Released: Dec 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table C14.  Electricity Consumption and Expenditure Intensities for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Electricity Consumption Electricity Expenditures
per Building (thousand kWh) per Square Foot (kWh) per
Worker (thousand kWh)
Distribution of
Building-Level Intensities
(kWh/square foot)
25th
Per-
centile
Median 75th
Per-
centile
per
Building (thousand dollars)
per
Square Foot (dollars)
per
kWh (dollars)
All Buildings* ............................... 202 14.1 12.2 3.6 8.2 17.1 15.7 1.09 0.078
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 47 17.8 11.4 3.8 8.9 20.3 4.3 1.63 0.092
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 92 12.4 10.3 3.8 7.4 14.5 8.7 1.18 0.095
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 164 10.5 11.1 2.9 6.3 13.4 13.8 0.88 0.084
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 439 12.2 11.6 3.8 8.8 16.2 33.6 0.94 0.077
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 927 13.1 14.1 4.5 9.9 17.0 68.0 0.97 0.073
100,001 to 200,000 ........................ 2,181 15.7 12.2 5.3 13.0 23.4 146.4 1.05 0.067
200,001 to 500,000 ........................ 4,347 15.0 15.4 5.8 12.1 20.7 301.0 1.04 0.069
Over 500,000 ................................. 17,034 19.0 12.8 10.0 16.6 25.2 1209.8 1.35 0.071
Principal Building Activity
Education ....................................... 283 11.0 8.7 4.9 8.9 13.6 21.1 0.82 0.075
Food Sales ..................................... 276 49.4 43.0 33.4 48.0 77.0 20.9 3.74 0.076
Food Service ................................. 213 38.4 20.3 18.8 37.4 70.3 17.4 3.13 0.082
Health Care .................................... 564 22.9 11.5 6.1 12.0 18.4 37.9 1.54 0.067
  Inpatient ....................................... 6,628 27.5 14.1 21.8 24.0 35.6 405.3 1.68 0.061
  Outpatient .................................... 168 16.1 7.8 5.8 11.3 16.5 13.9 1.34 0.083
Lodging .......................................... 483 13.5 28.0 6.7 11.9 17.7 37.1 1.04 0.077
Retail (Other Than Mall).................. 139 14.3 17.8 4.3 9.4 18.4 11.6 1.19 0.083
Office ............................................. 256 17.3 7.5 6.5 11.5 17.6 20.7 1.40 0.081
Public Assembly ............................ 179 12.5 20.5 2.2 5.1 11.3 14.4 1.00 0.080
Public Order and Safety ................ 237 15.3 12.4 4.0 7.9 17.6 17.2 1.12 0.073
Religious Worship .......................... 49 4.9 10.7 1.9 3.5 6.0 4.4 0.43 0.089
Service .......................................... 73 11.0 12.0 3.0 6.3 11.8 5.8 0.88 0.080
Warehouse and Storage ............... 154 7.6 16.7 1.4 3.1 6.2 10.8 0.53 0.070
Other .............................................. 510 22.5 21.4 3.5 7.2 20.3 40.0 1.76 0.078
Vacant ........................................... 42 2.4 Q 0.4 1.7 3.8 3.9 0.22 0.092
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................... 83 7.1 8.7 1.6 3.9 9.6 7.3 0.62 0.088
1920 to 1945 .................................. 122 9.2 9.9 3.2 6.9 13.9 10.3 0.78 0.084
1946 to 1959 .................................. 125 9.9 10.2 3.1 6.4 14.3 10.6 0.84 0.085
1960 to 1969 .................................. 168 11.9 11.0 3.4 7.4 14.7 13.5 0.96 0.080
1970 to 1979 .................................. 239 15.9 13.3 4.4 9.5 21.4 18.1 1.20 0.075
1980 to 1989 .................................. 275 18.1 12.2 4.8 10.1 20.5 20.8 1.37 0.076
