Released: June 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table B4. Census Region and Division, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Number of Buildings (thousand)
All
Buildings*
Northeast Midwest South West
New England Middle Atlantic East
North Central
West North Central South Atlantic East
South Central
West South Central Mountain Pacific
All Buildings* ............................... 4,645 233 493 696 571 874 348 553 299 580
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 2,552 127 237 369 356 457 215 294 165 333
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 889 48 101 117 97 189 56 116 56 110
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 738 37 90 122 75 139 51 88 54 81
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 241 10 26 44 27 47 15 26 14 32
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 129 7 21 24 10 21 10 18 5 13
100,001 to 200,000 ........................ 65 3 12 12 5 16 Q 8 Q 6
200,001 to 500,000 ........................ 25 Q 6 6 1 4 Q 2 1 3
Over 500,000 ................................. 7 Q 1 1 Q 1 Q Q Q 1
Principal Building Activity
Education ....................................... 386 Q 21 34 29 87 Q 56 39 97
Food Sales ..................................... 226 Q Q 43 Q 49 Q Q Q Q
Food Service ................................. 297 Q 27 54 34 61 24 42 Q 34
Health Care .................................... 129 Q 17 20 11 27 11 10 13 18
  Inpatient ....................................... 8 Q 1 1 Q Q Q 1 Q 1
  Outpatient .................................... 121 Q Q 19 Q 25 Q Q Q 17
Lodging .......................................... 142 Q 9 15 19 26 13 13 16 14
Retail (Other Than Mall).................. 443 Q 46 69 42 106 42 49 21 39
Office ............................................. 824 47 108 134 97 125 41 84 62 125
Public Assembly ............................ 277 Q 29 25 31 44 Q 38 Q 48
Public Order and Safety ................ 71 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Religious Worship .......................... 370 Q 41 62 46 77 35 46 Q 33
Service .......................................... 622 Q 79 95 126 101 51 46 42 61
Warehouse and Storage ............... 597 Q 46 95 66 125 58 93 31 64
Other .............................................. 79 Q 10 23 Q Q Q Q Q Q
Vacant ........................................... 182 Q Q 24 Q 35 Q 37 Q Q
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................... 330 54 69 82 57 31 Q Q Q Q
1920 to 1945 .................................. 527 27 95 97 66 51 40 61 Q 75
1946 to 1959 .................................. 562 Q 79 96 61 87 32 41 Q 106
1960 to 1969 .................................. 579 Q 75 69 62 107 33 52 63 85
1970 to 1979 .................................. 731 26 45 112 84 128 71 98 67 100
1980 to 1989 .................................. 707 32 65 88 74 186 48 117 41 54
1990 to 1999 .................................. 876 Q 46 107 121 206 80 125 49 119
2000 to 2003 .................................. 334 Q 20 44 46 78 37 47 19 32
Number of Floors
One ................................................ 3,136 91 221 412 389 668 262 450 225 417
Two ............................................... 1,031 85 145 184 144 138 67 84 54 128
Three ............................................. 339 37 93 78 29 41 14 12 13 22
Four to Nine ................................... 128 19 31 21 8 25 4 5 Q 10
Ten or More ................................... 12 Q 3 2 Q Q Q 1 Q 2
Elevators and Escalators
(more than one may apply)
Any Elevators ................................ 309 20 51 71 36 54 14 23 12 29
Number of Elevators
  One .............................................. 208 13 31 52 30 34 9 15 9 15
  Two to Five .................................. 88 5 17 17 6 18 4 6 3 11
  Six or More .................................. 13 Q 3 1 Q 2 Q 1 Q 2
Any Escalators .............................. 6 Q 2 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 ................................. 2,653 131 232 398 390 473 238 322 164 305
5 to 9 .............................................. 778 40 97 104 69 159 53 105 40 111
10 to 19 .......................................... 563 32 78 85 60 113 22 64 40 67
20 to 49 .......................................... 398 17 49 68 34 70 26 40 36 57
50 to 99 .......................................... 147 Q 21 26 11 33 Q 13 12 21
100 to 249 ...................................... 77 Q 11 10 5 19 Q 5 5 14
250 or More ................................... 30 Q 6 5 1 6 Q 3 1 5
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ............................... 1,002 Q 73 163 146 196 95 119 57 115
