Released: Dec 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table C36.  Fuel Oil Expenditures by Census Region for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Total Fuel Oil Expenditures
(million dollars)
Fuel Oil Expenditures (dollars)
per Gallon per Square Foot
North-
east
Mid-
west
South West North-
east
Mid-
west
South West North-
east
Mid-
west
South West
All Buildings* ............................... 1,393 176 125 81 1.10 1.03 1.21 1.28 0.23 0.06 0.03 Q
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 10,000 .............................. 460 Q Q Q 1.21 Q Q Q 0.61 Q Q Q
10,001 to 100,000 .......................... 408 70 Q Q 1.09 1.12 1.29 1.31 0.24 0.11 Q Q
Over 100,000 ................................. 524 21 47 Q 1.03 1.05 1.07 1.26 0.14 0.01 0.02 Q
Principal Building Activity
Education ....................................... 293 Q Q Q 1.04 Q Q Q 0.31 Q Q Q
Health Care..................................... Q Q 19 8 Q 1.06 1.08 1.16 Q Q 0.02 0.03
Office ............................................. 122 8 18 Q 1.16 1.32 1.26 1.44 0.09 0.01 0.01 0.00
All Others ....................................... 936 Q 59 50 1.12 1.01 1.34 1.26 0.27 0.11 0.04 Q
Year Constructed
1945 or Before .............................. 612 Q Q Q 1.10 Q Q Q 0.29 Q Q Q
1946 to 1959 .................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
1960 to 1969 .................................. Q Q Q Q 1.06 Q Q Q 0.36 Q Q Q
1970 to 1979 .................................. 133 Q 31 Q 1.10 1.19 1.23 Q 0.21 Q 0.04 Q
1980 to 1989 .................................. 53 Q Q 7 1.18 Q 1.16 1.23 0.08 Q Q 0.01
1990 to 2003 .................................. Q 21 Q Q 1.09 1.16 1.18 Q 0.08 0.03 Q Q
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................... 312 Q N Q 1.06 1.00 N 1.23 0.31 0.13 N Q
  5,500-7,000 HDD ......................... 459 24 N Q 1.15 1.23 N Q 0.21 0.02 N Q
  4,000-5,499 HDD ......................... Q Q Q Q 1.09 Q 1.19 Q 0.22 Q Q Q
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ N N 36 Q N N 1.24 1.38 N N 0.03 Q
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ N N 7 Q N N 1.27 Q N N 0.00 Q
Number of Floors
One ................................................ 267 40 Q Q 1.16 1.11 1.28 Q 0.27 0.09 Q Q
Two ............................................... 442 Q Q Q 1.13 0.96 Q Q 0.35 Q Q Q
Three ............................................. 252 Q Q Q 1.08 Q Q Q 0.28 Q Q Q
Four to Nine ................................... 347 Q 47 Q 1.06 0.97 1.14 1.23 0.20 Q 0.05 Q
Ten or More ................................... Q Q 7 2 1.03 Q 1.16 1.33 Q Q 0.01 0.00
Number of Workers (main shift)
Less than 10 .................................. 525 Q 46 Q 1.20 1.02 1.38 Q 0.43 Q 0.12 Q
10 to 99 .......................................... 635 Q Q Q 1.05 1.03 1.17 Q 0.25 Q Q Q
100 or More ................................... 233 18 43 Q 1.05 1.13 1.10 1.30 0.10 0.01 0.02 Q
Weekly Operating Hours
48 or fewer ................................... 481 Q 34 Q 1.09 Q 1.30 Q 0.34 Q 0.06 Q
49 to 84 .......................................... 422 Q Q 11 1.13 0.96 1.26 1.13 0.23 Q Q 0.01
85 to 168 ........................................ 490 36 51 40 1.09 1.09 1.12 1.29 0.18 0.02 0.03 Q
Ownership and Occupancy
Nongovernment Owned ................ 976 140 90 Q 1.13 1.02 1.27 1.27 0.21 Q 0.03 Q
  Owner Occupied ......................... 583 27 52 9 1.13 1.13 1.32 1.16 0.21 0.03 0.03 0.01
  Nonowner Occupied ................... 392 Q 38 Q 1.13 1.00 1.20 1.30 0.23 Q 0.03 Q
