Released: September, 2008
Table E7A. Natural Gas Consumption (Btu) and Energy Intensities by End Use for
All Buildings, 2003
  Total Natural Gas Consumption
(trillion Btu)
Natural Gas Energy Intensity
(thousand Btu/square foot)
Total   Space Heating Water Heating Cook-
ing
Other Total   Space Heating Water Heating Cook-
ing
Other
All Buildings ......................... 2,100 1,420 348 164 168 43.3 29.3 7.2 3.4 3.5
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ......................... 257 161 36 42 18 81.0 50.6 11.3 13.3 5.8
5,001 to 10,000 ....................... 224 152 33 32 7 56.5 38.3 8.4 8.1 1.7
10,001 to 25,000 ..................... 353 273 35 26 19 45.2 34.9 4.5 3.3 2.4
25,001 to 50,000 ..................... 278 202 43 14 Q 42.2 30.6 6.5 2.1 3.0
50,001 to 100,000 ................... 277 192 47 14 25 36.9 25.6 6.2 1.8 3.3
100,001 to 200,000 ................. 275 187 58 10 20 36.5 24.8 7.7 1.3 2.7
200,001 to 500,000 ................. 211 138 44 11 17 35.8 23.4 7.5 1.9 2.9
Over 500,000 .......................... 224 115 52 14 42 37.5 19.3 8.7 2.4 7.0
Principal Building Activity
Education ................................ 268 207 37 5 19 38.1 29.5 5.2 0.7 2.7
Food Sales .............................. 39 27 2 8 Q 51.7 35.6 3.2 11.2 Q
Food Service .......................... 203 54 56 91 Q 145.6 39.0 40.0 65.4 Q
Health Care ............................. 243 136 74 10 23 95.3 53.6 28.9 3.8 9.1
  Inpatient ................................ 204 103 71 9 21 113.2 56.8 39.4 5.2 11.9
  Outpatient ............................. 38 34 3 Q Q 51.8 45.6 3.5 Q Q
Lodging ................................... 215 64 124 14 Q 50.4 15.0 29.2 3.3 Q
Mercantile ............................... 264 188 19 24 33 33.5 23.9 2.4 3.1 4.1
  Retail (Other Than Mall) ........ 91 84 3 3 2 31.9 29.3 1.0 0.9 0.7
  Enclosed and Strip Malls ....... 172 104 16 22 31 34.4 20.9 3.1 4.3 6.1
Office ...................................... 269 230 13 3 23 32.8 28.1 1.6 0.3 2.8
Public Assembly ..................... 102 92 2 3 Q 37.5 33.8 0.9 1.0 Q
Public Order and Safety ......... 29 15 10 Q Q 45.0 24.1 15.1 Q Q
Religious Worship ................... 82 77 2 3 Q 31.2 29.1 0.9 1.0 Q
Service ................................... 139 119 2 Q 17 55.8 47.8 0.9 Q Q
Warehouse and Storage ........ 132 111 4 Q Q 24.1 20.2 0.7 Q Q
Other ....................................... 87 72 2 Q 12 69.7 57.9 1.7 Q 9.4
Vacant .................................... 28 26 Q Q Q 23.7 22.0 Q Q Q
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ............................ 143 114 12 15 Q 51.7 41.0 4.4 5.5 Q
1920 to 1945 ........................... 232 152 24 18 38 48.6 31.8 5.1 3.8 7.9
1946 to 1959 ........................... 223 163 35 11 14 45.9 33.5 7.2 2.4 2.8
1960 to 1969 ........................... 276 200 47 12 17 44.9 32.6 7.6 2.0 2.7
1970 to 1979 ........................... 402 272 72 28 30 45.7 31.0 8.2 3.1 3.4
1980 to 1989 ........................... 339 207 72 28 31 43.3 26.4 9.2 3.6 4.0
1990 to 1999 ........................... 345 226 58 33 27 37.5 24.6 6.3 3.6 3.0
2000 to 2003 ........................... 140 86 28 17 9 34.3 21.0 6.9 4.2 2.2
Census Region and Division
Northeast ................................ 462 332 51 34 45 45.5 32.7 5.1 3.3 4.4
  New England ........................ 87 69 Q Q 5 46.8 36.9 4.3 2.8 2.9
  Middle Atlantic ....................... 375 263 44 29 39 45.2 31.7 5.2 3.5 4.7