1990 to 1999 .................................. 250 16.7 12.5 4.7 10.5 22.6 18.8 1.26 0.075
2000 to 2003 .................................. 288 16.2 19.2 3.1 7.8 18.3 21.4 1.20 0.074
Census Region and Division
Northeast ....................................... 208 11.5 9.9 2.4 6.1 14.2 20.1 1.11 0.097
  New England ............................... 139 10.8 10.0 1.8 4.3 13.2 13.7 1.06 0.099
  Middle Atlantic .............................. 240 11.7 9.8 2.9 6.9 15.2 23.1 1.13 0.096
Midwest ......................................... 182 12.9 13.2 3.5 7.9 15.9 11.9 0.85 0.066
  East North Central ........................ 233 13.5 13.4 4.2 8.3 19.1 15.5 0.90 0.067
  West North Central ...................... 118 11.7 12.8 3.0 7.2 13.6 7.4 0.74 0.063
South ............................................. 226 16.5 13.9 4.1 9.2 19.7 15.4 1.12 0.068
  South Atlantic .............................. 252 17.4 12.6 4.2 9.7 19.7 17.0 1.17 0.067
  East South Central ....................... 160 15.5 16.4 3.8 8.4 19.8 10.7 1.04 0.067
  West South Central ...................... 226 15.3 15.8 4.0 9.0 19.3 15.9 1.08 0.070
West .............................................. 179 13.8 10.6 4.0 9.2 15.2 17.7 1.37 0.099
  Mountain ...................................... 196 15.4 13.1 4.3 8.6 14.4 15.0 1.18 0.076
  Pacific .......................................... 170 13.0 9.5 3.8 9.3 15.7 19.1 1.46 0.112
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................... 148 11.5 11.6 2.9 7.2 15.0 11.3 0.88 0.076
  5,500-7,000 HDD ......................... 198 13.1 12.9 3.2 7.4 15.4 14.4 0.95 0.073
  4,000-5,499 HDD ......................... 259 14.6 11.9 3.9 8.0 17.6 20.8 1.17 0.080
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 184 14.5 12.8 3.8 8.3 16.4 15.3 1.20 0.083
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 255 17.3 11.5 4.9 12.7 22.9 19.1 1.30 0.075
Number of Floors
One ................................................ 114 13.4 14.1 3.7 8.2 18.0 9.2 1.08 0.080
Two ............................................... 200 12.6 12.5 3.5 8.3 16.5 15.9 1.01 0.080
Three ............................................. 251 11.4 10.5 3.1 7.1 14.9 19.2 0.87 0.076
Four to Nine ................................... 1,363 17.3 11.0 3.5 10.7 18.3 97.9 1.24 0.072
Ten or More ................................... 8,134 19.4 10.6 12.1 18.1 25.2 615.6 1.47 0.076
Elevators and Escalators
(more than one may apply)
Any Elevators ................................ 1,365 17.0 11.4 5.8 12.6 20.7 99.1 1.23 0.073
Number of Elevators
  One .............................................. 508 12.8 11.4 5.2 10.6 18.3 37.7 0.95 0.074
  Two to Five .................................. 1,955 17.0 10.8 8.1 16.9 25.2 140.6 1.22 0.072
  Six or More .................................. 11,057 22.5 12.2 12.5 19.0 29.5 797.9 1.62 0.072
Any Escalators .............................. 9,366 24.1 14.0 10.4 14.9 22.6 677.6 1.74 0.072
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 ................................. 45 7.7 23.9 2.4 5.4 12.3 3.9 0.68 0.087
5 to 9 .............................................. 94 11.8 14.4 5.5 10.3 20.5 8.2 1.04 0.088
10 to 19 .......................................... 158 11.4 12.2 5.9 10.8 20.6 13.6 0.98 0.086
20 to 49 .......................................... 386 14.0 13.0 8.1 13.6 21.3 30.1 1.09 0.078
50 to 99 .......................................... 802 14.9 12.4 8.9 15.0 21.7 57.9 1.08 0.072
