Released: Dec 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table C24.  Natural Gas Consumption and Expenditure Intensities for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Natural Gas Consumption Natural Gas Expenditures
per
Building
(thousand cubic feet)
per Square Foot
(cubic feet)
per
Worker
(thousand cubic feet)
Distribution of
Building-Level Intensities
(cubic feet/square foot)
25th
Per-
centile
Median 75th
Per-
centile
per
Building
(thousand dollars)
per
Square Foot
(dollars)
per
Thousand Cubic Feet
(dollars)
All Buildings* ............................. 782 43.0 36.0 17.6 37.1 70.9 6.1 0.33 7.77
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 .............................. 219 78.7 42.6 23.7 46.3 92.0 1.9 0.70 8.88
5,001 to 10,000 ............................ 408 54.8 42.5 13.9 28.8 65.7 3.4 0.46 8.34
10,001 to 25,000 .......................... 667 42.5 40.8 14.4 29.2 52.1 5.6 0.36 8.41
25,001 to 50,000 .......................... 1,483 41.5 39.1 16.0 31.5 55.3 11.1 0.31 7.46
50,001 to 100,000 ........................ 2,498 35.4 39.1 10.1 27.6 48.8 19.7 0.28 7.90
100,001 to 200,000 ...................... 5,029 36.3 26.1 6.1 23.6 55.2 36.2 0.26 7.19
200,001 to 500,000 ...................... 10,234 35.0 35.5 10.0 22.7 47.2 69.2 0.24 6.76
Over 500,000 ............................... 39,551 43.0 28.8 2.8 20.0 71.9 268.2 0.29 6.78
Principal Building Activity
Education ...................................... 1,223 36.9 28.0 14.9 31.9 60.8 8.9 0.27 7.27
Food Sales ................................... 383 50.2 38.0 18.9 39.8 69.4 3.4 0.44 8.85
Food Service ................................ 870 141.2 72.0 77.0 150.3 301.8 7.1 1.16 8.20
Health Care ................................... 3,283 92.5 44.1 19.1 40.1 65.7 21.5 0.60 6.54
  Inpatient ...................................... 28,222 109.8 56.2 77.1 112.3 145.1 176.8 0.69 6.26
  Outpatient ................................... 574 50.2 20.6 16.2 34.2 56.0 4.6 0.40 8.01
Lodging ......................................... 2,432 48.9 101.2 19.8 36.7 76.4 18.5 0.37 7.59
Retail (Other Than Mall)................. 362 30.9 41.3 16.5 28.7 66.8 2.9 0.25 8.11
Office ........................................... 535 31.8 13.8 17.2 35.7 56.9 4.5 0.27 8.42
Public Assembly ........................... 678 36.4 63.0 13.0 28.9 53.5 5.3 0.28 7.83
Public Order and Safety ............... 771 43.7 39.8 26.6 49.8 76.8 6.5 0.37 8.43
Religious Worship ......................... 362 30.3 70.2 12.9 29.5 53.0 3.0 0.25 8.33
Service ......................................... 481 54.1 52.2 22.9 44.5 82.6 3.9 0.44 8.12
Warehouse and Storage .............. 687 23.4 42.1 9.3 22.1 37.5 5.2 0.18 7.60
Other ............................................ 1,885 67.6 59.7 22.6 46.3 82.8 15.3 0.55 8.09
Vacant .......................................... 557 23.0 Q 7.4 21.7 44.6 4.5 0.19 8.14
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................. 693 50.3 58.8 24.6 46.8 70.7 5.7 0.41 8.16
1920 to 1945 ................................ 659 47.6 44.5 17.5 36.0 68.2 5.1 0.37 7.67
1946 to 1959 ................................ 670 45.1 47.2 21.9 39.0 76.8 5.1 0.35 7.67
1960 to 1969 ................................ 802 44.0 41.1 18.2 38.0 70.9 6.1 0.33 7.56
1970 to 1979 ................................ 872 44.5 35.9 19.4 36.3 71.7 6.3 0.32 7.24
1980 to 1989 ................................ 931 43.7 30.2 15.2 30.3 71.8 7.5 0.35 8.04
1990 to 1999 ................................ 727 37.2 25.1 15.1 32.0 69.7 5.9 0.30 8.05
