Released: September, 2008
Table E1. Major Fuel Consumption (Btu) by End Use for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Total Major Fuel Consumption (trillion Btu)
Total   Space Heat-
ing
Cool-
ing
Venti-
lation
Water Heat-
ing
Light-
ing
Cook-
ing
Refrig-
eration
Office Equip-
ment
Com-
puters
Other
All Buildings* ........................ 5,820 2,203 431 384 448 1,143 167 354 64 148 478
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ......................... 672 207 45 18 48 93 48 137 8 12 55
5,001 to 10,000 ....................... 516 198 36 17 40 83 35 56 6 9 39
10,001 to 25,000 ..................... 776 324 47 44 43 151 25 53 9 19 62
25,001 to 50,000 ..................... 673 262 57 50 55 121 13 34 7 16 58
50,001 to 100,000 ................... 759 293 59 65 55 158 11 29 6 18 64
100,001 to 200,000 ................. 934 374 64 80 72 195 8 24 Q 31 73
200,001 to 500,000 ................. 725 280 55 54 67 162 14 9 8 19 58
Over 500,000 .......................... 766 265 68 56 69 181 13 12 Q 23 70
Principal Building Activity
Education ................................ 820 389 79 83 57 113 8 16 4 32 39
Food Sales .............................. 251 36 12 7 4 46 11 119 2 2 11
Food Service .......................... 427 71 29 24 67 42 105 70 2 2 16
Health Care ............................. 594 223 44 42 95 105 11 8 4 10 51
  Inpatient ................................ 475 175 35 38 92 76 11 4 2 7 34
  Outpatient ............................. 119 48 9 4 3 28 Q 4 2 3 17
Lodging ................................... 510 113 25 14 160 124 16 12 Q 6 36
Retail (Other Than Mall)........... 319 107 25 16 5 111 3 22 3 4 24
Office ...................................... 1,134 400 109 63 24 281 4 35 32 74 110
Public Assembly ..................... 370 196 38 63 4 27 3 9 Q Q 26
Public Order and Safety ......... 126 54 10 10 15 18 1 3 1 2 12
Religious Worship ................... 163 98 11 5 3 17 3 6 (*) 1 19
Service ................................... 312 145 16 24 4 63 Q 9 1 3 46
Warehouse and Storage ........ 456 194 14 20 6 132 Q 36 2 5 48
Other ....................................... 286 138 18 11 4 59 Q 10 Q 5 33
Vacant .................................... 54 37 2 1 (*) 4 Q Q Q (*) 8
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ............................ 302 180 7 11 17 34 17 Q 2 4 15
1920 to 1945 ........................... 620 315 25 30 42 89 20 26 3 8 62
1946 to 1959 ........................... 565 277 31 34 44 87 13 26 4 11 38
1960 to 1969 ........................... 737 336 45 50 64 113 12 40 6 18 52
1970 to 1979 ........................... 1,023 356 79 74 90 220 26 58 12 27 80
1980 to 1989 ........................... 1,034 315 95 66 86 236 26 66 15 37 92
1990 to 1999 ........................... 1,098 317 104 88 70 246 36 85 17 35 100
2000 to 2003 ........................... 441 106 45 32 35 116 18 38 4 9 38
Census Region and Division
Northeast ................................ 1,271 634 48 67 84 206 34 58 12 30 98
  New England ........................ 294 167 8 12 16 42 Q 19 2 6 16
  Middle Atlantic ....................... 978 467 40 55 68 164 28 39 10 24 81
Midwest .................................. 1,690 830 62 103 101 287 35 89 15 35 133
  East North Central ................. 1,254 643 42 77 72 208 25 59 11 27 90
  West North Central ............... 436 187 20 25 29 79 10 29 4 9 43
South ...................................... 1,948 473 251 153 166 449 70 154 18 55 159
  South Atlantic ....................... 1,064 249 132 85 86 258 35 87 11 35 85
  East South Central ................ 309 107 23 22 29 63 7 24 2 5 26
  West South Central ............... 575 117 96 46 50 128 28 43 5 14 49
West ....................................... 911 266 70 61 97 200 28 53 19 28 88
  Mountain ............................... 381 149 26 23 36 78 5 18 Q 8 32
  Pacific ................................... 530 117 44 38 61 122 24 35 Q 20 56
