Released: Dec 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007


Table C20A.  Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Climate Zonea for All Buildings, 2003
  Total Electricity
Consumption
(billion kWh)
Total Floorspace of
Buildings Using Electricity
(million square feet)
Electricity
Energy Intensity
(kWh/square foot)
Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3 Zone 4 Zone 5 Zone
 1
Zone
2
Zone
3
Zone
4
Zone
5
Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3 Zone 4 Zone 5
All Buildings .............................. 137 254 189 261 202 11,300 18,549 12,374 17,064 10,894 12.1 13.7 15.3 15.3 18.5
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ............................. 19 27 14 32 23 1,210 1,631 923 1,811 903 15.7 16.4 15.0 17.8 25.8
5,001 to 10,000 ........................... 12 18 15 27 14 1,175 1,639 1,062 1,855 914 10.2 10.9 14.3 14.3 15.5
10,001 to 25,000 ......................... 22 36 24 31 29 2,354 3,506 1,479 3,133 2,022 9.2 10.4 16.2 9.8 14.5
25,001 to 50,000 ......................... 19 26 17 30 24 1,547 2,341 1,382 2,303 1,525 12.3 11.1 12.5 13.1 15.7
50,001 to 100,000 ....................... 19 39 29 36 29 1,480 2,780 2,011 2,326 1,668 12.8 14.2 14.5 15.6 17.6
100,001 to 200,000 ..................... 18 46 26 49 32 1,311 2,878 1,872 2,570 1,538 13.6 15.9 14.1 19.3 21.1
200,001 to 500,000 ..................... 14 28 22 27 21 1,150 2,007 1,678 1,493 1,042 12.5 13.8 13.2 17.8 20.1
Over 500,000 .............................. 14 34 41 29 29 1,073 1,766 1,966 1,573 1,282 13.4 19.5 20.7 18.2 22.4
Principal Building Activity
Education ..................................... 13 23 16 31 27 1,537 2,800 1,401 2,435 1,698 8.2 8.0 11.1 12.7 16.0
Food Sales .................................. 12 Q Q Q Q 271 Q Q Q Q 43.0 Q Q Q Q
Food Service ............................... 7 12 Q 20 17 227 400 Q 440 366 29.3 30.6 Q 45.7 46.3
Health Care .................................. 10 18 11 20 14 475 784 564 844 496 20.6 23.3 19.2 23.7 27.6
  Inpatient ..................................... 6 12 8 17 9 262 450 323 592 278 23.7 27.7 23.3 28.2 34.0
  Outpatient .................................. 4 6 3 3 Q 213 334 240 252 Q 16.7 17.4 13.7 13.4 Q
Lodging ........................................ 8 21 12 18 10 768 1,314 1,132 1,275 608 10.1 15.9 Q 14.0 16.7
Mercantile .................................... 28 40 33 58 56 1,617 2,337 1,694 3,346 2,197 17.0 17.2 19.4 17.3 25.6
  Retail (Other Than Mall) ............. 10 10 10 16 15 710 865 695 1,454 592 14.2 11.0 14.8 11.3 25.9
  Enclosed and Strip Malls ........... 17 31 23 41 41 907 1,473 999 1,892 1,604 19.2 20.8 22.7 21.9 25.5
Office .......................................... 22 58 53 39 38 1,593 3,165 3,125 2,341 1,985 13.9 18.2 17.1 16.8 19.2
Public Assembly .......................... 8 8 6 18 9 876 818 806 906 529 9.1 9.5 Q 19.7 17.0
Public Order and Safety .............. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Religious Worship ........................ 1 5 2 5 5 408 1,320 499 1,039 488 3.0 3.5 4.9 4.8 10.1
Service ........................................ 10 11 Q 7 Q 911 1,179 639 946 Q 10.6 9.6 Q 7.6 Q
Warehouse and Storage ............. 11 24 11 16 9 1,564 2,539 1,426 2,186 1,710 7.0 9.6 7.9 7.5 5.0
Other ........................................... Q 11 Q Q Q Q 467 Q Q Q Q 24.6 Q Q Q
Vacant ......................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................ 6 8 Q 2 Q 1,212 1,393 731 286 Q 5.2 5.6 Q 8.7 Q
1920 to 1945 ............................... 8 24 17 9 Q 1,071 2,125 1,949 1,190 Q 7.8 11.1 8.6 7.7 Q
1946 to 1959 ............................... 9 24 15 18 6 1,070 2,499 1,427 1,529 530 8.8 9.4 10.3 12.1 11.4
1960 to 1969 ............................... 16 29 21 21 18 1,447 2,576 1,571 1,958 1,046 11.3 11.3 13.4 10.9 16.8
1970 to 1979 ............................... 38 51 39 40 34 2,496 3,259 1,939 2,689 1,676 15.4 15.6 20.0 14.8 20.3
1980 to 1989 ............................... 15 55 40 72 50 1,095 2,790 2,101 3,786 2,517 13.9 19.6 19.1 18.9 19.8
1990 to 1999 ............................... 31 43 31 74 61 2,032 2,620 1,722 4,115 3,209 15.4 16.6 18.3 17.9 19.1
2000 to 2003 ............................... 12 21 18 24 27 876 1,288 935 1,510 1,420 13.3 16.6 19.4 15.9 18.7
Census Region and Division
