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Recent U.S. imports of oil tend to be heavier than domestic production

May 6, 2016

In 2015, more than 70% of the crude oil produced in the Lower 48 states was light oil with an API gravity above 35 degrees. At the same time, 90% of imported crude oil was heavier, with a gravity below 35 degrees API. To accommodate increasing U.S. production of light crude oil, refineries have adjusted their imports by reducing imports of light crudes.

Nigeria Country Analysis Brief

May 6, 2016

Nigeria is the largest oil producer in Africa and is among the world’s top five largest exporters of liquefied natural gas (LNG). Supply disruptions, typically caused by pipeline sabotage from thieves siphoning crude oil and condensate, are common in Nigeria’s oil and natural gas industries. Pipeline sabotage and oil supply disruptions have increased in 2016, leading to a decline in Nigeria’s crude oil production. Because Nigeria heavily depends on oil revenue, its economy is noticeably affected by changes to its oil production and/or to global crude oil prices. The IMF projects that Nigeria’s oil and natural gas exports earned $52 billion in 2015, $35 billion less than in 2014, which is mostly attributed to the fall in oil prices that began in mid-2014.

Domestic Uranium Production Report – Quarterly

May 5, 2016

First quarter 2016 update of uranium production in the United States and operating status of U.S. uranium mills and plants.

Hydraulically fractured wells provide two-thirds of U.S. natural gas production

May 5, 2016

For decades, hydraulic fracturing had been referred to as an unconventional completion technique, but over the past 10 years it has become the technique by which most natural gas is produced in the United States. Based on the most recent available data from states, EIA estimates that natural gas production from hydraulically fractured wells now makes up about two-thirds of total U.S. marketed gas production. This is an even greater share of production as compared to crude oil, where hydraulic fracturing accounts for about half of current U.S. crude oil production.

2015 Domestic Uranium Production Report

May 5, 2016

Statistical data update for 2015 on drilling, mining, production, shipments, sales, facilities, employment, expenditures, and reserve estimates in the U.S. uranium production industry.

Within the past week

Almost all U.S. gasoline is blended with 10% ethanol

May 4, 2016
Blends of petroleum-based gasoline with 10% ethanol, commonly referred to as E10, account for more than 95% of the fuel consumed in motor vehicles with gasoline engines. Ethanol-blended fuels are one pathway to compliance with elements of the federal renewable fuel standard (RFS). The total volume of ethanol blended into motor fuels used in the United States has continued to increase since 2010, albeit at a declining rate of growth. Meanwhile, the use of ethanol-free gasoline (E0) by fuel consumers has declined.

Declining energy prices lower the cost of living

May 3, 2016
Since June 2014, decreases in crude oil and natural gas prices have reduced household energy costs. According to initial figures from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the chained consumer price index for urban consumers (C-CPI-U) decreased by 1.2% from June 2014 to February 2016. Lower energy prices had a significant impact on this decrease in spite of increases in the food and shelter components of the overall index, which represent larger shares of household expenses. The overall index edged up 0.6% in March as real crude oil prices rose 18.1%, while natural gas prices continued to decline.

Petroleum Marketing Monthly

May 2, 2016
The May 2016 Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM), with data through February 2016, presents monthly and annual price and volume statistics covering crude oil and refined products sales in the United States. In this edition of the PMM, preliminary monthly data show prices for crude oil and finished petroleum products continued to fall in February, while Prime Supplier data show sales of gasoline and No. 2 distillates increased from January levels.

EIA produces new maps of the Utica Shale play

May 2, 2016
The U.S. Energy Information Administration has produced new maps that show the structure, thickness, and geologic setting of the Utica Shale play and the location of production wells. Production of oil and natural gas from the Utica play has increased since 2011, with more than 1,700 wells drilled as of January 2016. The Utica play includes both the Utica formation and the deeper Point Pleasant formation, each with its own characteristics.

Within the past 30 days

Monthly Biodiesel Production Report

Apr 29, 2016
The U.S. Energy Information Administration released new data today showing national and regional monthly biodiesel production for February 2016. In addition to biodiesel production, data included producer sales, producer stocks, and feedstock inputs.

Petroleum Supply Monthly

Apr 29, 2016
Supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products on a national and regional level. New historical data for rail movements of biodiesel and ethanol between Petroleum Administration for Defense Districts (PADDs) were made available today with release of Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) data for February 2016.

U.S. Movements of Crude Oil By Rail

Apr 29, 2016
Monthly data on rail movements of crude oil have been updated for February 2016. Crude oil movements by rail have significantly increased over the past five years. The new data on crude-by-rail (CBR) movements are also fully integrated with EIA’s existing monthly petroleum supply statistics, which already include crude oil movements by pipeline, tanker, and barge.