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ............ 990 517 24 60 61 157 18 59 8 18 68
  5,500-7,000 HDD .................. 1,761 853 66 98 116 309 42 88 16 39 132
  4,000-5,499 HDD .................. 1,134 431 70 69 87 230 32 61 18 31 104
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ......... 1,213 302 119 94 120 275 48 93 14 33 115
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ......... 724 99 152 62 65 172 27 53 7 27 59
Number of Floors
One ......................................... 1,937 649 159 110 116 384 84 230 17 34 154
Two ........................................ 1,311 516 91 98 81 254 32 70 18 32 120
Three ...................................... 619 277 34 40 48 113 16 22 7 16 48
Four to Nine ............................ 1,336 571 95 99 130 240 24 25 13 41 100
Ten or More ............................ 617 191 52 38 73 152 12 8 Q 25 57
Elevators and Escalators
(more than one may apply)
Any Elevators ......................... 2,826 1,081 223 221 257 581 41 53 38 96 235
Number of Elevators
  One ....................................... 732 341 48 61 37 134 7 20 7 22 54
  Two to Five ........................... 1,157 438 86 89 115 234 17 22 19 43 96
  Six or More ........................... 937 303 88 70 104 214 18 12 12 31 85
Any Escalators ....................... 282 53 35 30 Q 80 6 4 Q 11 31
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 .......................... 817 396 39 28 39 119 18 92 3 5 77
5 to 9 ....................................... 468 168 33 21 39 78 30 56 4 6 34
10 to 19 ................................... 594 223 40 31 53 103 39 52 5 9 40
20 to 49 ................................... 1,050 419 73 69 77 191 36 67 Q 21 83
50 to 99 ................................... 728 261 58 67 57 151 14 37 8 19 55
100 to 249 ............................... 838 310 70 68 65 188 11 27 9 25 64
250 or More ............................ 1,325 425 119 100 118 313 19 22 20 63 124
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ........................ 228 130 17 7 7 22 5 12 1 2 25
40 to 48 ................................... 773 364 71 42 18 133 7 33 10 25 70
49 to 60 ................................... 1,179 529 85 71 36 229 20 50 15 34 111
61 to 84 ................................... 924 352 66 67 44 184 35 64 9 24 78
85 to 167 ................................. 889 280 55 77 50 167 55 119 5 22 57
Open Continuously ................. 1,827 547 137 119 292 408 44 76 23 41 137
Ownership and Occupancy
Nongovernment Owned.......... 4,203 1,438 303 224 347 897 151 319 54 102 368
  Owner Occupied .................. 2,060 786 150 116 141 424 47 135 28 51 183
  Nonowner Occupied ............ 2,115 632 152 108 207 471 104 184 25 51 181
  Unoccupied ........................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Government Owned ............... 1,617 765 129 160 101 246 16 35 10 47 110
  Federal .................................. 303 161 14 24 9 63 Q 3 2 5 21
  State ..................................... 513 271 27 53 31 62 3 9 3 20 33
  Local ..................................... 800 333 88 83 61 120 11 23 5 21 56
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant .................. 37 28 Q (*) Q 3 Q Q Q Q 5
Mostly Vacant ......................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Partially Vacant ....................... 1,086 432 89 68 61 240 17 30 13 42 95
Not At All Vacant .................... 4,681 1,733 341 315 387 899 149 324 51 107 375
Number of Establishments
One ......................................... 4,167 1,562 289 272 362 790 139 290 42 87 334
2 to 5 ....................................... 992 412 70 64 62 199 21 49 12 24 79
6 to 10 ..................................... 216 93 16 14 7 43 Q 5 3 16 16
11 to 20 ................................... 152 50 16 12 Q 37 Q Q 2 7 15
More than 20 ........................... 257 57 39 22 11 72 2 5 5 15 29
Currently Unoccupied ............. 37 28 Q (*) Q 3 Q Q Q Q 5
Predominant Exterior
Wall Material
