Released: Dec 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table C15.  Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Region for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Total Electricity
Consumption
(billion kWh)
Total Floorspace of
Buildings Using Electricity
(million square feet)
Electricity
Energy Intensity
(kWh/square foot)
North-
east
Mid-
west
South West North-
east
Mid-
west
South West North-
east
Mid-
west
South West
All Buildings* ............................... 147 216 375 152 12,809 16,701 22,766 11,030 11.5 12.9 16.5 13.8
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 13 30 50 19 997 1,729 2,324 1,295 13.4 17.5 21.7 14.6
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 10 15 33 19 1,083 1,447 2,454 1,214 9.0 10.7 13.4 15.3
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 19 29 49 22 1,944 3,098 4,266 2,063 9.6 9.3 11.6 10.9
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 12 31 41 19 1,292 2,483 3,012 1,599 9.0 12.6 13.7 11.7
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 22 29 50 17 2,040 2,260 3,435 1,296 11.0 12.9 14.6 13.1
100,001 to 200,000 ........................ 25 33 66 18 2,117 2,285 3,439 1,177 11.6 14.6 19.1 15.0
200,001 to 500,000 ........................ 24 28 38 16 1,781 2,196 1,909 1,166 13.3 12.7 20.1 13.7
Over 500,000 ................................. 23 20 46 23 1,556 1,203 1,928 1,221 15.0 16.4 24.0 18.8
Principal Building Activity
Education ....................................... 13 20 58 17 1,683 2,539 3,983 1,667 7.8 8.1 14.6 10.2
Food Sales ..................................... Q 16 24 Q Q 305 484 Q Q 52.5 50.5 Q
Food Service ................................. Q 14 37 8 Q 453 764 265 Q 29.9 48.3 31.9
Health Care .................................... 10 18 31 12 535 798 1,277 553 19.4 23.2 24.5 22.5
  Inpatient ....................................... 8 12 26 7 358 438 838 270 23.2 26.4 30.5 25.3
  Outpatient .................................... Q 7 6 6 Q 359 438 283 Q 19.2 13.0 19.8
Lodging .......................................... 9 15 29 16 1,171 1,144 1,694 1,087 Q 13.0 17.2 14.7
Retail (Other Than Mall).................. 6 12 29 14 630 880 1,844 963 8.8 14.2 16.0 14.8
Office ............................................. 50 53 71 36 3,012 2,989 3,782 2,425 16.5 17.9 18.8 15.0
Public Assembly ............................ 6 11 21 11 1,048 1,012 1,174 701 Q 10.7 17.8 16.0
Public Order and Safety ................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Religious Worship .......................... 2 5 10 2 627 1,115 1,498 515 2.8 4.1 6.7 3.6
Service .......................................... 5 14 18 7 731 1,259 1,335 657 6.9 10.8 13.2 11.4
Warehouse and Storage ............... 9 27 25 11 1,467 2,849 3,623 1,486 5.9 9.6 6.9 7.3
Other .............................................. 15 5 Q Q 649 306 Q Q 23.3 16.7 Q Q
Vacant ........................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................... 11 8 Q Q 1,388 1,535 512 Q 7.7 5.4 10.6 Q
1920 to 1945 .................................. 17 23 12 8 2,472 1,954 1,249 920 7.0 11.8 9.5 9.2
1946 to 1959 .................................. 17 17 22 12 2,083 2,005 1,744 1,005 8.0 8.3 12.8 11.9
1960 to 1969 .................................. 22 23 34 18 1,737 2,224 2,504 1,592 12.6 10.1 13.6 11.0
1970 to 1979 .................................. 26 47 64 31 1,723 3,237 3,514 2,080 15.0 14.5 18.1 15.1
1980 to 1989 .................................. 25 35 88 36 1,374 1,915 4,636 2,229 17.9 18.2 19.1 16.1