Company Level Imports

Apr 29, 2016
Imports data at the company level collected from the EIA-814 Monthly Imports Report.

State Energy Data System: Wood and Biomass Waste for 2014

Apr 29, 2016
Annual state-level estimates of consumption, prices, and expenditures for wood and biomass waste.

Natural Gas Monthly

Apr 29, 2016
• In February, for the third straight year, dry natural gas production was the highest for the month since EIA began reporting dry natural gas production data in 1973. Preliminary dry natural gas production for February 2016 was 2,183 billion cubic feet (Bcf), or 75.3 Bcf/day. This level was a 1.7 Bcf/day (2.3%) increase from February 2015 production of 73.6 Bcf/day. • Preliminary dry natural gas consumption for February 2016 was 2,703 Bcf, or 93.2 Bcf/day. This level was a decrease of 11.6% from 2,952 Bcf in February 2015, or 12.2 Bcf/day. • Year-over-year total consumption of dry natural gas in February decreased in three of the four consuming sectors, with the exception being electric power deliveries, which increased year to year. Deliveries of natural gas by consuming sector in February 2016 were as follows: o Residential deliveries were 707 Bcf, or 24.4 Bcf/day, down 24.5% from 32.3 Bcf/day in February 2015. o Commercial deliveries were 421 Bcf, or 14.5 Bcf/day, down 21.8% from 18.6 Bcf/day in February 2015. o Industrial deliveries were 668 Bcf, or 23.0 Bcf/day, down 2.6% from 23.6 Bcf/day in February 2015. o Electric power deliveries were 692 Bcf, or 23.9 Bcf/day, up 2.6% from 23.3 Bcf/day in February 2015.

Monthly Crude Oil and Natural Gas Production

Apr 29, 2016
These monthly production estimates are based on data from the EIA-914, Monthly Crude Oil, Lease Condensate, and Natural Gas Production Report.

Natural gas net imports in 2015 at lowest level since 1986

Apr 29, 2016
U.S natural gas net imports fell to 2.6 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d) in 2015, continuing a decline that began in 2007, when net imports of natural gas exceeded 10 Bcf/d. While both U.S. natural gas consumption and production have increased in recent years, natural gas production has grown slightly faster, resulting in a decline in net imports. Increasing domestic production of natural gas has reduced U.S. reliance on imported natural gas and kept U.S. natural gas prices relatively low.

Iraq Country Analysis Brief

Apr 28, 2016
Iraq is OPEC’s second-largest crude oil producer and holds the fifth-largest proved crude oil reserves in the world. In 2015, Iraq’s production increased by almost 700,000 b/d compared with the production level in 2014, representing the largest year-over-year increase since Iraq’s production recovery in 2004, following the start of the Iraq war.

Power sector coal demand has fallen in nearly every state since 2007

Apr 28, 2016
Consumption of steam coal used for electricity generation in the U.S. electric power sector fell 29% from its peak of 1,045 million short tons (MMst) in 2007 to an estimated 739 MMst in 2015. Consumption fell in nearly every state, rising only in Nebraska and Alaska over that period. States with the largest declines were concentrated in the Midwest and Southeast, with six states in these regions accounting for nearly half of the national decline. Smaller declines in power sector coal consumption occurred in Wyoming, North Dakota, and Montana, all in the Rocky Mountain region.

Electricity Monthly Update

Apr 28, 2016
This issue contains data for February 2016 as well as a feature article on how non-powered dams represent a significant source of additional hydroelectric capacity.

Electric Power Monthly

Apr 28, 2016
Data in the April 2016 Electric Power Monthly are for February 2016, during which net generation in the United States fell 6.4 percent from the February 2015 level. Consumption of coal for power generation fell 24.5 percent compared to February 2015. The average retail price of electricity for February 2016 was down 3.8 percent from what it had been in February 2015.

Wholesale Electricity and Natural Gas Market Data

Apr 28, 2016
Wholesale market data for natural gas and electric power are now available and updated through April 26, 2016. Data contain peak prices, volumes, and the number of transactions at eight selected ICE (IntercontinentalExchange) electricity trading hubs and eight corresponding natural gas hubs covering most regions of the United States.

Logistical challenges result in ship-to-ship transfers of U.S. propane exports

Apr 27, 2016
U.S. propane exports have increased significantly over the past three years, but only after market participants worked to overcome several challenges in transporting propane to export customers. After largely overcoming the first challenge of building sufficient export capacity, the next challenge involves economically transporting large quantities of propane over long distances. The current, although likely temporary, solution has resulted in import and export data abnormalities affecting U.S. propane exports to Asian countries.

