Released: Dec 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007


Table C14A.  Electricity Consumption and Expenditure Intensities for All Buildings, 2003
  Electricity Consumption Electricity Expenditures
per Building (thousand kWh) per Square Foot (kWh) Distribution of
Building-Level Intensities
(kWh/square foot)
25th
Per-
centile
Median 75th
Per-
centile
per
Building (thousand dollars)
per
Square Foot (dollars)
per
kWh (dollars)
All Buildings ................................ 226 14.9 3.8 8.8 18.1 17.9 1.18 0.079
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 48 17.8 3.8 9.0 20.0 4.4 1.63 0.092
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 96 12.9 4.0 8.2 15.5 9.2 1.23 0.096
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 178 11.4 3.1 7.2 15.0 15.2 0.97 0.086
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 459 12.8 4.4 9.6 16.9 36.2 1.01 0.079
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 1,049 14.9 5.2 11.4 20.7 80.1 1.14 0.076
100,001 to 200,000 ........................ 2,344 16.9 6.1 15.8 24.3 163.1 1.18 0.070
200,001 to 500,000 ........................ 4,374 15.2 6.1 13.2 20.6 307.6 1.07 0.070
Over 500,000 ................................. 17,978 19.2 11.5 18.0 23.4 1366.9 1.46 0.076
Principal Building Activity
Education ....................................... 283 11.0 4.9 8.9 13.6 21.1 0.82 0.075
Food Sales ..................................... 276 49.4 33.4 48.0 77.0 20.9 3.74 0.076
Food Service ................................. 213 38.4 18.8 37.4 70.3 17.4 3.13 0.082
Health Care .................................... 564 22.9 6.1 12.0 18.4 37.9 1.54 0.067
  Inpatient ....................................... 6,628 27.5 21.8 24.0 35.6 405.3 1.68 0.061
  Outpatient .................................... 168 16.1 5.8 11.3 16.5 13.9 1.34 0.083
Lodging .......................................... 483 13.5 6.7 11.9 17.7 37.1 1.04 0.077
Mercantile ...................................... 327 19.2 6.1 12.7 21.9 28.8 1.69 0.088
  Retail (Other Than Mall) ............... 139 14.3 4.3 9.4 18.4 11.6 1.19 0.083
  Enclosed and Strip Malls .............. 718 22.3 12.7 18.0 25.4 64.4 2.00 0.090
Office ............................................. 256 17.3 6.5 11.5 17.6 20.7 1.40 0.081
Public Assembly ............................ 179 12.5 2.2 5.1 11.3 14.4 1.00 0.080
Public Order and Safety ................ 237 15.3 4.0 7.9 17.6 17.2 1.12 0.073
Religious Worship .......................... 49 4.9 1.9 3.5 6.0 4.4 0.43 0.089
Service .......................................... 73 11.0 3.0 6.3 11.8 5.8 0.88 0.080
Warehouse and Storage ............... 154 7.6 1.4 3.1 6.2 10.8 0.53 0.070
Other .............................................. 510 22.5 3.5 7.2 20.3 40.0 1.76 0.078
Vacant ........................................... 42 2.4 0.4 1.7 3.8 3.9 0.22 0.092
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................... 83 7.1 1.7 3.9 9.6 7.3 0.62 0.088
1920 to 1945 .................................. 124 9.4 3.3 7.1 14.1 10.6 0.80 0.085
1946 to 1959 .................................. 131 10.2 3.1 6.6 14.6 11.2 0.88 0.086
1960 to 1969 .................................. 178 12.3 3.5 7.9 15.3 14.6 1.00 0.082
1970 to 1979 .................................. 268 16.7 4.7 10.2 21.7 20.8 1.30 0.078
1980 to 1989 .................................. 317 18.8 5.1 11.2 21.6 25.0 1.49 0.079
1990 to 1999 .................................. 284 17.6 5.1 11.1 24.0 21.8 1.35 0.077
2000 to 2003 .................................. 327 16.9 3.2 8.5 18.4 25.0 1.29 0.076
Census Region and Division
Northeast ....................................... 231 12.4 2.5 6.6 15.4 22.7 1.22 0.098
