Released: Dec 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table C25. Natural Gas Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Region for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Total Natural Gas
Consumption
(billion cubic feet)
Total Floorspace of
Buildings Using Natural Gas
(million square feet)
Natural Gas
Energy Intensity
(cubic feet/square foot)
North-
east
Mid-
west
South West North-
east
Mid-
west
South West North-
east
Mid-
west
South West
All Buildings* ............................... 415 683 460 311 9,181 13,163 13,311 7,813 45.2 51.9 34.6 39.8
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 46 91 65 40 513 1,074 869 628 90.4 84.9 74.9 63.7
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 38 57 64 44 621 959 1,349 763 61.3 59.0 47.5 57.2
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 51 119 70 60 1,173 2,436 2,066 1,378 43.9 48.7 33.8 43.6
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 45 115 47 44 977 2,262 1,589 1,196 45.6 50.7 29.4 36.6
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 58 94 59 25 1,645 1,930 2,153 955 35.5 48.7 27.3 26.3
100,001 to 200,000 ........................ 65 86 67 24 1,706 1,777 2,241 921 38.3 48.4 29.7 25.6
200,001 to 500,000 ........................ 60 71 41 28 1,588 1,673 1,419 999 37.6 42.3 28.6 27.5
Over 500,000 ................................. 51 51 49 Q 956 1,052 1,625 973 53.4 48.8 30.0 48.3
Principal Building Activity
Education ....................................... 51 113 47 48 1,347 2,184 2,291 1,222 38.2 51.8 20.6 39.6
Food Sales ..................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Food Service ................................. Q 50 87 Q Q 379 623 Q Q 133.2 139.3 Q
Health Care .................................... 47 64 87 38 464 657 987 436 100.9 97.0 88.4 86.1
  Inpatient ....................................... 41 50 80 27 351 395 812 247 117.4 127.2 98.6 108.1
  Outpatient .................................... Q 14 Q Q Q 262 Q Q Q 51.5 Q Q
Lodging .......................................... 35 66 55 52 982 1,015 1,338 920 Q 65.0 41.1 56.6
Retail (Other Than Mall).................. 16 37 23 12 385 688 1,148 645 42.3 54.1 20.4 18.3
Office ............................................. 89 104 33 35 2,301 2,447 1,915 1,544 38.8 42.3 17.2 23.0
Public Assembly ............................ 16 43 22 18 712 770 699 542 Q 56.4 32.1 32.4
Public Order and Safety ................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Religious Worship .......................... 15 37 20 8 384 899 923 424 38.4 41.4 21.7 18.1
Service .......................................... 23 57 28 Q 368 934 822 Q 62.2 61.3 34.6 Q
Warehouse and Storage ............... 25 61 20 Q 985 1,921 1,617 971 25.8 31.9 12.1 Q
Other .............................................. 45 Q Q Q 531 Q Q Q 85.5 Q Q Q
Vacant ........................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................... 42 66 Q Q 950 1,175 Q Q 43.8 56.4 Q Q
1920 to 1945 .................................. 88 94 23 18 1,845 1,344 790 699 47.9 69.6 28.8 25.7
1946 to 1959 .................................. 56 85 46 24 1,406 1,681 953 620 39.5 50.5 48.1 38.3
1960 to 1969 .................................. 58 94 50 46 1,276 1,819 1,428 1,113 45.4 51.8 35.1 40.9
1970 to 1979 .................................. 55 138 74 74 1,162 2,737 2,265 1,494 47.6 50.4 32.5 49.4
1980 to 1989 .................................. 40 77 89 75 1,016 1,342 2,520 1,592 39.6 57.7 35.5 47.4
1990 to 1999 .................................. 44 94 121 46 949 2,126 3,708 1,395 46.2 44.1 32.6 33.0
2000 to 2003 .................................. 32 35 39 16 576 939 1,261 654 56.3 37.6 31.3 23.8
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................... Q 235 N 122 Q 4,382 N 2,102 53.3 53.6 N 57.9
  5,500-7,000 HDD ......................... 188 405 N 66 3,692 7,947 N 1,211 51.0 51.0 N 54.1
  4,000-5,499 HDD ......................... 165 44 104 14 4,328 834 2,508 443 38.1 52.3 41.5 30.8
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ N N 249 99 N N 6,748 3,761 N N 36.8 26.2
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ N N 107 11 N N 4,054 296 N N 26.5 37.9
Number of Floors
