Released: Dec 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table C35.  Fuel Oil Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Region for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Total Fuel Oil
Consumption
(million gallons)
Total Floorspace of
Buildings Using Fuel Oil
(million square feet)
Fuel Oil
Energy Intensity
(gallons/square foot)
North-
east
Mid-
west
South West North-
east
Mid-
west
South West North-
east
Mid-
west
South West
All Buildings* ............................. 1,265 170 104 63 6,080 2,832 4,122 2,123 0.21 0.06 0.03 Q
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 10,000 ............................ 381 Q Q Q 757 Q 255 Q 0.50 Q 0.10 Q
10,001 to 100,000 ........................ 375 63 Q Q 1,704 643 833 351 0.22 0.10 Q Q
Over 100,000 ............................... 509 20 44 Q 3,618 1,983 3,034 1,673 0.14 0.01 0.01 Q
Principal Building Activity
Education ..................................... 282 Q Q Q 933 Q Q Q 0.30 Q Q Q
Health Care................................... Q Q 17 7 Q 492 786 262 Q Q 0.02 0.03
Office ........................................... 105 6 14 1 1,379 714 1,235 748 0.08 0.01 0.01 0.00
All Others ..................................... 837 Q 44 40 3,426 1,281 1,644 984 0.24 Q 0.03 Q
Year Constructed
1945 or Before ............................. 555 Q Q Q 2,126 Q Q Q 0.26 Q Q Q
1946 to 1959 ................................ 277 Q Q Q 1,233 343 Q Q 0.22 Q Q Q
1960 to 1969 ................................ Q Q Q Q 579 398 443 Q 0.34 Q Q Q
1970 to 1979 ................................ 121 Q 25 Q 626 562 693 Q 0.19 Q 0.04 Q
1980 to 1989 ................................ 45 Q Q 5 620 Q 1,064 980 0.07 Q Q 0.01
1990 to 2003 ................................ Q 18 Q 6 896 806 1,184 325 0.08 0.02 Q Q
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................. 295 Q N Q 1,009 1,158 N 331 0.29 0.13 N Q
  5,500-7,000 HDD ........................ 398 20 N Q 2,207 1,461 N Q 0.18 0.01 N Q
  4,000-5,499 HDD ........................ Q Q Q Q 2,863 Q 1,392 Q 0.20 Q Q Q
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD .............. N N 29 Q N N 1,245 1,092 N N 0.02 Q
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD .............. N N 6 Q N N 1,486 Q N N 0.00 Q
Number of Floors
One .............................................. 230 35 Q Q 987 420 800 311 0.23 0.08 Q Q
Two .............................................. 390 Q Q Q 1,249 603 618 Q 0.31 Q Q Q
Three ............................................ 234 Q Q Q 916 Q Q Q 0.26 Q Q Q
Four to Nine .................................. 328 Q 41 Q 1,704 1,007 887 503 0.19 Q 0.05 Q
Ten or More .................................. Q Q 6 1 1,224 Q 1,349 900 Q Q 0.00 0.00
Number of Workers (main shift)
Less than 10 ................................ 436 Q 33 Q 1,221 374 376 Q 0.36 Q 0.09 Q
10 to 99 ........................................ 606 27 Q Q 2,501 939 988 Q 0.24 0.03 Q Q
100 or More .................................. 222 16 39 Q 2,358 1,520 2,758 1,681 0.09 0.01 0.01 Q
Weekly Operating Hours
48 or fewer .................................. 441 Q Q Q 1,426 475 559 Q 0.31 Q 0.05 Q
49 to 84 ........................................ 374 Q Q 10 1,859 915 1,526 805 0.20 Q Q 0.01
85 to 168 ...................................... 450 33 45 31 2,795 1,442 2,037 1,209 0.16 0.02 0.02 Q
Ownership and Occupancy
Nongovernment Owned ............... 865 Q 71 34 4,568 1,938 3,132 1,736 0.19 Q 0.02 0.02
  Owner Occupied ....................... 517 24 39 7 2,790 1,010 1,641 650 0.19 0.02 0.02 0.01
  Nonowner Occupied .................. 348 Q 32 Q 1,711 927 1,491 1,085 0.20 Q 0.02 Q
  Unoccupied ................................ Q N N N Q N N N Q N N N
