Released: September, 2008
Table E8A. Natural Gas Consumption (cubic feet) and Energy Intensities by End Use for All Buildings, 2003
  Total Natural Gas Consumption
(billion cubic feet)
Natural Gas Energy Intensity
(cubic feet/square foot)
Total   Space Heating Water Heating Cook-
ing
Other Total   Space Heating Water Heating Cook-
ing
Other
All Buildings ......................... 2,037 1,378 338 159 163 42.0 28.4 7.0 3.3 3.4
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ......................... 249 156 35 41 18 78.6 49.1 11.0 12.9 5.6
5,001 to 10,000 ....................... 218 147 32 31 7 54.8 37.1 8.1 7.9 1.7
10,001 to 25,000 ..................... 343 265 34 25 18 43.8 33.9 4.4 3.2 2.3
25,001 to 50,000 ..................... 270 196 41 13 Q 40.9 29.7 6.3 2.0 2.9
50,001 to 100,000 ................... 269 186 45 13 24 35.8 24.8 6.0 1.8 3.2
100,001 to 200,000 ................. 267 182 56 10 19 35.4 24.1 7.4 1.3 2.6
200,001 to 500,000 ................. 204 134 43 11 17 34.7 22.7 7.3 1.8 2.9
Over 500,000 .......................... 217 112 51 14 41 36.4 18.7 8.5 2.3 6.8
Principal Building Activity
Education ................................ 260 201 36 5 18 36.9 28.6 5.1 0.7 2.6
Food Sales .............................. 37 26 2 8 Q 50.2 34.5 3.1 10.9 Q
Food Service .......................... 197 53 54 89 Q 141.2 37.8 38.8 63.5 Q
Health Care ............................. 235 132 71 9 22 92.5 51.9 28.1 3.7 8.8
  Inpatient ................................ 198 99 69 9 21 109.8 55.1 38.2 5.0 11.5
  Outpatient ............................. 37 33 2 Q Q 50.2 44.3 3.4 Q Q
Lodging ................................... 208 62 121 14 Q 48.9 14.6 28.3 3.2 Q
Mercantile ............................... 256 183 18 23 32 32.5 23.2 2.3 3.0 4.0
  Retail (Other Than Mall) ........ 89 81 3 2 2 30.9 28.4 1.0 0.8 0.7
  Enclosed and Strip Malls ....... 167 101 15 21 30 33.4 20.2 3.0 4.2 5.9
Office ...................................... 261 223 13 2 22 31.8 27.2 1.6 0.3 2.7
Public Assembly ..................... 99 89 2 3 Q 36.4 32.8 0.9 1.0 Q
Public Order and Safety ......... 28 15 9 Q Q 43.7 23.3 14.7 Q Q
Religious Worship ................... 80 74 2 3 Q 30.3 28.3 0.9 1.0 Q
Service ................................... 135 116 2 Q 17 54.1 46.3 0.9 Q Q
Warehouse and Storage ........ 128 108 4 Q Q 23.4 19.6 0.7 Q Q
Other ....................................... 85 70 2 Q 11 67.6 56.1 1.6 Q 9.1
Vacant .................................... 27 25 Q Q Q 23.0 21.3 Q Q Q
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ............................ 139 110 12 15 Q 50.2 39.8 4.2 5.3 Q
1920 to 1945 ........................... 225 147 24 18 37 47.1 30.8 4.9 3.7 7.7
1946 to 1959 ........................... 216 158 34 11 13 44.5 32.5 6.9 2.3 2.7
1960 to 1969 ........................... 268 194 45 12 16 43.6 31.6 7.3 2.0 2.6
1970 to 1979 ........................... 390 264 70 27 29 44.3 30.0 8.0 3.0 3.3
1980 to 1989 ........................... 328 201 70 28 30 42.0 25.7 8.9 3.5 3.9
1990 to 1999 ........................... 334 220 56 32 27 36.3 23.9 6.1 3.5 2.9
2000 to 2003 ........................... 136 83 27 17 9 33.2 20.4 6.7 4.1 2.1
Census Region and Division
Northeast ................................ 448 322 50 33 43 44.1 31.7 4.9 3.2 4.3
  New England ........................ 85 67 Q Q 5 45.4 35.8 4.1 2.7 2.8
  Middle Atlantic ....................... 364 255 42 28 38 43.8 30.8 5.1 3.4 4.6
