Released: June 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table B5. Census Region and Division, Floorspace for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Total Floorspace (million square feet)
All
Buildings*
Northeast Midwest South West
New England Middle Atlantic East
North Central
West
North Central
South Atlantic East
South Central
West South Central Mountain Pacific
All Buildings* ............................... 64,783 2,964 9,941 11,595 5,485 12,258 3,393 7,837 3,675 7,635
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 6,789 360 666 974 922 1,207 538 788 464 871
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 6,585 359 764 843 722 1,387 393 879 418 820
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 11,535 553 1,419 1,934 1,164 2,240 810 1,329 831 1,256
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 8,668 347 944 1,618 949 1,672 498 998 511 1,132
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 9,057 516 1,524 1,618 642 1,470 650 1,314 374 948
100,001 to 200,000 ........................ 9,064 414 1,703 1,682 614 2,087 Q 1,131 Q 895
200,001 to 500,000 ........................ 7,176 Q 1,673 1,801 395 1,072 Q 664 339 947
Over 500,000 ................................. 5,908 Q 1,248 1,126 Q 1,123 Q Q Q 766
Principal Building Activity
Education ....................................... 9,874 Q 1,384 1,990 552 2,445 341 1,198 640 1,027
Food Sales ..................................... 1,255 Q Q 218 Q 223 Q Q Q Q
Food Service ................................. 1,654 Q 127 248 206 433 99 232 Q 232
Health Care .................................... 3,163 Q 464 551 247 749 219 309 230 323
  Inpatient ....................................... 1,905 Q 310 316 Q 469 Q 235 Q 176
  Outpatient .................................... 1,258 Q Q 235 Q 280 Q Q Q 147
Lodging .......................................... 5,096 374 797 548 595 939 368 387 438 649
Retail (Other Than Mall).................. 4,317 Q 419 544 337 897 353 594 210 753
Office ............................................. 12,208 578 2,434 2,190 799 1,958 481 1,343 629 1,796
Public Assembly ............................ 3,939 Q 769 635 377 440 Q 498 Q 468
Public Order and Safety ................ 1,090 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Religious Worship .......................... 3,754 Q 474 720 395 721 310 467 Q 341
Service .......................................... 4,050 Q 620 775 514 753 307 298 345 319
Warehouse and Storage ............... 10,078 Q 1,112 2,023 994 1,836 390 1,740 506 1,066
Other .............................................. 1,738 Q 501 248 Q Q Q Q Q Q
Vacant ........................................... 2,567 Q Q 791 Q 252 Q 350 Q Q
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................... 3,769 444 962 999 553 Q Q Q Q Q
1920 to 1945 .................................. 6,871 611 1,893 1,603 496 650 300 398 Q 783
1946 to 1959 .................................. 7,045 Q 1,745 1,454 574 1,097 239 460 255 873
1960 to 1969 .................................. 8,101 Q 1,393 1,380 850 1,379 483 675 592 1,005
1970 to 1979 .................................. 10,772 450 1,273 2,198 1,039 1,464 789 1,473 924 1,162
1980 to 1989 .................................. 10,332 265 1,109 1,486 463 2,403 431 1,934 700 1,541
1990 to 1999 .................................. 12,360 Q 1,130 1,655 1,091 3,652 766 1,823 627 1,377
2000 to 2003 .................................. 5,533 Q 435 820 420 1,272 342 943 307 731
Number of Floors
One ................................................ 25,981 545 2,606 3,877 2,227 5,753 1,641 4,362 1,871 3,098
Two ............................................... 16,270 742 2,288 3,251 1,926 2,700 864 1,381 990 2,128
Three ............................................. 7,501 755 1,327 1,881 703 1,043 442 453 181 715
Four to Nine ................................... 10,085 793 2,210 2,081 579 2,003 355 736 338 990
Ten or More ................................... 4,947 Q 1,510 506 Q 759 Q 904 Q 704
Elevators and Escalators
(more than one may apply)
Any Elevators ................................ 24,617 1,375 4,762 5,050 1,627 4,612 923 2,414 1,069 2,785
Number of Elevators
  One .............................................. 8,221 500 1,086 2,224 860 1,475 369 631 414 662
  Two to Five .................................. 10,129 723 2,248 2,060 644 1,900 386 808 275 1,085