40 to 48 .......................................... 1,117 52 106 134 149 210 78 150 87 151
49 to 60 .......................................... 1,062 50 134 174 115 199 72 107 59 151
61 to 84 .......................................... 591 35 79 86 69 109 35 71 39 68
85 to 167 ........................................ 400 Q 55 77 31 81 Q 56 20 43
Open Continuously ........................ 475 39 46 62 61 78 Q 51 36 52
Ownership and Occupancy
Nongovernment Owned ................ 4,011 200 442 618 500 765 308 489 239 450
  Owner Occupied ......................... 1,841 119 246 312 246 305 110 182 108 213
  Nonowner Occupied ................... 2,029 80 181 284 234 428 187 273 130 231
  Unoccupied .................................. 141 Q Q 22 Q Q Q Q Q Q
Government Owned ...................... 635 33 51 78 71 109 39 64 60 130
  Federal ......................................... 46 Q Q 6 Q 2 Q Q Q Q
  State ............................................ 164 Q 17 9 Q 27 15 Q Q 59
  Local ............................................ 425 20 32 63 52 79 23 54 35 68
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant ......................... 157 Q Q 22 Q 35 Q 35 Q Q
Mostly Vacant ................................ 25 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Partially Vacant .............................. 548 41 59 70 68 93 48 72 41 56
Not At All Vacant ........................... 3,915 186 417 601 472 746 284 445 253 511
Number of Establishments
One ................................................ 3,754 182 376 571 476 704 308 432 242 462
2 to 5 .............................................. 643 42 88 94 63 116 20 79 46 95
6 to 10 ............................................ 55 Q 8 6 Q 10 Q Q Q 9
11 to 20 .......................................... 23 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
More than 20 .................................. 14 Q 3 Q Q Q Q 2 Q 3
Currently Unoccupied .................... 157 Q Q 22 Q 35 Q 35 Q Q
Predominant Exterior
Wall Material
Brick, Stone or Stucco ................... 2,044 63 267 363 157 418 148 223 126 277
Concrete (Block or Poured) ........... 786 13 106 148 74 175 74 98 31 66
Concrete Panels ............................ 131 Q 9 13 10 16 Q 31 10 36
Siding or Shingles .......................... 779 138 56 81 152 117 Q 51 Q 101
Metal Panels ................................... 825 Q 44 79 166 136 79 144 78 85
Window Glass ............................... 17 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. 47 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ........................ 18 Q Q Q Q Q N Q Q Q
Predominant Roof Material
Built-Up .......................................... 1,036 34 142 165 88 211 57 119 72 149
Shingles (Not Wood) ...................... 1,325 125 134 237 175 234 101 107 65 147
Metal Surfacing .............................. 1,288 Q 69 112 217 244 132 234 121 131
Synthetic or Rubber ....................... 511 20 98 134 64 78 26 31 22 38
Slate or Tile .................................... 263 Q 31 29 Q 66 Q 20 Q 66
Wooden Materials .......................... 122 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q 33
Concrete ........................................ 61 Q Q Q Q Q N Q Q 12
Other .............................................. 16 Q Q Q Q Q N Q Q Q
No One Major Type ........................ 25 Q Q Q Q Q N Q N Q
Renovations in Buildings
Constructed Before 1980
(more than one may apply)
Any Type of Renovation
 Since 1980 .................................... 1,018 82 143 184 143 137 67 86 62 115
   Addition or Annex ....................... 256 Q 34 36 38 40 21 24 27 25
   Reduction In Floorspace ............. 22 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
   Cosmetic Improvements .............. 741 57 120 119 105 95 53 64 41 85
   Wall or Roof Replacement .......... 370 50 56 66 56 29 30 30 15 39
   Interior Wall
    Re-Configuration ........................ 411 48 70 73 57 32 23 26 33 49
   HVAC Equipment Upgrade .......... 442 40 76 73 67 52 23 38 25 46
   Lighting Upgrade ......................... 455 48 82 70 62 60 21 27 29 56
   Window Replacement ................. 310 47 61 55 32 27 Q 16 20 44
   Plumbing System Upgrade .......... 315 36 56 47 39 43 9 17 26 42
   Insulation Upgrade ...................... 227 Q 38 41 31 26 Q 16 Q 25
   Other Renovation ........................ 19 Q Q Q N Q Q N Q Q
No Renovations Since 1980 .......... 1,710 84 220 272 187 266 116 178 128 260
Building Newer than 1980 ............. 1,917 67 131 240 241 470 165 290 108 205
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 4,404 228 482 659 531 835 312 507 285 565
Natural Gas .................................... 2,391 74 323 546 255 308 155 251 190 289
