Released: June 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table B10. Number of Floors, Number of Buildings and Floorspace for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Number of Buildings (thousand) Total Floorspace (million square feet)
All
Build-
ings*
One
Floor
Two
Floors
Three
Floors
Four
to
Nine
Floors
Ten or
More
Floors
All
Build-
ings*
One
Floor
Two
Floors
Three
Floors
Four
to
Nine
Floors
Ten or
More
Floors
All Buildings* ............................... 4,645 3,136 1,031 339 128 12 64,783 25,981 16,270 7,501 10,085 4,947
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 2,552 2,014 411 115 Q N 6,789 5,192 1,217 343 Q N
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 889 564 239 70 Q N 6,585 4,150 1,814 504 Q N
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 738 399 248 74 18 Q 11,535 6,160 3,966 1,115 292 Q
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 241 92 77 46 26 Q 8,668 3,296 2,772 1,631 964 Q
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 129 46 35 21 25 Q 9,057 3,187 2,456 1,481 1,822 Q
100,001 to 200,000 ........................ 65 16 13 11 23 3 9,064 2,159 1,896 1,418 3,150 442
200,001 to 500,000 ........................ 25 4 6 3 8 4 7,176 1,134 1,775 730 2,186 1,350
Over 500,000 ................................. 7 Q Q Q 2 3 5,908 Q Q Q 1,516 3,036
Principal Building Activity
Education ....................................... 386 281 60 31 14 Q 9,874 3,696 2,911 1,639 1,585 Q
Food Sales ..................................... 226 183 29 Q Q N 1,255 961 263 Q Q N
Food Service ................................. 297 210 54 28 Q N 1,654 937 379 176 Q N
Health Care .................................... 129 69 38 14 6 1 3,163 522 523 378 1,178 561
  Inpatient ....................................... 8 Q Q Q 3 1 1,905 Q Q Q 989 527
  Outpatient .................................... 121 68 37 Q 3 Q 1,258 441 428 Q 189 Q
Lodging .......................................... 142 48 52 17 23 3 5,096 646 950 618 2,007 875
Retail (Other Than Mall).................. 443 311 103 25 Q Q 4,317 2,742 932 416 Q Q
Office ............................................. 824 441 234 98 44 6 12,208 2,460 2,269 1,810 2,644 3,025
Public Assembly ............................ 277 168 81 16 11 Q 3,939 1,448 1,428 308 693 Q
Public Order and Safety ................ 71 50 Q Q Q Q 1,090 371 Q Q Q Q
Religious Worship .......................... 370 193 134 40 Q N 3,754 1,255 1,613 737 Q N
Service .......................................... 622 510 95 Q Q N 4,050 2,713 1,000 Q Q N
Warehouse and Storage ............... 597 493 84 Q Q Q 10,078 6,637 2,684 Q Q Q
Other .............................................. 79 57 15 Q 4 Q 1,738 630 375 Q 518 Q
Vacant ........................................... 182 122 38 Q Q N 2,567 963 780 Q Q N
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................... 330 80 116 92 41 Q 3,769 348 913 856 1,393 Q
1920 to 1945 .................................. 527 236 187 78 25 2 6,871 1,730 1,539 1,396 1,525 681
1946 to 1959 .................................. 562 374 135 46 6 1 7,045 2,771 2,095 1,218 485 475
1960 to 1969 .................................. 579 402 122 42 10 2 8,101 3,474 2,188 795 1,013 630
1970 to 1979 .................................. 731 536 148 32 13 1 10,772 4,484 2,977 946 1,570 797
1980 to 1989 .................................. 707 536 130 21 16 3 10,332 3,856 2,336 724 1,924 1,492
1990 to 1999 .................................. 876 699 141 23 11 Q 12,360 6,577 2,976 960 1,485 Q
2000 to 2003 .................................. 334 272 51 5 6 Q 5,533 2,742 1,245 605 690 Q
Census Region
Northeast ....................................... 726 312 230 130 50 4 12,905 3,151 3,029 2,083 3,003 1,640