  Six or More .................................. 6,268 Q 1,428 766 Q 1,237 168 975 Q 1,039
Any Escalators .............................. 2,350 Q 494 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 ................................. 15,492 776 1,599 3,195 1,763 2,517 1,107 2,046 766 1,723
5 to 9 .............................................. 6,166 401 684 866 598 1,284 476 835 345 678
10 to 19 .......................................... 7,803 409 1,463 1,214 867 1,392 350 999 428 681
20 to 49 .......................................... 10,989 350 1,964 1,980 876 1,773 701 1,408 645 1,291
50 to 99 .......................................... 7,934 Q 1,110 1,570 742 1,611 Q 840 558 812
100 to 249 ...................................... 6,871 Q 1,034 1,212 397 1,737 Q 451 311 1,086
250 or More ................................... 9,528 Q 2,087 1,558 242 1,943 Q 1,259 622 1,364
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ............................... 6,863 Q 725 1,600 700 1,211 416 918 291 804
40 to 48 .......................................... 11,622 440 1,672 1,746 1,036 2,109 770 1,688 783 1,378
49 to 60 .......................................... 15,723 837 2,261 3,340 1,273 3,074 610 1,872 712 1,744
61 to 84 .......................................... 10,334 494 1,554 1,737 845 1,926 600 1,228 592 1,358
85 to 167 ........................................ 7,092 Q 1,078 1,450 558 1,402 Q 882 357 950
Open Continuously ........................ 13,149 756 2,651 1,721 1,073 2,536 823 1,250 940 1,401
Ownership and Occupancy
Nongovernment Owned ................ 49,421 2,283 8,106 8,015 4,455 9,049 2,453 6,325 2,611 6,125
  Owner Occupied ......................... 23,591 1,587 4,317 3,755 2,416 4,141 967 2,761 976 2,672
  Nonowner Occupied ................... 23,914 669 3,535 3,597 1,942 4,678 1,450 3,230 1,624 3,189
  Unoccupied .................................. 1,916 Q Q 663 Q Q Q Q Q Q
Government Owned ...................... 15,363 682 1,835 3,580 1,030 3,209 940 1,512 1,064 1,510
  Federal ......................................... 1,956 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
  State ............................................ 3,808 Q 386 536 Q 726 507 Q Q 565
  Local ............................................ 9,599 346 1,360 2,199 726 2,078 376 969 681 864
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant ......................... 2,161 Q Q 756 Q 241 Q 346 Q Q
Mostly Vacant ................................ 406 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Partially Vacant .............................. 12,382 1,031 2,086 2,255 864 1,980 397 1,685 750 1,335
Not At All Vacant ........................... 49,834 1,795 7,475 8,549 4,427 10,026 2,898 5,802 2,882 5,978
Number of Establishments
One ................................................ 45,144 1,784 6,277 8,315 4,044 8,902 2,707 5,339 2,794 4,982
2 to 5 .............................................. 10,960 615 1,901 1,833 970 2,139 385 1,217 538 1,362
6 to 10 ............................................ 1,958 Q 411 264 Q Q Q Q Q 211
11 to 20 .......................................... 1,951 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
More than 20 .................................. 2,609 Q 641 Q Q 320 Q 639 Q 547
Currently Unoccupied .................... 2,161 Q Q 756 Q 241 Q 346 Q Q
Predominant Exterior
Wall Material
Brick, Stone or Stucco ................... 32,817 1,541 5,707 7,166 2,082 6,051 1,824 3,699 1,551 3,195
Concrete (Block or Poured) ........... 10,832 284 1,900 1,885 1,002 2,371 641 973 462 1,315
Concrete Panels ............................ 6,559 Q 550 855 375 1,416 Q 1,216 695 1,277
Siding or Shingles .......................... 4,120 779 415 473 711 649 Q 281 Q 461
Metal Panels ................................... 7,912 Q 862 651 1,229 1,450 616 1,360 634 918
Window Glass ............................... 1,024 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. 1,113 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ........................ 406 Q Q Q Q Q N Q Q Q
Predominant Roof Material
Built-Up .......................................... 21,170 704 3,363 3,913 1,349 4,125 827 2,479 1,421 2,990
Shingles (Not Wood) ...................... 10,195 683 1,340 2,070 1,129 1,889 638 797 475 1,174
Metal Surfacing .............................. 11,944 Q 780 1,046 1,616 2,557 1,116 2,635 944 1,001
