Released: September, 2008
Table E10. Fuel Oil Consumption (gallons) and Energy Intensities by End Use for
Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Total Fuel Oil Consumption
(million gallons)
Fuel Oil Energy Intensity
(gallons/square foot)
Total   Space Heating Water Heating Cook-
ing
Other Total   Space Heating Water Heating Cook-
ing
Other
All Buildings* ........................ 1,602 1,397 125 Q 69 0.11 0.09 0.01 Q (*)
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ......................... 249 228 Q (*) Q 0.41 0.38 Q (*) Q
5,001 to 10,000 ....................... 261 237 Q 1 Q 0.37 0.33 Q (*) Q
10,001 to 25,000 ..................... 196 177 10 (*) Q 0.20 0.18 0.01 (*) Q
25,001 to 50,000 ..................... 117 112 Q (*) 4 0.14 0.14 Q (*) (*)
50,001 to 100,000 ................... 188 167 9 Q 7 0.11 0.10 0.01 Q (*)
100,001 to 200,000 ................. 263 246 Q Q 10 0.09 0.08 Q Q (*)
200,001 to 500,000 ................. 258 183 Q Q 11 0.08 0.05 0.02 Q (*)
Over 500,000 .......................... 69 Q Q Q 14 0.02 Q Q Q (*)
Principal Building Activity
Education ................................ 342 322 11 Q Q 0.18 0.17 0.01 Q (*)
Food Sales .............................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Food Service .......................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Health Care ............................. 76 45 11 Q 18 0.04 0.02 0.01 Q 0.01
  Inpatient ................................ 65 35 11 Q 17 0.04 0.02 0.01 Q 0.01
  Outpatient ............................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Lodging ................................... 255 177 Q 3 5 0.12 0.08 Q (*) (*)
Retail (Other Than Mall)........... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Office ...................................... 126 112 Q Q 11 0.03 0.03 Q Q (*)
Public Assembly ..................... 208 201 Q (*) Q 0.22 0.21 Q (*) Q
Public Order and Safety ......... 57 41 Q (*) Q Q Q Q Q Q
Religious Worship ................... 130 129 Q (*) Q 0.29 0.28 Q (*) Q
Service ................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Warehouse and Storage ........ 66 Q Q 1 Q 0.05 0.05 Q (*) Q
Other ....................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Vacant .................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ............................ 273 253 Q 2 Q 0.28 0.26 Q (*) Q
1920 to 1945 ........................... 390 320 65 Q 2 0.20 0.16 0.03 Q (*)
1946 to 1959 ........................... 347 323 Q 1 Q 0.17 0.16 Q (*) Q
1960 to 1969 ........................... Q Q Q Q Q 0.16 0.14 0.01 Q (*)
1970 to 1979 ........................... 161 137 9 Q 14 0.07 0.06 (*) Q 0.01
1980 to 1989 ........................... 66 46 5 Q 15 0.02 0.02 (*) Q (*)
1990 to 1999 ........................... 65 46 Q Q 15 0.03 0.02 Q Q 0.01
2000 to 2003 ........................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Census Region and Division
Northeast ................................ 1,265 1,122 106 Q 30 0.21 0.18 0.02 Q (*)
  New England ........................ 501 464 32 1 4 0.32 0.29 0.02 (*) Q
  Middle Atlantic ....................... 764 658 Q Q 26 0.17 0.15 Q Q 0.01
Midwest .................................. 170 Q 4 Q 10 0.06 0.06 (*) Q (*)
  East North Central ................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
  West North Central ............... Q Q Q Q Q 0.10 0.09 (*) (*) Q
South ...................................... 104 73 Q Q 22 0.03 0.02 Q Q 0.01
  South Atlantic ....................... 93 69 Q Q 18 0.04 0.03 Q Q 0.01
  East South Central ................ 7 3 (*) 2 1 0.02 0.01 (*) 0.01 (*)
  West South Central ............... 4 Q Q (*) 3 (*) (*) Q (*) (*)
West ....................................... 63 Q Q Q 7 Q Q Q Q Q
  Mountain ............................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
  Pacific ................................... 29 15 Q (*) 5 0.02 0.01 Q (*) (*)