Government Owned .................... 400 33 Q Q 1,512 894 990 387 0.26 0.04 Q Q
  Federal ....................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
  State ........................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
  Local .......................................... 245 Q Q Q 1,102 574 Q Q 0.22 Q Q Q
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant ....................... Q N N N Q N N N Q N N N
Mostly Vacant .............................. Q N N N Q N N N Q N N N
Partially Vacant ............................ 179 Q 16 Q 1,704 756 1,203 684 0.11 Q 0.01 Q
Not At All Vacant ......................... 1,076 156 88 60 4,283 2,077 2,919 1,439 0.25 0.08 0.03 Q
Number of Establishments
One .............................................. 1,041 Q 76 Q 3,679 1,652 2,654 1,227 0.28 0.09 0.03 Q
2 to 5 ............................................ 151 Q 21 Q 1,119 651 615 Q 0.13 Q 0.03 Q
6 to 10 .......................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
11 to 20 ........................................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
More than 20 ................................ Q Q Q Q Q Q 487 Q Q Q Q Q
Currently Unoccupied .................. Q N N N Q N N N Q N N N
Predominant Exterior
Wall Material
Brick, Stone or Stucco ................. 855 93 74 Q 3,688 1,425 2,035 587 0.23 0.07 0.04 Q
Concrete (Block or Poured) ......... Q 17 Q Q Q 471 814 449 Q 0.04 Q Q
Concrete Panels ........................... Q Q 4 Q Q Q 843 Q Q Q 0.00 Q
Siding or Shingles ........................ 230 Q Q Q 496 Q Q Q 0.46 Q Q 0.18
Metal Panels ................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Window Glass ............................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other ............................................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ...................... N Q Q Q N Q Q Q N Q Q Q
Predominant Roof Material
Built-Up ......................................... 196 17 36 Q 1,936 914 1,727 988 0.10 0.02 0.02 Q
Shingles (Not Wood) .................... 375 Q Q Q 892 Q Q Q 0.42 Q Q Q
Metal Surfacing ............................ 74 Q Q Q 512 Q Q Q 0.14 Q Q Q
Synthetic or Rubber ..................... 240 38 Q Q 1,745 1,068 1,172 701 0.14 0.04 Q Q
Slate or Tile .................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Wooden Materials ........................ Q Q Q N Q Q Q N Q 0.00 Q N
Concrete ...................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other ............................................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q 0.00 0.00
No One Major Type ...................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Renovations in Buildings
Constructed Before 1980
(more than one may apply)
Any Type of Renovation
 Since 1980 .................................. 598 Q 52 29 2,711 1,013 1,361 567 0.22 Q 0.04 0.05
   Addition or Annex ..................... Q Q 25 Q Q 540 760 Q 0.30 0.04 0.03 Q
   Reduction In Floorspace ........... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
   Cosmetic Improvements ............ 432 Q 39 Q 2,089 832 850 430 0.21 Q 0.05 Q
   Wall or Roof Replacement ......... 333 11 22 Q 1,581 541 665 Q 0.21 0.02 0.03 Q
   Interior Wall
    Re-Configuration ...................... 277 Q Q Q 1,305 651 740 392 0.21 Q 0.03 Q
   HVAC Equipment Upgrade ........ 197 Q 33 Q 1,482 709 909 405 0.13 Q 0.04 Q
   Lighting Upgrade ....................... 347 Q 22 Q 1,750 694 653 432 0.20 Q 0.03 Q
   Window Replacement ............... 337 6 Q Q 1,520 360 Q Q 0.22 0.02 Q Q
   Plumbing System Upgrade ........ 293 Q 20 Q 1,517 449 497 Q 0.19 Q 0.04 Q
   Insulation Upgrade .................... 137 Q Q Q 758 Q Q Q 0.18 Q Q Q