Midwest ......................................... 1,266 801 328 107 29 2 17,080 6,104 5,177 2,584 2,660 555
South ............................................. 1,775 1,381 289 68 33 4 23,489 11,757 4,946 1,938 3,094 1,754
West .............................................. 878 642 183 35 16 3 11,310 4,969 3,118 896 1,328 999
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................... 855 526 214 90 25 1 10,622 3,750 3,146 1,664 1,731 330
  5,500-7,000 HDD ......................... 1,173 677 333 126 34 3 17,335 6,253 4,867 2,643 2,525 1,047
  4,000-5,499 HDD ......................... 673 400 159 70 40 4 11,504 3,156 2,623 1,228 2,744 1,752
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 1,276 1,017 198 41 17 3 15,739 8,011 3,423 1,473 1,982 850
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 669 516 127 12 12 2 9,584 4,810 2,210 492 1,103 968
Elevators and Escalators
(more than one may apply)
Any Elevators ................................ 309 N 121 91 85 12 24,617 N 5,636 4,758 9,276 4,947
Number of Elevators
  One .............................................. 208 N 110 69 30 Q 8,221 N 4,446 2,416 1,355 Q
  Two to Five .................................. 88 N 10 22 51 5 10,129 N 1,129 2,178 5,851 971
  Six or More .................................. 13 N Q Q 5 7 6,268 N Q Q 2,069 3,973
Any Escalators .............................. 6 N Q Q 2 2 2,350 N Q Q 631 1,443
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 ................................. 2,653 2,005 491 134 23 N 15,492 9,898 3,706 1,282 605 N
5 to 9 .............................................. 778 515 174 77 12 Q 6,166 3,480 1,627 637 404 Q
10 to 19 .......................................... 563 333 162 48 20 Q 7,803 3,538 2,277 942 1,040 Q
20 to 49 .......................................... 398 198 134 40 24 Q 10,989 4,535 3,664 1,325 1,249 Q
50 to 99 .......................................... 147 69 41 19 17 Q 7,934 2,649 2,254 1,321 1,470 Q
100 to 249 ...................................... 77 13 25 18 19 2 6,871 1,250 1,774 1,341 2,134 372
250 or More ................................... 30 3 4 3 13 7 9,528 630 968 653 3,182 4,095
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ............................... 1,002 736 204 53 8 N 6,863 3,647 2,112 604 499 N
40 to 48 .......................................... 1,117 757 254 81 25 Q 11,622 5,372 3,560 1,408 971 Q
49 to 60 .......................................... 1,062 689 251 88 30 3 15,723 6,878 3,843 1,807 2,031 1,164
61 to 84 .......................................... 591 362 145 61 21 2 10,334 4,008 2,531 1,549 1,372 875
85 to 167 ........................................ 400 304 60 26 10 Q 7,092 3,103 1,938 752 1,127 Q
Open Continuously ........................ 475 287 117 31 34 5 13,149 2,974 2,286 1,380 4,084 2,425
Ownership and Occupancy
Nongovernment Owned ................ 4,011 2,675 921 303 102 10 49,421 20,203 12,450 5,694 6,678 4,396
  Owner Occupied ......................... 1,841 1,119 478 175 65 4 23,591 8,613 5,914 3,061 3,822 2,181
  Nonowner Occupied ................... 2,029 1,454 414 120 36 6 23,914 10,719 5,901 2,402 2,677 2,215
  Unoccupied .................................. 141 102 29 Q Q N 1,916 870 636 Q Q N
Government Owned ...................... 635 461 110 37 26 2 15,363 5,779 3,819 1,807 3,406 551
  Federal ......................................... 46 35 Q Q 2 0 1,956 902 Q Q 650 136
  State ............................................ 164 114 28 9 13 Q 3,808 917 842 349 1,531 Q
  Local ............................................ 425 312 79 22 11 Q 9,599 3,959 2,834 1,332 1,226 Q
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant ......................... 157 111 33 Q Q N 2,161 889 652 Q Q N