1990 to 1999 .................................. 19 45 104 34 1,355 2,638 6,106 1,979 14.2 16.9 17.0 17.3
2000 to 2003 .................................. 11 19 45 11 675 1,193 2,501 930 16.7 15.7 18.0 11.5
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................... 23 62 N 34 2,365 5,488 N 2,541 9.8 11.4 N 13.3
  5,500-7,000 HDD ......................... 59 134 N 31 5,366 9,655 N 2,055 11.0 13.9 N 15.0
  4,000-5,499 HDD ......................... 65 19 72 Q 5,077 1,558 4,047 693 12.8 12.4 17.8 14.0
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ N N 156 63 N N 9,985 5,187 N N 15.7 12.1
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ N N 146 15 N N 8,734 555 N N 16.7 27.1
Number of Floors
One ................................................ 39 80 155 60 3,086 5,873 11,127 4,849 12.5 13.6 14.0 12.4
Two ............................................... 27 56 78 40 3,015 5,130 4,874 2,959 8.9 11.0 16.1 13.6
Three ............................................. 15 29 28 11 2,065 2,504 1,916 896 7.3 11.6 14.8 12.8
Four to Nine ................................... 40 39 74 21 3,003 2,640 3,094 1,328 13.5 14.8 23.8 15.9
Ten or More ................................... 26 11 39 19 1,640 555 1,754 999 16.1 20.5 22.2 19.2
Elevators and Escalators
(more than one may apply)
Any Elevators ................................ 86 99 168 63 6,119 6,594 7,941 3,841 14.1 15.0 21.2 16.5
Number of Elevators
  One .............................................. 18 37 36 13 1,567 3,009 2,467 1,064 11.3 12.3 14.8 11.8
  Two to Five .................................. 38 41 70 23 2,971 2,695 3,094 1,360 12.8 15.2 22.6 16.6
  Six or More .................................. 31 21 62 28 1,581 889 2,380 1,418 19.3 23.2 25.9 19.8
Any Escalators .............................. Q Q 29 Q Q Q 1,002 Q Q Q 28.9 Q
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 ................................. 12 37 42 19 2,279 4,579 4,966 2,236 5.1 8.0 8.5 8.3
5 to 9 .............................................. 9 19 33 12 1,085 1,463 2,576 1,023 8.2 13.1 12.6 11.9
10 to 19 .......................................... 14 23 39 14 1,872 2,081 2,741 1,109 7.2 10.8 14.3 12.2
20 to 49 .......................................... 21 37 68 27 2,314 2,856 3,883 1,909 9.1 13.1 17.6 13.9
50 to 99 .......................................... 22 33 46 19 1,598 2,311 2,654 1,370 13.5 14.1 17.2 13.6
100 to 249 ...................................... 23 29 59 24 1,331 1,609 2,534 1,397 17.0 18.1 23.3 17.1
250 or More ................................... 48 38 88 39 2,329 1,800 3,413 1,986 20.7 21.3 25.7 19.6
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ............................... 3 7 12 5 863 2,046 2,099 892 3.0 3.5 5.7 5.1
40 to 48 .......................................... 13 31 51 21 2,103 2,742 4,565 2,161 6.3 11.3 11.2 9.7
49 to 60 .......................................... 27 52 67 29 3,098 4,595 5,553 2,455 8.8 11.4 12.0 11.8
61 to 84 .......................................... 21 32 67 24 2,048 2,575 3,746 1,944 10.4 12.6 18.0 12.6
85 to 167 ........................................ 24 42 66 21 1,317 2,008 2,370 1,246 18.3 20.9 27.8 17.2
Open Continuously ........................ 59 51 111 52 3,379 2,735 4,434 2,332 17.4 18.7 25.1 22.3
Ownership and Occupancy
Nongovernment Owned ................ 124 158 273 119 10,292 12,107 17,152 8,460 12.0 13.1 15.9 14.1
  Owner Occupied ......................... 66 80 122 50 5,904 6,131 7,803 3,617 11.2 13.1 15.7 13.8