100 to 249 ...................................... 1,759 19.6 12.1 10.9 19.1 30.4 127.5 1.42 0.072
250 or More ................................... 7,165 22.4 9.1 14.8 22.8 29.4 511.9 1.60 0.071
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ............................... 30 4.5 8.0 1.6 3.2 6.5 2.9 0.42 0.094
40 to 48 .......................................... 105 10.1 8.5 4.0 7.5 12.9 8.7 0.83 0.082
49 to 60 .......................................... 166 11.2 9.2 4.2 8.7 15.7 13.5 0.91 0.081
61 to 84 .......................................... 251 14.1 12.5 7.1 13.8 27.1 19.9 1.12 0.079
85 to 167 ........................................ 408 22.1 14.7 13.8 33.4 58.5 29.8 1.61 0.073
Open Continuously ........................ 647 21.2 18.8 4.9 13.7 29.5 47.4 1.55 0.073
Ownership and Occupancy
Nongovernment Owned ................ 178 14.0 12.7 3.4 8.0 17.9 14.3 1.13 0.080
  Owner Occupied ......................... 175 13.6 11.8 3.5 7.2 15.1 14.0 1.08 0.080
  Nonowner Occupied ................... 187 15.2 13.5 3.6 9.4 21.7 15.1 1.22 0.081
  Unoccupied .................................. 30 1.9 N 0.4 1.7 3.4 2.9 Q Q
Government Owned ...................... 348 14.1 11.1 4.8 9.3 15.3 24.0 0.97 0.069
  Federal ......................................... 842 19.7 15.8 4.3 9.2 17.3 47.3 1.11 0.056
  State ............................................ 366 15.8 8.3 5.9 9.1 14.5 24.3 1.05 0.066
  Local ............................................ 286 12.3 12.0 4.8 9.5 15.8 21.3 0.92 0.075
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant ......................... 32 1.8 N 0.4 1.5 3.4 3.0 0.17 0.096
Mostly Vacant ................................ Q Q Q 1.4 3.0 8.0 Q Q Q
Partially Vacant .............................. 338 13.8 9.9 2.9 6.7 14.2 26.5 1.08 0.078
Not At All Vacant ........................... 189 14.6 12.9 3.9 8.7 18.3 14.6 1.12 0.077
Number of Establishments
One ................................................ 174 14.1 14.2 3.7 8.3 18.2 13.5 1.09 0.077
2 to 5 .............................................. 232 13.5 11.3 3.9 8.7 15.3 18.0 1.05 0.078
6 to 10 ............................................ 616 17.3 5.2 5.5 11.2 18.3 48.0 1.34 0.078
11 to 20 .......................................... 1,259 14.7 8.6 4.7 14.2 19.1 99.6 1.16 0.079
More than 20 .................................. 3,544 19.6 8.6 3.0 10.5 18.7 281.6 1.56 0.079
Currently Unoccupied .................... 32 1.8 N 0.4 1.5 3.4 3.0 0.17 0.096
Predominant Exterior
Wall Material
Brick, Stone or Stucco ................... 222 13.7 12.0 4.4 9.7 20.3 17.1 1.06 0.077
Concrete (Block or Poured) ........... 205 14.5 14.9 4.0 9.4 20.0 16.4 1.16 0.080
Concrete Panels ............................ 956 18.3 10.8 5.8 11.3 26.2 68.8 1.32 0.072
Siding or Shingles .......................... 59 11.0 9.6 3.3 7.4 14.1 5.4 1.01 0.091
Metal Panels ................................... 122 11.8 14.1 2.1 4.5 9.7 9.4 0.91 0.077
Window Glass ............................... 1,148 19.1 10.2 6.6 17.0 27.6 85.8 1.43 0.075
Other .............................................. 423 16.7 12.0 2.0 9.5 21.6 32.4 1.28 0.077
No One Major Type ........................ Q Q Q 1.1 5.4 10.4 Q Q Q
Predominant Roof Material
Built-Up .......................................... 303 14.7 11.8 4.9 11.3 24.4 24.0 1.16 0.079
Shingles (Not Wood) ...................... 94 12.3 11.6 3.2 7.1 14.7 8.0 1.04 0.085