One ................................................ 101 209 192 142 2,061 3,915 5,853 3,111 48.9 53.5 32.8 45.5
Two ............................................... 89 210 98 79 1,972 4,485 2,781 2,203 45.3 46.9 35.2 35.8
Three ............................................. 60 109 47 17 1,464 2,239 1,252 714 41.3 48.6 37.9 23.7
Four to Nine ................................... 112 125 87 42 2,539 2,075 2,036 1,019 44.1 60.4 42.9 41.4
Ten or More ................................... 52 29 36 Q 1,145 449 1,389 766 45.8 65.6 25.7 Q
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 ................................. 49 121 55 39 1,191 2,608 1,974 1,249 41.0 46.3 27.9 31.4
5 to 9 .............................................. 40 63 54 35 693 1,231 1,464 695 58.1 51.0 36.7 50.8
10 to 19 .......................................... 46 94 60 35 1,258 1,769 1,533 758 36.9 53.2 38.9 45.7
20 to 49 .......................................... 65 157 97 63 1,955 2,620 2,282 1,355 33.4 59.9 42.7 46.6
50 to 99 .......................................... 58 91 46 39 1,183 1,990 1,905 1,078 48.8 45.9 24.2 35.9
100 to 249 ...................................... 57 75 68 27 1,118 1,407 1,574 1,028 51.0 53.3 43.4 26.6
250 or More ................................... 100 82 80 72 1,783 1,538 2,579 1,650 55.8 53.5 30.9 43.9
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ............................... Q 49 17 22 Q 1,420 764 593 Q 34.7 21.7 37.6
40 to 48 .......................................... 43 109 50 40 1,346 2,107 2,262 1,198 31.9 51.6 22.0 33.6
49 to 60 .......................................... 80 160 74 50 2,148 3,548 2,813 1,682 37.1 45.0 26.2 29.6
61 to 84 .......................................... 75 111 69 50 1,434 2,205 2,402 1,425 52.3 50.2 28.8 35.1
85 to 167 ........................................ 38 106 71 34 958 1,626 1,613 1,028 39.9 65.4 43.8 33.0
Open Continuously ........................ 163 149 180 114 2,812 2,257 3,455 1,886 58.1 65.9 52.2 60.6
Ownership and Occupancy
Nongovernment Owned ................ 348 513 367 230 7,646 9,795 9,888 5,988 45.5 52.3 37.1 38.4
  Owner Occupied ......................... 201 253 145 87 4,156 4,972 4,873 2,547 48.4 51.0 29.8 34.0
  Nonowner Occupied ................... 144 248 221 143 3,302 4,276 4,956 3,352 43.5 58.1 44.6 42.5
  Unoccupied .................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Government Owned ...................... 67 171 93 81 1,535 3,368 3,422 1,825 43.9 50.7 27.3 44.1
  Federal ......................................... Q Q 6 Q Q Q 356 Q Q Q 16.9 Q
  State ............................................ Q 27 36 22 Q 499 1,205 463 Q 54.6 30.3 48.0
  Local ............................................ 53 132 51 46 1,136 2,497 1,862 1,135 47.1 53.1 27.3 40.3
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant ......................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Mostly Vacant ................................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Partially Vacant .............................. 91 113 55 49 2,146 2,450 2,410 1,440 42.4 46.1 22.8 34.2
Not At All Vacant ........................... 317 554 404 259 6,754 10,049 10,821 6,221 47.0 55.1 37.4 41.7
Number of Establishments
One ................................................ 287 507 366 258 5,740 9,415 9,850 5,513 50.1 53.9 37.1 46.8
2 to 5 .............................................. 69 127 61 40 1,877 2,420 1,945 1,351 37.0 52.7 31.3 29.4
6 to 10 ............................................ 20 15 Q 6 474 353 Q 227 41.8 41.5 Q 26.0
11 to 20 .......................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q 391 Q Q Q 28.7 Q
More than 20 .................................. Q Q 15 Q Q Q 756 Q Q Q 20.5 Q
Currently Unoccupied .................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant Exterior
Wall Material
Brick, Stone or Stucco ................... 280 410 256 147 5,607 7,366 7,125 3,453 50.0 55.7 35.9 42.5
Concrete (Block or Poured) ........... 65 137 91 47 1,623 2,466 2,096 1,138 39.8 55.7 43.3 41.6
Concrete Panels ............................ Q 59 30 61 Q 1,072 1,538 1,535 Q 54.9 19.5 39.5
Siding or Shingles .......................... 17 28 25 13 510 684 534 269 32.8 40.9 46.2 49.8