Midwest .................................. 751 589 82 32 47 53.1 41.7 5.8 2.3 3.3
  East North Central ................. 567 452 62 23 30 54.8 43.7 6.0 2.2 2.9
  West North Central ............... 184 137 20 9 Q 48.5 36.2 5.4 2.4 4.5
South ...................................... 527 291 129 68 38 34.5 19.1 8.4 4.5 2.5
  South Atlantic ....................... 246 132 60 32 22 33.7 18.1 8.2 4.4 3.0
  East South Central ................ 107 69 25 8 5 42.6 27.4 10.0 3.3 1.8
  West South Central ............... 174 90 44 28 12 31.8 16.5 8.0 5.1 2.2
West ....................................... 360 208 85 29 38 40.5 23.4 9.6 3.3 4.3
  Mountain ............................... 190 132 35 6 17 58.4 40.5 10.8 2.0 5.1
  Pacific ................................... 170 76 50 23 21 30.1 13.5 8.9 4.0 3.8
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ............ 468 381 48 18 20 55.2 44.9 5.7 2.2 2.4
  5,500-7,000 HDD .................. 737 553 96 40 49 52.2 39.1 6.8 2.8 3.5
  4,000-5,499 HDD .................. 368 231 55 32 49 41.0 25.8 6.1 3.6 5.5
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ......... 389 209 96 46 39 33.0 17.7 8.1 3.9 3.3
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ......... 138 46 54 27 11 27.1 9.0 10.5 5.4 2.2
Number of Establishments
One ......................................... 1,462 971 275 118 98 47.9 31.8 9.0 3.9 3.2
2 to 5 ....................................... 359 265 45 24 24 41.2 30.5 5.2 2.7 2.8
6 to 10 ..................................... 95 68 9 8 11 39.8 28.5 3.7 3.1 4.4
11 to 20 ................................... 69 47 8 6 8 31.1 21.0 3.5 2.9 3.7
More than 20 ........................... 96 52 11 7 Q 26.1 14.0 3.0 2.0 Q
Currently Unoccupied ............. 18 17 (*) Q Q 19.4 18.5 0.1 Q Q
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ................................ 2,100 1,420 348 164 168 43.3 29.3 7.2 3.4 3.5
Natural Gas ............................. 2,100 1,420 348 164 168 43.3 29.3 7.2 3.4 3.5
Fuel Oil .................................... 523 291 147 30 55 46.3 25.7 13.0 2.7 4.8
District Heat ............................ 48 24 10 7 6 18.6 9.4 4.0 2.8 2.4
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating . 2,077 1,420 343 158 155 43.4 29.7 7.2 3.3 3.3
Buildings with Cooling ............. 1,987 1,337 335 160 155 43.3 29.1 7.3 3.5 3.4
Buildings with Water Heating .. 2,035 1,361 348 163 163 44.4 29.7 7.6 3.6 3.6
Annual Consumption
(hundred cubic feet)
1,000 or Less ......................... 37 31 4 1 Q 8.4 7.0 1.0 0.3 Q
1,001 to 5,000 ......................... 265 218 25 16 6 25.5 21.0 2.4 1.6 0.6
5,001 to 10,000 ....................... 274 192 36 36 9 39.4 27.6 5.2 5.2 1.3
10,001 to 25,000 ..................... 402 261 65 47 30 46.8 30.4 7.5 5.4 3.5
25,001 to 50,000 ..................... 334 223 49 33 28 49.1 32.8 7.2 4.9 4.2
50,001 to 100,000 ................... 242 159 42 10 31 51.2 33.7 8.9 2.1 6.6
Over 100,000 .......................... 546 336 127 20 63 82.4 50.8 19.2 3.0 9.5
                     
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
(*)=Value rounds to zero in the units displayed.
Q=Data withheld because fewer than 20 buildings were sampled for any cell, or because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent for a cell in the "Total" column.
Note: Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Form EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.