Metal Surfacing .............................. 101 10.2 13.7 2.4 5.3 11.1 7.8 0.79 0.077
Synthetic or Rubber ....................... 518 17.7 12.6 6.0 12.3 24.5 37.0 1.27 0.071
Slate or Tile .................................... 118 12.5 10.1 5.0 9.7 19.6 11.0 1.16 0.093
Wooden Materials .......................... 91 12.2 11.1 4.2 8.3 15.7 7.3 0.99 0.081
Concrete ........................................ 477 Q 14.8 6.2 11.4 24.2 33.4 Q 0.070
Other .............................................. 908 20.4 18.6 5.8 15.3 39.2 63.2 1.42 0.070
No One Major Type ........................ 237 10.4 8.8 3.0 5.8 21.6 22.8 1.01 0.097
Renovations in Buildings
Constructed Before 1980
(more than one may apply)
Any Type of Renovation
 Since 1980 .................................... 227 13.0 11.2 3.7 8.2 15.7 17.7 1.01 0.078
   Addition or Annex ....................... 360 14.1 13.9 4.0 8.7 17.0 25.4 0.99 0.070
   Reduction In Floorspace ............. 699 15.2 14.2 7.4 13.1 29.5 53.7 1.17 0.077
   Cosmetic Improvements .............. 239 13.5 11.1 3.7 8.0 15.8 18.8 1.06 0.079
   Wall or Roof Replacement .......... 278 12.6 10.0 3.2 6.9 15.0 22.2 1.01 0.080
   Interior Wall
    Re-Configuration ........................ 289 13.8 10.5 4.1 8.2 17.5 22.2 1.06 0.077
   HVAC Equipment Upgrade .......... 351 14.4 11.2 4.3 8.2 16.0 26.9 1.10 0.077
   Lighting Upgrade ......................... 309 13.6 11.2 3.7 8.0 15.4 23.7 1.05 0.077
   Window Replacement ................. 239 11.7 9.8 4.0 7.2 13.5 20.1 0.98 0.084
   Plumbing System Upgrade .......... 294 12.9 10.5 3.9 7.9 15.0 23.5 1.03 0.080
   Insulation Upgrade ...................... 227 12.7 10.2 3.0 6.7 13.2 18.0 1.01 0.080
   Other Renovation ........................ 246 9.0 9.9 3.7 10.1 24.0 27.0 0.99 0.110
No Renovations Since 1980 .......... 117 10.5 11.4 3.1 6.7 14.1 9.7 0.87 0.083
Building Newer than 1980 ............. 266 17.1 13.2 4.4 10.0 20.6 20.0 1.29 0.075
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 202 14.1 12.2 3.6 8.2 17.1 15.7 1.09 0.078
Natural Gas .................................... 265 14.6 12.2 4.3 8.8 18.5 20.3 1.12 0.077
Fuel Oil ........................................... 558 16.5 12.8 2.2 5.5 14.0 41.5 1.23 0.074
District Heat ................................... 1,467 18.0 9.6 6.4 12.6 20.4 97.5 1.20 0.066
District Chilled Water ...................... 1,711 19.7 7.8 10.9 15.3 23.1 111.4 1.29 0.065
Propane ......................................... 199 14.0 16.9 3.3 6.9 14.0 14.5 1.02 0.073
Other .............................................. 180 16.4 12.1 2.8 5.3 11.2 12.2 1.11 0.068
Space-Heating Energy Sources
Electricity ....................................... 258 15.9 13.4 5.5 11.3 20.8 19.7 1.22 0.076
  Electricity Main ............................. 211 16.6 13.7 6.3 12.6 23.3 16.3 1.28 0.077
  Electricity Secondary ................... 375 15.1 13.1 4.7 8.7 16.1 28.3 1.14 0.075
Other Excluding Electricity ............. 184 13.0 11.0 3.3 6.9 14.1 14.2 1.00 0.077
Buildings without Heating .............. 63 8.2 14.0 0.9 2.8 12.2 6.4 0.84 0.102
Primary Space-Heating
Energy Source
Electricity ....................................... 211 16.6 13.7 6.3 12.6 23.3 16.3 1.28 0.077
Natural Gas .................................... 230 13.9 12.5 4.2 8.0 16.0 17.7 1.07 0.077
Fuel Oil ........................................... 80 5.9 8.4 1.8 3.4 8.2 8.0 0.59 0.100
