Thailand - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Thailand  

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • Thailand is a net importer of oil and natural gas, although the country is a growing producer of natural gas.
  • Thailand is the second largest net oil importer in Southeast Asia behind Singapore.
  • Several new projects will increase natural gas production in Thailand, but the country is still considering various natural gas import schemes to meet growing domestic demand.
  • Thailand's steadily growing electricity generation is highly dependent on natural gas, so the government is seeking ways to diversify fuel sources to include more renewable energy and potentially nuclear capacity in the long-term.

Read full Thailand Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: February 14, 2013


Overview data for Thailand

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Thailand
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
    
Thailand
Total Oil Production 1.3000 , 2.3000 , 12.0000 , 18.0000 , 30.0000 , 53.0000 , 52.2787 , 48.6333 , 53.0763 , 51.1579 , 57.8128 , 60.7748 , 66.6133 , 69.7004 , 80.9916 , 91.5126 , 100.1133 , 132.8378 , 147.1437 , 158.0938 , 181.8532 , 191.7925 , 206.4218 , 261.0652 , 258.6097 , 309.5304 , 340.2441 , 373.4295 , 406.9525 , 428.6794 , 430.2583 , 448.7895 , 465.2881 , 473.4025
(1980-2013)
465.29 9,024 89,700 31   473.40
Crude Oil Production 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 6.0000 , 11.0000 , 18.0000 , 34.0000 , 35.0000 , 33.0000 , 36.0000 , 40.0000 , 43.7150 , 46.2320 , 50.6900 , 52.3010 , 55.7060 , 51.4000 , 60.9271 , 71.7430 , 75.0244 , 83.6370 , 109.6557 , 113.7610 , 127.1616 , 158.9850 , 154.9804 , 183.3771 , 204.1293 , 213.4080 , 228.8283 , 237.9410 , 241.8013 , 224.1279 , 238.6160 , 240.6398
(1980-2013)
238.62 7,674 75,898 35   240.64
Consumption 224.0000 , 214.4000 , 199.0000 , 214.0000 , 233.0000 , 224.8347 , 234.3754 , 258.9932 , 283.3750 , 348.5871 , 406.5068 , 436.5437 , 475.5322 , 544.5094 , 603.1682 , 678.6758 , 749.4073 , 781.2304 , 736.5474 , 734.2645 , 724.9403 , 701.6105 , 763.2703 , 832.3174 , 915.4663 , 930.8937 , 952.0851 , 941.3440 , 729.1216 , 973.5481 , 1010.5429 , 1020.0000 , 1009.0160 , 1005.3877
(1980-2013)
1,009.02 29,037 89,160 21   1,005.39
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -222.7000 , -212.1000 , -187.0000 , -196.0000 , -203.0000 , -171.8347 , -182.0967 , -210.3598 , -230.2987 , -297.4292 , -348.6940 , -375.7689 , -408.9189 , -474.8090 , -522.1766 , -587.1632 , -649.2940 , -648.3927 , -589.4037 , -576.1707 , -543.0871 , -509.8180 , -556.8485 , -571.2522 , -656.8566 , -621.3633 , -611.8410 , -567.9145 , -322.1691 , -544.8687 , -580.2846 , -571.2105 , -543.7279 , -531.9852
(1980-2013)
-543.73 -20,013 -- 199   -531.99
Refinery Capacity 186.0000 , 186.0000 , 176.0000 , 176.0000 , 176.0000 , 172.0000 , 192.0000 , 192.0000 , 192.0000 , 191.0000 , 215.0000 , 221.0000 , 220.5500 , 220.5500 , 313.7500 , 346.5500 , 425.7500 , 558.2500 , 704.2500 , 712.7500 , 712.7500 , 681.7500 , 681.7500 , 703.1000 , 703.1000 , 703.1000 , 703.1000 , 729.1000 , 729.1000 , 729.1000 , 584.1000 , 584.1000 , 584.2500
