Released: Dec 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table C29.  Natural Gas Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003: Part 3
  Total Natural Gas
Consumption
(billion cubic feet)
Total Floorspace of
Buildings Using Natural Gas
(million square feet)
Natural Gas
Energy Intensity
(cubic feet/square foot)
West
South
Central
Moun-
tain
Pacific West
South
Central
Moun-
tain
Pacific West
South
Central
Moun-
tain
Pacific
All Buildings* ............................... 151 162 149 4,704 2,797 5,016 32.2 57.9 29.7
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 29 18 Q 334 265 363 87.9 68.4 60.2
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 23 Q Q 519 Q 496 44.2 Q 53.4
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 14 38 22 514 630 748 28.1 61.1 29.0
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 17 23 21 512 464 733 33.5 49.1 28.7
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 18 Q 18 888 Q 730 20.5 Q 24.2
100,001 to 200,000 ........................ 16 Q 12 760 Q 651 21.5 Q 17.8
200,001 to 500,000 ........................ Q Q 14 470 Q 675 Q Q 20.8
Over 500,000 ................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Principal Building Activity
Education ....................................... 16 21 28 797 420 802 20.6 48.8 34.8
Food Sales ..................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Food Service ................................. 37 Q Q 211 Q Q 175.7 Q Q
Health Care .................................... 26 19 19 282 162 274 91.4 115.5 68.7
  Inpatient ....................................... 23 Q Q 235 Q Q 96.0 Q Q
  Outpatient .................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Lodging .......................................... Q Q 16 Q Q 515 Q Q 31.5
Retail (Other Than Mall).................. 7 Q 5 436 Q 455 16.2 Q 11.4
Office ............................................. 12 19 17 Q 379 1,165 15.2 50.0 14.2
Public Assembly ............................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Public Order and Safety ................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Religious Worship .......................... Q Q Q 336 Q Q 19.4 Q Q
Service .......................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Warehouse and Storage ............... Q Q Q 614 Q Q 11.3 Q Q
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Vacant ........................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
1920 to 1945 .................................. 8 Q 12 271 Q 580 29.9 Q 21.5
1946 to 1959 .................................. 14 Q 15 358 Q 478 37.7 Q 32.2
1960 to 1969 .................................. 14 27 18 567 441 672 25.4 62.2 27.0
1970 to 1979 .................................. 30 49 25 991 712 782 29.8 68.8 31.7
1980 to 1989 .................................. 30 38 37 1,119 525 1,067 26.4 72.8 34.8
1990 to 1999 .................................. 38 18 28 848 487 908 45.4 36.8 31.0
2000 to 2003 .................................. Q Q 8 433 Q 415 27.9 Q 19.9
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................... N 104 Q N 1,722 Q N 60.4 46.8
  5,500-7,000 HDD ......................... N 53 13 N 829 383 N 63.5 33.7
  4,000-5,499 HDD ......................... Q N 14 Q N 443 Q N 30.8
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 72 N 99 1,777 N 3,761 40.3 N 26.2
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 71 Q Q 2,748 Q Q 26.0 Q Q
Number of Floors
One ................................................ 78 70 71 2,284 1,301 1,811 34.3 54.1 39.3
Two ............................................... 18 44 35 771 836 1,367 23.7 52.9 25.3
Three ............................................. Q Q 10 Q Q 564 Q Q 17.7
Four to Nine ................................... 26 Q 25 550 318 701 47.2 53.4 35.9
Ten or More ................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 ................................. 15 22 17 762 462 787 19.6 47.2 22.2
5 to 9 .............................................. 21 15 21 456 294 401 45.7 49.4 51.9
10 to 19 .......................................... 31 22 13 598 334 424 51.8 65.7 29.9
20 to 49 .......................................... 30 26 37 884 445 910 33.8 58.3 40.9
50 to 99 .......................................... 15 23 15 657 500 577 22.5 46.9 26.4
100 to 249 ...................................... Q Q 17 Q Q 786 Q Q 21.1
