Released: Dec 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table C33.  Total Fuel Oil Consumption and Expenditures for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  All Buildings*
Using Fuel Oil
Fuel Oil
Consumption
Fuel Oil Expenditures
Number of Buildings (thousand) Floorspace (million
square feet)
Floorspace
per Building
(thousand
square feet)
Total
(trillion
Btu)
Total
(million gallons)
Total
(million
dollars)
All Buildings* ............................... 451 15,157 34 222 1,602 1,776
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 209 600 3 34 249 292
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 99 716 7 36 261 307
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 61 966 16 27 196 232
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 22 825 38 16 117 127
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 23 1,740 76 26 188 203
100,001 to 200,000 ........................ 21 2,927 141 37 263 272
200,001 to 500,000 ........................ 12 3,400 294 36 258 272
Over 500,000 ................................. 4 3,981 927 10 69 71
Principal Building Activity
Education ....................................... 26 1,864 70 47 342 362
Food Sales ..................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q
Food Service ................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q
Health Care .................................... 13 1,882 143 11 76 79
  Inpatient ....................................... 7 1,683 240 9 65 67
  Outpatient .................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q
Lodging .......................................... 28 2,193 78 35 255 272
Retail (Other Than Mall).................. 37 501 14 Q Q 117
Office ............................................. 65 4,075 62 18 126 149
Public Assembly ............................ 42 939 23 29 208 230
Public Order and Safety ................ 23 620 27 8 57 Q
Religious Worship .......................... 38 453 12 18 130 Q
Service .......................................... 93 626 7 Q Q Q
Warehouse and Storage ............... 37 1,268 34 9 66 74
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q
Vacant ........................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................... 75 961 13 38 273 304
1920 to 1945 .................................. 52 1,986 38 54 390 417
1946 to 1959 .................................. 75 2,048 27 48 347 392
1960 to 1969 .................................. 61 1,685 28 Q Q Q
1970 to 1979 .................................. 59 2,187 37 22 161 182
1980 to 1989 .................................. 63 3,079 49 9 66 78
1990 to 1999 .................................. 49 2,086 43 9 65 72
2000 to 2003 .................................. 17 1,125 67 Q Q Q
Census Region and Division
Northeast ....................................... 254 6,080 24 175 1,265 1,393
  New England ............................... 122 1,577 13 69 501 557
  Middle Atlantic .............................. 132 4,502 34 106 764 836
Midwest ......................................... 76 2,832 37 24 170 176
  East North Central ........................ 35 1,871 53 Q Q Q
  West North Central ...................... 41 961 23 Q Q Q
South ............................................. 84 4,122 49 14 104 125
  South Atlantic .............................. 59 2,639 45 13 93 112
  East South Central ....................... 15 341 23 1 7 Q
  West South Central ...................... 11 1,141 108 1 4 5
West .............................................. 37 2,123 58 9 63 81
  Mountain ...................................... 10 626 Q Q Q Q
  Pacific .......................................... 27 1,497 56 4 29 Q
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................... 145 2,499 17 63 451 471
  5,500-7,000 HDD ......................... 148 4,052 27 63 455 530
  4,000-5,499 HDD ......................... 97 4,628 48 90 648 713
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 49 2,337 48 6 42 54
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 13 1,642 130 1 6 8
Number of Floors
One ................................................ 209 2,518 12 47 335 397
Two ............................................... 142 2,724 19 69 496 550
Three ............................................. 57 1,914 34 39 279 304
Four to Nine ................................... 34 4,101 120 55 400 428
Ten or More ................................... 9 3,899 452 13 93 97
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 ................................. 252 1,459 6 69 498 578
5 to 9 .............................................. 67 625 9 17 120 151
10 to 19 .......................................... 38 1,024 27 33 239 254
20 to 49 .......................................... 36 1,602 44 36 257 274
50 to 99 .......................................... 22 2,131 99 27 195 204
100 to 249 ...................................... 20 2,149 109 19 138 146