Monthly Energy Review

Apr 26, 2016
EIA's most comprehensive report on recent and historical integrated energy statistics. Preliminary data indicate that, in January 2016, U.S. net imports of energy equaled 1.0 quadrillion Btu, a 7% increase from January 2015.

Canada expects lower natural gas exports to U.S., higher LNG exports to other countries

Apr 26, 2016
In its recent publication Canada's Energy Future (CEF), Canada's National Energy Board (NEB) projects that both Canada's natural gas production and its domestic natural gas consumption will increase through the next decade. With exports of natural gas by pipeline to the United States expected to continue declining, the planned construction of liquefied natural gas (LNG) export terminals on Canada's western coast, which would send LNG exports to Asian markets by 2019, plays a key role in maintaining Canada's overall natural gas exports close to their current level.

Strong El Niño helps reduce U.S. winter heating demand and fuel prices

Apr 25, 2016
Above-normal temperatures during the 2015-16 winter were a key factor in lowering heating demand and winter fuel expenditures. Compared with the 2014-15 winter, propane and heating oil demand decreased 16% and 45%, respectively, and residential electricity demand decreased by 6%. The 2015-16 winter season (October to March) was 15% warmer than last winter, driven in part by one of the strongest El Niño events in decades.

Higher Oregon renewable portfolio standard targets likely to boost wind power

Apr 22, 2016
Oregon recently enacted legislation that requires two large investor-owned utilities operating in the state to generate 50% of the state's electricity from renewable sources by 2040. The law also requires these utilities to phase out electricity from coal by 2030. With this step, Oregon joins Hawaii, Vermont, and California in having the highest renewable portfolio standard (RPS) targets in the country.

Wind generation growth slowed in 2015 as wind speeds declined in key regions

Apr 21, 2016
U.S. wind generation grew by 5.1% in 2015, the smallest annual increase since at least 1999, as weather patterns in the Western half of the United States lowered wind speeds and dampened wind generation during the first half of the year. The same weather patterns resulted in stronger winds in the central part of the country, where wind generation growth in 2015 was most pronounced.

Prime Supplier Report

Apr 21, 2016
The latest Prime Supplier Report presents data collected through February 2016 on Form EIA-782C, "Monthly Report of Prime Supplier Sales of Petroleum Products Sold for Local Consumption." These data measure primary petroleum product deliveries into the states where they are locally marketed and consumed.

Expected decrease in Lower 48 oil production is partially offset by rising GOM output

Apr 20, 2016
In response to continued low prices, onshore crude oil production in the Lower 48 states is expected to decline from an average 7.41 million barrels per day (b/d) in 2015 to 6.46 million b/d in 2016 and to 5.76 million b/d in 2017. Increased production from the federal Gulf of Mexico is not enough to offset those declines, with total U.S. production falling from 9.43 million b/d in 2015 to 8.04 million b/d in 2017.

State taxes on gasoline and diesel average 27 cents per gallon

Apr 19, 2016
State-level taxes and fees on gasoline in the United States averaged 26.5 cents per gallon (¢/gal) as of January 1, 2016. These taxes and fees ranged from a low of 8.95¢/gal in Alaska to a high of 51.4¢/gal in Pennsylvania, and are in addition to the federal tax of 18.4¢/gal. State taxes on diesel are slightly higher—averaging 27.4¢/gal, and ranging from 8.95¢/gal in Alaska to 65.1¢/gal in Pennsylvania—in addition to the 24.4¢/gal federal tax.

Total U.S. energy production increases for sixth consecutive year

Apr 18, 2016
Total U.S. energy production increased for the sixth consecutive year. According to data in EIA's most recent Monthly Energy Review, energy production reached a record 89 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu), equivalent to 91% of total U.S. energy consumption. Liquid fuels production drove the increase, with an 8% increase for crude oil and a 9% increase for natural gas plant liquids. Natural gas production also increased 5%. These gains more than offset a 10% decline in coal production.

State Energy Data System: Coal for 2014

Apr 15, 2016
Annual state-level estimates of coal consumption, prices, and expenditures.

U.S. natural gas production reaches record high in 2015

Apr 15, 2016
U.S. natural gas production reached a record high level of 79 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d) in 2015, an increase of 5% from the previous year, even as natural gas prices remained relatively low. Production from five states—Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia, Oklahoma, and North Dakota—was responsible for most of this growth, offsetting declines in much of the rest of the United States.