Synthetic or Rubber ....................... 14,730 1,018 3,097 3,453 990 2,449 643 1,206 664 1,209
Slate or Tile .................................... 2,462 Q 398 236 Q 624 Q 279 Q 552
Wooden Materials .......................... 887 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q 212
Concrete ........................................ 2,231 Q Q Q Q Q N Q Q 353
Other .............................................. 598 Q Q Q Q Q N Q Q Q
No One Major Type ........................ 565 Q Q Q Q Q N Q N Q
Renovations in Buildings
Constructed Before 1980
(more than one may apply)
Any Type of Renovation
 Since 1980 .................................... 17,844 1,445 3,659 3,492 1,945 2,304 884 1,273 1,095 1,746
   Addition or Annex ....................... 6,551 Q 1,395 1,243 727 884 392 529 551 428
   Reduction In Floorspace ............. 1,012 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
   Cosmetic Improvements .............. 13,119 943 3,010 2,354 1,525 1,497 677 931 718 1,465
   Wall or Roof Replacement .......... 8,070 720 1,955 1,367 871 961 340 562 504 789
   Interior Wall
    Re-Configuration ........................ 8,518 639 1,850 1,709 877 1,036 334 566 637 870
   HVAC Equipment Upgrade .......... 10,768 739 2,287 2,136 1,197 1,559 464 561 776 1,049
   Lighting Upgrade ......................... 10,275 853 2,497 1,985 1,074 1,186 440 466 733 1,042
   Window Replacement ................. 6,354 688 2,061 1,339 508 505 Q 266 332 510
   Plumbing System Upgrade .......... 7,144 633 1,878 1,177 721 782 262 323 517 852
   Insulation Upgrade ...................... 4,015 356 1,014 700 512 468 Q 231 Q 411
   Other Renovation ........................ 523 Q Q Q N Q Q N Q Q
No Renovations Since 1980 .......... 18,714 752 3,608 4,142 1,566 2,626 971 1,864 945 2,240
Building Newer than 1980 ............. 28,225 767 2,675 3,961 1,974 7,327 1,538 4,700 1,634 3,649
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 63,307 2,942 9,867 11,373 5,328 12,097 3,220 7,449 3,633 7,397
Natural Gas .................................... 43,468 1,465 7,716 9,570 3,593 6,326 2,281 4,704 2,797 5,016
Fuel Oil ........................................... 15,157 1,577 4,502 1,871 961 2,639 341 1,141 626 1,497
District Heat ................................... 5,443 Q 1,082 1,420 Q 1,243 Q Q 253 413
District Chilled Water ...................... 2,853 Q 583 569 Q 667 Q 284 Q 300
Propane ......................................... 7,076 Q 505 Q 991 1,548 265 547 555 618
Other .............................................. 1,401 Q Q 283 222 Q Q Q Q Q
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 60,028 2,819 9,778 11,223 5,108 11,012 3,056 6,929 3,525 6,577
Buildings with Cooling .................... 56,940 2,021 8,932 9,790 4,694 11,474 2,985 7,094 3,267 6,683
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 56,478 2,724 9,065 10,208 4,720 10,714 2,858 6,341 3,422 6,426
Buildings with Cooking ................... 22,237 938 4,078 4,378 1,472 4,198 1,055 2,628 1,209 2,280
Buildings with Manufacturing ........ 3,138 Q 679 489 Q 296 Q Q Q 412
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................... 12,821 567 2,678 2,558 760 2,396 324 1,297 738 1,504
Percent of Floorspace Heated
Not Heated ..................................... 4,756 Q Q 372 377 1,246 337 908 Q 1,057
1 to 50 ............................................ 6,850 Q 899 774 356 1,105 353 1,384 Q 1,257
51 to 99 .......................................... 8,107 418 1,120 1,214 513 1,864 309 718 569 1,381
100 ................................................. 45,071 1,913 7,758 9,235 4,239 8,043 2,394 4,828 2,721 3,940
Percent of Floorspace Cooled
Not Cooled ..................................... 7,843 943 1,009 1,805 791 784 408 744 407 952
1 to 50 ............................................ 16,598 922 3,349 3,186 1,571 2,418 472 2,025 918 1,738
51 to 99 .......................................... 13,211 550 2,551 2,436 1,325 2,624 459 820 886 1,559
100 ................................................. 27,132 550 3,033 4,169 1,797 6,431 2,054 4,249 1,463 3,386
Percent Lit When Open
Zero ............................................... 293 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
1 to 50 ............................................ 10,203 953 1,796 1,575 1,178 1,313 505 1,371 382 1,130
