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Prime Supplier Report

Apr 22, 2014

The latest Prime Supplier Report presents data collected through February 2014 on Form EIA-782C, "Monthly Report of Prime Supplier Sales of Petroleum Products Sold for Local Consumption." These data measure primary petroleum product deliveries into the states where they are locally marketed and consumed.

Electric Power Monthly

Apr 22, 2014

Data in the April 2014 Electric Power Monthly (EPM ) are for February 2014, during which net generation in the United States rose 4.6 percent from the February 2013 level. Consumption of coal for power generation rose 13.7 percent compared to February 2013. The average retail price of electricity for February 2014 was up 5.7 percent from what it had been in February 2013.

Electricity Monthly Update

Apr 22, 2014

This issue contains data for February 2014 as well as a feature article on how solar-electric generating capacity increased dramatically in the last four years.

U.S. petroleum product exports increase in 2013

Apr 22, 2014

Exports of petroleum products from the United States averaged 3.5 million barrels per day (bbl/d) in 2013, 10% more than in 2012. The increase in exports was broad-based, affecting multiple products going to multiple regions. In December 2013, U.S. exports of petroleum products reached 4.3 million barrels per day, the first time exports exceeded 4 million barrels per day in a single month.

Within the past week

No Sunset and Extended Policies cases

Apr 21, 2014
This article provides insight into the sensitivity of projections to a scenario in which existing tax credits that have sunset dates are assumed not to terminate and to a scenario in which other policies (e.g., vehicle fuel economy standards, appliance standards, and building codes) are expanded beyond current provisions in addition to the elimination of sunset provisions on existing tax credits.

Extending residential energy policies affects some end uses more than others

Apr 21, 2014
Many federal energy programs target residential consumption, such as appliance standards, building energy codes, and tax credits for energy efficient equipment. Because the AEO2014 Reference case is intended to reflect current laws and regulations, two side cases show the effects of the continued availability of incentives and further strengthening of standards beyond levels already established under existing laws or regulations.

State Energy Data System: Nuclear Energy for 2012

Apr 18, 2014
Annual state-level estimates of nuclear energy consumption, prices, and expenditures.

Eleven states generated electricity from nonhydro renewables at double U.S. average

Apr 18, 2014
About 6.2% of total U.S. electricity supplies in 2013 were generated from nonhydro renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, biomass, and geothermal, up from 5.4% in 2012. But 11 states produced electricity at more than twice the national average from these sources—accounting for between 14% and 32% of their net electric generation—according to preliminary 2013 generation data in EIA's Electric Power Monthly report.

Turkey Country Analysis Brief

Apr 17, 2014
Turkey's importance in world energy markets is growing, both as a regional energy transit hub and as a growing consumer. Turkey's energy demand has increased rapidly over the past few years and likely will continue to grow in the future.

Gulf Coast crude oil inventories reach record level

Apr 17, 2014
Crude oil inventories on the U.S. Gulf Coast (USGC) reached 207.2 million barrels (bbl) on April 11, a record high. The elevated inventory levels are the result of the continuing strong crude oil production growth, the opening of TransCanada's Marketlink Pipeline, and a drop in crude oil inputs at USGC refineries as a result of seasonal maintenance.

Electricity Wholesale Market Data

Apr 17, 2014
Spreadsheets contain peak prices, volumes, and the number of transactions at ten electricity trading hubs covering most regions of the United States. Data from ICE (IntercontinentalExchange) through April 11, 2014.

Within the past 30 days

Light-duty vehicle energy demand demographics and travel behavior

Apr 16, 2014
This article discusses two alternative cases that examine variations in travel demand as compared with the Reference case. One case assumes an environment in which travel choices made by drivers result in lower demand for personal vehicle travel, consistent with recent trends in vehicle miles traveled (VMT) per licensed driver. Another case assumes changes in travel behavior that result in an increase in VMT per licensed driver relative to the Reference case.