250 or More ................................... 16 6,168 393 22 156 169
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ............................... 83 576 7 15 110 133
40 to 48 .......................................... 107 1,994 19 58 416 457
49 to 60 .......................................... 100 3,015 30 32 228 260
61 to 84 .......................................... 55 2,089 38 40 288 309
85 to 167 ........................................ 35 1,508 43 18 132 151
Open Continuously ........................ 69 5,976 86 59 428 466
Ownership and Occupancy
Nongovernment Owned ................ 371 11,374 31 154 1,107 1,249
  Owner Occupied ......................... 209 6,092 29 81 588 671
  Nonowner Occupied ................... 161 5,215 32 72 520 578
  Unoccupied .................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q
Government Owned ...................... 80 3,783 47 69 495 526
  Federal ......................................... 4 381 Q Q Q Q
  State ............................................ 24 962 40 23 166 170
  Local ............................................ 52 2,441 47 39 284 299
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant ......................... Q Q Q Q Q Q
Mostly Vacant ................................ Q Q Q Q Q Q
Partially Vacant .............................. 49 4,346 88 30 213 231
Not At All Vacant ........................... 399 10,718 27 191 1,380 1,536
Number of Establishments
One ................................................ 373 9,213 25 183 1,318 1,466
2 to 5 .............................................. 65 2,657 41 28 198 224
6 to 10 ............................................ 6 524 94 Q Q Q
11 to 20 .......................................... 3 1,119 384 Q Q Q
More than 20 .................................. 3 1,567 527 Q Q Q
Currently Unoccupied .................... Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant Exterior
Wall Material
Brick, Stone or Stucco ................... 158 7,735 49 144 1,041 1,135
Concrete (Block or Poured) ........... 83 2,526 31 24 175 206
Concrete Panels ............................ 10 1,943 189 Q Q Q
Siding or Shingles .......................... 128 753 6 41 295 323
Metal Panels ................................... 63 1,171 19 8 60 77
Window Glass ............................... 2 486 198 0 1 Q
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ........................ Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant Roof Material
Built-Up .......................................... 81 5,565 69 37 264 302
Shingles (Not Wood) ...................... 167 1,814 11 63 453 529
Metal Surfacing .............................. 114 1,309 11 21 153 165
Synthetic or Rubber ....................... 65 4,687 72 46 335 367
Slate or Tile .................................... 12 454 37 12 83 94
Wooden Materials .......................... Q Q Q Q Q Q
Concrete ........................................ Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ........................ Q Q Q Q Q Q
Renovations in Buildings
Constructed Before 1980
(more than one may apply)
Any Type of Renovation
 Since 1980 .................................... 149 5,651 38 105 757 806
   Addition or Annex ....................... 41 2,507 61 Q Q Q
   Reduction In Floorspace ............. Q Q Q Q Q Q
   Cosmetic Improvements .............. 107 4,201 39 77 555 593
   Wall or Roof Replacement .......... 66 3,081 46 54 386 422
   Interior Wall
    Re-Configuration ........................ 66 3,087 47 44 321 352
   HVAC Equipment Upgrade .......... 65 3,505 54 34 244 277
   Lighting Upgrade ......................... 72 3,529 49 53 386 417
   Window Replacement ................. 62 2,332 38 50 362 391
   Plumbing System Upgrade .......... 48 2,785 58 45 321 343
   Insulation Upgrade ...................... 48 1,386 29 21 151 170
   Other Renovation ........................ Q Q Q Q Q Q
No Renovations Since 1980 .......... 172 3,216 19 94 677 778
Building Newer than 1980 ............. 129 6,289 49 23 168 192
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 448 15,142 34 222 1,601 1,774
Natural Gas .................................... 129 10,383 80 99 712 775
Fuel Oil ........................................... 451 15,157 34 222 1,602 1,776
District Heat ................................... 4 1,731 393 1 10 10
District Chilled Water ...................... 3 986 284 2 12 13
Propane ......................................... 77 2,139 28 54 387 410
Other .............................................. 29 359 12 Q Q 26
Space-Heating Energy Sources
Fuel Oil ........................................... 360 5,988 17 212 1,527 1,676
  Fuel Oil Main ................................. 282 3,818 14 197 1,423 1,555
  Fuel Oil Secondary ...................... 80 2,191 27 16 112 130
Other Excluding Fuel Oil ................. 83 8,954 108 7 51 68
Buildings without Heating .............. Q Q Q Q Q Q
Primary Space-Heating
Energy Source