2000 to 2003 ................................ 1,042 35.8 38.7 14.5 35.0 69.1 8.6 0.30 8.25
Census Region and Division
Northeast ...................................... 1,047 45.2 36.7 22.5 46.2 80.8 9.0 0.39 8.56
  New England .............................. 981 49.5 38.4 15.9 41.1 61.7 9.1 0.46 9.27
  Middle Atlantic ............................ 1,062 44.4 36.3 25.1 48.4 82.9 8.9 0.37 8.41
Midwest ........................................ 853 51.9 49.5 25.6 45.4 81.2 6.0 0.37 7.09
  East North Central ...................... 938 53.5 49.8 27.4 47.7 85.0 6.7 0.38 7.12
  West North Central ..................... 671 47.6 48.7 23.4 43.9 74.1 4.7 0.33 6.98
South ............................................ 644 34.6 27.4 12.5 26.3 52.8 5.4 0.29 8.40
  South Atlantic ............................. 683 33.2 20.8 12.7 30.1 55.7 6.3 0.31 9.20
  East South Central ...................... 635 43.3 45.9 14.4 25.1 45.9 5.3 0.36 8.28
  West South Central .................... 603 32.2 33.5 9.6 24.0 58.9 4.4 0.24 7.37
West ............................................. 649 39.8 30.9 11.5 27.2 58.4 4.7 0.29 7.28
  Mountain ..................................... 853 57.9 51.1 28.3 49.8 92.0 5.7 0.39 6.72
  Pacific ......................................... 516 29.7 21.6 7.1 17.2 37.7 4.1 0.23 7.88
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................. 849 54.7 51.2 29.6 46.4 85.7 6.2 0.40 7.35
  5,500-7,000 HDD ........................ 917 51.3 46.9 25.3 46.1 80.2 6.8 0.38 7.44
  4,000-5,499 HDD ........................ 941 40.3 33.2 20.2 38.4 70.1 7.8 0.33 8.27
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ............... 538 33.0 29.2 11.5 23.4 46.2 4.5 0.28 8.41
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ............... 634 27.3 14.8 6.1 16.0 47.9 4.9 0.21 7.79
Number of Floors
One ............................................... 450 43.1 41.3 18.9 37.9 73.7 3.8 0.36 8.40
Two .............................................. 772 41.6 42.8 16.6 33.9 63.9 5.9 0.32 7.61
Three ............................................ 967 41.2 38.5 19.2 40.2 70.7 7.5 0.32 7.77
Four to Nine .................................. 3,929 47.9 29.2 13.7 41.8 70.3 27.4 0.33 6.98
Ten or More .................................. 17,396 39.8 22.5 5.2 23.2 54.9 130.2 0.30 7.49
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 ................................ 244 37.6 114.5 15.7 34.3 66.8 2.1 0.33 8.74
5 to 9 ............................................ 405 47.1 61.8 19.2 40.4 78.8 3.5 0.41 8.67
10 to 19 ........................................ 655 44.2 51.5 19.9 38.4 88.1 5.1 0.35 7.84
20 to 49 ........................................ 1,327 46.6 44.6 20.5 40.5 76.6 10.2 0.36 7.71
50 to 99 ........................................ 2,078 38.0 32.6 18.6 34.6 58.8 15.8 0.29 7.61
100 to 249 .................................... 4,355 44.4 30.0 11.3 34.5 68.9 31.6 0.32 7.26
250 or More .................................. 14,736 44.2 17.9 4.1 21.8 55.5 102.7 0.31 6.97
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 .............................. 272 31.9 61.6 12.9 30.3 53.7 2.3 0.27 8.59
40 to 48 ........................................ 425 35.0 27.3 16.3 32.3 59.9 3.5 0.29 8.34
49 to 60 ........................................ 598 35.6 29.0 17.4 35.9 64.7 4.8 0.29 8.07
61 to 84 ........................................ 816 40.8 36.8 20.2 44.9 90.9 6.4 0.32 7.78
85 to 167 ...................................... 1,069 47.7 27.5 23.1 62.2 173.1 8.2 0.36 7.65