Personal travel growth significantly influences projected transportation energy demand

Apr 16, 2014
Personal travel, measured in light-duty vehicle miles traveled per licensed driver, reached 12,900 miles per year in 2007 and decreased to about 12,500 in 2012. This shift in travel behavior is important because it directly influences light-duty vehicle energy demand for transportation fuels such as gasoline and diesel.

Twelve states produced 80% of U.S. wind power in 2013

Apr 15, 2014
In 2013, 12 states accounted for 80% of U.S. wind-generated electricity, according to preliminary generation data released in EIA's February Electric Power Monthly report. Texas was again the top wind power state with nearly 36 million megawatthours of electricity. Iowa was second, with more than 15 million MWh, followed by California, Oklahoma, Illinois, Kansas, Minnesota, Oregon, Colorado, Washington, North Dakota, and Wyoming.

Drilling Productivity Report

Apr 14, 2014
EIA’s seventh Drilling Productivity Report (DPR) has been released. The DPR takes a fresh look at oil and natural gas production, starting with an assessment of how and where drilling for hydrocarbons is taking place. It uses recent data on the total number of drilling rigs in operation along with estimates of drilling productivity and estimated changes in production from existing oil and natural gas wells to provide estimated changes in oil and natural gas production for six key fields.

Potential for liquefied natural gas use as a railroad fuel

Apr 14, 2014
This article examines the potential for fueling freight locomotives with liquefied natural gas (LNG). While there is significant appeal for major U.S. railroads in using LNG as a fuel for locomotives because of its potentially favorable economics, there are also factors that may limit the extent to which railroads can take advantage of this relatively cheap and abundant fuel.

Liquefied natural gas shows potential as a freight locomotive fuel

Apr 14, 2014
EIA projects that liquefied natural gas (LNG) will play an increasing role in powering freight locomotives in coming years. Continued growth in domestic natural gas production and substantially lower natural gas prices compared to crude oil prices could result in significant cost savings for locomotives that use LNG as a fuel source, according to EIA's Annual Energy Outlook 2014 (AEO2014).

Lower prices pull down natural gas reserves in 2012

Apr 11, 2014
Low natural gas prices drove down U.S. proved reserves in 2012, despite notable gains in the Marcellus and Eagle Ford shale gas plays. The decline stopped a 14-year trend of consecutive increases in natural gas reserves, according to newly published estimates in the U.S. Energy Information Administration's U.S. Crude Oil and Natural Gas Proved Reserves 2012.

U.S. Crude Oil and Natural Gas Proved Reserves, 2012

Apr 10, 2014
Proved reserves of oil and natural gas show divergent trends reflecting large decline in natural gas prices. Crude oil reserves highest since 1976. Largest annual increase in crude oil reserves since 1970. Average natural gas prices fell 34% between 2011 and 2012, reducing estimate of recoverable volumes of natural gas under existing economic conditions. Pennsylvania's Marcellus becomes largest natural gas shale play in 2012.

Crude oil reserves at start of 2013 reach highest level since 1976

Apr 10, 2014
U.S. crude oil proved reserves rose for the fourth consecutive year in 2012, increasing by 15% to 33 billion barrels, according to the U.S. Crude Oil and Natural Gas Proved Reserves (2012) report released April 10 by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. U.S. crude oil and lease condensate proved reserves were the highest since 1976, and the 2012 increase of 4.5 billion barrels was the largest annual increase since 1970, when 10 billion barrels of Alaskan crude oil were added to U.S. proved reserves.

Summer average gasoline price expected to be close to last year's level

Apr 9, 2014
Drivers are expected to pay an average $3.57 per gallon for regular gasoline this summer, close to last year's level, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration's April Short-Term Energy and Summer Fuels Outlook.

