Released: Dec 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table C34.  Fuel Oil Consumption and Expenditure Intensities for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Fuel Oil Consumption Fuel Oil Expenditures
per Building (gallons) per
Square Foot
(gallons)
per
Worker (gallons)
per Building (thousand dollars) per
Square Foot
(dollars)
per
Gallon (dollars)
All Buildings* ............................... 3,555 0.11 81.6 3.9 0.12 1.11
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 1,187 0.41 315.2 1.4 0.49 1.18
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 2,639 0.37 456.4 3.1 0.43 1.17
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 3,238 0.20 218.5 3.8 0.24 1.18
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 5,383 0.14 109.4 5.8 0.15 1.08
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 8,163 0.11 78.4 8.8 0.12 1.08
100,001 to 200,000 ........................ 12,681 0.09 80.6 13.1 0.09 1.03
200,001 to 500,000 ........................ 22,353 0.08 62.1 23.6 0.08 1.05
Over 500,000 ................................. 16,057 0.02 10.7 16.4 0.02 1.02
Principal Building Activity
Education ....................................... 12,911 0.18 199.2 13.7 0.19 1.06
Food Sales ..................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q
Food Service ................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q
Health Care .................................... 5,755 0.04 21.0 6.0 0.04 1.05
  Inpatient ....................................... 9,252 0.04 20.4 9.6 0.04 1.04
  Outpatient .................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q
Lodging .......................................... 9,024 0.12 215.5 9.6 0.12 1.07
Retail (Other Than Mall).................. 3,084 Q Q 3.2 Q 1.04
Office ............................................. 1,932 0.03 13.3 2.3 0.04 1.18
Public Assembly ............................ 4,990 0.22 437.8 5.5 0.24 1.10
Public Order and Safety ................ 2,489 Q Q Q Q Q
Religious Worship .......................... 3,431 0.29 Q Q Q Q
Service .......................................... Q Q Q 1.8 0.27 1.17
Warehouse and Storage ............... 1,779 0.05 Q 2.0 0.06 1.12
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q
Vacant ........................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................... 3,647 0.28 441.9 4.1 0.32 1.11
1920 to 1945 .................................. 7,541 0.20 195.8 8.1 0.21 1.07
1946 to 1959 .................................. 4,599 0.17 168.5 5.2 0.19 1.13
1960 to 1969 .................................. 4,354 0.16 104.9 4.8 0.17 1.10
1970 to 1979 .................................. 2,730 0.07 46.8 3.1 0.08 1.13
1980 to 1989 .................................. 1,040 0.02 13.0 1.2 0.03 1.18
1990 to 1999 .................................. 1,321 0.03 24.3 1.5 0.03 1.11
2000 to 2003 .................................. 2,247 Q Q 2.6 Q 1.14
Census Region and Division
Northeast ....................................... 4,985 0.21 176.2 5.5 0.23 1.10
  New England ............................... 4,123 0.32 310.1 4.6 0.35 1.11
  Middle Atlantic .............................. 5,777 0.17 137.3 6.3 0.19 1.09
Midwest ......................................... 2,237 0.06 47.0 2.3 0.06 1.03
  East North Central ........................ Q Q Q 1.9 0.03 0.92
  West North Central ...................... 2,418 0.10 106.9 2.7 Q 1.12
South ............................................. 1,235 0.03 19.4 1.5 0.03 1.21
  South Atlantic .............................. 1,582 0.04 27.4 1.9 0.04 1.21
  East South Central ....................... 449 0.02 15.4 Q Q Q
  West South Central ...................... 398 0.00 2.8 0.5 0.00 1.25
West .............................................. 1,722 Q 18.2 Q Q 1.28
  Mountain ...................................... Q Q Q Q Q 1.32
  Pacific .......................................... Q 0.02 Q Q Q 1.25