Electricity ....................................... 51 3,079 60 3 23 29
Natural Gas .................................... 77 6,258 81 15 109 132
Fuel Oil ........................................... 282 3,818 14 197 1,423 1,555
District Heat ................................... 4 1,490 388 1 7 8
Propane ......................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q
Cooling Energy Sources
Fuel Oil ........................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other Excluding Fuel Oil ................. 298 13,860 46 175 1,258 1,376
Buildings without Cooling ............... 152 1,267 8 46 334 389
Water-Heating Energy Sources
Fuel Oil ........................................... 94 1,880 20 109 786 849
Other Excluding Fuel Oil ................. 282 12,680 45 104 748 833
Buildings without Water Heating .... 74 597 8 10 69 94
Cooking Energy Sources
Fuel Oil ........................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other Excluding Fuel Oil ................. 114 8,858 78 114 821 888
Buildings without Cooking .............. 335 6,170 18 103 742 847
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 443 14,942 34 219 1,577 1,744
Buildings with Cooling .................... 298 13,890 47 176 1,268 1,387
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 376 14,560 39 213 1,533 1,682
Buildings with Cooking ................... 115 8,987 78 119 860 929
Buildings with Manufacturing ........ 25 1,008 40 7 49 56
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................... 92 9,867 107 31 227 253
Percent of Floorspace Heated
Not Heated ..................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q
1 to 50 ............................................ 62 1,253 20 13 94 109
51 to 99 .......................................... 56 2,480 44 26 187 206
100 ................................................. 325 11,209 35 180 1,297 1,428
Heating Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Heat Pumps .................................... 21 2,417 114 6 44 50
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 12 1,635 137 3 22 Q
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. Q 533 92 Q Q Q
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ 7 983 145 Q Q Q
Furnaces ....................................... 211 3,330 16 50 360 417
Individual Space Heaters ............... 94 3,236 34 31 225 253
District Heat ................................... 4 1,592 395 1 8 8
Boilers ............................................ 178 8,930 50 171 1,236 1,337
Packaged Heating Units ................. 54 3,862 72 17 122 139
Other .............................................. 40 1,095 27 5 36 46
Water Heating Equipment
Centralized System ........................ 290 8,411 29 161 1,162 1,286
Distributed System ......................... 61 2,183 36 31 224 244
Combination of Centralized
 and Distributed System ................. 26 3,965 154 20 147 153
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation ........ 115 8,987 78 119 860 929
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water .................. 82 7,690 94 95 685 724
Separate Computer Area ............... 80 10,251 129 96 695 732
HVAC Conservation Features
(more than one may apply)
Variable Air-Volume System ......... 61 7,827 128 35 254 273
Economizer Cycle .......................... 67 7,865 118 42 303 331
HVAC Maintenance ....................... 325 14,152 43 196 1,413 1,565
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS) ................ 32 6,362 196 31 222 241
Equipment Usage Reduced
When Building Not In Full Use
(more than one may apply)a
Heating ........................................... 328 10,861 33 162 1,166 1,305
Cooling ........................................... 219 10,489 48 135 975 1,074
Lighting .......................................... 360 8,742 24 156 1,127 1,257
Office Equipment ........................... 147 3,311 22 92 663 714
Annual Consumption
(gallons)
1,000 or Less ................................ 251 8,625 34 13 94 124
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 140 2,592 18 44 320 395
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 30 913 30 28 204 242
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 15 911 61 30 219 232
Over 25,000 ................................... 14 2,116 153 106 765 782
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet. In the 1999 CBECS, total fuel oil consumption in malls was not statistically significant.
a The definition for one or more of these row items has changed and may not be directly comparable with past CBECS estimates. See "Guide to the Tables" for discussion of the differences.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample that use fuel oil.
Notes: ● Statistics for the "Energy End Uses" category represent total consumption in buildings that have the end use, not consumption specifically for that particular end use. ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.