Mostly Vacant ................................ 25 Q Q Q Q N 406 Q Q Q Q N
Partially Vacant .............................. 548 323 120 57 43 6 12,382 2,671 2,495 1,565 2,791 2,859
Not At All Vacant ........................... 3,915 2,691 872 264 82 6 49,834 22,347 12,994 5,544 6,861 2,088
Number of Establishments
One ................................................ 3,754 2,670 757 244 79 3 45,144 20,956 11,910 5,084 5,860 1,332
2 to 5 .............................................. 643 333 211 64 31 3 10,960 3,717 2,858 1,279 2,335 772
6 to 10 ............................................ 55 17 19 9 8 Q 1,958 265 527 259 697 Q
11 to 20 .......................................... 23 Q Q 5 5 1 1,951 Q Q 481 496 693
More than 20 .................................. 14 Q Q Q 2 3 2,609 Q Q Q 345 1,940
Currently Unoccupied .................... 157 111 33 Q Q N 2,161 889 652 Q Q N
Predominant Exterior
Wall Material
Brick, Stone or Stucco ................... 2,044 1,181 550 221 87 6 32,817 11,171 8,286 4,955 6,221 2,183
Concrete (Block or Poured) ........... 786 586 153 29 15 2 10,832 4,865 3,076 885 1,399 607
Concrete Panels ............................ 131 78 32 8 11 2 6,559 2,027 1,475 450 1,510 1,098
Siding or Shingles .......................... 779 541 161 70 Q Q 4,120 2,247 1,121 663 Q Q
Metal Panels ................................... 825 717 98 Q Q Q 7,912 5,364 1,836 Q Q Q
Window Glass ............................... 17 Q Q Q 3 Q 1,024 Q Q Q 336 Q
Other .............................................. 47 Q 26 Q Q Q 1,113 Q 257 Q Q Q
No One Major Type ........................ 18 Q Q Q Q Q 406 Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant Roof Material
Built-Up .......................................... 1,036 635 266 77 52 6 21,170 6,713 5,475 2,370 4,042 2,571
Shingles (Not Wood) ...................... 1,325 869 320 113 21 Q 10,195 4,557 3,249 1,305 839 Q
Metal Surfacing .............................. 1,288 1,086 172 28 Q Q 11,944 8,397 2,678 559 Q Q
Synthetic or Rubber ....................... 511 259 145 68 34 4 14,730 4,041 3,241 2,193 3,650 1,605
Slate or Tile .................................... 263 144 70 38 11 Q 2,462 793 642 605 385 Q
Wooden Materials .......................... 122 76 36 Q Q Q 887 363 317 Q Q Q
Concrete ........................................ 61 42 Q Q 4 Q 2,231 808 Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. 16 Q Q Q Q Q 598 Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ........................ 25 Q Q Q Q Q 565 Q Q Q Q Q
Renovations in Buildings
Constructed Before 1980
(more than one may apply)
 Since 1980 .................................... 1,018 521 308 140 44 5 17,844 4,985 5,121 2,878 3,047 1,812
   Addition or Annex ....................... 256 146 68 28 13 1 6,551 1,731 2,188 1,024 1,025 582
   Reduction In Floorspace ............. 22 Q Q Q Q Q 1,012 Q Q Q Q Q
   Cosmetic Improvements .............. 741 345 246 110 37 3 13,119 3,416 3,935 1,852 2,442 1,474
   Wall or Roof Replacement .......... 370 182 118 50 19 2 8,070 1,892 2,625 1,010 1,525 1,018
   Interior Wall
    Re-Configuration ........................ 411 183 135 64 25 3 8,518 1,905 2,622 1,024 1,706 1,261
   HVAC Equipment Upgrade .......... 442 177 157 72 31 3 10,768 2,362 3,053 1,576 2,302 1,476
   Lighting Upgrade ......................... 455 202 151 71 27 3 10,275 2,335 3,084 1,448 2,092 1,317
   Window Replacement ................. 310 118 110 59 22 1 6,354 1,189 1,965 1,001 1,412 787
   Plumbing System Upgrade .......... 315 140 108 45 19 2 7,144 1,510 2,200 782 1,510 1,142
   Insulation Upgrade ...................... 227 106 75 29 17 1 4,015 1,121 1,154 470 852 417
   Other Renovation ........................ 19 Q Q Q Q Q 523 Q Q Q Q Q