Metal Panels ................................... Q 30 43 34 Q 1,050 1,541 986 Q 28.7 27.8 34.8
Window Glass ............................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ........................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q 2.9 Q
Predominant Roof Material
Built-Up .......................................... 139 260 184 137 2,935 4,573 4,450 3,250 47.3 56.9 41.4 42.1
Shingles (Not Wood) ...................... 64 121 68 48 1,169 2,419 1,938 993 55.1 50.0 35.0 48.0
Metal Surfacing .............................. Q 62 67 45 Q 1,542 2,726 1,127 Q 40.0 24.5 40.0
Synthetic or Rubber ....................... 165 193 115 52 3,308 3,767 3,291 1,472 49.8 51.3 35.0 35.5
Slate or Tile .................................... Q 16 16 16 Q 243 484 468 Q 64.8 32.5 35.2
Wooden Materials .......................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Concrete ........................................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ........................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Renovations in Buildings
Constructed Before 1980
(more than one may apply)
Any Type of Renovation
 Since 1980 .................................... 172 278 123 90 3,567 4,692 2,809 2,202 48.2 59.1 43.8 41.1
   Addition or Annex ....................... 61 116 67 51 1,239 1,793 1,122 883 49.3 64.8 59.9 57.6
   Reduction In Floorspace ............. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
   Cosmetic Improvements .............. 135 196 81 70 2,980 3,309 2,011 1,773 45.4 59.2 40.1 39.6
   Wall or Roof Replacement .......... 66 113 45 46 1,979 2,010 1,226 1,113 33.2 56.0 37.0 41.6
   Interior Wall
    Re-Configuration ........................ 87 134 54 56 2,005 2,347 1,417 1,250 43.6 56.9 38.2 45.0
   HVAC Equipment Upgrade .......... 114 188 88 63 2,265 3,003 1,713 1,501 50.2 62.8 51.3 41.9
   Lighting Upgrade ......................... 113 159 54 59 2,582 2,703 1,354 1,465 43.8 58.8 39.8 40.5
   Window Replacement ................. 84 99 22 30 2,145 1,657 547 650 39.3 59.9 39.4 46.1
   Plumbing System Upgrade .......... 82 110 41 45 1,913 1,639 912 1,252 43.1 67.0 45.2 35.6
   Insulation Upgrade ...................... 34 53 25 17 883 1,090 511 476 38.0 48.5 48.2 34.9
   Other Renovation ........................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No Renovations Since 1980 .......... 127 199 87 83 3,072 4,065 3,013 1,971 41.2 49.1 29.0 42.3
Building Newer than 1980 ............. 117 206 250 137 2,542 4,406 7,489 3,641 45.9 46.9 33.3 37.6
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 415 683 460 311 9,181 13,162 13,306 7,813 45.2 51.9 34.6 39.8
Natural Gas .................................... 415 683 460 311 9,181 13,163 13,311 7,813 45.2 51.9 34.6 39.8
Fuel Oil ........................................... 148 136 131 76 3,714 2,123 2,962 1,584 39.8 64.2 44.3 48.3
District Heat ................................... Q 14 14 Q 666 680 811 Q 21.7 21.0 16.7 Q
District Chilled Water ...................... Q Q 14 Q Q Q 694 Q Q Q 20.1 Q
Propane ......................................... Q 35 Q Q Q 877 787 632 Q 39.9 Q 42.6
Other .............................................. Q 20 Q Q Q 377 Q Q Q 53.0 Q Q
Space-Heating Energy Sources
Natural Gas .................................... 393 668 410 279 7,238 12,180 10,693 6,848 54.3 54.8 38.3 40.7
  Natural Gas Main ......................... 367 630 377 262 6,439 11,321 9,299 5,911 57.0 55.7 40.6 44.3
  Natural Gas Secondary ............... 26 37 32 17 800 858 1,393 938 32.5 43.3 23.2 18.5
Other Excluding Natural Gas ......... 20 14 49 19 1,938 951 2,413 713 Q 15.2 20.4 26.8
Buildings without Heating .............. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Primary Space-Heating
Energy Source
Electricity ....................................... 24 45 69 33 675 1,185 2,954 1,348 35.3 38.1 23.5 24.4
Natural Gas .................................... 367 630 377 262 6,439 11,321 9,299 5,911 57.0 55.7 40.6 44.3
Fuel Oil ........................................... 16 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
District Heat ................................... Q Q Q Q 526 Q 741 Q 8.6 Q 12.2 Q