District Heat ................................... 1,432 18.5 9.3 4.9 12.6 20.7 93.3 1.20 0.065
Propane ......................................... 67 10.5 10.7 2.9 6.2 12.0 6.3 0.98 0.093
Other .............................................. 70 12.6 15.9 2.5 4.0 9.4 4.7 0.85 0.067
Cooling Energy Sources
Electricity ....................................... 227 15.0 12.9 4.9 9.8 19.4 17.7 1.17 0.078
Other Excluding Electricity ............. 1,340 17.5 6.6 7.0 11.2 19.1 92.7 1.21 0.069
Buildings without Cooling ............... 39 4.8 11.8 1.1 2.4 5.1 3.2 0.39 0.082
Water-Heating Energy Sources
Electricity ....................................... 211 14.6 12.3 4.4 9.6 18.5 15.9 1.10 0.075
Other Excluding Electricity ............. 285 15.4 12.2 4.8 9.9 20.1 22.6 1.22 0.079
Bldgs without Water Heating ......... 45 6.2 12.1 1.5 3.7 9.1 3.8 0.51 0.083
Cooking Energy Sources
Electricity ....................................... 606 18.9 15.5 6.9 18.3 39.5 43.5 1.36 0.072
Other Excluding Electricity ............. 397 17.1 13.8 6.3 15.0 40.7 30.5 1.31 0.077
Buildings without Cooking .............. 135 11.8 10.7 3.3 7.2 14.2 10.9 0.96 0.081
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 217 14.4 12.2 4.1 8.7 17.7 16.7 1.10 0.077
Buildings with Cooling .................... 237 15.1 12.3 4.9 9.9 19.4 18.4 1.17 0.077
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 244 15.0 12.2 4.6 9.7 19.2 18.9 1.16 0.077
Buildings with Cooking ................... 504 18.2 14.8 6.6 16.5 40.0 37.2 1.34 0.074
Buildings with Manufacturing ........ 349 13.2 14.4 3.1 6.7 9.9 26.3 0.99 0.075
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................... 1,748 20.3 13.5 9.9 16.7 25.8 125.2 1.46 0.072
Percent of Floorspace Heated
Not Heated ..................................... 63 8.2 14.0 0.9 2.8 12.2 6.4 0.84 0.102
1 to 50 ............................................ 105 8.0 13.3 2.4 4.8 9.2 8.9 0.68 0.085
51 to 99 .......................................... 233 14.3 12.0 4.0 8.4 18.5 18.3 1.12 0.079
100 ................................................. 234 15.4 12.1 4.6 9.7 18.6 17.8 1.17 0.076
Percent of Floorspace Cooled
Not Cooled ..................................... 39 4.8 11.8 1.1 2.4 5.1 3.2 0.39 0.082
1 to 50 ............................................ 132 7.8 11.7 3.1 5.7 10.1 11.1 0.66 0.084
51 to 99 .......................................... 348 16.5 13.2 6.1 11.2 22.5 26.9 1.28 0.077
100 ................................................. 254 18.8 12.0 6.2 12.4 23.1 19.3 1.43 0.076
Percent Lit When Open
Zero ............................................... Q Q Q 0.8 1.2 1.9 Q Q Q
1 to 50 ............................................ 71 6.5 14.9 2.3 4.7 9.7 6.4 0.58 0.090
51 to 99 .......................................... 236 14.3 9.8 4.4 8.8 17.1 18.9 1.14 0.080
100 ................................................. 256 17.0 13.4 5.0 11.1 21.9 19.2 1.27 0.075
Building Never Open/
 Electricity Not Used ....................... 25 2.1 Q 0.4 1.7 3.8 2.3 0.19 0.090
Percent Lit When Closed
Zero ............................................... 81 9.2 8.8 2.5 5.5 11.4 6.7 0.75 0.082
1 to 50 ............................................ 219 13.3 11.0 5.1 10.8 21.5 17.4 1.06 0.080
51 to 100 ........................................ 333 21.7 16.3 6.3 12.9 32.6 23.1 1.50 0.069
Building Never Closed/
 Electricity Not Used ....................... 647 21.2 18.8 4.9 13.7 29.5 47.4 1.55 0.073