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ............ 451 424 13 Q 13 0.18 0.17 0.01 Q 0.01
  5,500-7,000 HDD .................. 455 412 29 Q 14 0.11 0.10 0.01 Q (*)
  4,000-5,499 HDD .................. 648 542 Q Q 25 0.14 0.12 Q Q 0.01
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ......... 42 17 Q Q 13 0.02 0.01 Q Q 0.01
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ......... 6 Q Q (*) 4 (*) (*) Q (*) (*)
Number of Floors
One ......................................... 335 300 15 1 19 0.13 0.12 0.01 (*) 0.01
Two ........................................ 496 463 Q Q 11 0.18 0.17 Q Q (*)
Three ...................................... 279 258 7 Q Q 0.15 0.13 (*) Q (*)
Four to Nine ............................ 400 310 66 Q 22 0.10 0.08 0.02 Q 0.01
Ten or More ............................ 93 66 Q Q 8 0.02 Q Q Q (*)
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 .......................... 498 464 Q 1 Q 0.34 0.32 Q (*) Q
5 to 9 ....................................... 120 106 Q (*) Q 0.19 0.17 Q (*) Q
10 to 19 ................................... 239 187 49 (*) Q 0.23 0.18 0.05 (*) (*)
20 to 49 ................................... 257 241 6 (*) Q 0.16 0.15 (*) (*) Q
50 to 99 ................................... 195 177 10 3 5 0.09 0.08 (*) (*) (*)
100 to 249 ............................... 138 120 4 Q 9 0.06 0.06 (*) Q (*)
250 or More ............................ 156 101 Q Q 27 0.03 0.02 Q Q (*)
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ........................ 110 109 Q (*) Q 0.19 0.19 (*) (*) Q
40 to 48 ................................... 416 408 3 (*) 5 0.21 0.20 (*) (*) (*)
49 to 60 ................................... 228 205 Q 1 17 0.08 0.07 Q (*) 0.01
61 to 84 ................................... 288 266 Q Q 5 0.14 0.13 Q Q (*)
85 to 167 ................................. 132 118 7 Q 4 0.09 0.08 (*) Q (*)
Open Continuously ................. 428 291 94 Q 37 0.07 0.05 0.02 Q 0.01
Ownership and Occupancy
Nongovernment Owned.......... 1,107 952 97 Q 52 0.10 0.08 0.01 Q (*)
  Owner Occupied .................. 588 499 58 1 30 0.10 0.08 0.01 (*) (*)
  Nonowner Occupied ............ 520 453 Q Q 23 0.10 0.09 Q Q (*)
  Unoccupied ........................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Government Owned ............... 495 445 28 Q 16 0.13 0.12 0.01 Q (*)
  Federal .................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
  State ..................................... 166 152 Q Q Q 0.17 Q Q Q 0.01
  Local ..................................... 284 253 20 Q 8 0.12 0.10 0.01 Q (*)
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant .................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Mostly Vacant ......................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Partially Vacant ....................... 213 192 15 Q 6 0.05 0.04 (*) Q (*)
Not At All Vacant .................... 1,380 1,197 110 Q 62 0.13 0.11 0.01 Q 0.01
Number of Establishments
One ......................................... 1,318 1,160 99 Q 50 0.14 0.13 0.01 Q 0.01
2 to 5 ....................................... 198 164 21 (*) 13 0.07 0.06 0.01 (*) 0.01
6 to 10 ..................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
11 to 20 ................................... Q Q Q Q Q 0.02 Q Q (*) Q
More than 20 ........................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Currently Unoccupied ............. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant Exterior
Wall Material
Brick, Stone or Stucco ............ 1,041 909 94 Q 31 0.13 0.12 0.01 Q (*)
Concrete (Block or Poured) .... 175 133 Q Q 26 0.07 0.05 Q Q 0.01
Concrete Panels ..................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Siding or Shingles ................... 295 281 Q (*) Q 0.39 0.37 Q (*) Q
Metal Panels ............................ 60 55 Q Q 3 0.05 0.05 Q Q (*)
Window Glass ........................ 1 Q Q (*) 1 (*) Q Q (*) (*)
Other ....................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant Roof Material