Propane ......................................... N N Q N N N Q N N N Q N
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Cooling Energy Sources
Natural Gas .................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other Excluding Natural Gas ......... 341 614 440 282 8,203 11,834 12,979 6,989 41.6 51.9 33.9 40.3
Buildings without Cooling ............... 31 46 Q 20 625 1,074 Q 556 49.9 43.3 Q 36.4
Water-Heating Energy Sources
Natural Gas .................................... 317 513 363 270 5,601 8,799 8,306 6,114 56.6 58.3 43.7 44.2
Other Excluding Natural Gas ......... 85 151 81 33 3,159 3,685 4,257 1,212 27.0 41.0 19.1 27.2
Bldgs without Water Heating ......... Q 20 16 7 Q 679 748 487 Q 29.1 20.9 15.3
Cooking Energy Sources
Natural Gas .................................... 175 262 259 135 3,580 3,965 5,480 2,412 48.7 66.0 47.3 55.9
Other Excluding Natural Gas ......... 33 61 27 15 563 1,237 946 473 57.9 49.6 28.9 32.3
Buildings without Cooking .............. 208 360 174 161 5,038 7,961 6,885 4,928 41.3 45.3 25.2 32.6
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 413 682 459 298 9,176 13,130 13,106 7,561 45.0 51.9 35.0 39.4
Buildings with Cooling .................... 384 637 454 291 8,556 12,090 13,120 7,257 44.9 52.7 34.6 40.0
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 402 664 445 303 8,761 12,484 12,563 7,326 45.9 53.2 35.4 41.4
Buildings with Cooking ................... 207 323 287 150 4,143 5,202 6,426 2,885 50.0 62.1 44.6 52.1
Buildings with Manufacturing ........ 29 32 14 Q 516 711 524 551 57.2 45.6 27.3 38.5
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................... 136 165 133 83 2,554 2,901 3,127 1,820 53.3 57.0 42.6 45.7
Percent of Floorspace Heated
Not Heated ..................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
1 to 50 ............................................ 24 23 29 18 808 876 1,281 1,041 30.0 26.3 22.7 17.2
51 to 99 .......................................... 65 79 60 55 1,199 1,336 1,858 1,573 54.4 59.3 32.3 35.3
100 ................................................. 324 580 370 225 7,169 10,919 9,966 4,948 45.1 53.1 37.1 45.4
Percent of Floorspace Cooled
Not Cooled ..................................... 31 46 Q 20 625 1,074 Q 556 49.9 43.3 Q 36.4
1 to 50 ............................................ 119 187 69 63 3,222 3,954 3,025 1,931 37.0 47.3 22.8 32.6
51 to 99 .......................................... 118 177 79 63 2,507 3,111 2,362 1,753 47.2 57.0 33.3 36.1
100 ................................................. 146 273 307 164 2,828 5,025 7,733 3,573 51.8 54.3 39.7 46.0
Heating Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Heat Pumps .................................... 51 32 92 43 924 754 2,758 1,117 55.3 42.3 33.2 38.1
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 27 24 53 Q 549 563 1,560 651 49.9 42.9 33.7 Q
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. Q Q 25 8 Q Q 982 279 Q Q 25.9 29.9
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ Q Q 28 Q Q Q 918 Q Q Q 30.5 Q
Furnaces ....................................... 117 298 143 95 2,355 6,265 4,303 2,381 49.7 47.5 33.3 39.9
Individual Space Heaters ............... 93 155 60 61 1,992 3,362 2,100 1,515 46.5 46.0 28.4 40.2
District Heat ................................... Q Q 13 Q 548 Q 800 Q 16.3 Q 15.8 Q
Boilers ............................................ 269 365 207 167 5,142 5,729 3,941 3,362 52.4 63.8 52.5 49.6
Packaged Heating Units ................. 134 167 190 74 2,520 3,209 5,338 2,551 53.1 52.0 35.5 29.0
Other .............................................. Q 22 9 Q Q 562 716 Q Q 38.3 13.3 Q
Cooling Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Residential-Type Central
 Air Conditioners ............................ 101 172 71 36 1,937 3,032 2,171 842 51.9 56.6 32.7 43.0
Heat Pumps .................................... 55 36 93 42 996 803 2,800 1,232 55.7 44.9 33.2 34.3
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 32 28 Q Q 620 593 1,512 627 51.1 46.5 33.9 Q
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. Q Q 27 Q Q Q 1,003 Q Q Q 27.0 Q
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ Q Q 29 11 Q Q 958 598 Q Q 30.1 18.5
