Released: September, 2008
Table E9. Fuel Oil Consumption (Btu) and Energy Intensities by End Use for
Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Total Fuel Oil Consumption
(trillion Btu)
Fuel Oil Energy Intensity
(thousand Btu/square foot)
Total   Space Heating Water Heating Cook-
ing
Other Total   Space Heating Water Heating Cook-
ing
Other
All Buildings* ........................ 222 194 17 Q 10 14.7 12.8 1.1 Q 0.6
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ......................... 34 32 Q (*) Q 57.4 52.7 Q (*) Q
5,001 to 10,000 ....................... 36 33 Q (*) Q 50.6 45.8 Q 0.1 Q
10,001 to 25,000 ..................... 27 25 1 (*) Q 28.2 25.4 1.5 0.1 Q
25,001 to 50,000 ..................... 16 15 Q (*) 1 19.7 18.8 Q (*) 0.7
50,001 to 100,000 ................... 26 23 1 Q 1 15.0 13.3 0.8 Q 0.6
100,001 to 200,000 ................. 37 34 Q Q 1 12.5 11.6 Q Q 0.5
200,001 to 500,000 ................. 36 25 Q Q 2 10.5 7.5 2.4 Q 0.5
Over 500,000 .......................... 10 Q Q Q 2 2.4 Q Q Q 0.5
Principal Building Activity
Education ................................ 47 45 2 Q Q 25.4 23.9 0.8 Q 0.3
Food Sales .............................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Food Service .......................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Health Care ............................. 11 6 2 Q 2 5.6 3.3 0.8 Q 1.3
  Inpatient ................................ 9 5 2 Q 2 5.3 2.9 0.9 Q 1.4
  Outpatient ............................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Lodging ................................... 35 25 Q (*) 1 16.1 11.2 Q 0.2 0.3
Retail (Other Than Mall)........... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Office ...................................... 18 15 Q Q 1 4.3 3.8 Q Q 0.4
Public Assembly ..................... 29 28 Q (*) Q 30.7 29.7 Q (*) Q
Public Order and Safety ......... 8 6 Q (*) Q Q Q Q Q Q
Religious Worship ................... 18 18 Q (*) Q 39.8 39.3 Q (*) Q
Service ................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Warehouse and Storage ........ 9 Q Q (*) Q 7.3 6.3 Q 0.1 Q
Other ....................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Vacant .................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ............................ 38 35 Q (*) Q 39.3 36.4 Q 0.2 Q
1920 to 1945 ........................... 54 44 9 Q (*) 27.2 22.4 4.6 Q 0.2
1946 to 1959 ........................... 48 45 Q (*) Q 23.5 21.9 Q (*) Q
1960 to 1969 ........................... Q Q Q Q Q 21.7 20.0 0.7 Q 0.5
1970 to 1979 ........................... 22 19 1 Q 2 10.2 8.7 0.6 Q 0.9
1980 to 1989 ........................... 9 6 1 Q 2 3.0 2.1 0.2 Q 0.7
1990 to 1999 ........................... 9 6 Q Q 2 4.3 3.1 Q Q 1.0
2000 to 2003 ........................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Census Region and Division
Northeast ................................ 175 156 15 Q 4 28.8 25.6 2.4 Q 0.7
  New England ........................ 69 64 4 (*) 1 44.1 40.8 2.8 0.1 Q
  Middle Atlantic ....................... 106 91 Q Q 4 23.5 20.3 Q Q 0.8
Midwest .................................. 24 Q 1 Q 1 8.3 7.6 0.2 Q 0.5
  East North Central ................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
  West North Central ............... Q Q Q Q Q 14.4 12.9 0.5 0.1 Q
South ...................................... 14 10 Q Q 3 3.5 2.4 Q Q 0.7
  South Atlantic ....................... 13 10 Q Q 3 4.9 3.6 Q Q 0.9
  East South Central ................ 1 (*) (*) (*) (*) 2.7 1.2 (*) 1.0 0.5
  West South Central ............... 1 Q Q (*) (*) 0.5 0.1 Q (*) 0.3
West ....................................... 9 Q Q Q 1 Q Q Q Q Q
  Mountain ............................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
  Pacific ................................... 4 2 Q (*) 1 2.7 1.4 Q (*) 0.5