Brick, Stone or Stucco ............ 3,186 1,307 229 207 276 530 109 180 30 73 244
Concrete (Block or Poured) .... 974 339 78 62 81 202 26 72 Q 18 83
Concrete Panels ..................... 667 219 52 46 Q 185 10 22 10 28 58
Siding or Shingles ................... 276 104 17 14 24 49 12 29 3 6 20
Metal Panels ............................ 463 151 28 35 12 120 Q 44 4 11 52
Window Glass ........................ 95 24 11 7 5 25 Q 2 2 6 10
Other ....................................... 121 48 10 7 11 25 Q 4 1 4 8
No One Major Type ................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant Roof Material
Built-Up ................................... 2,083 781 158 134 184 405 56 107 23 57 178
Shingles (Not Wood) ............... 823 326 54 41 68 134 33 79 9 15 63
Metal Surfacing ....................... 630 211 49 48 23 150 17 47 5 13 68
Synthetic or Rubber ................ 1,649 607 126 126 127 329 38 91 22 53 130
Slate or Tile ............................. 207 79 16 11 19 34 11 17 2 4 13
Wooden Materials ................... 68 23 6 4 9 14 Q 4 1 1 5
Concrete ................................. 236 121 11 13 13 48 Q 5 1 3 14
Other ....................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ................. 40 15 3 4 2 6 Q 2 (*) Q 3
Renovations in Buildings
Constructed Before 1980
(more than one may apply)
Any Type of Renovation
 Since 1980 ............................. 1,766 767 103 112 158 298 47 88 15 42 136
   Addition or Annex ................ 733 316 42 55 79 121 16 31 4 14 55
   Reduction In Floorspace ...... 117 46 5 9 14 22 Q 2 1 3 10
   Cosmetic Improvements ....... 1,317 557 79 84 114 230 38 70 12 33 99
   Wall or Roof Replacement ... 777 341 47 53 67 140 16 27 7 22 57
   Interior Wall
     Re-Configuration ................ 911 399 57 61 80 162 17 32 8 24 71
   HVAC Equipment Upgrade.... 1,156 470 73 81 117 206 29 45 11 32 92
   Lighting Upgrade .................. 1,085 485 62 75 92 184 24 49 10 28 76
   Window Replacement .......... 613 288 32 37 54 100 13 26 5 16 41
   Plumbing System Upgrade ... 748 334 42 50 69 129 19 25 5 19 55
   Insulation Upgrade ............... 381 167 23 30 28 64 11 15 3 11 28
   Other Renovation ................. 50 22 Q 2 5 7 Q 2 (*) 1 4
No Renovations  Since 1980... 1,482 698 84 87 99 246 41 78 12 26 112
Building Newer than 1980 ...... 2,573 738 245 185 191 599 79 188 36 80 231
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ................................ 5,820 2,202 431 384 448 1,143 167 354 64 148 478
Natural Gas ............................. 4,492 1,731 301 295 399 842 160 239 43 108 373
Fuel Oil .................................... 1,760 657 128 121 195 359 33 43 24 51 148
District Heat ............................ 1,017 606 32 69 59 147 Q 12 5 29 49
District Chilled Water ............... 538 308 16 49 34 68 Q 7 3 20 26
Propane .................................. 584 201 38 40 39 141 9 51 5 9 50
Other ....................................... 139 48 Q Q 11 30 2 6 2 4 11
Space-Heating Energy Sourcesa
(more than one may apply)
Electricity ................................ 2,354 617 238 155 216 571 72 164 36 70 215
Natural Gas ............................. 3,679 1,432 244 245 299 705 112 204 37 83 319
Fuel Oil .................................... 591 305 29 33 55 80 14 18 3 10 43
District Heat ............................ 994 599 30 67 59 140 Q 11 5 28 46
Propane .................................. 160 26 14 14 16 39 3 24 Q 4 18
Other ....................................... 61 16 Q Q 3 17 Q 4 (*) 1 6
Primary Space-Heating
Energy Source
Electricity ................................ 1,089 142 153 68 108 303 44 111 21 37 100
Natural Gas ............................. 3,280 1,286 216 219 262 620 98 179 34 75 291
Fuel Oil .................................... 294 190 7 13 17 29 10 13 1 4 11
District Heat ............................ 951 580 26 65 50 135 Q 11 4 27 43
Propane .................................. 71 2 7 9 1 18 Q 19 Q Q 11
