q 4 4 11 Q
Packaged Air Conditioning
 Units .............................................. 1,613 139 107 176 5 52 39 200
Swamp Coolers ............................. 122 Q Q Q Q N Q Q
Other .............................................. 40 Q Q Q Q N Q Q
Main Equipment Replaced Since
1990 (more than one may apply)
Heating ........................................... 1,197 82 53 81 2 40 56 128
Cooling ........................................... 1,356 109 75 98 4 41 63 170
Office Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Computers ..................................... 3,081 343 138 172 6 118 97 317
  With Flat Screen Monitors ............ 877 89 Q 40 5 48 33 68
Dedicated Servers ......................... 1,175 127 36 44 6 48 42 103
Laser Printers ................................ 1,970 227 82 113 3 54 62 223
Inkjet Printers ................................. 1,420 143 56 51 5 70 42 129
FAX Machines ............................... 2,715 199 118 168 8 114 85 330
Photocopiers .................................. 1,939 207 60 27 8 95 56 163
Number of Computers
None .............................................. 1,565 43 88 125 Q Q 46 126
1 to 4 .............................................. 1,670 113 116 139 Q 56 47 215
5 to 9 .............................................. 559 36 Q 26 Q Q 23 67
10 to 19 .......................................... 370 50 Q Q Q 21 12 21
20 to 49 .......................................... 255 50 Q Q Q Q 6 14
50 to 99 .......................................... 110 41 N N Q 4 Q Q
100 to 249 ...................................... 79 39 N N 1 Q Q Q
250 or More ................................... 38 14 N N 2 Q Q Q
Number of Dedicated Servers
None .............................................. 3,471 259 189 253 Q 73 100 340
1 to 4 .............................................. 1,060 112 36 41 3 46 41 100
5 to 9 .............................................. 58 8 Q Q 0 Q Q Q
10 to 19 .......................................... 30 Q N N 1 Q Q Q
20 to 49 .......................................... 17 Q N N 1 Q Q Q
50 or More ..................................... 10 Q N N 0 Q Q N
Number of Photocopiers
None .............................................. 2,706 179 166 270 Q Q 87 280
One ................................................ 1,250 94 53 21 Q 66 39 140
2 to 4 .............................................. 549 90 Q Q Q 22 13 23
5 to 9 .............................................. 85 18 N N 1 4 Q Q
10 or More ..................................... 54 5 N N 4 3 Q Q
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation ........ 799 125 84 284 7 Q 47 14
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water .................. 567 79 Q 123 7 13 104 15
Separate Computer Area ............... 553 146 Q Q 5 17 22 14
HVAC Conservation Features
(more than one may apply)
Variable Air-Volume System ......... 466 83 Q 41 5 24 20 31
Economizer Cycle .......................... 508 88 Q 47 4 20 24 34
HVAC Maintenance ....................... 2,581 294 129 201 8 89 101 233
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS) ................ 252 100 Q Q 2 9 5 14
Window and Interior Lighting
Features (more than one
may apply)
Multipaned Windows ..................... 2,201 174 115 163 7 79 93 201
Tinted Window Glass .................... 1,323 134 48 107 6 46 27 158
Reflective Window Glass .............. 308 28 Q 29 3 14 14 19
External Overhangs
 or Awnings ................................... 1,233 91 74 142 4 26 56 183
Skylights or Atriums ....................... 331 32 Q Q 3 9 19 29
Daylighting Sensors ....................... 74 7 Q Q 1 Q 8 Q
Specular Reflectors ....................... 928 97 33 49 4 26 30 74
Electronic Ballasts ......................... 2,577 269 136 178 7 79 83 293
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS)
 for Lighting .................................... 60 23 Q Q Q Q Q 4
Equipment Usage Reduced
When Building Not In Full Use
(more than one may apply)a
Heating ........................................... 2,878 315 70 193 3 92 70 315
Cooling ........................................... 2,761 308 90 211 3 93 75 325
Lighting .......................................... 3,685 359 165 271 N 116 Q 426
Office Equipment ........................... 1,504 239 38 54 N 61 Q 154
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet.
a The definition for one or more of these row items has changed and may not be directly comparable with past CBECS estimates. See "Guide to the Tables" for discussion of the differences.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample.
Notes: ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Form EIA-871A of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.