Short-Term Energy Outlook

Apr 8, 2014
During the April-through-September summer driving season this year, regular gasoline retail prices are forecast to average $3.57/gallon (gal). The projected monthly national average regular retail gasoline price falls from $3.66/gal in May to $3.46/gal in September. EIA expects regular gasoline retail prices to average $3.45/gal in 2014 and $3.37/gal in 2015, compared with $3.51/gal in 2013. The July 2014 New York Harbor reformulated blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) futures contract averaged $2.85/gal for the five trading days ending April 3, 2014. Based on the market value of futures and options contracts for this key petroleum component of gasoline, there is a 3% probability that its price at expiration will exceed $3.35/gal, consistent with a monthly average regular-grade gasoline retail price exceeding $4.00/gal in July 2014 (see EIA Summer Fuels Outlook slideshow).

Short-Term Energy Outlook - Market Prices and Uncertainty Report

Apr 8, 2014
International crude oil futures prices declined in March and are near the bottom of their recent trading range. The North Sea Brent front month futures price settled at $106.15 per barrel (bbl) on April 3, a decrease of $5.05/bbl from March 3. The West Texas Intermediate (WTI) front month futures price declined by $4.63/bbl over the same period, settling at $100.29/bbl on April 3.

Half of power plant capacity additions in 2013 came from natural gas

Apr 8, 2014
Natural gas-fired power plants accounted for just over 50% of new utility-scale generating capacity added in 2013. Solar provided nearly 22%, a jump up from less than 6% in 2012. Coal provided 11% and wind nearly 8%. Almost half of all capacity added in 2013 was located in California. In total, a little over 13,500 megawatts (MW) of new capacity was added in 2013, less than half the capacity added in 2012.

U.S. tight oil production: Alternative supply projections and an overview of EIA’s analysis of well-level data aggregated to the county level

Apr 7, 2014
This article discusses the projected oil production, prices, and net imports under alternative cases using assumptions that result in higher and lower estimates of crude oil and natural gas resources than those in the Reference case. It also discusses improvements to the National Energy Modeling System’s Oil and Gas Supply Module for Annual Energy Outlook 2014 that are improving EIA’s ability to analyze rapid growth in tight oil production.

Annual Energy Outlook Retrospective Review

Apr 7, 2014
The Annual Energy Outlook Retrospective Review provides a yearly comparison between realized energy outcomes and the Reference case projections included in previous Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) beginning with 1994. This edition of the report adds the AEO 2013 projections and updates the historical data to incorporate the latest data revisions.

Tight oil-driven production growth reduces need for U.S. oil imports

Apr 7, 2014
In the Annual Energy Outlook 2014 (AEO2014) Reference case, crude oil production rises from 6.5 million barrels per day (MMbbl/d) in 2012 to 9.6 MMbbl/d before 2020, a production level not seen since 1970. Tight oil production growth accounts for 81% of this increase, and sees its share of national crude oil production grow from 35% in 2012 to 50% in 2019.

State Energy Data System: Total Petroleum for 2012

Apr 4, 2014
Annual state-level estimates of total petroleum consumption, prices, and expenditures.

U.S. crude oil imports fall, but share of top three suppliers highest in four decades

Apr 4, 2014
While U.S. total net crude oil imports fell during 2013, the share of imports last year from the United States' top three foreign oil suppliers—Canada, Saudi Arabia, and Mexico—were the highest in at least four decades, according to preliminary annual trade data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration's Petroleum Supply Monthly report. These three countries provided almost three out of every five barrels of oil imported into the U.S. market last year.

Rail congestion, cold weather raise ethanol spot prices

Apr 3, 2014
Ethanol spot prices have increased steadily since early February. By late March, New York Harbor (NYH) spot ethanol prices exceeded prices for RBOB (the petroleum component of gasoline) by more than $1 per gallon. Ethanol spot prices in Chicago and Gulf Coast markets also rose above NYH RBOB prices.