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................... 3,115 0.18 178.7 3.3 0.19 1.04
  5,500-7,000 HDD ......................... 3,074 0.11 88.5 3.6 0.13 1.16
  4,000-5,499 HDD ......................... 6,710 0.14 104.9 7.4 0.15 1.10
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 861 0.02 11.5 1.1 0.02 1.28
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 500 0.00 3.0 0.6 0.00 1.27
Number of Floors
One ................................................ 1,606 0.13 131.3 1.9 0.16 1.18
Two ............................................... 3,496 0.18 186.7 3.9 0.20 1.11
Three ............................................. 4,879 0.15 138.9 5.3 0.16 1.09
Four to Nine ................................... 11,666 0.10 79.5 12.5 0.10 1.07
Ten or More ................................... 10,736 0.02 12.5 11.3 0.02 1.05
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 ................................. 1,978 0.34 977.0 2.3 0.40 1.16
5 to 9 .............................................. 1,785 0.19 264.2 2.2 0.24 1.26
10 to 19 .......................................... 6,297 0.23 482.2 6.7 0.25 1.06
20 to 49 .......................................... 7,044 0.16 233.2 7.5 0.17 1.07
50 to 99 .......................................... 9,017 0.09 132.7 9.4 0.10 1.05
100 to 249 ...................................... 6,958 0.06 46.3 7.4 0.07 1.06
250 or More ................................... 9,949 0.03 12.4 10.8 0.03 1.08
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ............................... 1,323 0.19 285.7 1.6 0.23 1.20
40 to 48 .......................................... 3,879 0.21 179.3 4.3 0.23 1.10
49 to 60 .......................................... 2,275 0.08 51.5 2.6 0.09 1.14
61 to 84 .......................................... 5,213 0.14 103.8 5.6 0.15 1.07
85 to 167 ........................................ 3,729 0.09 86.8 4.3 0.10 1.15
Open Continuously ........................ 6,188 0.07 52.2 6.7 0.08 1.09
Ownership and Occupancy
Nongovernment Owned ................ 2,987 0.10 72.2 3.4 0.11 1.13
  Owner Occupied ......................... 2,810 0.10 72.2 3.2 0.11 1.14
  Nonowner Occupied ................... 3,225 0.10 72.1 3.6 0.11 1.11
  Unoccupied .................................. Q Q N Q Q Q
Government Owned ...................... 6,192 0.13 115.5 6.6 0.14 1.06
  Federal ......................................... 11,801 Q Q 15.2 Q 1.29
  State ............................................ 6,949 0.17 219.4 7.1 0.18 1.02
  Local ............................................ 5,442 0.12 100.6 5.7 0.12 1.05
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant ......................... Q Q N Q Q Q
Mostly Vacant ................................ Q Q Q Q Q Q
Partially Vacant .............................. 4,303 0.05 29.1 4.7 0.05 1.08
Not At All Vacant ........................... 3,455 0.13 112.2 3.8 0.14 1.11
Number of Establishments
One ................................................ 3,537 0.14 127.8 3.9 0.16 1.11
2 to 5 .............................................. 3,039 0.07 67.5 3.4 0.08 1.13
6 to 10 ............................................ Q Q 46.0 Q Q 1.03
11 to 20 .......................................... Q 0.02 Q Q 0.02 0.93
More than 20 .................................. Q Q Q Q Q 1.06
Currently Unoccupied .................... Q Q N Q Q Q
Predominant Exterior
Wall Material
Brick, Stone or Stucco ................... 6,580 0.13 111.0 7.2 0.15 1.09
Concrete (Block or Poured) ........... 2,121 0.07 61.5 2.5 0.08 1.17
Concrete Panels ............................ Q Q Q Q Q 1.15
Siding or Shingles .......................... 2,309 0.39 430.0 2.5 0.43 1.09
Metal Panels ................................... 948 0.05 38.4 1.2 0.07 1.28
Window Glass ............................... 463 0.00 Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ........................ Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant Roof Material