Fuel Oil ........................................... 451 122 132 35 41 59 15 11 10 27
District Heat ................................... 67 Q 12 8 Q 15 Q Q 7 8
District Chilled Water ...................... 33 Q 6 3 Q 9 Q 3 Q 6
Propane ......................................... 502 50 23 30 143 104 44 Q 41 Q
Other .............................................. 132 Q Q 19 22 Q Q Q Q Q
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 3,982 211 461 633 479 746 283 433 273 462
Buildings with Cooling .................... 3,625 130 388 550 408 761 262 456 237 434
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 3,472 188 411 572 415 643 227 347 256 413
Buildings with Cooking ................... 801 53 104 131 75 149 59 96 46 88
Buildings with Manufacturing ........ 119 Q 19 18 Q 16 Q Q Q 19
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................... 149 12 30 26 14 26 Q 8 11 15
Percent of Floorspace Heated
Not Heated ..................................... 663 Q Q 63 91 128 64 120 Q 118
1 to 50 ............................................ 523 Q 40 65 52 103 46 87 Q 68
51 to 99 .......................................... 498 28 56 83 58 85 29 54 28 76
100 ................................................. 2,962 149 365 484 369 558 209 292 218 318
Percent of Floorspace Cooled
Not Cooled ..................................... 1,020 103 105 146 163 113 86 97 62 146
1 to 50 ............................................ 985 53 131 165 128 185 54 127 63 79
51 to 99 .......................................... 629 28 70 112 85 103 29 62 51 89
100 ................................................. 2,011 50 188 272 195 473 178 268 123 265
Percent Lit When Open
Zero ............................................... 47 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
1 to 50 ............................................ 929 71 116 149 130 134 50 97 55 127
51 to 99 .......................................... 1,108 73 97 194 161 175 54 128 77 150
100 ................................................. 2,176 79 248 284 204 497 183 256 148 277
Building Never Open/
 Electricity Not Used ....................... 386 Q Q 66 74 59 Q 68 Q Q
Percent Lit When Closed
Zero ............................................... 1,964 103 185 254 287 388 120 227 137 262
1 to 50 ............................................ 1,882 84 245 325 187 344 144 219 112 222
51 to 100 ........................................ 136 Q Q 21 Q 34 Q 20 Q 30
Building Never Closed/
 Electricity Not Used ....................... 664 41 54 96 88 108 77 87 46 67
Heating Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Heat Pumps .................................... 476 Q 42 15 30 223 50 31 11 69
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 278 Q 27 11 Q 127 Q 26 Q 38
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. 166 Q Q Q Q 82 27 Q Q Q
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ 58 Q 4 Q Q 26 Q Q Q 12
Furnaces ....................................... 1,864 92 218 424 312 199 100 168 162 190
Individual Space Heaters ............... 819 44 77 122 120 112 Q 81 69 117
District Heat ................................... 65 Q 12 8 Q 13 Q Q 7 8
Boilers ............................................ 579 85 142 117 58 51 17 21 37 52
Packaged Heating Units ................. 953 22 74 92 59 248 97 187 46 129
Other .............................................. 205 Q 9 42 39 38 Q 7 24 Q
Cooling Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Residential-Type Central
 Air Conditioners ............................ 1,006 20 124 186 177 165 53 142 34 105
Heat Pumps .................................... 492 Q 48 21 28 225 51 27 15 66
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 288 Q 33 15 Q 126 Q 23 Q 35
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. 174 Q Q Q Q 84 28 Q Q Q
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ 58 Q 4 Q Q 25 Q Q Q 12
Individual Air Conditioners ............. 742 69 110 100 109 97 62 69 56 69
District Chilled Water ...................... 33 Q 6 3 Q 9 Q 3 Q 6
Central Chillers ............................... 111 3 6 18 11 31 8 11 6 16
Packaged Air Conditioning
 Units .............................................. 1,613 42 160 280 145 325 116 240 99 205
Swamp Coolers ............................. 122 Q Q Q N Q Q Q 66 47
Other .............................................. 40 Q Q 10 Q Q Q Q Q Q
Main Equipment Replaced Since
1990 (more than one may apply)
Heating ........................................... 1,197 61 155 214 151 212 89 131 74 109
Cooling ........................................... 1,356 79 187 220 156 226 98 157 95 138