Net energy imports in 2013 lowest in more than 20 years

Apr 2, 2014
Total U.S. net imports of energy, measured in terms of energy content, declined in 2013 to their lowest level in more than two decades. Growth in the production of oil and natural gas displaced imports and supported increased petroleum product exports, driving most of the decline. A large drop in energy imports and a smaller increase in energy exports led to a 19% decrease in net energy imports from 2012 to 2013.

South Korea Country Analysis Brief

Apr 1, 2014
South Korea, which lacks domestic energy reserves, is one of the world’s top energy importers. The country was the second largest importer of liquefied natural gas, the fourth largest importer of coal, and the fifth largest importer of crude oil in 2013. Despite its lack of resources, South Korea has some of the most advanced oil refineries in the world, and its companies are seeking overseas oil and gas opportunities.

Petroleum Marketing Monthly

Apr 1, 2014
In the April 2014 issue of the Petroleum Marketing Monthly, all data covering sales of finished petroleum products through December 2013 are now final and 2013 annual averages are presented in Tables 2 through 17. Preliminary monthly data for January 2014 show mixed changes in crude oil and finished products prices. Prime Supplier data show a decline in gasoline sales in January, while distillate sales rose firmly.

Florida gasoline supply sources and prices reflect broader market shifts

Apr 1, 2014
Gasoline consumption in Florida typically peaks in March, when the seasonal population is high and spring tourism is high. However, changes in Florida's gasoline market and the way the state is supplied have resulted in tighter markets and changing price relationships.

Natural Gas Monthly

Mar 31, 2014
The March Natural Gas Monthly, with data through January 2014, has been released. Colder than usual temperatures led to preliminary total consumption for January 2014 being the highest on record, topping 100 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/day) for the first time. The January volume of 103.8 Bcf/day is an increase of over 12% from last January. Deliveries to residential (33.6 Bcf/day), commercial (18.5 Bcf/day), and industrial (23.4 Bcf/day) consumers in January were each the largest ever reported. Preliminary dry gas production for January 2014 is also a record at 67.7 Bcf/day, up slightly from December’s revised volume of 67.5 Bcf/d.

Monthly Natural Gas Gross Production Report

Mar 31, 2014
Monthly natural gas gross withdrawals estimated from data collected on Form EIA-914 (Monthly Natural Gas Production Report) for Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico, Texas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas, Wyoming, other states and Lower 48 states. Alaska data are from the state of Alaska and included to obtain a U.S. total.

Five states and the Gulf of Mexico produce more than 80% of U.S. crude oil

Mar 31, 2014
Five states and the Gulf of Mexico supplied more than 80%, or 6 million barrels per day, of the crude oil (including lease condensate) produced in the United States in 2013. Texas alone provided almost 35%, according to preliminary 2013 data released in EIA's March Petroleum Supply Monthly. The second-largest state producer was North Dakota with 12% of U.S. crude oil production, followed by California and Alaska at close to 7% each and Oklahoma at 4%. The federal offshore Gulf of Mexico produced 17%.

Quarterly Coal Report October-December 2013

Mar 28, 2014
U.S. coal production during fourth quarter 2013 decreased 6.8% from third quarter 2013 and 4.2% from fourth quarter 2012 to 239.1 million short tons. The fourth quarter of 2013 coal production was the lowest since the second quarter of 1993. Fourth quarter U.S. coal exports (27.8 million short tons) dropped 2.7% from previous quarter and dropped 0.7% from fourth quarter 2012. Coal imports in fourth quarter 2013 decreased to 2.3 million short tons from 2.4 million short tons in third quarter 2013. U.S. coal consumption totaled 226.1 million short tons in fourth quarter 2013; this was 10.8% lower than the previous quarter and 0.1% higher than same quarter 2012. The electric power sector consumed about 92.4% of the total U.S. coal consumption in fourth quarter 2013. All data for 2012 and prior years are final. All data for 2013 are preliminary.