  New England ............................... 167 12.0 1.8 5.4 14.0 16.8 1.21 0.101
  Middle Atlantic .............................. 262 12.5 3.0 7.5 17.6 25.6 1.22 0.098
Midwest ......................................... 191 13.2 3.6 8.1 16.2 12.8 0.88 0.067
  East North Central ........................ 244 13.8 4.3 8.7 19.2 16.7 0.94 0.068
  West North Central ...................... 123 12.0 3.0 7.2 13.6 7.8 0.76 0.063
South ............................................. 258 17.4 4.2 10.0 20.3 18.2 1.22 0.070
  South Atlantic .............................. 286 18.3 4.4 10.6 20.6 19.9 1.28 0.070
  East South Central ....................... 177 16.2 3.8 8.9 20.0 11.9 1.09 0.068
  West South Central ...................... 261 16.3 4.1 10.0 21.3 19.0 1.19 0.073
West .............................................. 207 14.7 4.1 9.5 16.4 20.6 1.46 0.099
  Mountain ...................................... 224 16.3 4.3 9.2 15.9 17.2 1.25 0.077
  Pacific .......................................... 199 14.0 3.9 9.7 16.7 22.3 1.57 0.112
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................... 164 12.1 2.9 7.6 15.7 12.5 0.93 0.076
  5,500-7,000 HDD ......................... 215 13.7 3.4 7.9 15.8 16.2 1.03 0.075
  4,000-5,499 HDD ............ 282 15.3 4.1 9.3 18.5 23.1 1.25 0.082
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 208 15.3 3.9 8.8 17.1 17.6 1.29 0.085
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 300 18.5 5.3 13.0 24.0 23.2 1.43 0.077
Number of Establishments
One ................................................ 174 14.1 3.7 8.3 18.2 13.5 1.09 0.077
2 to 5 .............................................. 239 14.4 4.5 10.1 16.7 19.1 1.15 0.080
6 to 10 ............................................ 573 20.0 10.1 16.4 23.8 47.6 1.66 0.083
11 to 20 .......................................... 1,358 18.9 14.2 18.5 24.6 116.1 1.62 0.086
More than 20 .................................. 4,605 20.3 7.0 17.4 23.4 390.3 1.72 0.085
Currently Unoccupied .................... 32 1.8 0.4 1.5 3.4 3.0 0.17 0.096
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 226 14.9 3.8 8.8 18.1 17.9 1.18 0.079
Natural Gas .................................... 293 15.3 4.5 9.5 19.1 22.9 1.20 0.078
Fuel Oil ........................................... 593 16.9 2.3 5.8 15.2 44.9 1.28 0.076
District Heat ................................... 1,504 18.1 6.4 12.6 20.7 101.1 1.22 0.067
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 241 15.2 4.3 9.2 18.5 18.9 1.19 0.078
Buildings with Cooling .................... 264 15.9 5.1 10.5 20.0 20.9 1.26 0.079
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 271 15.8 4.8 10.2 19.9 21.4 1.25 0.079
Annual Consumption
(kilowatthours)
10,000 or Less .............................. 5 1.3 1.0 1.9 3.2 0.6 0.17 0.124
10,001 to 50,000 ............................ 26 4.9 3.8 6.9 11.7 2.7 0.51 0.104
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 73 8.1 6.6 11.6 21.8 7.2 0.80 0.098
100,001 to 500,000 ........................ 224 13.5 10.7 18.9 36.5 19.6 1.18 0.087
500,001 to 1,000,000 ..................... 680 15.0 12.5 17.7 30.0 56.0 1.23 0.082
1,000,001 to 5,000,000 .................. 2,144 21.4 16.6 24.0 36.1 154.1 1.53 0.072
Over 5,000,000 .............................. 11,864 24.0 19.8 27.3 35.7 846.2 1.71 0.071
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site   http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample that use electricity.
Notes: ● Statistics for the "Energy End Uses" category represent total consumption in buildings that have the end use, not consumption specifically for that particular end use. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.