Heating Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Heat Pumps .................................... 322 17.4 14.2 6.4 12.2 22.2 24.4 1.32 0.076
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 379 19.3 14.1 7.4 13.2 24.1 28.5 1.46 0.075
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. 239 15.4 14.4 5.1 9.2 21.0 17.7 1.14 0.074
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ 751 16.1 14.6 9.8 13.6 20.7 56.9 1.22 0.076
Furnaces ....................................... 120 11.4 12.0 3.5 7.1 14.1 9.6 0.91 0.080
Individual Space Heaters ............... 202 13.2 12.8 4.0 8.4 14.9 15.1 0.99 0.075
District Heat ................................... 1,435 18.0 9.5 4.9 12.6 20.7 93.3 1.17 0.065
Boilers ............................................ 511 14.5 12.6 3.4 7.9 16.6 38.1 1.08 0.075
Packaged Heating Units ................. 326 17.2 13.7 6.1 12.7 24.8 25.5 1.35 0.078
Other .............................................. 249 15.2 14.3 4.2 8.8 16.9 17.4 1.06 0.070
Cooling Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Residential-Type Central
 Air Conditioners ............................ 133 12.1 11.7 4.5 8.6 15.8 10.7 0.97 0.081
Heat Pumps .................................... 326 17.7 14.6 6.6 12.0 22.4 24.5 1.33 0.075
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 366 19.4 14.1 7.2 12.6 23.8 27.5 1.46 0.075
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. 235 15.7 14.8 5.9 10.9 21.5 17.3 1.15 0.074
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ 867 17.1 15.4 9.7 13.6 21.7 64.2 1.27 0.074
Individual Air Conditioners ............. 189 11.2 12.2 3.6 6.8 13.5 15.2 0.90 0.080
District Chilled Water ...................... 1,711 19.7 7.8 10.9 15.3 23.1 111.4 1.29 0.065
Central Chillers ............................... 2,212 21.1 14.0 11.2 16.9 25.9 154.1 1.47 0.070
Packaged Air Conditioning
 Units .............................................. 287 15.4 12.9 5.6 11.5 23.4 22.5 1.21 0.078
Swamp Coolers ............................. 181 14.1 13.3 4.0 10.1 19.9 14.8 1.16 0.082
Other .............................................. 584 18.0 13.1 8.7 12.8 23.4 41.2 1.27 0.070
Main Equipment Replaced Since
1990 (more than one may apply)
Heating ........................................... 176 12.8 12.4 4.0 8.3 16.2 13.9 1.01 0.079
Cooling ........................................... 211 13.6 11.7 4.5 9.2 18.3 16.8 1.08 0.079
Water Heating Equipment
Centralized System ........................ 205 14.9 12.9 4.8 10.1 20.1 16.3 1.18 0.079
Distributed System ......................... 180 12.3 12.0 4.0 8.0 15.8 14.3 0.98 0.080
Combination of Centralized
 and Distributed System ................. 1,092 18.6 10.9 8.4 13.5 22.5 76.8 1.31 0.070
Lighting Equipment Types
(more than one may apply)
Incandescent ................................. 269 15.3 12.0 3.6 8.4 16.9 20.3 1.15 0.076
Standard Fluorescent .................... 219 14.5 12.2 4.2 8.9 18.4 17.0 1.12 0.077
Compact Fluorescent ..................... 519 17.7 13.3 5.1 11.4 23.7 38.9 1.33 0.075
High Intensity Discharge ................ 725 16.0 12.7 5.0 10.1 18.6 52.0 1.15 0.072
Halogen .......................................... 554 17.7 13.7 4.9 11.2 23.3 40.7 1.30 0.073
Other .............................................. Q Q Q 25.1 35.6 49.8 Q Q Q
Refrigeration Equipment
(more than one may apply)a
Any Refrigeration........................... 256 15.3 12.4 4.7 10.0 20.8 19.6 1.18 0.077