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ............ 63 59 2 Q 2 25.0 23.5 0.7 Q 0.7
  5,500-7,000 HDD .................. 63 57 4 Q 2 15.6 14.1 1.0 Q 0.5
  4,000-5,499 HDD .................. 90 75 Q Q 4 19.4 16.3 Q Q 0.8
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ......... 6 2 Q Q 2 2.5 1.0 Q Q 0.8
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ......... 1 Q Q (*) (*) 0.5 0.2 Q (*) 0.3
Number of Floors
One ......................................... 47 42 2 (*) 3 18.5 16.5 0.8 0.1 1.1
Two ........................................ 69 64 Q Q 1 25.3 23.6 Q Q 0.5
Three ...................................... 39 36 1 Q Q 20.2 18.7 0.5 Q 0.6
Four to Nine ............................ 55 43 9 Q 3 13.5 10.5 2.2 Q 0.7
Ten or More ............................ 13 9 Q Q 1 3.3 Q Q Q 0.3
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 .......................... 69 64 Q (*) Q 47.4 44.1 Q 0.1 Q
5 to 9 ....................................... 17 15 Q (*) Q 26.6 23.4 Q (*) Q
10 to 19 ................................... 33 26 7 (*) Q 32.3 25.4 6.7 0.1 0.3
20 to 49 ................................... 36 33 1 (*) Q 22.2 20.9 0.5 (*) Q
50 to 99 ................................... 27 25 1 (*) 1 12.7 11.5 0.7 0.2 0.3
100 to 249 ............................... 19 17 1 Q 1 8.9 7.8 0.3 Q 0.6
250 or More ............................ 22 14 Q Q 4 3.5 2.3 Q Q 0.6
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ........................ 15 15 Q (*) Q 26.6 26.4 0.1 (*) Q
40 to 48 ................................... 58 57 (*) (*) 1 28.9 28.4 0.2 (*) 0.3
49 to 60 ................................... 32 28 Q (*) 2 10.5 9.4 Q 0.1 0.8
61 to 84 ................................... 40 37 Q Q 1 19.1 17.6 Q Q 0.3
85 to 167 ................................. 18 16 1 Q 1 12.1 10.9 0.6 Q 0.4
Open Continuously ................. 59 40 13 Q 5 9.9 6.8 2.2 Q 0.9
Ownership and Occupancy
Nongovernment Owned.......... 154 132 13 Q 7 13.5 11.6 1.2 Q 0.6
  Owner Occupied .................. 81 69 8 (*) 4 13.4 11.4 1.3 (*) 0.7
  Nonowner Occupied ............ 72 63 Q Q 3 13.8 12.0 Q Q 0.6
  Unoccupied ........................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Government Owned ............... 69 62 4 Q 2 18.1 16.3 1.0 Q 0.6
  Federal .................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
  State ..................................... 23 21 Q Q Q 24.0 Q Q Q 0.9
  Local ..................................... 39 35 3 Q 1 16.1 14.4 1.1 Q 0.4
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant .................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Mostly Vacant ......................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Partially Vacant ....................... 30 27 2 Q 1 6.8 6.1 0.5 Q 0.2
Not At All Vacant .................... 191 166 15 Q 9 17.9 15.5 1.4 Q 0.8
Number of Establishments
One ......................................... 183 161 14 Q 7 19.8 17.5 1.5 Q 0.7
2 to 5 ....................................... 28 23 3 (*) 2 10.4 8.6 1.1 (*) 0.7
6 to 10 ..................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
11 to 20 ................................... Q Q Q Q Q 2.3 Q Q (*) Q
More than 20 ........................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Currently Unoccupied ............. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant Exterior
Wall Material
Brick, Stone or Stucco ............ 144 126 13 Q 4 18.7 16.3 1.7 Q 0.6
Concrete (Block or Poured) .... 24 18 Q Q 4 9.6 7.3 Q Q 1.4
Concrete Panels ..................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Siding or Shingles ................... 41 39 Q (*) Q 54.4 51.8 Q (*) Q
Metal Panels ............................ 8 8 Q Q (*) 7.1 6.6 Q Q 0.4
Window Glass ........................ (*) Q Q (*) (*) 0.3 Q Q (*) 0.3
Other ....................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant Roof Material