Other ....................................... 19 3 1 2 Q 7 (*) 2 Q Q 3
Cooling Energy Sourcesb
(more than one may apply)
Electricity ................................ 5,020 1,745 420 326 399 1,032 158 335 61 126 418
Natural Gas ............................. 159 43 30 Q 16 26 2 3 1 3 19
District Chilled Water ............... 538 308 16 49 34 68 Q 7 3 20 26
Water-Heating Energy Sources
(more than one may apply)
Electricity ................................ 2,145 727 205 142 87 487 46 157 33 66 196
Natural Gas ............................. 3,206 1,170 222 221 348 587 119 171 30 75 262
Fuel Oil .................................... 206 109 7 9 23 25 9 7 1 3 13
District Heat ............................ 563 293 26 43 52 88 Q 7 3 15 30
Propane .................................. 81 17 9 9 1 18 Q 14 Q Q 8
Cooking Energy Sources
(more than one may apply)
Electricity ................................ 1,579 510 131 125 181 294 73 103 14 36 112
Natural Gas ............................. 2,074 647 157 152 279 367 155 122 16 37 140
Propane .................................. 114 26 12 10 10 24 2 18 Q Q 8
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating . 5,705 2,203 411 376 440 1,113 160 335 63 146 458
Buildings with Cooling ............. 5,464 1,982 431 369 428 1,095 162 341 63 147 447
Buildings with Water Heating .. 5,498 2,025 416 370 448 1,080 166 336 62 145 450
Buildings with Cooking ............ 2,712 868 218 203 320 487 167 184 23 55 188
Buildings with Manufacturing . 254 77 10 17 7 64 Q 10 2 6 56
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation ............................. 1,693 553 139 129 178 367 24 42 28 56 176
Percent of Floorspace Heated
Not Heated .............................. 115 (*) 20 8 8 29 Q 19 1 2 20
1 to 50 ..................................... 299 82 14 18 14 69 Q 39 Q 4 40
51 to 99 ................................... 746 264 56 49 61 152 29 54 6 16 60
100 .......................................... 4,660 1,857 341 309 365 892 121 242 49 127 357
Percent of Floorspace Cooled
Not Cooled .............................. 356 221 (*) 15 20 48 4 14 1 2 31
1 to 50 ..................................... 1,026 503 25 56 44 195 20 64 5 12 102
51 to 99 ................................... 1,413 513 107 97 112 273 46 104 13 38 110
100 .......................................... 3,026 965 300 215 272 627 97 173 45 96 235
Percent Lit When Open
Zero ........................................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
1 to 50 ..................................... 540 256 33 29 52 63 15 28 Q 6 50
51 to 99 ................................... 1,736 666 130 125 135 328 46 87 21 58 140
100 .......................................... 3,490 1,245 267 230 260 747 104 236 35 85 281
Building Never Open/
 Electricity Not Used ................ 46 33 1 (*) Q 4 Q 1 Q Q 7
Percent Lit When Closed
Zero ........................................ 1,132 524 75 69 42 173 40 74 10 30 95
1 to 50 ..................................... 2,626 1,057 203 181 107 487 76 180 29 72 233
51 to 100 ................................. 235 73 16 14 7 75 6 24 2 5 13
Building Never Closed/
 Electricity Not Used ................ 1,827 548 137 119 292 408 44 76 23 41 137
Heating Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Heat Pumps ............................. 805 188 95 53 93 201 20 46 12 25 72
  Packaged Heat Pumps .......... 523 102 64 33 61 141 13 33 Q 17 49
  Split-System Heat Pumps ...... 198 49 25 18 16 51 Q 11 2 5 18
  Individual Room Heat Pumps . 255 67 30 17 39 60 7 7 2 8 18
Furnaces ................................ 1,493 588 86 84 103 287 56 123 13 27 126
Individual Space Heaters ........ 1,024 379 67 65 79 225 18 61 10 26 94
District Heat ............................ 986 594 30 66 58 139 Q 11 4 28 46
Boilers ..................................... 2,244 906 150 168 226 405 50 59 24 56 200
Packaged Heating Units .......... 1,729 512 163 119 142 383 64 134 24 47 138
