Released: Dec 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007


Table C23A.  Total Natural Gas Consumption and Expenditures in All Buildings, 2003
  All Buildings
Using Natural Gas
Natural Gas
Consumption
Natural Gas Expenditures
Number of Buildings (thousand) Floorspace (million
square feet)
Floorspace
per Building
(thousand
square feet)
Total
(trillion
Btu)
Total
(billion
cubic feet)
Total
(million
dollars)
All Buildings ................................ 2,538 48,473 19.1 2,100 2,037 16,010
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 1,134 3,175 2.8 257 249 2,227
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 531 3,969 7.5 224 218 1,830
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 500 7,824 15.6 353 343 2,897
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 185 6,604 35.8 278 270 2,054
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 107 7,500 70.3 277 269 2,140
100,001 to 200,000 ........................ 54 7,545 138.5 275 267 1,964
200,001 to 500,000 ........................ 20 5,892 291.5 211 204 1,396
Over 500,000 ................................. 6 5,964 951.0 224 217 1,502
Principal Building Activity
Education ....................................... 213 7,045 33.1 268 260 1,889
Food Sales ..................................... 98 747 7.6 39 37 332
Food Service ................................. 226 1,396 6.2 203 197 1,615
Health Care .................................... 72 2,544 35.5 243 235 1,538
  Inpatient ....................................... 7 1,805 257.0 204 198 1,241
  Outpatient .................................... 65 739 11.4 38 37 297
Lodging .......................................... 86 4,256 49.7 215 208 1,581
Mercantile ...................................... 392 7,871 20.1 264 256 2,204
  Retail (Other Than Mall) ............... 245 2,866 11.7 91 89 719
  Enclosed and Strip Malls .............. 146 5,005 34.2 172 167 1,486
Office ............................................. 488 8,208 16.8 269 261 2,201
Public Assembly ............................ 146 2,723 18.6 102 99 775
Public Order and Safety ................ 36 637 17.7 29 28 234
Religious Worship .......................... 220 2,629 11.9 82 80 664
Service .......................................... 281 2,496 8.9 139 135 1,096
Warehouse and Storage ............... 187 5,494 29.4 132 128 976
Other ........................ 45 1,252 27.9 87 85 684
Vacant ....................... 49 1,176 24.2 28 27 220
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................... 203 2,774 13.6 143 139 1,136
1920 to 1945 .................................. 344 4,776 13.9 232 225 1,734
1946 to 1959 .................................. 322 4,857 15.1 223 216 1,668
1960 to 1969 .................................. 327 6,140 18.8 276 268 2,064
1970 to 1979 .................................. 425 8,795 20.7 402 390 2,877
1980 to 1989 .................................. 343 7,828 22.8 339 328 2,685
1990 to 1999 .................................. 448 9,205 20.5 345 334 2,722
2000 to 2003 .................................. 125 4,099 32.7 140 136 1,125
Census Region and Division
Northeast ....................................... 428 10,162 23.7 462 448 3,883
  New England ............................... 91 1,861 20.5 87 85 806
  Middle Atlantic .............................. 337 8,301 24.6 375 364 3,076
Midwest ......................................... 839 14,144 16.9 751 728 5,215
  East North Central ........................ 577 10,356 18.0 567 550 3,968
  West North Central ...................... 262 3,788 14.5 184 178 1,246
South ............................................. 767 15,260 19.9 527 511 4,356
  South Atlantic .............................. 334 7,286 21.8 246 238 2,225
  East South Central ....................... 166 2,521 15.2 107 104 869
  West South Central ...................... 267 5,453 20.4 174 168 1,262
West .............................................. 504 8,907 17.7 360 350 2,557
  Mountain ...................................... 202 3,263 16.1 190 185 1,252
  Pacific .......................................... 301 5,644 18.7 170 165 1,305
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................... 514 8,486 16.5 468 454 3,329
  5,500-7,000 HDD ......................... 768 14,122 18.4 737 715 5,416
  4,000-5,499 HDD ......................... 373 8,970 24.0 368 356 2,989
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 683 11,796 17.3 389 378 3,218
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 199 5,098 25.6 138 134 1,058
Number of Establishments
One ................................................ 1,912 30,518 16.0 1,462 1,418 10,950
2 to 5 .............................................. 460 8,715 18.9 359 348 2,838
6 to 10 ............................................ 86 2,397 27.8 95 92 782
11 to 20 .......................................... 28 2,223 80.5 69 67 555
More than 20 .................................. 15 3,686 Q 96 93 743
Currently Unoccupied .................... 37 933 25.6 18 18 142
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 2,536 48,466 19.1 2,100 2,037 16,009
Natural Gas .................................... 2,538 48,473 19.1 2,100 2,037 16,010
Fuel Oil ........................................... 143 11,296 79.1 523 507 3,676
District Heat ................................... 25 2,577 104.0 48 47 333
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 2,485 47,804 19.2 2,077 2,014 15,821
Buildings with Cooling .................... 2,287 45,856 20.0 1,987 1,927 15,141
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 2,259 45,886 20.3 2,035 1,974 15,453
Annual Consumption
(hundred cubic feet)
1,000 or Less ................................ 682 4,398 6.4 37 36 417
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 1,069 10,384 9.7 265 257 2,383
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 375 6,948 18.5 274 265 2,291
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 259 8,604 33.2 402 390 3,150
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 97 6,800 70.2 334 324 2,524
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 34 4,715 139.8 242 234 1,635
Over 100,000 ................................. 22 6,623 306.8 546 529 3,611
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site   http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample that use natural gas.
Notes: ● Statistics for the "Energy End Uses" category represent total consumption in buildings that have the end use, not consumption specifically for that particular end use. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.