Built-Up ................................... 37 30 Q Q 2 6.6 5.5 Q Q 0.4
Shingles (Not Wood) ............... 63 58 3 (*) Q 34.7 31.7 1.9 0.1 Q
Metal Surfacing ....................... 21 20 Q Q Q 16.2 15.0 Q Q 0.8
Synthetic or Rubber ................ 46 39 3 Q 4 9.9 8.4 0.7 Q 0.8
Slate or Tile ............................. 12 11 Q (*) (*) 25.5 23.2 Q 0.5 0.4
Wooden Materials ................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Concrete ................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other ....................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Renovations in Buildings
Constructed Before 1980
(more than one may apply)
Any Type of Renovation
 Since 1980 ............................. 105 95 5 Q 4 18.6 16.8 0.9 Q 0.7
   Addition or Annex ................ Q Q Q Q Q 19.3 18.1 0.4 Q 0.6
   Reduction In Floorspace ...... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
   Cosmetic Improvements ....... 77 69 5 Q 3 18.3 16.4 1.2 Q 0.7
   Wall or Roof Replacement ... 54 47 4 Q 2 17.4 15.2 1.4 Q 0.6
   Interior Wall
     Re-Configuration ................ 44 40 3 Q 2 14.4 12.9 0.9 Q 0.6
   HVAC Equipment Upgrade.... 34 28 3 Q 2 9.7 8.1 0.7 Q 0.7
   Lighting Upgrade .................. 53 48 3 Q 2 15.2 13.7 0.8 Q 0.6
   Window Replacement .......... 50 46 3 Q 1 21.6 19.8 1.2 Q 0.4
   Plumbing System Upgrade ... 45 40 3 Q 1 16.0 14.3 0.9 Q 0.5
   Insulation Upgrade ............... 21 18 2 (*) 1 15.1 12.7 1.4 0.2 0.7
   Other Renovation ................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No Renovations Since 1980.... 94 82 Q Q Q 29.2 25.5 Q Q Q
Building Newer than 1980 ...... 23 17 Q Q 5 3.7 2.7 Q Q 0.7
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ................................ 222 194 17 Q 10 14.7 12.8 1.1 Q 0.6
Natural Gas ............................. 99 82 10 Q 6 9.5 7.9 0.9 Q 0.6
Fuel Oil .................................... 222 194 17 Q 10 14.7 12.8 1.1 Q 0.6
District Heat ............................ 1 Q Q Q 1 0.8 Q Q Q 0.5
District Chilled Water ............... 2 Q Q Q Q 1.7 Q Q Q 0.7
Propane .................................. 54 47 3 Q 2 25.1 22.2 1.5 Q 1.1
Other ....................................... Q Q Q Q Q 8.3 7.4 Q Q 0.3
Space-Heating Energy Source
Fuel Oil .................................... 212 194 14 Q 3 35.4 32.4 2.3 Q 0.4
  Fuel Oil Main .......................... 197 181 13 Q 2 51.7 47.5 3.4 Q 0.4
  Fuel Oil Secondary ............... 16 14 1 Q 1 7.1 6.2 0.3 Q 0.5
Other Excluding Fuel Oil .......... 7 (*) Q Q 6 0.8 (*) Q Q 0.7
Buildings without Heating ....... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Primary Space-Heating
Energy Source
Electricity ................................ 3 Q Q (*) 1 1.1 Q Q (*) 0.5
Natural Gas ............................. 15 10 1 Q 4 2.4 1.6 0.1 Q 0.7
Fuel Oil .................................... 197 181 13 Q 2 51.7 47.5 3.4 Q 0.4
District Heat ............................ 1 Q Q Q 1 0.7 Q Q Q 0.5
Propane .................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other ....................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Cooling Energy Source
Fuel Oil .................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other Excluding Fuel Oil .......... 175 151 14 Q 8 12.6 10.9 1.0 Q 0.6
Buildings without Cooling ........ 46 42 Q (*) Q 36.6 33.4 Q (*) Q
Water-Heating Energy Source
Fuel Oil .................................... 109 89 17 Q 2 58.0 47.1 9.2 Q 1.1
Other Excluding Fuel Oil .......... 104 96 (*) Q 7 8.2 7.6 (*) Q 0.5
Bldgs without Water Heating .. 10 9 (*) (*) Q 16.0 14.8 (*) (*) Q
Cooking Energy Source
Fuel Oil .................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other Excluding Fuel Oil .......... 114 97 12 (*) 5 12.9 10.9 1.3 (*) 0.6
Buildings without Cooking ....... 103 94 5 (*) 4 16.7 15.2 0.8 (*) 0.6