  Commercial Refrigeration ............. 520 19.6 16.2 9.2 21.9 48.0 38.3 1.44 0.074
    Walk-In Units .............................. 655 21.5 17.3 13.4 32.2 58.5 47.7 1.57 0.073
    Cases or Cabinets ..................... 512 20.7 16.6 9.6 23.5 49.9 38.0 1.53 0.074
  Residential-Type Units ................. 219 13.3 10.8 4.1 8.4 15.5 16.9 1.03 0.077
  Vending Machines ....................... 584 16.5 12.7 5.6 11.5 22.2 42.2 1.19 0.072
No Refrigeration ............................. 63 7.5 10.9 2.0 4.4 10.1 5.4 0.65 0.086
Office Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Computers ..................................... 270 15.0 12.0 5.0 9.9 18.7 20.8 1.15 0.077
  With Flat Screen Monitors ............ 531 17.6 11.0 6.6 12.0 20.3 39.9 1.32 0.075
Dedicated Servers ......................... 508 16.4 11.4 6.9 12.3 20.7 38.3 1.24 0.075
Laser Printers ................................ 231 13.8 11.3 4.7 9.0 17.6 18.3 1.09 0.079
Inkjet Printers ................................. 376 16.6 12.2 6.2 11.3 20.2 28.1 1.24 0.075
FAX Machines ............................... 292 15.1 11.8 5.3 10.3 19.3 22.4 1.16 0.077
Photocopiers .................................. 357 15.0 11.3 4.9 9.8 17.4 27.0 1.13 0.076
Number of Computers
None .............................................. 44 7.6 15.9 1.8 4.1 11.6 3.8 0.65 0.086
1 to 4 .............................................. 92 12.4 17.6 4.1 8.1 17.6 7.7 1.04 0.084
5 to 9 .............................................. 143 11.2 13.3 5.8 9.5 18.3 11.8 0.92 0.082
10 to 19 .......................................... 226 12.6 12.2 7.3 11.9 19.3 18.2 1.02 0.081
20 to 49 .......................................... 470 16.1 12.7 8.8 13.5 21.7 36.6 1.26 0.078
50 to 99 .......................................... 690 14.1 10.9 7.7 13.4 19.2 51.5 1.05 0.075
100 to 249 ...................................... 1,359 16.1 12.2 7.9 14.7 23.5 96.7 1.15 0.071
250 or More ................................... 5,611 21.2 9.5 11.4 19.0 29.4 400.1 1.51 0.071
Number of Dedicated Servers
None .............................................. 91 10.9 14.5 2.9 6.6 15.1 7.5 0.89 0.082
1 to 4 .............................................. 323 14.2 12.8 6.6 11.7 19.7 24.6 1.08 0.076
5 to 9 .............................................. 1,272 19.0 12.1 11.2 17.0 25.9 97.3 1.45 0.076
10 to 19 .......................................... 2,096 20.9 7.4 10.0 18.9 29.4 147.3 1.47 0.070
20 to 49 .......................................... 3,109 20.7 11.2 9.9 18.7 25.3 213.9 1.43 0.069
50 or More ..................................... 6,472 23.4 10.1 17.9 18.2 31.2 515.2 1.86 0.080
Number of Photocopiers
None .............................................. 80 11.6 17.4 2.8 6.9 16.9 6.7 0.97 0.084
One ................................................ 139 11.2 13.9 4.3 8.4 15.0 11.3 0.91 0.081
2 to 4 .............................................. 377 13.7 12.0 6.1 11.0 18.2 28.3 1.03 0.075
5 to 9 .............................................. 1,110 17.2 8.9 10.1 15.6 29.3 83.7 1.29 0.075
10 or More ..................................... 3,977 21.2 10.4 11.3 17.6 23.9 287.0 1.53 0.072
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation ........ 505 18.2 14.8 6.6 16.5 40.3 37.2 1.34 0.074
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water .................. 603 17.6 15.7 7.2 13.2 26.0 43.6 1.27 0.072