  Nonowner Occupied ................... 57 77 150 69 4,140 5,366 9,021 4,732 13.8 14.3 16.7 14.6
  Unoccupied .................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Government Owned ...................... 24 58 101 33 2,517 4,594 5,614 2,570 9.5 12.5 18.1 12.8
  Federal ......................................... Q Q Q 3 Q Q 516 Q Q 20.7 27.3 8.9
  State ............................................ 6 11 33 10 599 764 1,697 727 10.8 14.2 19.3 13.4
  Local ............................................ 15 28 55 20 1,706 2,909 3,401 1,541 8.7 9.5 16.1 13.2
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant ......................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Mostly Vacant ................................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Partially Vacant .............................. 40 41 61 27 3,095 3,105 3,919 2,079 12.8 13.1 15.5 13.2
Not At All Vacant ........................... 107 173 313 124 9,228 12,766 18,499 8,769 11.5 13.6 16.9 14.1
Number of Establishments
One ................................................ 92 162 265 108 7,996 12,134 16,569 7,679 11.4 13.4 16.0 14.1
2 to 5 .............................................. 28 36 59 24 2,517 2,803 3,716 1,886 11.2 12.9 15.9 12.8
6 to 10 ............................................ 8 7 13 5 571 510 550 327 13.9 14.1 24.3 16.1
11 to 20 .......................................... Q Q 12 Q Q Q 589 Q Q Q 19.7 Q
More than 20 .................................. 13 Q 25 9 696 Q 1,011 688 18.0 Q 24.8 13.4
Currently Unoccupied .................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant Exterior
Wall Material
Brick, Stone or Stucco ................... 75 120 187 59 7,198 9,111 11,364 4,621 10.5 13.2 16.5 12.8
Concrete (Block or Poured) ........... 26 36 67 26 2,173 2,877 3,922 1,765 12.0 12.5 17.0 15.0
Concrete Panels ............................ 12 21 58 26 599 1,230 2,656 1,899 19.7 17.3 21.9 13.6
Siding or Shingles .......................... 8 10 14 12 1,179 1,063 1,035 698 6.5 9.6 13.3 17.6
Metal Panels ................................... 17 17 35 18 1,032 1,768 3,088 1,489 16.5 9.5 11.3 12.4
Window Glass ............................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ........................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant Roof Material
Built-Up .......................................... 46 71 128 60 4,025 5,149 7,227 4,380 11.5 13.9 17.7 13.7
Shingles (Not Wood) ...................... 23 32 46 20 1,995 3,119 3,272 1,486 11.7 10.1 14.1 13.6
Metal Surfacing .............................. 9 26 59 21 1,001 2,484 5,888 1,860 9.4 10.3 10.0 11.3
Synthetic or Rubber ....................... 61 65 103 32 4,116 4,440 4,282 1,873 14.7 14.7 24.1 17.0
Slate or Tile .................................... 4 3 16 8 480 302 1,036 620 8.0 9.8 15.0 12.9
Wooden Materials .......................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q 244 Q Q Q 10.9
Concrete ........................................ Q Q 8 Q Q Q 426 Q Q Q 19.8 Q
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ........................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Renovations in Buildings
Constructed Before 1980
(more than one may apply)
Any Type of Renovation
 Since 1980 .................................... 58 63 68 39 5,090 5,361 4,346 2,841 11.5 11.8 15.7 13.6
   Addition or Annex ....................... 18 29 30 16 1,797 1,970 1,804 979 9.8 14.6 16.9 16.0
   Reduction In Floorspace ............. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