250 or More ................................... 33 Q 29 Q 519 1,131 31.4 83.9 25.5
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ............................... 5 Q Q 277 Q 427 19.5 Q 31.1
40 to 48 .......................................... 12 27 13 864 421 777 14.0 64.9 16.7
49 to 60 .......................................... 29 26 24 1,287 615 1,067 22.6 42.6 22.2
61 to 84 .......................................... 27 20 30 710 422 1,003 38.3 48.3 29.6
85 to 167 ........................................ 26 Q 21 520 Q 721 50.3 Q 28.5
Open Continuously ........................ 51 66 49 1,046 866 1,020 49.0 75.8 47.7
Ownership and Occupancy
Nongovernment Owned ................ 125 119 111 3,692 2,073 3,916 33.8 57.6 28.3
  Owner Occupied ......................... 44 41 45 1,859 828 1,719 23.9 49.9 26.3
  Nonowner Occupied ................... 80 78 65 1,789 1,238 2,114 44.7 63.0 30.6
  Unoccupied .................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Government Owned ...................... 27 43 38 1,011 724 1,101 26.2 58.8 34.5
  Federal ......................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
  State ............................................ Q Q Q Q Q 343 Q Q 53.0
  Local ............................................ 12 29 17 578 457 678 20.6 63.3 24.8
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant ......................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Mostly Vacant ................................ N Q Q N Q Q N Q Q
Partially Vacant .............................. 23 31 19 1,051 507 933 22.0 60.4 19.9
Not At All Vacant ........................... 128 131 128 3,603 2,266 3,955 35.4 57.7 32.4
Number of Establishments
One ................................................ 110 141 117 3,306 2,214 3,299 33.4 63.5 35.5
2 to 5 .............................................. 26 17 23 656 436 915 38.9 38.8 25.0
6 to 10 ............................................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
11 to 20 .......................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
More than 20 .................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Currently Unoccupied .................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant Exterior
Wall Material
Brick, Stone or Stucco ................... 93 63 84 2,583 1,094 2,358 35.9 57.4 35.6
Concrete (Block or Poured) ........... 20 19 29 574 322 816 34.8 57.8 35.2
Concrete Panels ............................ 10 Q 15 636 Q 892 15.2 70.9 16.9
Siding or Shingles .......................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Metal Panels ................................... 15 Q 9 529 504 482 27.5 51.1 17.8
Window Glass ............................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ........................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant Roof Material
Built-Up .......................................... 57 76 61 1,738 1,048 2,203 32.7 72.1 27.9
Shingles (Not Wood) ...................... 18 22 26 471 377 616 37.3 58.5 41.5
Metal Surfacing .............................. 24 32 13 1,007 730 397 23.5 43.6 33.5
Synthetic or Rubber ....................... 42 28 25 1,016 498 974 41.5 55.5 25.3
Slate or Tile .................................... Q Q 15 Q Q 406 Q Q 35.8
Wooden Materials .......................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Concrete ........................................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ........................ Q N Q Q N Q Q N Q
Renovations in Buildings
Constructed Before 1980
(more than one may apply)
Any Type of Renovation
 Since 1980 .................................... 35 53 38 917 874 1,328 38.0 60.3 28.4
   Addition or Annex ....................... 21 35 16 416 532 351 49.4 66.0 44.8
   Reduction In Floorspace ............. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
   Cosmetic Improvements .............. 25 38 32 689 598 1,174 36.6 63.8 27.3
   Wall or Roof Replacement .......... 13 28 18 448 452 661 28.2 62.0 27.6
   Interior Wall
    Re-Configuration ........................ 17 35 21 483 565 684 36.1 62.7 30.4
   HVAC Equipment Upgrade .......... 19 38 25 472 658 843 39.8 57.3 29.9
   Lighting Upgrade ......................... 15 34 26 384 592 873 38.9 56.8 29.5
   Window Replacement ................. Q Q 14 Q Q 380 Q Q 35.9