Office Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Computers ..................................... 3,081 155 349 465 349 581 192 346 205 438
  With Flat Screen Monitors ............ 877 65 124 132 84 153 51 101 60 106
Dedicated Servers ......................... 1,175 59 171 193 126 204 56 107 85 173
Laser Printers ................................ 1,970 109 235 276 229 339 143 235 114 289
Inkjet Printers ................................. 1,420 64 158 228 151 280 74 152 116 197
FAX Machines ............................... 2,715 135 339 413 289 521 164 321 179 354
Photocopiers .................................. 1,939 96 256 301 193 359 128 200 134 273
Number of Computers
None .............................................. 1,565 78 145 231 221 292 156 207 94 142
1 to 4 .............................................. 1,670 87 166 256 191 325 115 206 100 225
5 to 9 .............................................. 559 Q 82 82 68 93 40 66 35 73
10 to 19 .......................................... 370 26 37 51 51 67 Q 36 29 62
20 to 49 .......................................... 255 14 33 35 25 41 15 20 28 42
50 to 99 .......................................... 110 Q 13 19 6 29 Q 6 7 21
100 to 249 ...................................... 79 Q 11 13 8 19 Q 7 5 10
250 or More ................................... 38 2 7 8 1 8 Q 4 1 5
Number of Dedicated Servers
None .............................................. 3,471 174 322 503 444 669 292 446 213 407
1 to 4 .............................................. 1,060 54 156 171 119 175 52 99 83 151
5 to 9 .............................................. 58 Q 7 11 3 12 Q Q Q 15
10 to 19 .......................................... 30 Q 3 4 Q 13 Q Q Q 3
20 to 49 .......................................... 17 Q 3 Q Q 3 Q Q Q Q
50 or More ..................................... 10 Q 2 Q Q 1 Q Q Q Q
Number of Photocopiers
None .............................................. 2,706 137 237 395 378 515 219 354 164 307
One ................................................ 1,250 56 152 190 142 224 99 140 79 169
2 to 4 .............................................. 549 32 81 86 44 101 22 50 49 84
5 to 9 .............................................. 85 Q 14 16 5 19 Q 5 Q 11
10 or More ..................................... 54 2 9 9 2 14 Q 5 3 9
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation ........ 799 53 104 131 75 148 59 96 46 88
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water .................. 567 30 63 80 55 111 39 56 47 86
Separate Computer Area ............... 553 29 69 84 51 104 29 57 37 93
HVAC Conservation Features
(more than one may apply)
Variable Air-Volume System ......... 466 22 40 71 35 101 21 58 38 79
Economizer Cycle .......................... 508 31 60 96 41 76 20 42 40 104
HVAC Maintenance ....................... 2,581 157 341 414 228 475 123 279 193 370
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS) ................ 252 6 22 41 14 66 9 26 14 55
Window and Interior Lighting
Features (more than one
may apply)
Multipaned Windows ..................... 2,201 156 272 431 311 379 117 155 177 204
Tinted Window Glass .................... 1,323 33 107 205 134 294 89 189 86 186
Reflective Window Glass .............. 308 Q 30 43 34 53 12 38 28 53
External Overhangs
 or Awnings ................................... 1,233 48 102 195 157 221 83 158 100 169
Skylights or Atriums ....................... 331 16 41 57 33 57 Q 38 30 44
Daylighting Sensors ....................... 74 Q 2 20 Q 9 Q Q Q 19
Specular Reflectors ....................... 928 57 103 200 91 158 37 86 52 143
Electronic Ballasts ......................... 2,577 123 261 407 360 456 164 276 183 347
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS)
 for Lighting .................................... 60 Q 5 8 Q 16 Q 5 Q Q
Equipment Usage Reduced
When Building Not In Full Use
(more than one may apply)a
Heating ........................................... 2,878 146 363 449 309 520 209 312 184 387
Cooling ........................................... 2,761 102 314 394 282 558 201 371 179 360
Lighting .......................................... 3,685 183 407 557 439 709 253 422 241 474
Office Equipment ........................... 1,504 73 190 226 160 292 83 181 96 202
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet.
a The definition for one or more of these row items has changed and may not be directly comparable with past CBECS estimates. See "Guide to the Tables" for discussion of the differences.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample.
Notes: ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Form EIA-871A of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.