Individual Air Conditioners ............. 111 164 74 48 2,742 2,835 2,252 1,285 40.5 58.0 33.0 37.7
District Chilled Water ...................... Q Q 14 Q Q Q 694 Q Q Q 20.1 Q
Central Chillers ............................... 118 157 134 76 1,523 2,498 3,433 1,646 77.6 62.9 39.0 46.4
Packaged Air Conditioning
 Units .............................................. 244 391 262 160 5,309 7,199 7,044 4,254 46.0 54.3 37.1 37.7
Swamp Coolers ............................. Q Q Q 67 Q Q Q 1,077 Q 25.9 Q 62.5
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Main Equipment Replaced Since
1990 (more than one may apply)
Heating ........................................... 121 240 127 98 2,791 4,392 3,081 2,011 43.5 54.8 41.2 48.6
Cooling ........................................... 167 308 155 125 4,177 5,122 4,092 2,657 40.0 60.2 37.9 47.2
Water Heating Equipment
Centralized System ........................ 286 430 281 192 5,521 8,122 7,626 4,084 51.9 52.9 36.9 46.9
Distributed System ......................... 51 101 63 31 1,819 2,100 2,288 1,352 28.2 48.2 27.5 23.2
Combination of Centralized
 and Distributed System ................. 65 133 100 80 1,421 2,263 2,649 1,890 45.6 58.6 37.8 42.5
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation ........ 207 323 287 149 4,143 5,202 6,426 2,873 50.0 62.1 44.6 52.0
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water .................. 168 308 256 171 3,304 4,701 5,214 2,804 50.8 65.5 49.1 61.0
Separate Computer Area ............... 238 283 191 136 4,882 5,605 6,290 3,838 48.7 50.5 30.4 35.5
HVAC Conservation Features
(more than one may apply)
Variable Air-Volume System ......... 159 240 175 114 3,002 4,347 4,588 2,656 52.9 55.3 38.1 43.0
Economizer Cycle .......................... 178 296 167 140 3,379 5,231 4,425 3,620 52.6 56.6 37.8 38.6
HVAC Maintenance ....................... 366 567 400 277 8,148 10,784 11,127 6,926 44.9 52.5 36.0 39.9
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS) ................ 101 171 111 80 2,291 3,257 3,741 2,337 44.2 52.4 29.6 34.4
Equipment Usage Reduced
When Building Not In Full Use
(more than one may apply)a
Heating ........................................... 305 447 296 206 7,022 9,184 9,217 5,757 43.4 48.7 32.1 35.8
Cooling ........................................... 283 435 310 220 6,859 8,746 9,914 5,919 41.3 49.8 31.3 37.2
Lighting .......................................... 240 510 272 190 5,902 10,070 9,418 5,681 40.7 50.7 28.9 33.5
Office Equipment ........................... 106 198 80 78 3,001 4,439 2,970 2,259 35.2 44.7 27.0 34.4
Annual Consumption
(hundred cubic feet)
1,000 or Less ................................ 4 11 11 9 884 698 1,610 1,145 Q 16.1 7.0 7.9
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 49 85 70 38 1,633 2,770 3,420 1,909 29.7 30.6 20.5 20.1
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 46 97 59 37 1,010 1,983 2,255 1,005 45.1 48.9 26.3 37.3
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 77 119 81 71 1,926 2,232 2,162 1,447 39.8 53.5 37.5 49.4
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 53 114 64 52 1,371 2,135 1,258 770 38.7 53.4 51.2 68.0
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 43 85 55 27 810 1,450 1,092 618 53.3 58.6 50.7 44.5
Over 100,000 ................................. 144 172 118 75 1,546 1,895 1,514 919 93.3 90.9 78.2 81.2
Provider of Natural Gas
(more than one may apply)
Local Utility ..................................... 327 568 412 273 7,977 11,278 12,067 7,040 41.0 50.4 34.2 38.8
Some Other Provider ..................... 113 155 59 50 1,562 2,378 1,579 853 72.2 65.1 37.3 58.9
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet. In the 1999 CBECS, malls represented 3.8 percent of total natural gas consumption.
a The definition for one or more of these row items has changed and may not be directly comparable with past CBECS estimates. See "Guide to the Tables" for discussion of the differences.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample that use natural gas.
Notes: ● Statistics for the "Energy End Uses" category represent total consumption in buildings that have the end use, not consumption specifically for that particular end use. ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.