Built-Up ................................... 264 220 Q Q 17 0.05 0.04 Q Q (*)
Shingles (Not Wood) ............... 453 415 25 1 Q 0.25 0.23 0.01 (*) Q
Metal Surfacing ....................... 153 141 Q Q Q 0.12 0.11 Q Q 0.01
Synthetic or Rubber ................ 335 284 24 Q 25 0.07 0.06 0.01 Q 0.01
Slate or Tile ............................. 83 76 Q 2 1 0.18 0.17 Q (*) (*)
Wooden Materials ................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Concrete ................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other ....................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Renovations in Buildings
Constructed Before 1980
(more than one may apply)
Any Type of Renovation
 Since 1980 ............................. 757 686 38 Q 27 0.13 0.12 0.01 Q (*)
   Addition or Annex ................ Q Q Q Q Q 0.14 0.13 (*) Q (*)
   Reduction In Floorspace ...... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
   Cosmetic Improvements ....... 555 496 35 Q 21 0.13 0.12 0.01 Q (*)
   Wall or Roof Replacement ... 386 337 31 Q 14 0.13 0.11 0.01 Q (*)
   Interior Wall
     Re-Configuration ................ 321 288 19 Q 13 0.10 0.09 0.01 Q (*)
   HVAC Equipment Upgrade.... 244 204 19 Q 17 0.07 0.06 0.01 Q (*)
   Lighting Upgrade .................. 386 348 21 Q 15 0.11 0.10 0.01 Q (*)
   Window Replacement .......... 362 332 20 Q 6 0.16 0.14 0.01 Q (*)
   Plumbing System Upgrade ... 321 288 19 Q 9 0.12 0.10 0.01 Q (*)
   Insulation Upgrade ............... 151 127 14 2 7 0.11 0.09 0.01 (*) 0.01
   Other Renovation ................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No Renovations Since 1980.... 677 590 Q Q Q 0.21 0.18 Q Q Q
Building Newer than 1980 ...... 168 121 Q Q 33 0.03 0.02 Q Q 0.01
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ................................ 1,601 1,396 125 Q 69 0.11 0.09 0.01 Q (*)
Natural Gas ............................. 712 593 70 Q 44 0.07 0.06 0.01 Q (*)
Fuel Oil .................................... 1,602 1,397 125 Q 69 0.11 0.09 0.01 Q (*)
District Heat ............................ 10 Q Q Q 6 0.01 Q Q Q (*)
District Chilled Water ............... 12 Q Q Q Q 0.01 Q Q Q (*)
Propane .................................. 387 342 23 Q 18 0.18 0.16 0.01 Q 0.01
Other ....................................... Q Q Q Q Q 0.06 0.05 Q Q (*)
Space-Heating Energy Source
Fuel Oil .................................... 1,527 1,397 100 Q 19 0.25 0.23 0.02 Q (*)
  Fuel Oil Main .......................... 1,423 1,307 94 Q 11 0.37 0.34 0.02 Q (*)
  Fuel Oil Secondary ............... 112 98 5 Q 8 0.05 0.04 (*) Q (*)
Other Excluding Fuel Oil .......... 51 (*) Q Q 45 0.01 (*) Q Q 0.01
Buildings without Heating ....... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Primary Space-Heating
Energy Source
Electricity ................................ 23 Q Q 1 11 0.01 Q Q (*) (*)
Natural Gas ............................. 109 72 6 Q 31 0.02 0.01 (*) Q (*)
Fuel Oil .................................... 1,423 1,307 94 Q 11 0.37 0.34 0.02 Q (*)
District Heat ............................ 7 Q Q Q 5 (*) Q Q Q (*)
Propane .................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other ....................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Cooling Energy Source
Fuel Oil .................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other Excluding Fuel Oil .......... 1,258 1,086 103 Q 58 0.09 0.08 0.01 Q (*)
Buildings without Cooling ........ 334 305 Q (*) Q 0.26 0.24 Q (*) Q
Water-Heating Energy Source
Fuel Oil .................................... 786 638 125 Q 15 0.42 0.34 0.07 Q 0.01
Other Excluding Fuel Oil .......... 748 695 (*) Q 49 0.06 0.05 (*) Q (*)
Bldgs without Water Heating .. 69 64 (*) (*) Q 0.12 0.11 (*) (*) Q
Cooking Energy Source
Fuel Oil .................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other Excluding Fuel Oil .......... 821 699 84 (*) 37 0.09 0.08 0.01 (*) (*)
Buildings without Cooking ....... 742 677 38 (*) 28 0.12 0.11 0.01 (*) (*)