   Cosmetic Improvements .............. 48 50 48 31 3,938 3,879 3,002 2,183 12.2 12.8 15.9 14.0
   Wall or Roof Replacement .......... 28 27 30 17 2,676 2,236 1,850 1,294 10.3 12.0 16.3 13.2
   Interior Wall
    Re-Configuration ........................ 27 36 31 24 2,475 2,586 1,934 1,507 10.9 13.9 16.1 15.8
   HVAC Equipment Upgrade .......... 40 42 44 28 3,027 3,332 2,582 1,825 13.2 12.7 17.2 15.3
   Lighting Upgrade ......................... 42 38 33 28 3,350 3,059 2,089 1,775 12.4 12.4 15.8 15.6
   Window Replacement ................. 27 21 14 12 2,750 1,772 913 842 9.7 11.8 15.3 14.3
   Plumbing System Upgrade .......... 26 23 22 21 2,511 1,898 1,364 1,369 10.4 12.2 16.1 15.1
   Insulation Upgrade ...................... 15 14 14 7 1,370 1,212 855 576 11.3 11.8 16.1 13.0
   Other Renovation ........................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No Renovations Since 1980 .......... 34 54 69 33 4,314 5,594 5,179 3,051 7.9 9.7 13.3 10.7
Building Newer than 1980 ............. 55 98 237 81 3,405 5,747 13,242 5,138 16.2 17.1 17.9 15.7
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 147 216 375 152 12,809 16,701 22,766 11,030 11.5 12.9 16.5 13.8
Natural Gas .................................... 114 171 240 107 9,181 13,162 13,306 7,813 12.5 13.0 18.0 13.7
Fuel Oil ........................................... 70 50 86 43 6,080 2,817 4,122 2,123 11.6 17.9 20.9 20.4
District Heat ................................... 22 28 38 10 1,363 1,648 1,766 667 16.4 17.2 21.3 14.8
District Chilled Water ...................... 11 13 23 10 620 596 1,150 487 17.1 21.7 20.2 19.6
Propane ......................................... 12 30 33 24 1,354 2,179 2,360 1,173 9.0 13.9 14.0 20.1
Other .............................................. Q 7 Q Q Q 487 303 367 Q 13.6 26.1 16.3
Space-Heating Energy Sources
Electricity ....................................... 66 89 228 73 4,405 6,223 13,058 4,914 15.0 14.3 17.5 14.9
  Electricity Main ............................. 21 46 153 45 1,253 2,545 9,084 3,114 17.0 18.1 16.9 14.5
  Electricity Secondary ................... 45 43 75 28 3,152 3,677 3,975 1,800 14.2 11.6 18.8 15.5
Other Excluding Electricity ............. 80 125 133 68 8,191 10,080 7,932 5,188 9.8 12.4 16.8 13.1
Buildings without Heating .............. Q Q 13 11 Q 398 1,776 928 Q 4.3 7.6 12.1
Primary Space-Heating
Energy Source
Electricity ....................................... 21 46 153 45 1,253 2,545 9,084 3,114 17.0 18.1 16.9 14.5
Natural Gas .................................... 85 133 162 79 6,439 11,320 9,294 5,911 13.2 11.7 17.4 13.4
Fuel Oil ........................................... 17 Q Q Q 3,250 Q Q Q 5.2 Q Q Q
District Heat ................................... 20 28 35 8 1,205 1,531 1,614 557 16.8 18.0 21.7 14.4
Propane ......................................... Q Q 6 Q Q 560 674 332 Q 9.4 9.1 Q
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Cooling Energy Sources
Electricity ....................................... 130 190 354 140 10,402 13,781 20,623 9,515 12.5 13.8 17.2 14.7
Other Excluding Electricity ............. 11 Q 17 Q 552 Q 930 Q 19.6 Q 18.8 Q
Buildings without Cooling ............... 7 Q 3 6 1,855 2,232 1,214 1,080 3.6 6.4 2.6 5.8
Water-Heating Energy Sources
Electricity ....................................... 57 86 200 59 5,125 6,477 11,882 4,007 11.2 13.3 16.8 14.7
Other Excluding Electricity ............. 86 114 159 87 6,664 8,436 8,031 5,841 12.9 13.5 19.7 14.9
Bldgs without Water Heating ......... 4 Q 16 6 1,020 1,788 2,853 1,182 4.0 9.0 5.6 5.3