Other ....................................... 231 62 22 20 8 64 3 18 3 8 22
Cooling Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Residential-Type Central
 Air Conditioners ..................... 924 355 67 67 77 158 40 59 8 15 78
Heat Pumps ............................. 837 195 99 55 92 209 22 54 12 25 75
  Packaged Heat Pumps .......... 529 109 62 32 60 142 13 36 9 17 50
  Split-System Heat Pumps ...... 204 50 26 19 16 50 Q 13 2 5 19
  Individual Room Heat Pumps . 278 67 35 19 39 68 7 11 3 8 20
Individual Air Conditioners ...... 1,080 474 69 62 119 196 19 44 7 18 71
District Chilled Water ............... 538 308 16 49 34 68 Q 7 3 20 26
Central Chillers ........................ 1,531 482 152 140 148 338 22 27 24 50 148
Packaged Air Conditioning
 Units ....................................... 2,862 992 235 179 218 595 103 205 30 72 232
Swamp Coolers ...................... 158 52 9 9 21 28 8 12 1 2 16
Other ....................................... 142 49 13 10 16 28 2 Q 1 4 9
Main Equipment Replaced Since
1990 (more than one may apply)
Heating .................................... 1,367 505 96 84 122 258 42 83 17 37 122
Cooling .................................... 1,949 743 138 120 177 363 58 110 23 55 162
Water Heating Equipment
Centralized System ................. 3,432 1,281 238 227 298 630 123 250 35 79 272
Distributed System .................. 835 314 77 54 33 179 24 52 9 23 70
Combination of Centralized
 and Distributed System .......... 1,231 430 100 88 117 271 20 34 19 43 108
Lighting Equipment Types
(more than one may apply)
Incandescent .......................... 3,916 1,439 287 257 357 803 125 193 44 105 306
Standard Fluorescent ............. 5,644 2,130 421 378 434 1,103 159 344 63 147 464
Compact Fluorescent .............. 3,208 1,139 250 238 310 652 92 139 40 88 261
High Intensity Discharge ......... 2,141 813 152 170 156 472 38 82 22 61 175
Halogen ................................... 1,982 666 153 139 185 453 60 94 22 50 159
Other ....................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Refrigeration Equipment
(more than one may apply)
Any Refrigeration.................... 5,213 1,880 392 350 430 1,030 166 354 59 137 415
  Commercial Refrigeration ...... 3,336 1,068 265 236 337 651 159 283 28 70 239
    Walk-In Units ....................... 2,766 843 220 198 300 539 149 250 22 56 189
    Cases or Cabinets .............. 2,703 865 219 185 271 522 133 239 23 54 191
  Residential-Type Units .......... 3,466 1,354 265 236 288 681 70 161 34 98 278
  Vending Machines ................ 3,721 1,326 289 275 327 784 66 183 45 110 314
No Refrigeration ...................... 607 323 39 34 18 112 Q (*) 5 11 63
Office Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Computers .............................. 5,376 2,022 411 370 409 1,077 141 299 63 148 434
  With Flat Screen Monitors ..... 2,966 1,071 243 223 234 614 61 112 46 109 253
Dedicated Servers .................. 3,760 1,355 302 279 290 797 72 164 57 124 321
Laser Printers ......................... 3,009 1,149 227 197 243 569 80 182 38 76 248
Inkjet Printers .......................... 3,302 1,196 281 242 234 717 62 158 39 102 271
FAX Machines ........................ 5,092 1,885 392 352 390 1,036 140 277 62 142 414
Photocopiers ........................... 4,466 1,710 354 327 326 928 67 187 60 136 371
Number of Computers
None ....................................... 444 181 20 14 39 66 26 55 1 (*) 44
1 to 4 ....................................... 1,015 388 60 45 75 166 68 133 5 5 70
5 to 9 ....................................... 546 207 39 28 49 102 20 40 4 6 50
10 to 19 ................................... 515 191 40 33 34 108 13 40 5 9 43
20 to 49 ................................... 707 254 55 56 46 161 9 38 Q 16 59
50 to 99 ................................... 513 209 39 38 43 108 8 11 6 14 37
100 to 249 ............................... 714 292 59 61 53 142 7 16 7 25 52
250 or More ............................ 1,366 481 119 109 110 291 17 21 22 73 124