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating . 1,577 1,397 105 Q 65 0.11 0.09 0.01 Q (*)
Buildings with Cooling ............. 1,268 1,092 104 Q 61 0.09 0.08 0.01 Q (*)
Buildings with Water Heating .. 1,533 1,333 125 Q 63 0.11 0.09 0.01 Q (*)
Buildings with Cooking ............ 860 720 87 Q 41 0.10 0.08 0.01 Q (*)
Buildings with Manufacturing . 49 Q Q 1 Q 0.05 0.03 Q (*) Q
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation ............................. 227 151 20 Q 54 0.02 0.02 (*) Q 0.01
Percent of Floorspace Heated
Not Heated .............................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
1 to 50 ..................................... 94 81 Q (*) Q 0.07 0.06 Q (*) Q
51 to 99 ................................... 187 160 Q Q 8 0.08 0.06 Q Q (*)
100 .......................................... 1,297 1,157 81 Q 52 0.12 0.10 0.01 Q (*)
Heating Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Heat Pumps ............................. 44 32 Q Q 9 0.02 0.01 Q Q (*)
  Packaged Heat Pumps .......... 22 Q 1 Q 6 Q Q Q Q Q
  Split-System Heat Pumps ...... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
  Individual Room Heat Pumps . Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q (*)
Furnaces ................................ 360 337 7 1 Q 0.11 0.10 (*) (*) Q
Individual Space Heaters ........ 225 194 18 1 13 0.07 0.06 0.01 (*) (*)
District Heat ............................ 8 Q Q Q 5 (*) Q Q Q (*)
Boilers ..................................... 1,236 1,093 96 Q 37 0.14 0.12 0.01 Q (*)
Packaged Heating Units .......... 122 91 7 Q 22 0.03 0.02 (*) Q 0.01
Other ....................................... 36 31 Q Q Q 0.03 0.03 Q Q Q
Water Heating Equipment
Centralized System ................. 1,162 1,003 114 Q 40 0.14 0.12 0.01 Q (*)
Distributed System .................. 224 212 Q (*) Q 0.10 0.10 Q (*) Q
Combination of Centralized
 and Distributed System .......... 147 119 9 Q 13 0.04 0.03 (*) Q (*)
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation.. 860 720 87 Q 41 0.10 0.08 0.01 Q (*)
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water ........... 685 546 92 Q 40 0.09 0.07 0.01 Q 0.01
Separate Computer Area ........ 695 570 78 Q 40 0.07 0.06 0.01 Q (*)
HVAC Conservation Features
(more than one may apply)
Variable Air-Volume System... 254 199 19 Q 32 0.03 0.03 (*) Q (*)
Economizer Cycle ................... 303 239 22 Q 37 0.04 0.03 (*) Q (*)
HVAC Maintenance ................ 1,413 1,238 101 Q 62 0.10 0.09 0.01 Q (*)
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS) ......... 222 173 Q Q 26 0.03 0.03 Q Q (*)
Equipment Usage Reduced
When Building Not In Full Use
(more than one may apply)
Heating .................................... 1,166 1,035 75 Q 47 0.11 0.10 0.01 Q (*)
Cooling .................................... 975 841 83 Q 41 0.09 0.08 0.01 Q (*)
Lighting ................................... 1,127 1,061 30 Q 30 0.13 0.12 (*) Q (*)
Office Equipment .................... 663 625 Q Q 19 0.20 0.19 Q Q 0.01
Annual Consumption
(gallons)
1,000 or Less ......................... 94 74 Q Q 17 0.01 0.01 Q Q (*)
1,001 to 5,000 ......................... 320 279 Q Q 22 0.12 0.11 Q Q 0.01
5,001 to 10,000 ....................... 204 175 Q (*) Q 0.22 0.19 Q (*) 0.01
10,001 to 25,000 ..................... 219 209 3 1 7 0.24 0.23 (*) (*) 0.01
Over 25,000 ............................ 765 660 81 Q 15 0.36 0.31 0.04 Q 0.01
                     
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
* Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. In the 1999 CBECS, total fuel oil consumption in malls was not statistically significant.
(*)=Value rounds to zero in the units displayed.
Q=Data withheld because fewer than 20 buildings were sampled for any cell, or because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent for a cell in the "Total" column.
Notes: ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals. ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Form EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.