  Unoccupied .................................. Q N N N Q N N N Q N N N
Government Owned ...................... 417 36 Q Q 1.04 1.09 1.08 1.31 0.28 Q Q Q
  Federal ......................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q 1.09 Q Q Q 0.00 Q
  State ............................................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
  Local ............................................ 256 Q Q Q 1.04 Q Q Q 0.23 Q Q Q
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant ......................... Q N N N Q N N N Q N N N
Mostly Vacant ................................ Q N N N Q N N N Q N N N
Partially Vacant .............................. 191 Q 19 Q 1.06 1.18 1.19 1.30 0.11 Q 0.02 Q
Not At All Vacant ........................... 1,194 159 106 Q 1.11 1.02 1.21 1.28 0.28 0.08 0.04 Q
Number of Establishments
One ................................................ 1,152 160 96 Q 1.11 1.03 1.25 1.30 0.31 0.10 0.04 Q
2 to 5 .............................................. 169 Q 23 Q 1.12 1.07 1.08 Q 0.15 Q 0.04 Q
6 to 10 ............................................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
11 to 20 .......................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
More than 20 .................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q 1.28 Q Q Q Q Q
Currently Unoccupied .................... Q N N N Q N N N Q N N N
Predominant Exterior
Wall Material
Brick, Stone or Stucco ................... 921 103 86 Q 1.08 1.12 1.17 1.25 0.25 0.07 0.04 Q
Concrete (Block or Poured) ........... Q 20 Q Q Q 1.13 1.30 1.33 Q Q Q Q
Concrete Panels ............................ Q Q 4 Q Q Q 1.25 Q Q Q Q Q
Siding or Shingles .......................... 264 Q Q Q 1.14 Q Q Q 0.53 Q Q 0.21
Metal Panels ................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Window Glass ............................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ........................ N Q Q Q N Q Q Q N Q Q Q
Predominant Roof Material
Built-Up .......................................... 222 19 42 Q 1.13 1.10 1.16 1.32 0.11 0.02 0.02 Q
Shingles (Not Wood) ...................... 437 Q Q Q 1.16 Q Q Q 0.49 Q Q Q
Metal Surfacing .............................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Synthetic or Rubber ....................... 253 43 Q Q 1.05 1.12 1.16 1.32 0.14 0.04 Q Q
Slate or Tile .................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Wooden Materials .......................... Q Q Q N Q Q Q N Q 0.00 Q N
Concrete ........................................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q 0.00 0.00
No One Major Type ........................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Renovations in Buildings
Constructed Before 1980
(more than one may apply)
Any Type of Renovation
 Since 1980 .................................... 638 Q 62 Q 1.07 0.90 1.18 1.26 0.24 Q 0.05 Q
   Addition or Annex ....................... Q Q 30 Q 1.01 1.06 1.20 Q 0.30 0.04 0.04 Q
   Reduction In Floorspace ............. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
   Cosmetic Improvements .............. 468 Q 45 Q 1.08 0.87 1.14 1.22 0.22 Q 0.05 Q
   Wall or Roof Replacement .......... 358 13 25 Q 1.07 1.11 1.16 Q 0.23 0.02 0.04 Q
   Interior Wall
    Re-Configuration ........................ 302 Q Q Q 1.09 1.12 1.16 1.03 0.23 Q 0.04 Q
   HVAC Equipment Upgrade .......... 223 13 37 Q 1.14 1.10 1.13 1.04 0.15 Q 0.04 0.01
   Lighting Upgrade ......................... 372 Q 26 Q 1.07 1.11 1.17 1.06 0.21 Q Q 0.01