   Plumbing System Upgrade .......... Q 25 19 Q 486 766 Q 52.3 24.9
   Insulation Upgrade ...................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
   Other Renovation ........................ N Q Q N Q Q N Q Q
No Renovations Since 1980 .......... 36 46 38 1,387 672 1,299 26.2 68.2 28.9
Building Newer than 1980 ............. 80 63 74 2,400 1,251 2,390 33.4 50.7 30.8
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 151 162 149 4,698 2,797 5,016 32.2 57.9 29.7
Natural Gas .................................... 151 162 149 4,704 2,797 5,016 32.2 57.9 29.7
Fuel Oil ........................................... 34 Q 37 Q 448 1,136 34.6 89.3 32.1
District Heat ................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
District Chilled Water ...................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Propane ......................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Space-Heating Energy Sources
Natural Gas .................................... 133 157 122 3,731 2,547 4,301 35.7 61.6 28.4
  Natural Gas Main ......................... 127 148 113 3,308 2,277 3,633 38.2 65.1 31.2
  Natural Gas Secondary ............... Q Q 9 Q Q 668 Q Q 13.1
Other Excluding Natural Gas ......... 17 Q 15 869 Q 533 19.8 Q 28.9
Buildings without Heating .............. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Primary Space-Heating
Energy Source
Electricity ....................................... 23 11 22 1,160 334 1,015 19.5 31.9 21.9
Natural Gas .................................... 127 148 113 3,308 2,277 3,633 38.2 65.1 31.2
Fuel Oil ........................................... N Q N N Q N N Q N
District Heat ................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Propane ......................................... N N N N N N N N N
Other .............................................. N N Q N N Q N N Q
Cooling Energy Sources
Natural Gas .................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other Excluding Natural Gas ......... 148 154 128 4,587 2,634 4,355 32.2 58.4 29.3
Buildings without Cooling ............... Q Q 14 Q Q 408 Q Q 35.0
Water-Heating Energy Sources
Natural Gas .................................... 126 143 127 3,201 2,276 3,838 39.3 62.9 33.1
Other Excluding Natural Gas ......... 18 Q 18 1,117 381 831 16.3 40.3 21.2
Bldgs without Water Heating ......... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Cooking Energy Sources
Natural Gas .................................... 82 58 77 1,953 796 1,616 41.9 73.4 47.3
Other Excluding Natural Gas ......... 14 Q Q 394 Q Q 35.1 Q Q
Buildings without Cooking .............. 56 94 66 2,357 1,815 3,113 23.6 52.0 21.2
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 151 161 138 4,600 2,726 4,835 32.7 58.9 28.4
Buildings with Cooling .................... 150 156 135 4,608 2,649 4,608 32.4 58.9 29.2
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 144 159 145 4,318 2,656 4,669 33.3 59.7 31.0
Buildings with Cooking ................... 96 68 83 2,346 982 1,904 40.7 68.8 43.4
Buildings with Manufacturing ........ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................... 36 44 39 1,154 583 1,237 31.6 75.3 31.8
Percent of Floorspace Heated
Not Heated ..................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
1 to 50 ............................................ Q Q 10 499 Q 851 Q Q 11.8
51 to 99 .......................................... 24 25 30 433 483 1,090 56.0 52.8 27.6
100 ................................................. 123 127 97 3,667 2,054 2,894 33.5 62.0 33.7
Percent of Floorspace Cooled
Not Cooled ..................................... Q Q 14 Q Q 408 Q Q 35.0
1 to 50 ............................................ 24 45 18 1,064 873 1,059 22.8 52.0 16.6
51 to 99 .......................................... 28 31 32 439 682 1,072 63.3 46.0 29.9
100 ................................................. 97 79 85 3,106 1,095 2,478 31.4 72.5 34.3
Heating Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Heat Pumps .................................... Q Q 18 Q Q 849 Q Q 20.8
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. Q Q 7 Q Q 426 Q Q 17.2
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Furnaces ....................................... 58 51 44 1,469 1,045 1,337 39.6 49.0 32.8
Individual Space Heaters ............... 17 29 32 506 595 920 33.9 49.1 34.5