Number of Dedicated Servers
None ....................................... 2,060 847 129 105 158 346 95 191 7 25 158
1 to 4 ....................................... 2,234 840 170 156 189 451 53 128 17 48 182
5 to 9 ....................................... 405 118 41 40 21 100 Q 11 6 17 42
10 to 19 ................................... 432 182 33 35 26 83 3 12 5 23 30
20 to 49 ................................... 307 94 34 26 24 71 3 6 6 14 29
50 or More .............................. 382 122 24 23 Q 92 Q 7 22 21 38
Number of Photocopiers
None ....................................... 1,355 493 77 57 122 215 100 167 4 12 107
One ......................................... 1,130 453 78 66 71 224 24 92 9 16 97
2 to 4 ....................................... 1,334 522 102 104 100 270 17 59 19 34 106
5 to 9 ....................................... 612 246 47 52 40 121 8 14 8 29 46
10 or More .............................. 1,389 489 127 105 115 312 17 21 25 56 122
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation.. 2,711 868 218 203 320 486 167 184 23 55 187
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water ........... 2,465 853 179 174 327 463 111 99 18 50 192
Separate Computer Area ........ 2,895 1,054 248 232 237 615 44 85 45 101 234
HVAC Conservation Features
(more than one may apply)
Variable Air-Volume System... 2,380 857 206 176 190 498 48 71 35 85 213
Economizer Cycle ................... 2,589 923 205 206 206 556 47 97 37 91 221
HVAC Maintenance ................ 5,170 1,942 395 360 412 1,030 143 282 59 137 411
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS) ......... 1,782 654 158 160 134 368 27 40 27 61 153
Window and Interior Lighting
Features (more than one
may apply)
Multipaned Windows .............. 3,929 1,501 269 263 330 774 110 222 46 98 316
Tinted Window Glass ............. 3,098 1,122 256 221 228 663 71 135 41 95 264
Reflective Window Glass ....... 927 302 85 71 84 211 18 33 11 29 82
External Overhangs
 or Awnings ............................ 1,737 553 129 121 167 339 78 140 25 47 138
Skylights or Atriums ................ 1,307 481 94 96 124 273 31 35 20 33 119
Daylighting Sensors ................ 377 112 31 30 43 79 9 12 Q 12 37
Specular Reflectors ................ 2,829 1,071 219 207 210 596 58 113 34 81 240
Electronic Ballasts .................. 4,746 1,783 365 336 366 937 115 262 56 132 393
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS)
 For Lighting ............................ 538 181 55 44 30 125 9 15 Q 19 50
Equipment Usage Reduced
When Building Not In Full Use
(more than one may apply)
Heating .................................... 3,740 1,443 278 262 268 717 110 193 49 101 320
Cooling .................................... 3,844 1,430 304 275 275 755 122 198 45 111 330
Lighting ................................... 3,818 1,585 282 255 151 693 119 265 40 104 325
Office Equipment .................... 1,465 668 112 97 57 258 33 81 13 26 120
                       
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
* Data in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. In the 1999 CBECS, malls represented 6.6 percent of total consumption.
a Totals in the "Electricity" and "Natural Gas" rows have been revised and values do not match published values in consumption Table C1 (http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/data/archive/cbecs/cbecs2003/detailed_tables_2003/detailed_tables_2003.html).
b The total in the "Electricity" row has been revised and does not match published value in consumption Table C1.
(*)=Value rounds to zero in the units displayed.
Q=Data withheld because fewer than 20 buildings were sampled for any cell, or because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent for a cell in the "Total" column.
Notes: ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals. ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Form EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.