(1980-2012)
584 24,875 88,097 31   584
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.1030 , 0.0450 , 0.1560 , 0.1070 , 0.1012 , 0.0990 , 0.0852 , 0.2307 , 0.1500 , 0.2620 , 0.2419 , 0.1786 , 0.2181 , 0.2307 , 0.2953 , 0.2953 , 0.2963 , 0.2963 , 0.3516 , 0.5157 , 0.5834 , 0.5834 , 0.5834 , 0.2910 , 0.2900 , 0.4600 , 0.4410 , 0.4300 , 0.4350 , 0.4420 , 0.4533 , 0.4488
(1980-2014)
0.45 45 1,646 46   0.45
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Thailand
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Thailand
Production 0.0000 , 40.0000 , 47.0000 , 56.9000 , 70.0000 , 128.0000 , 112.0000 , 131.5000 , 192.8100 , 182.1100 , 208.0000 , 236.0000 , 249.0000 , 310.4189 , 341.8400 , 367.6300 , 428.3710 , 537.8475 , 568.5715 , 625.4287 , 657.5653 , 659.3311 , 705.5937 , 768.4544 , 789.6434 , 836.9655 , 858.8608 , 918.1900 , 1015.6594 , 1090.5272 , 1280.8751 , 1306.3019 , 1458.1967
(1980-2012)
1,306.30 17,008 116,255 24   1,458.20
Consumption 0.0000 , 40.0000 , 47.0000 , 56.9000 , 70.0000 , 128.0000 , 112.0000 , 131.5000 , 192.8100 , 182.1100 , 208.0000 , 236.0000 , 249.0000 , 310.4189 , 341.8400 , 367.6300 , 428.3710 , 537.8475 , 568.5715 , 628.6070 , 704.5343 , 837.3187 , 924.5467 , 1018.8378 , 1055.5654 , 1149.8564 , 1175.9895 , 1250.1510 , 1317.6027 , 1383.2886 , 1592.0002 , 1644.6196 , 1796.3063
(1980-2012)
1,644.62 22,220 116,395 19   1,796.31
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , -3.1784 , -46.9690 , -177.9876 , -218.9530 , -250.3834 , -265.9220 , -312.8909 , -317.1287 , -331.9610 , -301.9433 , -292.7614 , -311.1252 , -338.3177 , -338.1096
(1990-2012)
-338.32 -4,825 -- 21   -338.11
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
8.0000 , 8.0000 , 12.0000 , 11.0000 , 8.5000 , 5.9000 , 5.4000 , 7.4000 , 3.7200 , 3.8850 , 6.9100 , 5.8500 , 13.6000 , 8.4630 , 5.7400 , 6.1620 , 5.9010 , 7.1200 , 7.0000 , 12.5290 , 12.5290 , 11.7640 , 12.7050 , 13.3410 , 13.3400 , 13.3400 , 14.7540 , 14.7500 , 11.6970 , 11.1980 , 12.0790 , 11.0260 , 10.5890 , 10.0600 , 9.0390
(1980-2014)
10.06 521 6,846 38   9.04
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Thailand
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Thailand
Production 1.6203 , 1.8408 , 2.3338 , 2.2035 , 2.7503 , 5.7210 , 6.1074 , 7.6483 , 8.0564 , 9.9407 , 13.7320 , 16.1688 , 16.9872 , 17.1453 , 18.8571 , 20.3110 , 23.9153 , 25.8377 , 22.2256 , 20.1296 , 19.6054 , 21.6130 , 21.6075 , 20.7713 , 22.1122 , 23.0143 , 21.0217 , 20.1053 , 20.1574 , 19.6057 , 20.2208 , 23.5090 , 20.2010
(1980-2012)
23.509 5,529 8,444 23   20.201
Consumption 1.6203 , 1.8551 , 2.4837 , 2.3534 , 2.8649 , 5.9833 , 6.2970 , 7.9030 , 8.4644 , 10.1744 , 14.2279 , 16.6181 , 17.8201 , 18.5169 , 20.6365 , 23.0955 , 27.8198 , 28.7051 , 24.5904 , 24.4786 , 24.1737 , 27.4090 , 27.7077 , 27.6361 , 30.9681 , 32.6409 , 33.1560 , 35.3039 , 38.2871 , 36.7389 , 39.3404 , 43.9723 , 38.8267
(1980-2012)
43.972 5,482 8,285 22   38.827