Separate Computer Area ............... 821 16.9 12.0 6.6 11.5 19.2 60.2 1.24 0.073
HVAC Conservation Features
(more than one may apply)
Variable Air-Volume System ......... 798 19.0 12.1 7.5 14.2 26.5 57.4 1.36 0.072
Economizer Cycle .......................... 812 19.5 12.8 8.2 14.9 27.3 58.3 1.41 0.072
HVAC Maintenance ....................... 308 15.5 12.5 4.8 10.4 20.0 23.5 1.18 0.076
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS) ................ 1,109 17.9 12.9 8.0 13.6 23.7 81.1 1.31 0.073
Window and Interior Lighting
Features (more than one
may apply)
Multipaned Windows ..................... 273 15.3 13.5 4.5 9.3 18.4 20.1 1.13 0.074
Tinted Window Glass .................... 375 16.6 12.2 4.8 11.0 21.3 28.3 1.25 0.075
Reflective Window Glass .............. 501 17.9 12.4 4.7 9.5 18.9 37.0 1.33 0.074
External Overhangs
 or Awnings ................................... 231 16.4 12.6 5.8 11.4 23.2 17.9 1.27 0.077
Skylights or Atriums ....................... 584 15.1 13.4 4.1 8.7 15.9 43.2 1.12 0.074
Daylighting Sensors ....................... 816 21.1 16.0 5.6 10.1 25.6 65.4 1.69 0.080
Specular Reflectors ....................... 470 16.7 13.2 5.4 10.4 18.6 34.6 1.23 0.074
Electronic Ballasts ......................... 284 15.6 12.4 4.5 9.5 19.3 21.7 1.19 0.076
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS)
 For Lighting ................................... 1,528 19.1 12.8 10.8 17.8 34.5 116.0 1.45 0.076
Equipment Usage Reduced
When Building Not In Full Use
(more than one may apply)a
Heating ........................................... 197 13.2 11.5 3.7 7.6 15.4 15.7 1.06 0.080
Cooling ........................................... 216 13.8 11.0 4.5 8.9 16.7 17.2 1.10 0.080
Lighting .......................................... 160 12.5 10.4 3.9 8.4 16.5 12.7 1.00 0.080
Office Equipment ........................... 141 10.9 10.5 4.3 8.1 14.1 11.6 0.90 0.083
Annual Consumption
(kilowatthours)
10,000 or Less .............................. 5 1.3 2.8 1.0 1.9 3.2 0.6 0.17 0.124
10,001 to 50,000 ............................ 26 4.9 6.1 3.8 6.9 11.7 2.7 0.51 0.104
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 73 8.0 8.6 6.4 11.4 24.0 7.2 0.78 0.098
100,001 to 500,000 ........................ 220 13.0 12.2 10.1 18.9 40.0 18.9 1.12 0.086
500,001 to 1,000,000 ..................... 684 14.4 13.6 12.0 16.9 30.0 54.5 1.15 0.080
1,000,001 to 5,000,000 .................. 2,087 20.3 13.5 16.0 23.4 37.7 143.9 1.40 0.069
Over 5,000,000 .............................. 11,458 24.7 15.6 20.0 27.5 36.8 775.0 1.67 0.068
Provider of Purchased
Electricity (more than
one may apply)
Local Utility ..................................... 187 13.7 12.0 3.5 8.1 16.7 14.5 1.06 0.078
Some Other Provider ..................... 594 18.3 12.9 6.5 12.4 22.9 46.4 1.43 0.078
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet. In the 1999 CBECS, malls represented 9.7 percent of total electricity consumption.
a The definition for one or more of these row items has changed and may not be directly comparable with past CBECS estimates. See "Guide to the Tables" for discussion of the differences.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample that use electricity.
Notes: ● Statistics for the "Energy End Uses" category represent total consumption in buildings that have the end use, not consumption specifically for that particular end use. ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.