Open Continuously ....................... 2,692 58.3 52.4 23.4 46.0 81.5 19.6 0.42 7.26
Ownership and Occupancy
Nongovernment Owned ............... 701 43.7 38.4 17.5 37.3 71.3 5.6 0.35 7.93
  Owner Occupied ........................ 657 41.5 35.1 17.0 35.1 62.3 5.1 0.32 7.81
  Nonowner Occupied .................. 758 47.6 41.1 19.3 39.1 82.6 6.1 0.38 8.03
  Unoccupied ................................ Q Q N 8.4 18.7 47.1 Q Q Q
Government Owned ..................... 1,315 40.6 29.4 19.2 36.0 64.4 9.5 0.29 7.20
  Federal ....................................... 1,455 31.4 18.4 13.7 45.4 93.5 9.6 0.21 6.63
  State ........................................... 1,323 39.1 16.6 19.2 29.8 61.0 10.4 0.31 7.83
  Local ........................................... 1,297 42.6 44.0 19.2 40.3 64.4 9.2 0.30 7.05
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant ....................... 480 18.8 N 8.4 21.7 47.1 3.9 0.15 8.10
Mostly Vacant .............................. Q Q Q 6.5 35.9 41.2 Q Q Q
Partially Vacant ............................ 1,169 36.5 26.1 16.3 34.3 63.9 9.4 0.29 8.04
Not At All Vacant .......................... 738 45.3 38.3 18.7 37.9 73.7 5.7 0.35 7.71
Number of Establishments
One ............................................... 742 46.5 44.8 19.3 38.4 74.4 5.7 0.36 7.72
2 to 5 ............................................ 779 39.2 33.7 15.9 33.6 62.3 6.2 0.31 7.99
6 to 10 .......................................... 1,186 34.4 9.2 6.8 27.0 54.7 9.3 0.27 7.86
11 to 20 ........................................ 2,685 26.2 14.2 6.1 16.9 35.7 20.0 0.20 7.47
More than 20 ................................ Q 31.4 14.0 12.1 30.1 40.3 Q 0.25 7.82
Currently Unoccupied ................... 480 18.8 N 8.4 21.7 47.1 3.9 0.15 8.10
Predominant Exterior
Wall Material
Brick, Stone or Stucco ................. 846 46.4 40.8 17.0 36.6 72.5 6.5 0.36 7.69
Concrete (Block or Poured) .......... 803 46.4 47.2 21.7 41.3 77.9 6.2 0.36 7.71
Concrete Panels ........................... 2,100 37.3 19.6 16.3 32.6 62.6 16.0 0.28 7.60
Siding or Shingles ......................... 317 41.4 35.3 22.3 40.9 69.4 2.8 0.37 8.88
Metal Panels ................................. 458 31.4 32.4 12.8 28.1 60.3 3.8 0.26 8.39
Window Glass .............................. 1,311 20.2 12.1 28.3 28.7 47.9 7.8 0.12 5.94
Other ............................................ 1,012 37.6 26.5 17.0 23.4 57.2 7.4 0.28 7.35
No One Major Type ....................... Q Q Q 7.4 29.6 39.5 Q Q Q
Predominant Roof Material
Built-Up ......................................... 1,110 47.4 39.3 19.2 41.7 78.3 8.5 0.36 7.68
Shingles (Not Wood) .................... 444 46.1 45.2 19.5 35.8 61.8 3.7 0.38 8.25
Metal Surfacing ............................ 431 32.6 37.3 13.7 28.8 60.3 3.5 0.26 8.05
Synthetic or Rubber ..................... 1,450 44.4 30.0 21.2 41.3 83.9 10.8 0.33 7.43
Slate or Tile ................................... 425 41.1 34.2 13.9 34.4 79.6 3.7 0.36 8.69
Wooden Materials ......................... 343 38.6 33.0 12.8 27.1 54.4 2.7 0.30 7.90
Concrete ....................................... 677 Q 20.8 9.5 21.7 98.7 5.0 Q 7.36
Other ............................................ Q Q Q 32.0 47.5 61.8 Q Q Q
No One Major Type ....................... 1,219 42.0 Q 34.9 49.5 68.0 9.5 0.33 7.80
Renovations in Buildings
Constructed Before 1980
(more than one may apply)
Any Type of Renovation
 Since 1980 .................................. 1,035 50.0 42.2 21.4 40.1 74.1 7.6 0.37 7.32