   Window Replacement ................. 362 8 Q Q 1.08 1.23 Q Q 0.24 0.02 Q Q
   Plumbing System Upgrade .......... 311 Q 23 Q 1.06 1.03 1.13 Q 0.21 Q 0.05 Q
   Insulation Upgrade ...................... 154 Q Q Q 1.12 Q Q Q 0.20 Q Q Q
   Other Renovation ........................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q 0.07 Q
No Renovations Since 1980 .......... 627 Q Q Q 1.13 1.15 1.29 Q 0.34 Q Q Q
Building Newer than 1980 ............. 128 23 27 14 1.13 1.15 1.17 1.21 0.08 0.02 0.01 0.01
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 1,393 174 125 81 1.10 1.03 1.21 1.28 0.23 0.06 0.03 0.04
Natural Gas .................................... 681 29 53 Q 1.08 1.11 1.13 1.18 0.18 0.01 0.02 Q
Fuel Oil ........................................... 1,393 176 125 81 1.10 1.03 1.21 1.28 0.23 0.06 0.03 Q
District Heat ................................... Q Q 2 Q Q Q 1.23 Q Q Q 0.01 Q
District Chilled Water ...................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Propane ......................................... 313 Q Q Q 1.03 Q Q Q 0.31 Q Q Q
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Space-Heating Energy Sources
Fuel Oil ........................................... 1,353 167 95 Q 1.09 1.03 1.20 Q 0.34 0.18 0.11 Q
  Fuel Oil Main ................................. 1,304 Q Q Q 1.09 Q Q Q 0.40 Q Q Q
  Fuel Oil Secondary ...................... 59 35 29 Q 1.19 1.15 1.16 Q 0.08 0.05 0.04 Q
Other Excluding Fuel Oil ................. Q 9 26 8 1.56 1.16 1.25 1.30 Q 0.00 0.01 0.00
Buildings without Heating .............. Q N Q Q Q N Q Q Q N Q Q
Primary Space-Heating
Energy Source
Electricity ....................................... Q Q 11 Q Q 1.19 1.32 Q Q Q 0.01 Q
Natural Gas .................................... 63 24 36 Q 1.29 1.13 1.14 1.20 0.04 0.01 0.02 0.01
Fuel Oil ........................................... 1,304 Q Q Q 1.09 Q Q Q 0.40 Q Q Q
District Heat ................................... Q Q 2 Q Q Q 1.25 Q Q Q 0.00 Q
Propane ......................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Cooling Energy Sources
Fuel Oil ........................................... Q N N N Q N N N Q N N N
Other Excluding Fuel Oil ................. 1,086 125 122 43 1.09 0.99 1.21 1.23 0.21 0.05 0.03 0.02
Buildings without Cooling ............... 296 Q Q Q 1.14 Q Q Q 0.30 Q Q Q
Water-Heating Energy Sources
Fuel Oil ........................................... 773 Q Q Q 1.07 Q Q Q 0.50 Q Q Q
Other Excluding Fuel Oil ................. 572 Q 85 36 1.13 1.01 1.20 1.18 0.14 0.05 0.02 0.02
Buildings without Water Heating .... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Cooking Energy Sources
Fuel Oil ........................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q 0.00
Other Excluding Fuel Oil ................. 729 70 59 Q 1.07 1.10 1.14 1.26 0.22 0.04 0.02 Q
Buildings without Cooking .............. 639 Q 57 Q 1.14 0.99 1.31 1.30 0.23 Q 0.04 Q
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 1,378 176 121 Q 1.10 1.03 1.21 1.27 0.23 0.06 0.03 Q
Buildings with Cooling .................... 1,097 125 122 43 1.09 0.99 1.21 1.23 0.21 0.05 0.03 0.02
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 1,344 162 115 61 1.09 1.02 1.18 1.25 0.23 0.06 0.03 0.03
Buildings with Cooking ................... 754 76 68 Q 1.07 1.10 1.14 1.26 0.23 0.04 0.02 Q
Buildings with Manufacturing ........ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................... 174 Q 45 10 1.09 1.12 1.19 1.20 0.07 0.01 0.01 0.01
Percent of Floorspace Heated