Built-Up .......................................... 3,277 0.05 34.9 3.7 0.05 1.14
Shingles (Not Wood) ...................... 2,712 0.25 211.4 3.2 0.29 1.17
Metal Surfacing .............................. 1,342 0.12 Q 1.4 0.13 1.08
Synthetic or Rubber ....................... 5,154 0.07 47.4 5.6 0.08 1.10
Slate or Tile .................................... 6,873 0.18 141.2 7.7 0.21 1.13
Wooden Materials .......................... Q Q Q Q Q Q
Concrete ........................................ Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ........................ Q Q Q Q Q Q
Renovations in Buildings
Constructed Before 1980
(more than one may apply)
Any Type of Renovation
 Since 1980 .................................... 5,073 0.13 96.9 5.4 0.14 1.07
   Addition or Annex ....................... 8,530 0.14 Q 8.7 0.14 1.02
   Reduction In Floorspace ............. Q Q Q Q Q Q
   Cosmetic Improvements .............. 5,198 0.13 93.7 5.5 0.14 1.07
   Wall or Roof Replacement .......... 5,810 0.13 88.0 6.3 0.14 1.09
   Interior Wall
    Re-Configuration ........................ 4,856 0.10 72.3 5.3 0.11 1.10
   HVAC Equipment Upgrade .......... 3,777 0.07 41.2 4.3 0.08 1.13
   Lighting Upgrade ......................... 5,329 0.11 79.4 5.8 0.12 1.08
   Window Replacement ................. 5,876 0.16 111.4 6.3 0.17 1.08
   Plumbing System Upgrade .......... 6,673 0.12 82.6 7.1 0.12 1.07
   Insulation Upgrade ...................... 3,116 0.11 71.1 3.5 0.12 1.13
   Other Renovation ........................ Q Q Q Q Q Q
No Renovations Since 1980 .......... 3,930 0.21 241.0 4.5 0.24 1.15
Building Newer than 1980 ............. 1,303 0.03 18.7 1.5 0.03 1.14
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 3,569 0.11 81.6 4.0 0.12 1.11
Natural Gas .................................... 5,516 0.07 50.8 6.0 0.07 1.09
Fuel Oil ........................................... 3,555 0.11 81.6 3.9 0.12 1.11
District Heat ................................... 2,198 0.01 3.3 2.3 0.01 1.03
District Chilled Water ...................... 3,458 0.01 9.3 3.6 0.01 1.05
Propane ......................................... 5,037 0.18 193.1 5.3 0.19 1.06
Other .............................................. Q 0.06 43.7 0.9 0.07 1.19
Space-Heating Energy Sources
Fuel Oil ........................................... 4,241 0.25 283.4 4.7 0.28 1.10
  Fuel Oil Main ................................. 5,046 0.37 533.0 5.5 0.41 1.09
  Fuel Oil Secondary ...................... 1,399 0.05 41.2 1.6 0.06 1.17
Other Excluding Fuel Oil ................. 609 0.01 3.6 0.8 0.01 1.34
Buildings without Heating .............. Q Q Q Q Q Q
Primary Space-Heating
Energy Source
Electricity ....................................... 456 0.01 5.3 0.6 0.01 1.24
Natural Gas .................................... 1,411 0.02 11.5 1.7 0.02 1.21
Fuel Oil ........................................... 5,046 0.37 533.0 5.5 0.41 1.09
District Heat ................................... 1,896 0.00 2.8 2.0 0.01 1.07
Propane ......................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q
Cooling Energy Sources
Fuel Oil ........................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other Excluding Fuel Oil ................. 4,218 0.09 66.5 4.6 0.10 1.09
Buildings without Cooling ............... 2,194 0.26 481.2 2.6 0.31 1.16
Water-Heating Energy Sources
Fuel Oil ........................................... 8,332 0.42 385.8 9.0 0.45 1.08
Other Excluding Fuel Oil ................. 2,651 0.06 43.5 3.0 0.07 1.11
Buildings without Water Heating .... 926 0.12 Q 1.3 0.16 1.36
Cooking Energy Sources
Fuel Oil ........................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other Excluding Fuel Oil ................. 7,232 0.09 69.9 7.8 0.10 1.08
Buildings without Cooking .............. 2,215 0.12 96.5 2.5 0.14 1.14
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 3,560 0.11 81.3 3.9 0.12 1.11
Buildings with Cooling .................... 4,250 0.09 67.0 4.6 0.10 1.09