   Addition or Annex ..................... 1,865 58.6 54.7 26.4 47.9 85.0 12.5 0.39 6.71
   Reduction In Floorspace ............ 2,781 51.8 48.2 29.1 62.1 128.1 21.7 0.40 7.80
   Cosmetic Improvements ............ 1,010 47.8 38.9 20.9 39.0 70.8 7.5 0.36 7.44
   Wall or Roof Replacement ......... 1,152 42.6 34.6 18.4 37.9 62.1 8.4 0.31 7.28
   Interior Wall
    Re-Configuration ...................... 1,191 47.2 36.1 21.6 39.7 71.1 8.7 0.35 7.33
   HVAC Equipment Upgrade ........ 1,480 53.4 40.5 19.2 40.9 74.1 10.7 0.39 7.24
   Lighting Upgrade ....................... 1,270 47.6 38.2 18.4 39.4 69.7 9.4 0.35 7.44
   Window Replacement ............... 1,205 47.0 41.4 18.4 35.6 67.2 8.9 0.35 7.37
   Plumbing System Upgrade ......... 1,303 48.7 40.0 20.9 42.4 71.3 9.6 0.36 7.38
   Insulation Upgrade ..................... 897 43.1 32.8 18.4 37.9 69.4 6.9 0.33 7.66
   Other Renovation ...................... 2,147 57.4 Q 27.8 41.2 133.6 Q Q Q
No Renovations Since 1980 ......... 546 41.0 42.8 17.9 37.7 70.8 4.3 0.33 7.93
Building Newer than 1980 ............ 845 39.3 28.8 15.1 31.9 69.7 6.8 0.32 8.08
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ...................................... 782 43.0 36.0 17.6 37.1 70.9 6.1 0.33 7.77
Natural Gas .................................. 782 43.0 36.0 17.6 37.1 70.9 6.1 0.33 7.77
Fuel Oil .......................................... 3,808 47.3 35.0 11.3 35.9 68.7 27.4 0.34 7.20
District Heat .................................. 1,856 18.7 6.6 1.3 3.4 9.7 13.2 0.13 7.09
District Chilled Water .................... 1,956 19.2 6.0 1.7 6.6 43.7 14.1 0.14 7.19
Propane ........................................ 2,197 41.7 52.5 19.8 43.0 109.0 16.0 0.30 7.30
Other ............................................ 1,188 50.7 36.6 17.3 25.3 45.1 8.6 0.36 7.20
Space-Heating Energy Sources
Natural Gas .................................. 808 47.3 42.7 19.4 37.9 71.3 6.2 0.37 7.73
  Natural Gas Main ........................ 819 49.6 44.5 20.7 38.9 71.7 6.3 0.38 7.69
  Natural Gas Secondary .............. 678 28.3 27.1 10.3 22.4 49.2 5.6 0.23 8.23
Other Excluding Natural Gas ........ 574 17.1 9.7 6.1 23.5 65.0 4.8 0.14 8.38
Buildings without Heating ............. Q Q Q 5.9 12.9 54.7 Q Q 8.40
Primary Space-Heating
Energy Source
Electricity ...................................... 609 27.8 24.2 11.2 27.2 72.8 5.1 0.23 8.38
Natural Gas .................................. 819 49.6 44.5 20.7 38.9 71.7 6.3 0.38 7.69
Fuel Oil .......................................... 522 Q 19.5 4.3 12.7 28.6 4.3 Q 8.28
District Heat .................................. Q 10.5 3.4 1.1 2.8 7.9 Q 0.08 7.71
Propane ........................................ Q Q Q 2.9 2.9 2.9 Q Q Q
Other ............................................ Q Q Q 0.0 20.7 25.1 Q Q Q
Cooling Energy Sources
Natural Gas .................................. 5,156 87.6 66.4 16.4 42.9 105.2 38.9 0.66 7.54
Other Excluding Natural Gas ........ 785 41.9 33.9 17.9 36.6 70.8 6.1 0.33 7.78
Buildings without Cooling ............. 435 42.4 89.1 17.2 37.9 72.5 3.4 0.33 7.79
Water-Heating Energy Sources
Natural Gas .................................. 1,013 50.8 40.9 20.2 41.5 81.1 7.7 0.38 7.58
Other Excluding Natural Gas ........ 515 28.5 23.5 15.0 32.8 62.8 4.3 0.24 8.37
Bldgs without Water Heating ........ 210 23.9 42.7 11.7 25.6 41.0 1.9 0.21 8.98
Cooking Energy Sources
Natural Gas .................................. 1,819 53.8 43.7 30.9 68.6 173.1 13.5 0.40 7.41