Not Heated ..................................... Q N Q Q Q N Q Q Q N Q Q
1 to 50 ............................................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
51 to 99 .......................................... 167 Q 25 Q 1.11 Q 1.09 1.06 0.26 Q 0.03 Q
100 ................................................. 1,116 160 93 Q 1.09 1.02 1.24 1.30 0.24 0.07 0.03 Q
Heating Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Heat Pumps .................................... Q Q 11 Q Q Q 1.26 1.04 Q Q Q Q
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Furnaces ....................................... 345 28 Q Q 1.15 1.16 1.25 Q 0.26 0.04 Q Q
Individual Space Heaters ............... 192 Q 29 Q 1.10 1.15 1.25 Q 0.15 0.02 0.03 Q
District Heat ................................... Q Q 2 Q Q Q 1.24 Q Q Q 0.00 Q
Boilers ............................................ 1,060 Q 86 Q 1.08 1.01 1.15 1.28 0.28 Q 0.04 Q
Packaged Heating Units ................. Q 10 25 Q Q 1.00 1.23 1.20 Q 0.01 Q Q
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Water Heating Equipment
Centralized System ........... 1,014 Q Q Q 1.11 1.01 1.18 1.31 0.28 0.08 Q Q
Distributed System ........... Q Q Q Q Q Q 1.26 Q Q Q 0.02 Q
Combination of Centralized
 and Distributed System ...... 106 Q 19 9 1.01 1.08 1.14 1.08 0.11 Q 0.02 0.01
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation ........ 754 76 68 Q 1.07 1.10 1.14 1.26 0.23 0.04 0.02 Q
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water .................. 595 42 Q Q 1.04 1.07 1.15 1.30 0.23 0.03 0.02 Q
Separate Computer Area ............... 576 45 66 Q 1.03 1.08 1.11 1.30 0.16 0.02 0.02 Q
HVAC Conservation Features
(more than one may apply)
Variable Air-Volume System ......... 184 30 50 9 1.05 1.11 1.12 1.25 0.08 0.02 0.02 0.01
Economizer Cycle .......................... 253 21 51 5 1.09 1.08 1.08 1.26 0.11 0.01 0.02 0.00
HVAC Maintenance ....................... 1,261 123 117 Q 1.09 1.12 1.20 1.30 0.23 0.05 0.03 Q
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS) ................ 166 14 42 Q 1.06 1.12 1.08 1.31 0.09 0.01 0.02 Q
Equipment Usage Reduced
When Building Not In Full Use
(more than one may apply)a
Heating ........................................... 1,051 103 100 Q 1.10 1.13 1.22 1.27 0.23 0.05 0.04 Q
Cooling ........................................... 897 51 102 Q 1.08 1.15 1.22 1.29 0.22 0.03 0.03 Q
Lighting .......................................... 969 142 88 Q 1.11 1.02 1.24 1.28 0.27 0.08 0.04 Q
Office Equipment ........................... 613 Q Q Q 1.09 0.90 1.23 Q 0.34 Q Q Q
Annual Consumption
(gallons)
1,000 or Less ................................ 73 19 23 10 1.29 1.28 1.46 1.31 0.03 0.01 0.01 0.01
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 313 Q Q Q 1.24 1.18 1.23 Q 0.24 Q Q Q
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Over 25,000 ................................... 699 Q Q Q 1.01 Q Q Q 0.40 Q Q Q
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet. In the 1999 CBECS, total fuel oil consumption in malls was not statistically significant.
a The definition for one or more of these row items has changed and may not be directly comparable with past CBECS estimates. See "Guide to the Tables" for discussion of the differences.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample that use fuel oil.
Notes: ● Statistics for the "Energy End Uses" category represent total consumption in buildings that have the end use, not consumption specifically for that particular end use. ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.