51 to 99 .......................................... 18,288 1,070 2,529 3,641 1,658 3,293 913 1,928 1,095 2,161
100 ................................................. 32,789 830 5,221 5,418 2,362 7,210 1,730 3,933 2,136 3,947
Building Never Open/
 Electricity Not Used ....................... 3,210 Q 372 946 281 363 Q 553 Q Q
Percent Lit When Closed
Zero ............................................... 17,385 721 2,086 3,237 1,936 3,431 623 2,239 1,118 1,994
1 to 50 ............................................ 30,948 1,400 4,880 6,101 2,192 5,687 1,682 3,658 1,526 3,823
51 to 100 ........................................ 2,093 Q Q Q Q 491 Q 374 Q 180
Building Never Closed/
 Electricity Not Used ....................... 14,357 764 2,711 1,916 1,197 2,649 942 1,565 973 1,638
Heating Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Heat Pumps .................................... 8,814 Q 1,019 719 339 3,677 542 722 333 1,268
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 5,442 Q 656 541 Q 2,145 246 537 Q 741
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. 2,581 Q Q Q Q 1,459 214 Q Q 305
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ 2,691 Q 430 Q Q 1,039 Q Q Q 431
Furnaces ....................................... 19,615 990 2,606 4,572 2,657 2,772 895 2,048 1,302 1,773
Individual Space Heaters ............... 12,545 1,011 1,775 2,544 1,625 2,148 563 898 692 1,290
District Heat ................................... 5,166 Q 1,000 1,420 Q 1,173 Q Q 253 362
Boilers ............................................ 20,423 1,465 4,763 4,466 1,675 2,135 786 1,472 1,359 2,302
Packaged Heating Units ................. 18,021 615 2,297 2,531 1,135 3,917 1,215 2,998 748 2,564
Other .............................................. 3,262 Q 408 434 386 905 Q 399 347 Q
Cooling Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Residential-Type Central
 Air Conditioners ............................ 11,035 291 2,100 2,040 1,568 1,843 489 1,523 341 841
Heat Pumps .................................... 9,041 Q 1,008 746 317 3,742 586 595 430 1,355
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 5,426 Q 646 563 Q 2,104 294 451 Q 742
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. 2,606 Q Q Q Q 1,494 225 Q Q 322
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ 2,940 Q 430 Q Q 1,079 Q Q Q 546
Individual Air Conditioners ............. 12,558 925 2,762 2,199 1,289 2,218 610 806 730 1,019
District Chilled Water ...................... 2,853 Q 583 569 Q 667 Q 284 Q 300
Central Chillers ............................... 11,636 383 1,469 2,074 768 2,489 594 1,771 621 1,466
Packaged Air Conditioning
 Units .............................................. 29,969 872 5,128 5,505 2,581 5,520 1,555 3,325 1,655 3,826
Swamp Coolers ............................. 1,561 Q Q Q N Q Q Q 874 468
Other .............................................. 1,232 Q Q 317 Q Q Q Q Q Q
Main Equipment Replaced Since
1990 (more than one may apply)
Heating ........................................... 16,403 1,013 2,961 3,273 1,754 2,253 886 1,675 1,133 1,455
Cooling ........................................... 20,995 1,100 4,353 3,700 2,052 3,111 1,059 2,245 1,356 2,018
Office Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Computers ..................................... 55,627 2,521 8,996 9,882 4,533 10,483 2,724 6,507 3,282 6,698
  With Flat Screen Monitors ............ 26,417 1,156 4,839 4,584 1,762 4,768 1,314 3,053 1,365 3,575
Dedicated Servers ......................... 36,338 1,656 6,486 6,456 2,796 6,839 1,606 4,204 1,959 4,335
Laser Printers ................................ 33,012 1,569 5,526 5,678 2,784 6,059 1,813 3,694 2,165 3,723
Inkjet Printers ................................. 32,210 1,204 5,211 5,817 2,489 6,138 1,502 3,840 1,901 4,108
FAX Machines ............................... 52,373 2,367 8,806 9,138 4,157 9,973 2,551 6,258 2,983 6,140
Photocopiers .................................. 46,257 1,869 8,024 8,273 3,586 8,821 2,211 5,281 2,753 5,439
Number of Computers
None .............................................. 9,156 443 945 1,712 952 1,775 669 1,330 393 937
1 to 4 .............................................. 12,395 570 1,511 2,536 1,207 2,124 807 1,488 707 1,444
5 to 9 .............................................. 7,179 Q 1,087 1,112 826 1,154 520 864 450 649
10 to 19 .......................................... 6,610 329 992 1,069 621 1,321 Q 910 371 825