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating . 219 194 15 Q 9 14.6 13.0 1.0 Q 0.6
Buildings with Cooling ............. 176 151 14 Q 9 12.7 10.9 1.0 Q 0.6
Buildings with Water Heating .. 213 185 17 Q 9 14.6 12.7 1.2 Q 0.6
Buildings with Cooking ............ 119 100 12 Q 6 13.3 11.1 1.4 Q 0.6
Buildings with Manufacturing . 7 Q Q (*) Q 6.7 4.5 Q 0.1 Q
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation ............................. 31 21 3 Q 7 3.2 2.1 0.3 Q 0.8
Percent of Floorspace Heated
Not Heated .............................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
1 to 50 ..................................... 13 11 Q (*) Q 10.4 8.9 Q (*) Q
51 to 99 ................................... 26 22 Q Q 1 10.4 8.9 Q Q 0.4
100 .......................................... 180 160 11 Q 7 16.0 14.3 1.0 Q 0.6
Heating Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Heat Pumps ............................. 6 4 Q Q 1 2.5 1.8 Q Q 0.5
  Packaged Heat Pumps .......... 3 Q (*) Q 1 Q Q Q Q Q
  Split-System Heat Pumps ...... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
  Individual Room Heat Pumps . Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Furnaces ................................ 50 47 1 (*) Q 15.0 14.0 0.3 (*) Q
Individual Space Heaters ........ 31 27 2 (*) 2 9.7 8.3 0.8 (*) 0.6
District Heat ............................ 1 Q Q Q 1 0.7 Q Q Q 0.5
Boilers ..................................... 171 152 13 Q 5 19.2 17.0 1.5 Q 0.6
Packaged Heating Units .......... 17 13 1 Q 3 4.4 3.3 0.3 Q 0.8
Other ....................................... 5 4 Q Q Q 4.6 3.9 Q Q Q
Water Heating Equipment
Centralized System ................. 161 139 16 Q 6 19.2 16.5 1.9 Q 0.7
Distributed System .................. 31 29 Q (*) Q 14.2 13.5 Q (*) Q
Combination of Centralized
 and Distributed System .......... 20 16 1 Q 2 5.1 4.1 0.3 Q 0.5
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation.. 119 100 12 Q 6 13.3 11.1 1.4 Q 0.6
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water ........... 95 76 13 Q 6 12.4 9.9 1.7 Q 0.7
Separate Computer Area ........ 96 79 11 Q 6 9.4 7.7 1.1 Q 0.5
HVAC Conservation Features
(more than one may apply)
Variable Air-Volume System... 35 28 3 Q 4 4.5 3.5 0.3 Q 0.6
Economizer Cycle ................... 42 33 3 Q 5 5.3 4.2 0.4 Q 0.6
HVAC Maintenance ................ 196 172 14 Q 9 13.9 12.1 1.0 Q 0.6
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS) ......... 31 24 Q Q 4 4.8 3.8 Q Q 0.6
Equipment Usage Reduced
When Building Not In Full Use
(more than one may apply)
Heating .................................... 162 144 10 Q 6 14.9 13.2 1.0 Q 0.6
Cooling .................................... 135 117 12 Q 6 12.9 11.1 1.1 Q 0.5
Lighting ................................... 156 147 4 Q 4 17.9 16.8 0.5 Q 0.5
Office Equipment .................... 92 87 Q Q 3 27.8 26.2 Q Q 0.8
Annual Consumption
(gallons)
1,000 or Less ......................... 13 10 Q Q 2 1.5 1.2 Q Q 0.3
1,001 to 5,000 ......................... 44 39 Q Q 3 17.1 14.9 Q Q 1.2
5,001 to 10,000 ....................... 28 24 Q (*) Q 31.0 26.6 Q 0.1 1.4
10,001 to 25,000 ..................... 30 29 (*) (*) 1 33.4 31.8 0.5 0.1 1.0
Over 25,000 ............................ 106 92 11 Q 2 50.1 43.3 5.3 Q 1.0
                     
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
* Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. In the 1999 CBECS, total fuel oil consumption in malls was not statistically significant.
(*)=Value rounds to zero in the units displayed.
Q=Data withheld because fewer than 20 buildings were sampled for any cell, or because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent for a cell in the "Total" column.
Notes: ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals. ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Form EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.