Other Excluding Natural Gas ........ 1,273 42.4 38.6 21.8 36.0 68.0 9.4 0.31 7.37
Buildings without Cooking ............ 494 36.4 30.7 15.7 31.9 61.4 4.0 0.30 8.16
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ....... 790 43.1 35.9 18.4 37.4 70.9 6.1 0.33 7.76
Buildings with Cooling .................. 820 43.0 34.8 17.9 36.6 70.9 6.4 0.33 7.77
Buildings with Water Heating ....... 853 44.1 35.8 19.1 38.9 74.5 6.6 0.34 7.73
Buildings with Cooking ................. 1,715 51.8 42.9 26.6 56.2 144.0 12.7 0.38 7.41
Buildings with Manufacturing ....... 1,402 42.3 40.1 13.3 37.4 62.6 10.3 0.31 7.37
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation ................................... 4,964 49.8 33.8 20.7 41.6 72.0 35.6 0.36 7.18
Percent of Floorspace Heated
Not Heated .................................... Q Q Q 5.9 12.9 54.7 Q Q 8.40
1 to 50 .......................................... 408 23.5 34.9 6.9 20.2 40.9 3.6 0.21 8.81
51 to 99 ........................................ 820 43.6 37.2 14.5 29.2 66.8 6.6 0.35 8.00
100 ............................................... 834 45.4 35.8 21.5 40.4 75.1 6.4 0.35 7.66
Percent of Floorspace Cooled
Not Cooled .................................... 435 42.4 89.1 17.2 37.9 72.5 3.4 0.33 7.79
1 to 50 .......................................... 729 36.1 52.5 16.5 31.5 62.6 5.8 0.29 7.91
51 to 99 ........................................ 1,088 45.0 36.1 17.0 34.8 65.0 8.3 0.34 7.64
100 ............................................... 774 46.5 29.3 19.3 40.4 76.6 6.0 0.36 7.76
Heating Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Heat Pumps .................................. 1,431 39.1 31.5 11.8 32.0 52.5 11.9 0.32 8.30
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................ 1,584 40.8 28.8 11.3 36.0 55.5 13.0 0.34 8.23
  Split-System Heat Pumps ........... 813 28.2 25.8 9.3 23.0 41.5 7.2 0.25 8.82
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ....... 2,561 37.0 33.4 19.4 36.0 60.3 20.5 0.30 7.99
Furnaces ...................................... 497 42.7 44.3 19.7 36.2 67.4 3.9 0.33 7.80
Individual Space Heaters .............. 857 41.0 38.1 19.2 32.3 59.1 6.3 0.30 7.39
District Heat .................................. 1,582 16.6 5.7 1.1 2.8 9.7 11.2 0.12 7.08
Boilers .......................................... 2,334 55.5 47.6 29.7 54.4 91.5 17.2 0.41 7.35
Packaged Heating Units ................ 962 41.4 34.5 14.3 32.8 75.6 7.6 0.33 7.93
Other ............................................ 539 25.5 26.7 17.2 30.8 55.8 4.3 0.20 8.01
Cooling Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Residential-Type Central
 Air Conditioners ........................... 582 47.5 43.6 18.8 37.0 68.9 4.4 0.36 7.56
Heat Pumps .................................. 1,290 38.9 31.4 12.3 32.0 55.7 10.7 0.32 8.32
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................ 1,405 42.1 29.4 11.8 33.5 60.0 11.6 0.35 8.24
  Split-System Heat Pumps ........... 727 29.0 26.9 9.3 26.8 41.5 6.4 0.26 8.84
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ....... 2,638 34.7 31.8 19.4 36.0 60.3 21.1 0.28 7.99
Individual Air Conditioners ............ 1,015 43.7 48.0 17.5 37.4 68.6 7.8 0.33 7.64
District Chilled Water .................... 1,956 19.2 6.0 1.7 6.6 43.7 14.1 0.14 7.19
Central Chillers ............................. 6,235 53.4 37.1 21.1 41.7 76.4 44.4 0.38 7.12
Packaged Air Conditioning
 Units ............................................ 947 44.4 38.3 18.2 36.0 73.6 7.4 0.34 7.77