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 4,075 0.11 79.8 4.5 0.12 1.10
Buildings with Cooking ................... 7,447 0.10 72.0 8.0 0.10 1.08
Buildings with Manufacturing ........ 1,944 0.05 Q 2.2 0.06 1.14
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................... 2,466 0.02 14.6 2.7 0.03 1.11
Percent of Floorspace Heated
Not Heated ..................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q
1 to 50 ............................................ 1,508 0.07 106.9 1.8 0.09 1.16
51 to 99 .......................................... 3,305 0.08 52.9 3.7 0.08 1.11
100 ................................................. 3,996 0.12 86.6 4.4 0.13 1.10
Heating Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Heat Pumps .................................... 2,093 0.02 11.1 2.4 0.02 1.13
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. Q Q 7.0 Q Q 1.19
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. Q Q Q 0.5 Q 1.28
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ Q Q Q Q Q 1.08
Furnaces ....................................... 1,708 0.11 122.5 2.0 0.13 1.16
Individual Space Heaters ............... 2,397 0.07 55.9 2.7 0.08 1.12
District Heat ................................... 1,935 0.00 3.0 2.0 0.01 1.04
Boilers ............................................ 6,937 0.14 108.4 7.5 0.15 1.08
Packaged Heating Units ................. 2,277 0.03 21.1 2.6 0.04 1.14
Other .............................................. 894 0.03 23.9 1.1 0.04 1.28
Water Heating Equipment
Centralized System ........................ 4,010 0.14 111.2 4.4 0.15 1.11
Distributed System ......................... 3,686 0.10 103.8 4.0 0.11 1.09
Combination of Centralized
 and Distributed System ................. 5,722 0.04 22.2 5.9 0.04 1.04
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation ........ 7,447 0.10 72.0 8.0 0.10 1.08
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water .................. 8,391 0.09 71.2 8.9 0.09 1.06
Separate Computer Area ............... 8,742 0.07 43.7 9.2 0.07 1.05
HVAC Conservation Features
(more than one may apply)
Variable Air-Volume System ......... 4,153 0.03 20.1 4.5 0.03 1.08
Economizer Cycle .......................... 4,554 0.04 24.3 5.0 0.04 1.09
HVAC Maintenance ....................... 4,342 0.10 74.7 4.8 0.11 1.11
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS) ................ 6,819 0.03 21.4 7.4 0.04 1.09
Equipment Usage Reduced
When Building Not In Full Use
(more than one may apply)a
Heating ........................................... 3,555 0.11 82.3 4.0 0.12 1.12
Cooling ........................................... 4,443 0.09 69.2 4.9 0.10 1.10
Lighting .......................................... 3,128 0.13 102.2 3.5 0.14 1.12
Office Equipment ........................... 4,498 0.20 196.0 4.8 0.22 1.08
Annual Consumption
(gallons)
1,000 or Less ................................ 375 0.01 7.5 0.5 0.01 1.32
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 2,276 0.12 101.3 2.8 0.15 1.24
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 6,744 0.22 200.6 8.0 0.27 1.19
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 14,793 0.24 187.1 15.7 0.25 1.06
Over 25,000 ................................... 55,257 0.36 434.8 56.5 0.37 1.02
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet. In the 1999 CBECS,total fuel oil consumption in malls was not statistically significant.
a The definition for one or more of these row items has changed and may not be directly comparable with past CBECS estimates. See "Guide to the Tables" for discussion of the differences.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample that use fuel oil.
Notes: ● Statistics for the "Energy End Uses" category represent total consumption in buildings that have the end use, not consumption specifically for that particular end use. ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.