Natural gas storage ends winter heating season at record high

Apr 14, 2016
Working natural gas inventories ended the winter heating season at 2,478 billion cubic feet (Bcf), exceeding the previous end-of-March record high of 2,473 Bcf, set in 2012, according to EIA's Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report. Inventory withdrawals during the traditional heating season (November through March) were relatively limited this year because of winter weather that was the warmest on record and continued high levels of domestic natural gas production.

Retail gasoline prices this summer expected to be lowest since 2004

Apr 13, 2016
The U.S. Energy Information Administration forecasts that U.S. drivers will pay an average of $2.04 per gallon (gal) this summer for regular gasoline, according to EIA's Short-Term Energy and Summer Fuels Outlook. The forecast price for summer 2016 is 59 cents/gal lower than the average price last summer, and it would be the lowest average summer price since 2004. Monthly average gasoline prices are expected to increase to $2.08/gal in June, then fall to $1.93/gal in September.

Short-Term Energy Outlook - Market Prices and Uncertainty Report

Apr 12, 2016
After increasing at the start of March, crude oil prices stabilized and traded within a relatively narrow range through the first week of April. The North Sea Brent front month futures price rose $2.62 per barrel (b) from March 1 to settle at $39.43/b on April 7 (Figure 1). The West Texas Intermediate (WTI) front month futures price rose $2.86/b and settled at $37.26 over the same period.

Short-Term Energy Outlook

Apr 12, 2016
During the 2016 April-through-September summer driving season, U.S. regular gasoline retail prices are forecast to average $2.04/gallon (gal), compared with $2.63/gal last summer (see EIA Summer Fuels Outlook presentation). For all of 2016, the forecast average price is $1.94/gal, which if realized would save the average U.S. household about $350 on gasoline in 2016 compared with 2015, with annual average motor fuel expenditures at the lowest level in 12 years.

Canada provides record-high share and amount of U.S. crude oil imports in 2015

Apr 12, 2016
Although total U.S. crude oil imports in 2015 continued to be lower than levels reached during the mid-2000s, imports from the United States' top foreign oil supplier—Canada—were the highest on record, according to annual trade data from EIA's Petroleum Supply Monthly. Canada provided 4 out of every 10 barrels of oil imported into the United States in 2015.

Drilling Productivity Report

Apr 11, 2016
EIA’s monthly Drilling Productivity Report (DPR) has been released. The DPR takes a fresh look at oil and natural gas production, starting with an assessment of how and where drilling for hydrocarbons is taking place. It uses recent data on the total number of drilling rigs in operation along with estimates of drilling productivity and estimated changes in production from existing oil and natural gas wells to provide estimated changes in oil and natural gas production for seven key fields.

U.S. biodiesel and renewable diesel imports increase 61% in 2015

Apr 11, 2016
After reaching its highest level to date in 2013, U.S. imports of biomass-based diesel fuel (both biodiesel and renewable diesel) fell in 2014 amid uncertainty surrounding future Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) targets and the elimination of the biodiesel blender's tax credit. As higher targets for biomass-based diesel were finalized in 2015, U.S. imports of biodiesel and renewable diesel increased by 61% in 2015 to reach 538 million gallons.

Annual Coal Distribution Report 2014

Apr 8, 2016
The Annual Coal Distribution Report provides detailed information on U.S. domestic coal distribution for 2014 excluding waste coal and imports by coal origin state, destination state, mode of transportation, and coal consuming sector. Also, the report provides a summary of foreign coal distribution by coal-exporting state. All data for 2014 are final and this report supersedes the data published in all quarterly coal distribution reports during 2014.

Waste-to-energy electricity generation concentrated in Florida and Northeast

Apr 8, 2016
At the end of 2015, the United States had 71 waste-to-energy (WTE) plants that generated electricity in 20 U.S. states, with a total generating capacity of 2.3 gigawatts. Florida contains more than one-fifth of the nation's WTE electricity generation capacity, and in 2015, Florida's Palm Beach Renewable Energy Facility Number 2 became the first new WTE plant to come online since 1995 and the largest single WTE electricity generator in the United States.

EIA tracks monthly ethanol and biodiesel rail movements

Apr 7, 2016
EIA recently released new information on ethanol and biodiesel movements by rail. The new monthly estimates are integrated with EIA's existing Petroleum Supply Monthly and include movements beginning in January 2014. Unlike other liquid fuels that are most commonly transported by pipeline, ethanol and biodiesel are more often transported by rail because both fuels attract water and other impurities in pipelines.

Engine design trends lead to increased demand for higher-octane gasoline

Apr 6, 2016
Since 2013, the share of premium gasoline in total motor gasoline sales has steadily increased to 11.3% in August and September 2015, the highest share in more than a decade.


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