No Renovations Since 1980 .......... 1,710 1,107 401 149 51 2 18,714 7,821 4,592 2,333 2,939 1,029
Building Newer than 1980 ............. 1,917 1,507 322 50 33 5 28,225 13,174 6,557 2,289 4,099 2,105
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 4,404 2,919 1,011 333 128 12 63,307 24,935 15,978 7,381 10,065 4,947
Natural Gas .................................... 2,391 1,431 617 242 93 9 43,468 14,940 11,441 5,668 7,670 3,749
Fuel Oil ........................................... 451 209 142 57 34 9 15,157 2,518 2,724 1,914 4,101 3,899
District Heat ................................... 67 14 19 11 20 3 5,443 Q 515 458 2,473 1,366
District Chilled Water ...................... 33 10 6 4 11 1 2,853 259 302 262 1,458 571
Propane ......................................... 502 362 98 35 6 Q 7,076 3,403 2,004 923 512 Q
Other .............................................. 61 35 Q Q Q Q 909 338 Q Q Q Q
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 3,982 2,566 960 319 125 12 60,028 22,744 15,408 7,198 9,744 4,933
Buildings with Cooling .................... 3,625 2,340 864 290 120 12 56,940 21,419 14,544 6,437 9,673 4,867
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 3,472 2,134 899 304 124 11 56,478 20,164 14,914 6,915 9,688 4,796
Buildings with Cooking ................... 801 462 201 90 42 6 22,237 5,784 5,265 2,909 5,021 3,258
Buildings with Manufacturing ........ 119 79 27 Q 2 Q 3,138 1,127 1,095 Q 305 Q
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................... 149 59 39 19 25 7 12,821 1,835 2,177 1,398 3,914 3,496
Lighting Equipment Types
(more than one may apply)
Incandescent ................................. 2,184 1,191 628 254 102 10 38,528 10,640 9,812 5,620 8,192 4,264
Standard Fluorescent .................... 3,943 2,583 916 310 122 11 59,688 22,875 15,172 7,057 9,691 4,893
Compact Fluorescent ..................... 941 456 295 108 71 10 27,571 5,431 6,571 3,914 7,324 4,332
High Intensity Discharge ................ 455 260 116 41 32 6 20,643 6,176 4,893 2,582 4,088 2,904
Halogen .......................................... 565 278 186 53 42 7 17,703 3,811 4,590 2,026 4,145 3,131
Other .............................................. 8 Q Q Q Q Q 269 Q Q Q Q Q
Window and Interior Lighting
Features (more than one
may apply)
Multipaned Windows ..................... 2,201 1,293 602 216 83 7 38,910 12,346 10,522 5,410 7,340 3,291
Tinted Window Glass .................... 1,323 841 338 90 46 8 29,887 9,736 7,347 3,429 5,541 3,835
Reflective Window Glass .............. 308 193 72 27 13 3 8,544 1,856 2,015 1,353 1,748 1,571
External Overhangs
 or Awnings ................................... 1,233 817 282 93 39 2 17,242 7,117 4,490 2,075 2,631 930
Skylights or Atriums ....................... 331 166 94 46 21 3 12,546 2,783 3,446 1,664 3,032 1,621
Daylighting Sensors ....................... 74 37 25 4 7 1 2,868 442 695 314 887 531
Specular Reflectors ....................... 928 561 222 84 52 8 26,118 7,764 5,520 3,187 5,960 3,686
Electronic Ballasts ......................... 2,577 1,679 590 197 100 11 46,882 16,453 10,947 5,686 9,015 4,780
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS)
 for Lighting .................................... 60 38 10 4 6 2 4,781 1,153 962 370 1,091 1,204
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet.
a The definition for one or more of these row items has changed and may not be directly comparable with past CBECS estimates. See "Guide to the Tables" for discussion of the differences.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample.
Notes: ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Form EIA-871A of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.