Cooking Energy Sources
Electricity ....................................... 39 60 112 38 2,495 3,784 4,900 1,982 15.5 15.9 22.9 19.1
Other Excluding Electricity ............. 31 32 67 26 2,521 2,066 2,982 1,507 Q 15.5 22.3 17.1
Buildings without Cooking .............. 78 124 196 89 7,793 10,851 14,885 7,541 10.0 11.4 13.2 11.8
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 147 214 361 141 12,596 16,303 20,990 10,102 11.6 13.1 17.2 14.0
Buildings with Cooling .................... 141 202 371 146 10,954 14,469 21,553 9,950 12.9 13.9 17.2 14.7
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 143 200 359 146 11,789 14,913 19,913 9,848 12.2 13.4 18.0 14.8
Buildings with Cooking ................... 69 92 179 64 5,016 5,850 7,881 3,489 13.8 15.7 22.7 18.2
Buildings with Manufacturing ........ 13 10 8 10 1,013 798 642 685 13.1 13.2 11.8 14.6
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................... 60 66 91 44 3,245 3,317 4,017 2,241 18.5 20.0 22.5 19.6
Percent of Floorspace Heated
Not Heated ..................................... Q Q 13 11 Q 398 1,776 928 Q 4.3 7.6 12.1
1 to 50 ............................................ 6 9 26 13 1,387 1,115 2,836 1,491 4.2 8.3 9.3 8.9
51 to 99 .......................................... 15 21 51 29 1,539 1,727 2,891 1,950 9.8 12.4 17.5 14.8
100 ................................................. 126 183 284 99 9,671 13,461 15,263 6,661 13.0 13.6 18.6 14.8
Percent of Floorspace Cooled
Not Cooled ..................................... 7 Q 3 6 1,855 2,232 1,214 1,080 3.6 6.4 2.6 5.8
1 to 50 ............................................ 28 37 39 25 4,270 4,742 4,915 2,656 6.6 7.9 8.0 9.6
51 to 99 .......................................... 49 58 73 38 3,101 3,761 3,903 2,446 15.8 15.4 18.8 15.7
100 ................................................. 64 106 259 82 3,582 5,966 12,735 4,849 17.8 17.8 20.3 16.9
Percent Lit When Open
Zero ............................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
1 to 50 ............................................ 11 17 26 12 2,750 2,753 3,189 1,512 4.1 6.3 8.0 7.7
51 to 99 .......................................... 49 65 102 45 3,599 5,299 6,134 3,256 13.7 12.3 16.7 13.9
100 ................................................. 86 132 245 94 6,051 7,781 12,874 6,083 14.2 16.9 19.0 15.5
Building Never Open/
 Electricity Not Used ....................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Percent Lit When Closed
Zero ............................................... 20 50 61 29 2,807 5,174 6,292 3,112 7.1 9.6 9.6 9.4
1 to 50 ............................................ 62 103 179 68 6,279 8,293 11,027 5,349 9.9 12.5 16.2 12.7
51 to 100 ........................................ Q 12 24 Q Q 499 1,013 Q Q 23.9 23.6 Q
Building Never Closed/
 Electricity Not Used ....................... 59 51 111 52 3,379 2,735 4,434 2,332 17.4 18.7 25.1 22.3
Heating Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Heat Pumps .................................... 25 16 85 27 1,213 1,058 4,942 1,600 20.8 15.2 17.2 16.8
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 17 12 57 19 744 738 2,928 1,031 22.8 16.0 19.6 18.5
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. Q Q 28 6 Q Q 1,862 368 Q Q 15.3 17.2
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ Q Q 19 7 Q Q 1,250 538 Q Q 15.5 12.1
Furnaces ....................................... 33 82 71 37 3,596 7,219 5,715 3,075 9.2 11.3 12.5 11.9