20 to 49 .......................................... 7,414 322 1,182 1,196 736 1,207 437 780 548 1,006
50 to 99 .......................................... 5,376 Q 1,018 744 305 1,265 Q 490 285 784
100 to 249 ...................................... 6,690 Q 1,054 1,221 630 1,353 Q 660 448 869
250 or More ................................... 9,963 439 2,151 2,005 208 2,059 Q 1,315 473 1,122
Number of Dedicated Servers
None .............................................. 28,445 1,308 3,455 5,139 2,689 5,419 1,788 3,633 1,716 3,299
1 to 4 .............................................. 24,116 1,028 4,219 4,202 2,366 4,155 1,272 2,782 1,428 2,665
5 to 9 .............................................. 3,864 Q 604 754 212 966 Q Q Q 601
10 to 19 .......................................... 3,027 Q 437 647 Q 837 Q Q Q 414
20 to 49 .......................................... 2,583 Q 411 Q Q 524 Q Q Q Q
50 or More ..................................... 2,748 Q 815 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Number of Photocopiers
None .............................................. 18,526 1,095 1,917 3,322 1,899 3,437 1,182 2,557 921 2,196
One ................................................ 15,475 683 2,344 2,620 1,615 2,611 1,016 1,833 995 1,757
2 to 4 .............................................. 15,082 643 2,302 2,745 1,281 3,060 659 1,799 887 1,706
5 to 9 .............................................. 5,515 Q 1,250 1,013 388 1,124 Q 405 Q 634
10 or More ..................................... 10,185 276 2,128 1,894 302 2,026 284 1,243 690 1,341
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation ........ 22,223 938 4,078 4,378 1,472 4,196 1,055 2,628 1,209 2,269
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water .................. 19,482 995 2,927 3,546 1,678 4,178 949 1,776 1,384 2,048
Separate Computer Area ............... 26,873 1,045 4,880 4,759 1,723 5,236 1,028 3,132 1,607 3,462
HVAC Conservation Features
(more than one may apply)
Variable Air-Volume System ......... 19,597 592 3,188 3,660 1,342 3,818 788 2,743 1,236 2,232
Economizer Cycle .......................... 21,108 824 3,317 4,350 1,533 3,815 828 1,988 1,383 3,069
HVAC Maintenance ....................... 51,163 2,311 8,736 9,424 3,704 9,547 2,258 5,836 3,065 6,282
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS) ................ 15,630 429 2,573 2,835 965 3,426 542 1,834 857 2,170
Window and Interior Lighting
Features (more than one
may apply)
Multipaned Windows ..................... 38,910 2,307 7,001 8,023 3,738 7,191 1,685 3,429 2,656 2,880
Tinted Window Glass .................... 29,887 803 4,155 5,393 1,925 6,498 1,169 4,283 1,617 4,043
Reflective Window Glass .............. 8,544 Q 1,436 1,454 711 1,655 257 1,098 489 1,219
External Overhangs
 or Awnings ................................... 17,242 577 2,110 2,537 1,688 3,814 1,022 1,950 1,521 2,025
Skylights or Atriums ....................... 12,546 476 2,416 2,338 929 1,831 434 1,656 1,001 1,465
Daylighting Sensors ....................... 2,868 Q 319 608 Q 448 Q Q Q 674
Specular Reflectors ....................... 26,118 1,390 4,444 5,813 1,896 4,553 785 2,533 1,307 3,396
Electronic Ballasts ......................... 46,882 2,162 7,125 8,623 3,987 8,835 2,177 5,446 2,905 5,621
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS)
 for Lighting .................................... 4,781 Q 758 988 Q 810 Q 629 Q 923
Equipment Usage Reduced
When Building Not In Full Use
(more than one may apply)a
Heating ........................................... 42,722 1,768 7,751 7,595 3,314 7,843 2,124 4,688 2,456 5,183
Cooling ........................................... 43,205 1,456 7,356 7,147 3,323 8,678 2,175 5,241 2,449 5,380
Lighting .......................................... 46,987 2,067 6,639 8,846 4,037 9,061 2,340 5,715 2,608 5,674
Office Equipment ........................... 19,397 847 3,422 3,645 1,767 3,468 703 2,255 1,030 2,260
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet.
a The definition for one or more of these row items has changed and may not be directly comparable with past CBECS estimates. See "Guide to the Tables" for discussion of the differences.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample.
Notes: ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Form EIA-871A of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.