District Heat ................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Boilers ............................................ 56 95 71 1,380 1,216 2,146 40.5 78.5 33.3
Packaged Heating Units ................. 63 33 41 2,012 640 1,911 31.5 52.2 21.2
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Cooling Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Residential-Type Central
 Air Conditioners ............................ 25 17 19 764 304 538 32.7 55.9 35.7
Heat Pumps .................................... Q Q 17 Q Q 914 Q Q 18.8
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. Q Q 6 Q Q 404 Q Q 15.9
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Individual Air Conditioners ............. 12 34 14 536 607 678 22.7 56.0 21.3
District Chilled Water ...................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Central Chillers ............................... 51 43 33 1,485 484 1,162 34.5 88.8 28.8
Packaged Air Conditioning
 Units .............................................. 81 79 81 2,306 1,501 2,753 35.1 52.9 29.4
Swamp Coolers ............................. Q 45 22 Q 763 315 Q 59.7 Q
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Main Equipment Replaced Since
1990 (more than one may apply)
Heating ........................................... 37 59 38 1,193 901 1,111 30.7 65.8 34.6
Cooling ........................................... 52 73 52 1,649 1,089 1,567 31.6 66.9 33.5
Water Heating Equipment
Centralized System ........................ 101 90 102 2,798 1,557 2,527 36.1 57.9 40.2
Distributed System ......................... 26 13 18 1,023 322 1,030 25.6 41.5 17.5
Combination of Centralized
 and Distributed System ................. 17 55 25 497 777 1,112 33.9 70.8 22.7
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation ........ 96 68 82 2,346 982 1,892 40.7 68.8 43.3
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water .................. 77 80 91 1,575 1,126 1,678 48.7 71.1 54.3
Separate Computer Area ............... 65 77 59 2,253 1,296 2,543 29.0 59.5 23.2
HVAC Conservation Features
(more than one may apply)
Variable Air-Volume System ......... 67 54 60 1,917 978 1,678 34.7 55.6 35.6
Economizer Cycle .......................... 56 73 66 1,404 1,164 2,456 39.9 63.0 27.0
HVAC Maintenance ....................... 131 138 138 3,866 2,404 4,522 33.9 57.5 30.6
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS) ................ 39 44 37 1,448 680 1,657 26.8 64.0 22.3
Equipment Usage Reduced
When Building Not In Full Use
(more than one may apply)a
Heating ........................................... 100 117 89 3,227 1,933 3,824 31.1 60.5 23.3
Cooling ........................................... 109 120 100 3,468 2,070 3,849 31.4 58.1 25.9
Lighting .......................................... 97 95 95 3,440 1,864 3,817 28.2 51.0 25.0
Office Equipment ........................... 28 40 38 1,180 721 1,538 23.8 55.1 24.7
Annual Consumption
(hundred cubic feet)
1,000 or Less ................................ 4 Q 7 746 Q 925 5.5 Q 7.1
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 20 19 19 1,121 591 1,317 17.7 32.3 14.6
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 24 22 16 889 387 618 27.2 56.5 25.2
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 27 Q 38 625 Q 977 42.6 70.9 39.1
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 31 23 29 511 431 339 60.4 54.5 85.1
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Over 100,000 ................................. 32 48 27 466 461 Q 68.8 104.4 57.9
Provider of Natural Gas
(more than one may apply)
Local Utility ..................................... 129 138 135 4,132 2,399 4,641 31.1 57.6 29.1
Some Other Provider ..................... Q 32 18 Q 487 366 Q 66.4 48.9
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet. In the 1999 CBECS, malls represented 3.8 percent of total natural gas consumption.
a The definition for one or more of these row items has changed and may not be directly comparable with past CBECS estimates. See "Guide to the Tables" for discussion of the differences.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample that use natural gas.
Notes: ● Statistics for the "Energy End Uses" category represent total consumption in buildings that have the end use, not consumption specifically for that particular end use. ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.