Individual Space Heaters ............... 35 50 56 24 2,786 4,169 3,603 1,981 12.7 11.9 15.6 11.9
District Heat ................................... 20 28 36 9 1,245 1,623 1,683 615 16.5 17.0 21.4 14.3
Boilers ............................................ 71 74 94 56 6,228 6,141 4,393 3,662 11.4 12.1 21.5 15.3
Packaged Heating Units ................. 50 62 151 48 2,912 3,666 8,130 3,312 17.3 16.8 18.5 14.4
Other .............................................. Q 14 21 8 Q 803 1,379 481 Q 17.1 15.0 15.6
Cooling Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Residential-Type Central
 Air Conditioners ............................ 22 45 52 15 2,391 3,609 3,854 1,181 9.1 12.5 13.4 12.7
Heat Pumps .................................... 26 16 89 31 1,270 1,063 4,923 1,785 20.1 14.8 18.0 17.1
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 17 12 57 19 788 760 2,849 1,030 21.7 15.7 20.1 18.5
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. Q Q 29 7 Q Q 1,868 404 Q Q 15.7 17.1
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ Q Q 22 11 Q Q 1,290 734 Q Q 17.1 14.5
Individual Air Conditioners ............. 31 35 51 23 3,687 3,488 3,635 1,749 8.3 10.1 14.1 13.2
District Chilled Water ...................... 11 13 23 10 620 596 1,150 487 17.1 21.7 20.2 19.6
Central Chillers ............................... 37 52 115 40 1,852 2,842 4,854 2,088 20.2 18.4 23.7 19.3
Packaged Air Conditioning
 Units .............................................. 83 121 176 82 6,000 8,086 10,401 5,482 13.8 15.0 16.9 15.0
Swamp Coolers ............................. Q Q Q 19 Q Q Q 1,342 Q 11.1 Q 13.8
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Main Equipment Replaced Since
1990 (more than one may apply)
Heating ........................................... 42 61 68 38 3,974 5,025 4,807 2,588 10.6 12.2 14.2 14.8
Cooling ........................................... 66 74 98 48 5,453 5,752 6,415 3,374 12.1 12.9 15.3 14.1
Water Heating Equipment
Centralized System ........................ 94 133 209 80 7,770 9,709 11,537 5,640 12.1 13.7 18.1 14.2
Distributed System ......................... 23 29 66 24 2,325 2,670 4,564 1,981 9.7 10.8 14.5 12.0
Combination of Centralized
 and Distributed System ................. 27 38 83 42 1,695 2,534 3,812 2,227 15.9 15.2 21.8 18.9
Lighting Equipment Types
(more than one may apply)
Incandescent ................................. 96 146 248 98 8,102 10,973 13,045 6,408 11.9 13.3 19.0 15.3
Standard Fluorescent .................... 144 211 363 148 12,159 15,708 21,222 10,599 11.8 13.4 17.1 14.0
Compact Fluorescent ..................... 89 109 199 90 6,091 6,828 8,881 5,772 14.7 15.9 22.4 15.7
High Intensity Discharge ................ 64 91 124 50 4,379 6,620 6,229 3,416 14.7 13.8 19.9 14.7
Halogen .......................................... 56 74 130 52 3,581 4,661 6,193 3,268 15.7 15.9 21.1 16.1
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Refrigeration Equipment
(more than one may apply)a
Any Refrigeration........................... 137 192 348 135 10,842 14,082 19,103 8,947 12.6 13.6 18.2 15.1
  Commercial Refrigeration ............. 89 118 237 79 5,936 7,122 9,638 4,072 15.1 16.6 24.6 19.5
    Walk-In Units .............................. 73 93 204 66 4,452 5,201 7,469 3,132 16.5 17.9 27.4 21.0
    Cases or Cabinets ..................... 75 89 191 67 4,504 4,978 7,664 3,277 16.8 17.8 24.9 20.6
  Residential-Type Units ................. 88 133 210 87 8,288 10,792 13,162 6,642 10.6 12.4 16.0 13.1
  Vending Machines ....................... 96 134 256 94 6,559 9,400 13,534 5,841 14.7 14.3 19.0 16.1
