Released: September, 2008
Table E5A. Electricity Consumption (kWh) by End Use for All Buildings, 2003
  Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh)
Total   Space Heat-
ing
Cool-
ing
Venti-
lation
Water Heat-
ing
Light-
ing
Cook-
ing
Refrig-
eration
Office Equip-
ment
Com-
puters
Other
All Buildings ......................... 1,043 49 141 128 26 393 7 112 20 46 122
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ......................... 115 6 13 5 3 28 2 40 2 3 11
5,001 to 10,000 ....................... 86 5 11 5 2 28 1 17 2 3 11
10,001 to 25,000 ..................... 142 8 16 15 4 54 1 17 3 6 19
25,001 to 50,000 ..................... 116 5 18 16 3 41 (*) 11 2 5 14
50,001 to 100,000 ................... 153 8 22 23 4 59 1 10 2 6 17
100,001 to 200,000 ................. 172 7 24 27 3 68 (*) 9 4 10 20
200,001 to 500,000 ................. 112 3 16 16 2 50 (*) 3 2 6 13
Over 500,000 .......................... 147 7 20 20 3 64 1 5 3 7 16
Principal Building Activity
Education ................................ 109 4 22 24 3 33 (*) 5 1 9 6
Food Sales .............................. 61 2 4 2 Q 14 1 35 1 1 3
Food Service .......................... 63 3 8 7 3 12 4 20 (*) 1 4
Health Care ............................. 73 2 10 12 1 31 (*) 2 1 3 11
  Inpatient ................................ 52 1 7 11 1 22 (*) 1 1 2 6
  Outpatient ............................. 20 1 3 1 (*) 8 (*) 1 (*) 1 4
Lodging ................................... 69 4 7 4 3 36 1 3 Q 2 7
Mercantile ............................... 215 17 32 20 11 90 1 14 2 3 24
  Retail (Other Than Mall) ........ 62 2 7 5 1 33 (*) 6 1 1 6
  Enclosed and Strip Malls ....... 153 15 25 15 11 58 1 8 2 2 18
Office ...................................... 211 10 30 18 2 82 (*) 10 9 22 27
Public Assembly ..................... 49 1 10 18 (*) 8 (*) 3 Q 1 7
Public Order and Safety ......... 17 1 2 3 1 5 (*) 1 (*) (*) 3
Religious Worship ................... 18 1 3 2 (*) 5 (*) 2 (*) (*) 5
Service ................................... 44 2 4 7 (*) 18 Q 3 (*) 1 8
Warehouse and Storage ........ 72 1 4 6 1 39 Q 10 1 1 9
Other ....................................... 39 1 5 3 Q 17 Q 3 Q 1 6
Vacant .................................... 4 (*) (*) (*) Q 1 Q (*) Q (*) 2
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ............................ 27 1 2 3 Q 10 (*) 5 1 1 4
1920 to 1945 ........................... 63 1 5 9 1 27 (*) 8 1 2 9
1946 to 1959 ........................... 72 3 8 10 2 27 1 8 1 3 9
1960 to 1969 ........................... 105 4 14 16 2 37 (*) 12 2 6 13
1970 to 1979 ........................... 202 12 26 25 5 78 1 19 4 8 24
1980 to 1989 ........................... 231 12 34 24 7 87 1 22 5 11 27
1990 to 1999 ........................... 241 11 36 29 7 86 2 27 5 11 27
2000 to 2003 ........................... 102 5 16 11 2 40 1 12 1 3 11
Census Region and Division
Northeast ................................ 172 10 13 22 3 70 1 18 4 9 22
  New England ........................ 41 3 2 5 1 16 (*) 6 1 2 5
  Middle Atlantic ....................... 131 7 10 18 2 54 (*) 12 3 7 17
Midwest .................................. 234 15 17 32 4 92 2 27 5 11 30
  East North Central ................. 168 10 11 24 3 67 1 18 3 8 22
  West North Central ............... 66 6 6 8 1 24 (*) 9 1 3 8
South ...................................... 452 15 88 52 14 159 4 49 6 17 48
  South Atlantic ....................... 254 9 45 29 9 91 2 28 4 11 26
  East South Central ................ 57 3 8 7 2 21 (*) 7 1 2 7
  West South Central ............... 141 3 35 16 4 47 1 14 2 4 15
West ....................................... 185 9 24 21 4 72 1 17 6 9 23
  Mountain ............................... 68 4 9 8 1 28 Q 6 Q 3 8
  Pacific ................................... 117 5 15 13 3 44 1 11 4 6 15
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ............ 137 10 8 19 3 53 1 18 3 5 17
  5,500-7,000 HDD .................. 254 17 19 32 5 103 2 28 5 12 32
  4,000-5,499 HDD .................. 189 10 19 22 4 76 1 19 6 9 22
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ......... 261 8 40 32 8 97 2 30 4 10 31
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ......... 202 4 56 22 6 64 1 17 2 9 20
Number of Establishments
One ......................................... 627 24 80 80 13 231 6 85 12 25 71
2 to 5 ....................................... 180 8 24 22 4 72 1 16 4 8 23
6 to 10 ..................................... 67 5 9 7 3 26 (*) 3 1 Q 8
11 to 20 ................................... 64 5 10 7 3 24 (*) 3 1 2 8
More than 20 ........................... 103 7 18 12 4 38 (*) 4 2 5 12
Currently Unoccupied ............. 3 Q Q (*) Q 1 Q Q Q Q 1
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ................................ 1,043 49 141 128 26 393 7 112 20 46 122
Natural Gas ............................. 743 30 95 98 15 289 5 76 14 33 88
Fuel Oil .................................... 275 12 36 38 5 114 1 14 7 15 33
District Heat ............................ 101 2 7 21 1 44 (*) 4 1 9 13
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating . 1,006 49 133 125 25 380 7 106 20 45 118
Buildings with Cooling ............. 1,010 48 141 123 26 377 7 108 20 45 116
Buildings with Water Heating .. 990 47 134 122 26 370 7 106 20 45 114
Annual Consumption
(kilowatthours)
10,000 or Less ....................... 4 (*) (*) (*) (*) 1 (*) 1 (*) (*) 1
10,001 to 50,000 ..................... 45 2 6 3 1 16 (*) 7 1 1 8
50,001 to 100,000 ................... 55 3 7 4 1 18 (*) 11 1 2 8
100,001 to 500,000 ................. 238 13 28 23 7 79 3 44 4 8 27
500,001 to 1,000,000 .............. 110 5 17 14 4 39 1 13 2 4 11
1,000,001 to 5,000,000 ........... 333 16 47 49 8 125 1 26 5 17 37
Over 5,000,000 ....................... 258 10 36 33 5 114 1 10 7 13 29
                       
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
(*)=Value rounds to zero in the units displayed.
Q=Data withheld because fewer than 20 buildings were sampled for any cell, or because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent for a cell in the "Total" column.
Note: Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Form EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.