Swamp Coolers ............................ 1,001 61.7 62.5 19.2 36.2 92.0 6.7 0.41 6.66
Other ............................................ 3,126 62.8 45.9 11.9 30.9 112.3 23.2 0.47 Q
Main Equipment Replaced Since
1990 (more than one may apply)
Heating ......................................... 800 47.8 44.7 19.2 38.0 68.2 6.2 0.37 7.70
Cooling .......................................... 865 47.1 40.4 16.5 38.5 70.8 6.6 0.36 7.62
Water Heating Equipment
Centralized System ...................... 763 46.9 41.1 19.8 39.9 76.8 6.0 0.37 7.86
Distributed System ....................... 564 32.7 32.5 14.6 36.2 68.0 4.5 0.26 8.06
Combination of Centralized
 and Distributed System ............... 2,941 46.0 26.8 18.8 39.6 73.3 20.9 0.33 7.12
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation ....... 1,715 51.8 42.8 26.6 56.1 144.0 12.7 0.38 7.41
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water ................. 2,235 56.3 50.2 27.2 62.9 141.0 16.0 0.40 7.16
Separate Computer Area ............. 2,276 41.2 29.9 14.4 30.9 58.2 16.7 0.30 7.34
HVAC Conservation Features
(more than one may apply)
Variable Air-Volume System ........ 2,369 47.2 29.2 19.7 37.9 83.8 17.5 0.35 7.37
Economizer Cycle ......................... 2,242 46.9 30.4 18.9 41.8 85.7 16.4 0.34 7.30
HVAC Maintenance ...................... 1,021 43.5 34.6 17.9 37.4 70.1 7.8 0.33 7.68
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS) ............... 2,979 39.8 29.7 14.7 39.7 70.8 21.3 0.29 7.17
Equipment Usage Reduced
When Building Not In Full Use
(more than one may apply)a
Heating ......................................... 726 40.2 35.3 17.0 35.9 68.0 5.7 0.32 7.85
Cooling .......................................... 745 39.7 31.4 16.9 35.8 69.7 5.8 0.31 7.83
Lighting ......................................... 594 39.0 30.9 17.8 37.3 70.1 4.8 0.31 8.01
Office Equipment .......................... 535 36.5 35.4 15.6 33.6 63.6 4.2 0.29 7.94
Annual Consumption
(hundred cubic feet)
1,000 or Less ............................... 53 8.2 8.8 6.5 15.2 30.3 0.6 0.09 11.60
1,001 to 5,000 .............................. 239 24.8 22.1 22.3 39.7 69.7 2.2 0.23 9.20
5,001 to 10,000 ............................ 707 38.3 23.3 35.0 63.8 146.5 6.0 0.33 8.54
10,001 to 25,000 .......................... 1,503 44.9 36.5 38.9 73.6 156.1 12.0 0.36 8.02
25,001 to 50,000 .......................... 3,348 51.3 50.6 46.4 75.9 150.1 25.5 0.39 7.61
50,001 to 100,000 ........................ 7,040 53.2 50.8 40.1 73.3 130.4 48.4 0.37 6.87
Over 100,000 ............................... 24,743 86.8 69.1 59.4 94.4 141.6 167.0 0.59 6.75
Provider of Natural Gas
(more than one may apply)
Local Utility ................................... 701 41.2 34.9 17.2 36.2 70.2 5.6 0.33 7.95
Some Other Provider .................... 2,521 59.1 44.7 27.2 57.6 94.8 17.0 0.40 6.73
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet. In the 1999 CBECS, malls represented 3.8 percent of total natural gas consumption.
a The definition for one or more of these row items has changed and may not be directly comparable with past CBECS estimates. See "Guide to the Tables" for discussion of the differences.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample that use natural gas.
Notes: ● Statistics for the "Energy End Uses" category represent total consumption in buildings that have the end use, not consumption specifically for that particular end use. ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.