No Refrigeration ............................. 11 24 26 17 1,967 2,619 3,663 2,083 5.5 9.1 7.1 8.3
Office Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Computers ..................................... 141 199 347 145 11,518 14,415 19,715 9,980 12.2 13.8 17.6 14.5
  With Flat Screen Monitors ............ 93 102 191 80 5,995 6,346 9,135 4,940 15.5 16.1 20.9 16.3
Dedicated Servers ......................... 113 142 241 100 8,143 9,252 12,649 6,294 13.9 15.3 19.1 16.0
Laser Printers ................................ 76 104 188 86 7,095 8,463 11,566 5,888 10.7 12.3 16.3 14.6
Inkjet Printers ................................. 95 124 225 89 6,415 8,305 11,480 6,009 14.9 14.9 19.6 14.9
FAX Machines ............................... 138 183 335 136 11,173 13,295 18,782 9,123 12.3 13.8 17.8 14.9
Photocopiers .................................. 126 160 285 121 9,893 11,859 16,312 8,193 12.7 13.5 17.5 14.8
Number of Computers
None .............................................. 7 17 28 8 1,291 2,286 3,052 1,051 5.2 7.2 9.0 7.2
1 to 4 .............................................. 17 44 70 22 2,081 3,743 4,419 2,151 7.9 11.7 15.9 10.4
5 to 9 .............................................. 10 23 30 17 1,604 1,938 2,538 1,099 6.3 12.0 11.7 15.5
10 to 19 .......................................... 14 23 31 16 1,321 1,690 2,403 1,196 10.2 13.5 13.0 13.3
20 to 49 .......................................... 20 24 50 25 1,504 1,932 2,425 1,554 13.5 12.6 20.4 16.4
50 to 99 .......................................... 10 16 36 14 1,157 1,049 2,102 1,068 Q 15.2 17.2 12.9
100 to 249 ...................................... 19 26 44 19 1,260 1,851 2,262 1,317 14.8 14.0 19.3 14.8
250 or More ................................... 52 43 86 31 2,590 2,213 3,565 1,595 19.9 19.5 24.2 19.1
Number of Dedicated Servers
None .............................................. 35 74 133 52 4,666 7,449 10,117 4,736 7.4 9.9 13.2 10.9
1 to 4 .............................................. 57 89 136 59 5,247 6,567 8,208 4,093 10.9 13.6 16.6 14.4
5 to 9 .............................................. 15 16 31 12 914 966 1,313 671 16.1 16.5 23.6 17.6
10 to 19 .......................................... 11 15 29 9 578 773 1,126 552 19.0 19.2 25.8 15.5
20 to 49 .......................................... Q 9 29 7 Q 334 1,265 491 Q 27.4 23.2 15.2
50 or More ..................................... 22 13 16 Q 912 Q 737 Q 24.5 21.0 21.0 Q
Number of Photocopiers
None .............................................. 22 56 90 31 2,915 4,843 6,454 2,838 7.4 11.5 13.9 11.0
One ................................................ 28 45 68 32 3,027 4,235 5,460 2,753 9.2 10.6 12.5 11.8
2 to 4 .............................................. 29 52 92 35 2,944 4,026 5,518 2,594 9.8 12.8 16.6 13.5
5 to 9 .............................................. 22 21 38 14 1,518 1,401 1,782 814 14.7 14.7 21.1 17.5
10 or More ..................................... 47 43 87 39 2,404 2,196 3,553 2,032 19.4 19.6 24.6 19.3
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation ........ 69 92 179 63 5,016 5,850 7,880 3,478 13.8 15.7 22.7 18.2
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water .................. 55 80 146 61 3,922 5,225 6,903 3,432 13.9 15.3 21.2 17.8
Separate Computer Area ............... 93 99 183 79 5,925 6,482 9,397 5,070 15.6 15.3 19.5 15.6
HVAC Conservation Features
(more than one may apply)
Variable Air-Volume System ......... 67 86 158 60 3,780 5,001 7,348 3,468 17.8 17.3 21.5 17.2