   Other Renovation ...................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q 0.05 Q
No Renovations Since 1980 ......... 553 Q Q Q 1,853 598 514 Q 0.30 Q Q Q
Building Newer than 1980 ............ 114 20 23 12 1,516 1,221 2,248 1,305 0.08 0.02 0.01 0.01
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ...................................... 1,265 169 104 63 6,080 2,817 4,122 2,123 0.21 0.06 0.03 0.03
Natural Gas .................................. 629 26 47 Q 3,714 2,123 2,962 1,584 0.17 0.01 0.02 Q
Fuel Oil ......................................... 1,265 170 104 63 6,080 2,832 4,122 2,123 0.21 0.06 0.03 Q
District Heat .................................. Q Q 2 Q 731 314 476 Q Q Q Q Q
District Chilled Water .................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Propane ........................................ 304 Q Q Q 1,014 Q Q Q 0.30 Q Q Q
Other ............................................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Space-Heating Energy Sources
Fuel Oil ......................................... 1,237 162 79 Q 3,927 916 897 Q 0.31 Q 0.09 Q
  Fuel Oil Main ............................... 1,195 Q Q Q 3,250 Q Q Q 0.37 Q Q Q
  Fuel Oil Secondary ..................... 50 31 25 Q 699 687 665 Q 0.07 0.04 0.04 Q
Other Excluding Fuel Oil ............... Q 8 21 6 2,103 1,916 3,137 1,798 Q 0.00 0.01 0.00
Buildings without Heating ............. Q N Q Q Q N Q Q Q N Q Q
Primary Space-Heating
Energy Source
Electricity ...................................... Q Q 8 Q Q 563 1,688 531 Q Q 0.00 0.01
Natural Gas .................................. 49 22 31 Q 1,730 1,671 1,630 1,226 0.03 0.01 0.02 0.01
Fuel Oil ......................................... 1,195 Q Q Q 3,250 Q Q Q 0.37 Q Q Q
District Heat .................................. Q Q 1 Q Q Q 433 Q Q Q Q Q
Propane ........................................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other ............................................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Cooling Energy Sources
Fuel Oil ......................................... Q N N N Q N N N Q N N N
Other Excluding Fuel Oil ............... 996 127 101 35 5,070 2,670 4,093 2,027 0.20 0.05 0.02 0.02
Buildings without Cooling ............. 259 Q Q Q 979 Q Q Q 0.26 Q Q Q
Water-Heating Energy Sources
Fuel Oil ......................................... 721 Q Q Q 1,542 Q Q Q 0.47 Q Q Q
Other Excluding Fuel Oil ............... 508 Q 70 31 4,216 2,607 3,826 2,030 0.12 Q 0.02 0.02
Buildings without Water Heating .. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Cooking Energy Sources
Fuel Oil ......................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q 0.00
Other Excluding Fuel Oil ............... 682 64 52 Q 3,244 1,699 2,777 1,138 0.21 0.04 0.02 Q
Buildings without Cooking ............ 558 Q 43 Q 2,776 1,111 1,315 968 0.20 Q 0.03 Q
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ...... 1,253 170 100 Q 6,030 2,832 4,034 2,045 0.21 0.06 0.02 Q
Buildings with Cooling .................. 1,005 127 101 35 5,101 2,670 4,093 2,027 0.20 0.05 0.02 0.02
Buildings with Water Heating ....... 1,228 Q 98 49 5,758 2,699 4,030 2,072 0.21 0.06 0.02 0.02
Buildings with Cooking ................. 707 69 60 Q 3,304 1,721 2,807 1,155 0.21 0.04 0.02 Q
Buildings with Manufacturing ....... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................. 160 Q 38 8 2,590 2,129 3,368 1,780 0.06 Q 0.01 0.00
Percent of Floorspace Heated
Not Heated ................................... Q N Q Q Q N Q Q Q N Q Q
1 to 50 .......................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
51 to 99 ........................................ 150 Q 23 Q 644 Q 830 748 0.23 Q 0.03 Q