Coal-fired power plant operators consider emissions compliance strategies

Mar 28, 2014
Operators of coal-fired power plants throughout the United States are currently developing strategies to comply with the EPA's Mercury and Air Toxics Standards (MATS). The costs of the equipment needed to control acid and toxic metal emissions, such as flue gas desulfurization (FGD) and dry sorbent injection (DSI), play a significant role in retrofitting and retirement decisions faced by coal plant operators.

State Energy Data System: Liquefied Petroleum Gases for 2012

Mar 28, 2014
Annual state-level estimates of consumption, prices, and expenditures for liquefied petroleum gases.

Petroleum Supply Monthly

Mar 28, 2014
Supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products on a national and regional level. The data series describe production, imports and exports, movements, and inventories.

Company Level Imports

Mar 28, 2014
Imports data at the company level collected from the EIA-814 Monthly Imports Report.

Crude oil inventories at Cushing, Oklahoma hub down 32% over the past two months

Mar 27, 2014
Crude oil inventories at Cushing, Oklahoma, the primary crude oil storage location in the United States, decreased 13 million barrels (32%) over the past two months. On March 21, Cushing inventories were less than 29 million barrels, more than 20 million barrels lower than a year ago and the lowest level since early 2012.

Monthly Energy Review

Mar 27, 2014
The March report includes the first complete set of 2013 preliminary statistics for U.S. total energy consumption, production, trade, and carbon dioxide emissions. Preliminary data indicate that U.S. total primary energy consumption equaled 97 quadrillion Btu in 2013, a 2% increase from 2012. U.S. total primary energy production totaled 82 quadrillion Btu, a 3% increase.

State Energy Profiles: Quick Facts Updated

Mar 27, 2014
State and Territory Energy Profiles have each been updated with five new bulleted Quick Facts. Many Quick Facts – most notably those on electricity generation – have been updated to data year 2013.

Analysis of Energy Efficiency Program Evaluation, Measurement, and Verification (EM&V) Reports: Residential Space Cooling and Commercial Lighting Measures

Mar 27, 2014
New one-time analysis report is based on the rapidly growing data from evaluation, measurement, and verification (EM&V) reporting on the results of energy efficiency programs. The analytic focus is on residential space cooling and commercial lighting activities, and on whether energy efficiency costs are affected by the level of past program activity. The report also supports the development, use, and study of consistent techniques and terms in EM&V reporting.

Tight oil production pushes U.S. crude supply over 10% of world total

Mar 26, 2014
U.S. tight oil production averaged 3.22 million barrels per day (MMbbl/d) in the fourth quarter of 2013, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration estimates. This was enough to push overall crude oil production in the United States to an average of 7.84 MMbbl/d, more than 10% of total world production, up from 9% in the fourth quarter of 2012. The United States and Canada are the only major producers of tight oil in the world.

Coal supplies at electric power plants drawn down in cold weather

Mar 25, 2014
The average supply of coal held at electric power generators in December 2013 dropped below 60 days of burn for the first time since summer 2011. Inventory increased slightly in January but remains below a two-month supply. Coal consumption to generate electricity grew during summer and fall 2013 as the price of natural gas, a competing power generation fuel, increased from low levels in 2012. Consumption of coal increased further this winter due to bitter cold weather that drove up power demand.

China is now the world's largest net importer of petroleum and other liquid fuels

Mar 24, 2014
In September 2013, China's net imports of petroleum and other liquids exceeded those of the United States on a monthly basis, making it the largest net importer of crude oil and other liquids in the world. The rise in China's net imports of petroleum and other liquids is driven by steady economic growth, with rapidly rising Chinese petroleum demand outpacing production growth.

Prime Supplier Report

Mar 24, 2014
The latest Prime Supplier Report presents data collected through January 2014 on Form EIA-782C, "Monthly Report of Prime Supplier Sales of Petroleum Products Sold for Local Consumption." These data measure primary petroleum product deliveries into the states where they are locally marketed and consumed.


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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update ›
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Weekly Petroleum Status Report ›
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This Week in Petroleum ›
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Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report ›
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Natural Gas Weekly Update ›
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