Economizer Cycle .......................... 82 106 153 73 4,141 5,884 6,632 4,452 19.7 18.0 23.0 16.3
HVAC Maintenance ....................... 137 188 330 137 11,047 13,116 17,641 9,347 12.4 14.3 18.7 14.7
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS) ................ 53 57 120 50 3,002 3,799 5,802 3,027 17.7 15.1 20.6 16.4
Window and Interior Lighting
Features (more than one
may apply)
Multipaned Windows ..................... 112 169 227 85 9,276 11,649 12,273 5,529 12.1 14.5 18.5 15.4
Tinted Window Glass .................... 78 112 218 85 4,944 7,233 11,832 5,616 15.7 15.5 18.4 15.1
Reflective Window Glass .............. 27 37 66 23 1,661 2,165 3,008 1,694 16.5 16.9 22.1 13.3
External Overhangs
 or Awnings ................................... 36 65 126 55 2,672 4,205 6,749 3,545 13.4 15.6 18.6 15.4
Skylights or Atriums ....................... 34 46 71 38 2,892 3,250 3,914 2,453 11.9 14.2 18.0 15.4
Daylighting Sensors ....................... 6 15 14 25 428 815 674 951 15.1 17.8 21.4 26.3
Specular Reflectors ....................... 84 116 163 72 5,834 7,709 7,871 4,703 14.4 15.0 20.8 15.4
Electronic Ballasts ......................... 122 180 301 129 9,288 12,610 16,459 8,525 13.1 14.3 18.3 15.2
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS)
 For Lighting ................................... 18 22 30 21 849 1,292 1,471 1,169 21.3 17.1 20.6 17.7
Equipment Usage Reduced
When Building Not In Full Use
(more than one may apply)a
Heating ........................................... 104 126 231 106 9,519 10,893 14,655 7,639 10.9 11.5 15.7 13.9
Cooling ........................................... 103 128 253 111 8,812 10,454 16,094 7,829 11.7 12.2 15.7 14.2
Lighting .......................................... 81 160 249 98 8,706 12,884 17,115 8,282 9.3 12.4 14.6 11.8
Office Equipment ........................... 34 58 82 36 4,269 5,412 6,426 3,291 8.1 10.7 12.8 11.0
Annual Consumption
(kilowatthours)
10,000 or Less .............................. 1 1 1 1 752 929 729 451 1.1 1.1 1.7 1.8
10,001 to 50,000 ............................ 6 12 17 9 1,800 2,277 3,386 1,765 3.6 5.5 5.0 5.1
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 9 11 21 10 1,547 1,466 2,448 1,000 6.0 7.7 8.7 9.7
100,001 to 500,000 ........................ 26 59 83 41 2,910 4,795 5,402 3,004 8.8 12.4 15.4 13.7
500,001 to 1,000,000 ..................... 13 21 48 14 1,285 1,794 2,772 886 10.5 11.7 17.5 15.9
1,000,001 to 5,000,000 .................. 46 69 111 44 2,570 3,512 4,691 2,435 17.7 19.5 23.7 18.0
Over 5,000,000 .............................. 46 42 92 34 1,944 1,929 3,338 1,489 23.8 21.9 27.6 22.7
Provider of Purchased
Electricity (more than
one may apply)
Local Utility ..................................... 120 198 331 142 11,159 15,631 20,579 10,484 10.8 12.7 16.1 13.6
Some Other Provider ..................... 31 16 36 Q 1,741 1,047 1,790 Q 17.9 15.6 20.3 Q
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet. In the 1999 CBECS, malls represented 9.7 percent of total electricity consumption.
a The definition for one or more of these row items has changed and may not be directly comparable with past CBECS estimates. See "Guide to the Tables" for discussion of the differences.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample that use electricity.
Notes: ● Statistics for the "Energy End Uses" category represent total consumption in buildings that have the end use, not consumption specifically for that particular end use. ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.