100 ............................................... 1,019 Q 75 Q 4,671 2,422 2,987 1,129 0.22 0.06 0.02 Q
Heating Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Heat Pumps .................................. Q Q 9 Q Q Q 1,100 510 Q Q 0.01 Q
  Packaged Heat Pumps ............... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
  Split-System Heat Pumps ........... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ...... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Furnaces ...................................... 300 24 Q Q 1,352 747 973 Q 0.22 0.03 Q Q
Individual Space Heaters ............. 174 Q 23 Q 1,245 876 846 Q 0.14 Q 0.03 Q
District Heat .................................. Q Q 2 Q 624 Q 451 Q Q Q Q Q
Boilers .......................................... 981 Q 74 Q 3,833 1,775 1,904 1,418 0.26 Q 0.04 Q
Packaged Heating Units ............... 87 10 Q Q 945 740 1,563 614 0.09 0.01 Q Q
Other ............................................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Water Heating Equipment
Centralized System ........... 916 Q Q Q 3,627 1,724 2,222 838 0.25 Q Q Q
Distributed System ........... 208 Q Q Q 1,182 Q 588 Q 0.18 Q 0.02 Q
Combination of Centralized
 and Distributed System ...... 105 Q 17 8 949 755 1,220 1,041 0.11 Q 0.01 0.01
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation ...... 707 69 60 Q 3,304 1,721 2,807 1,155 0.21 0.04 0.02 Q
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water ................ 574 40 47 Q 2,577 1,652 2,380 1,081 0.22 0.02 0.02 Q
Separate Computer Area ............. 560 41 59 35 3,623 1,957 2,916 1,756 0.15 0.02 0.02 Q
HVAC Conservation Features
(more than one may apply)
Variable Air-Volume System ........ 174 27 45 7 2,243 1,823 2,394 1,367 0.08 0.02 0.02 0.01
Economizer Cycle ........................ 232 19 48 4 2,238 1,794 2,378 1,454 0.10 0.01 0.02 0.00
HVAC Maintenance ...................... 1,156 110 98 49 5,602 2,638 3,898 2,015 0.21 0.04 0.03 Q
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS) ............... 156 13 39 Q 1,798 1,395 1,996 1,173 0.09 0.01 0.02 Q
Equipment Usage Reduced
When Building Not In Full Use
(more than one may apply)a
Heating ......................................... 952 91 82 Q 4,569 1,898 2,827 1,568 0.21 0.05 0.03 Q
Cooling ......................................... 828 44 84 Q 4,138 1,758 2,968 1,625 0.20 0.03 0.03 Q
Lighting ......................................... 871 Q Q Q 3,560 1,683 2,393 1,106 0.24 Q Q Q
Office Equipment .......................... 564 Q Q Q 1,828 617 578 Q 0.31 Q Q Q
Annual Consumption
(gallons)
1,000 or Less ............................... 56 15 16 7 2,097 1,955 3,017 1,556 0.03 0.01 0.01 0.00
1,001 to 5,000 .............................. 252 Q Q Q 1,310 450 433 Q 0.19 0.07 Q Q
5,001 to 10,000 ............................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
10,001 to 25,000 .......................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Over 25,000 ................................. 691 Q Q Q 1,763 Q Q Q 0.39 Q Q Q
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet. In the 1999 CBECS, total fuel oil consumption in malls was not statistically significant.
a The definition for one or more of these row items has changed and may not be directly comparable with past CBECS estimates. See "Guide to the Tables" for discussion of the differences.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample that use fuel oil.
Notes: ● Statistics for the "Energy End Uses" category represent total consumption in buildings that have the end use, not consumption specifically for that particular end use. ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.