Northeast ..................................... 26 73 73 N N 2,515 5,958 5,425 N N 10.3 12.2 13.5 N N
  New England ............................. 7 34 N N N Q 2,463 N N N 7.4 13.9 N N N
  Middle Atlantic ........................... Q 39 73 N N 1,549 3,495 5,425 N N 12.1 11.1 13.5 N N
Midwest ....................................... 68 147 20 N N 5,783 10,372 1,570 N N 11.8 14.1 12.5 N N
  East North Central ..................... 35 133 N N N 3,167 9,036 N N N 11.0 14.8 N N N
  West North Central .................... 33 13 20 N N 2,616 Q 1,570 N N 12.7 9.9 12.5 N N
South ........................................... N N 86 183 183 N N 4,661 11,153 10,203 N N 18.4 16.4 17.9
  South Atlantic ............................ N N 57 124 73 N N 3,063 6,997 3,778 N N 18.8 17.7 19.2
  East South Central ..................... N N Q Q Q N N Q Q Q N N 19.7 13.5 19.6
  West South Central ................... N N Q 33 103 N N Q 2,153 6,026 N N Q 15.1 17.0
West ............................................ 43 35 10 78 19 3,002 2,219 718 5,911 692 14.3 15.8 14.5 13.1 27.4
  Mountain .................................... 34 Q N N 16 2,420 1,166 N N 580 14.0 15.8 N N 27.2
  Pacific ........................................ Q Q 10 78 Q Q Q 718 5,911 Q 15.7 15.8 14.5 13.1 Q
Number of Establishments
One .............................................. 83 169 111 161 103 6,955 12,392 7,648 11,322 6,061 12.0 13.6 14.5 14.2 16.9
2 to 5 ........................................... 31 41 31 51 26 2,512 3,217 2,021 3,008 1,768 12.3 12.9 15.3 17.0 14.8
6 to 10 ......................................... 9 16 10 11 20 584 867 530 586 791 15.3 18.7 19.7 19.4 25.7
11 to 20 ....................................... Q 15 13 14 18 Q 747 793 694 723 Q 20.4 16.0 20.8 24.3
More than 20 ............................... Q Q 23 23 35 Q Q 1,227 1,236 1,417 Q Q 18.8 18.5 24.7
Currently Unoccupied .................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ..................................... 137 254 189 261 202 11,300 18,549 12,374 17,064 10,894 12.1 13.7 15.3 15.3 18.5
Natural Gas ................................. 111 201 138 183 110 8,484 14,122 8,970 11,796 5,093 13.0 14.2 15.4 15.5 21.6
Fuel Oil ......................................... 33 70 77 50 45 2,624 4,270 4,950 2,528 1,878 12.7 16.4 15.5 19.6 24.1
District Heat ................................. 11 34 23 23 Q 825 1,917 1,349 1,025 Q 13.3 17.9 17.0 22.0 Q
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ...... 136 252 188 249 181 10,986 18,166 12,233 15,705 9,320 12.4 13.9 15.4 15.9 19.5
Buildings with Cooling ................. 129 238 187 255 201 9,438 15,932 11,906 15,798 10,472 13.7 14.9 15.7 16.1 19.1
Buildings with Water Heating ...... 133 235 187 248 187 10,335 16,511 11,765 14,976 9,225 12.9 14.2 15.9 16.6 20.3
Annual Consumption
(kilowatthours)
10,000 or Less ............................ 1 1 1 1 Q 636 1,052 306 622 Q 1.3 1.1 1.7 1.7 Q
10,001 to 50,000 ......................... 7 12 7 12 7 1,595 2,612 1,270 2,633 1,160 4.7 4.5 5.6 4.6 5.8
50,001 to 100,000 ....................... 10 12 8 17 8 1,086 1,607 1,369 1,739 924 9.1 7.5 5.8 9.5 9.1
100,001 to 500,000 ..................... 43 62 30 60 43 3,333 4,729 2,864 4,124 2,571 12.8 13.0 10.6 14.6 16.8
500,001 to 1,000,000 .................. 12 24 22 27 26 1,110 1,853 1,353 1,641 1,402 10.6 12.8 16.3 16.3 18.5
1,000,001 to 5,000,000 ............... 43 81 60 84 66 2,502 3,998 2,642 3,894 2,565 17.1 20.3 22.5 21.6 25.6
Over 5,000,000 ........................... 22 63 62 60 52 1,036 2,698 2,570 2,411 2,026 20.9 23.4 23.9 24.8 25.6
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site   http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/
.a Climate zone (30-year average) definitions: Zone 1 = Under 2,000 CDD and more than 7,000 HDD; Zone 2 = Under 2,000 CDD and 5,500-7,000 HDD; Zone 3 = Under 2,000 CDD and 4,000-5,499 HDD; Zone 4 = Under 2,000 CDD and fewer than 4,000 HDD; Zone 5 = 2,000 CDD or more and fewer than 4,000 HDD. (See "Glossary" for definitions of CDD and HDD.)
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample that use electricity.
Notes: ● Statistics for the "Energy End Uses" category represent total consumption in buildings that have the end use, not consumption specifically for that particular end use. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.