Midwest .................................. 728 571 80 31 45 51.5 40.4 5.7 2.2 3.2
  East North Central ................. 550 439 60 23 29 53.1 42.3 5.8 2.2 2.8
  West North Central ............... 178 133 20 9 Q 47.0 35.1 5.2 2.3 4.4
South ...................................... 511 283 125 66 37 33.5 18.5 8.2 4.3 2.4
  South Atlantic ....................... 238 128 58 31 21 32.7 17.6 8.0 4.3 2.9
  East South Central ................ 104 67 24 8 4 41.3 26.6 9.7 3.2 1.7
  West South Central ............... 168 87 42 27 12 30.9 16.0 7.8 4.9 2.1
West ....................................... 350 202 83 28 37 39.3 22.6 9.3 3.2 4.1
  Mountain ............................... 185 128 34 6 16 56.6 39.2 10.5 1.9 5.0
  Pacific ................................... 165 74 49 22 21 29.2 13.1 8.6 3.9 3.7
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ............ 454 370 47 18 20 53.5 43.6 5.5 2.1 2.3
  5,500-7,000 HDD .................. 715 536 93 38 47 50.6 38.0 6.6 2.7 3.4
  4,000-5,499 HDD .................. 356 224 53 31 48 39.7 25.0 5.9 3.5 5.3
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ......... 378 203 93 45 38 32.0 17.2 7.9 3.8 3.2
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ......... 134 45 52 27 11 26.3 8.8 10.2 5.2 2.1
Number of Establishments
One ......................................... 1,418 942 267 115 95 46.5 30.9 8.7 3.8 3.1
2 to 5 ....................................... 348 257 44 23 24 40.0 29.5 5.0 2.7 2.7
6 to 10 ..................................... 92 66 9 7 10 38.6 27.6 3.6 3.0 4.3
11 to 20 ................................... 67 45 8 6 8 30.2 20.4 3.4 2.8 3.6
More than 20 ........................... 93 50 11 7 Q 25.3 13.6 2.9 1.9 Q
Currently Unoccupied ............. 18 17 (*) Q Q 18.8 18.0 0.1 Q Q
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ................................ 2,037 1,378 338 159 163 42.0 28.4 7.0 3.3 3.4
Natural Gas ............................. 2,037 1,378 338 159 163 42.0 28.4 7.0 3.3 3.4
Fuel Oil .................................... 507 282 143 29 53 44.9 25.0 12.6 2.6 4.7
District Heat ............................ 47 23 10 7 6 18.0 9.1 3.9 2.7 2.3
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating . 2,014 1,378 333 153 151 42.1 28.8 7.0 3.2 3.2
Buildings with Cooling ............. 1,927 1,296 325 155 151 42.0 28.3 7.1 3.4 3.3
Buildings with Water Heating .. 1,974 1,320 338 158 158 43.0 28.8 7.4 3.5 3.5
Annual Consumption
(hundred cubic feet)
1,000 or Less ......................... 36 30 4 1 Q 8.2 6.8 1.0 0.3 Q
1,001 to 5,000 ......................... 257 211 24 16 6 24.8 20.4 2.3 1.5 0.6
5,001 to 10,000 ....................... 265 186 35 35 9 38.2 26.8 5.1 5.1 1.3
10,001 to 25,000 ..................... 390 253 63 45 29 45.4 29.4 7.3 5.2 3.4
25,001 to 50,000 ..................... 324 217 47 32 28 47.6 31.9 7.0 4.8 4.0
50,001 to 100,000 ................... 234 154 41 9 30 49.7 32.7 8.6 2.0 6.4
Over 100,000 .......................... 529 326 123 19 61 79.9 49.3 18.6 2.9 9.2
                     
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
(*)=Value rounds to zero in the units displayed.
Q=Data withheld because fewer than 20 buildings were sampled for any cell, or because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent for a cell in the "Total" column.
Note: Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Form EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.