Net Export/Imports(-) -54.0133 , -37.4786 , -190.6999 , -155.4259 , -184.0860 , -324.0795 , -244.7131 , -340.6142 , -474.0821 , -595.2812 , -456.2467 , -611.3694 , -632.2615 , -1123.5749 , -1795.8967 , -2694.1702 , -4443.5714 , -3721.6898 , -1896.3724 , -3708.4730 , -4702.7910 , -5448.7140 , -6168.5123 , -7833.6969 , -8317.9533 , -9441.4291 , -12298.4878 , -15328.7418 , -17567.5361 , -18551.9002 , -18728.2700 , -21628.4512 , -18625.7550
(1980-2012)
-21.628 -39 -- 12   -18.626
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Thailand
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Thailand
Net Generation 13.5760 , 14.5490 , 15.7680 , 18.7650 , 20.9110 , 22.9120 , 24.6510 , 28.3950 , 32.1140 , 37.0380 , 43.6540 , 47.4050 , 53.8850 , 59.7850 , 67.1320 , 75.6300 , 83.1980 , 83.3320 , 82.2404 , 84.7873 , 89.6043 , 95.8023 , 101.6123 , 108.9913 , 117.1783 , 123.0578 , 129.3229 , 132.3790 , 136.4350 , 137.2100 , 145.2970 , 140.8420
(1980-2011)
145.30 7,682 20,254 24   140.84
Net Consumption 12.9160 , 13.6330 , 14.8610 , 17.4220 , 19.3430 , 20.9550 , 22.9810 , 25.8280 , 29.2100 , 33.9290 , 39.6090 , 42.6530 , 48.5910 , 55.1140 , 60.8070 , 69.6860 , 76.2340 , 75.9620 , 75.2374 , 78.3153 , 82.1143 , 86.5343 , 94.0233 , 102.6223 , 110.2133 , 116.1198 , 122.5519 , 126.6820 , 129.0860 , 129.3130 , 140.8480 , 139.0460
(1980-2011)
140.85 7,060 18,501 23   139.05
Installed Capacity (GWe) 4.5080 , 4.9270 , 5.6480 , 6.8420 , 7.5950 , 7.7500 , 8.0010 , 8.0720 , 8.5140 , 8.5173 , 10.1083 , 10.9753 , 13.0803 , 14.2353 , 15.5033 , 17.9443 , 18.9125 , 20.7585 , 21.8995 , 24.0505 , 28.1335 , 28.5375 , 30.0065 , 30.6545 , 38.1445 , 33.9485 , 29.7515 , 36.8175 , 41.4647 , 47.3757 , 48.2377 , 48.5147
(1980-2011)
48.24 1,903 5,086 21   48.51
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Thailand
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Thailand
Production 0.0298 , 0.0913 , 0.1316 , 0.1517 , 0.1985 , 0.3297 , 0.3359 , 0.3476 , 0.4200 , 0.4478 , 0.5168 , 0.5709 , 0.5918 , 0.6541 , 0.7288 , 0.8079 , 0.9744 , 1.1298 , 1.1229 , 1.1659 , 1.2724 , 1.3082 , 1.4048 , 1.5613 , 1.5950 , 1.7351 , 1.8190 , 1.9306 , 2.0746 , 2.1637 , 2.3539 , 2.4557
(1980-2011)
2.354 148 505 38   2.456
Consumption 0.5079 , 0.5445 , 0.5320 , 0.5677 , 0.6305 , 0.7019 , 0.7224 , 0.7928 , 0.9077 , 1.0736 , 1.2545 , 1.3708 , 1.4671 , 1.5766 , 1.8698 , 2.1167 , 2.4497 , 2.5949 , 2.4374 , 2.5025 , 2.5717 , 2.6924 , 2.9322 , 3.2077 , 3.4418 , 3.6517 , 3.7055 , 3.8370 , 3.5797 , 4.0510 , 4.3248 , 4.5988
(1980-2011)
4.325 190 507 23   4.599
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
4806.9128 , 4866.1520 , 4513.1650 , 4560.8315 , 4790.1157 , 5095.4522 , 4969.5547 , 4980.0766 , 5032.6286 , 5306.0180 , 5577.0922 , 5613.8255 , 5558.7523 , 5518.2771 , 6004.8765 , 6222.9729 , 6800.5154 , 7303.8877 , 7666.1220 , 7535.8713 , 7393.1121 , 7575.7195 , 7834.0177 , 7998.9726 , 8070.5932 , 8186.0438 , 7903.9062 , 7791.4095 , 7092.8378 , 8218.1100 , 8137.9091 , 8458.1528
(1980-2011)
8,138 7,821 7,401 46   8,458
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Thailand
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Thailand
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
33.5632 , 34.3973 , 33.1427 , 35.5503 , 39.4448 , 44.5542 , 45.5055 , 51.5101 , 58.9868 , 69.9638 , 83.9285 , 92.9225 , 100.7753 , 114.6116 , 127.9883 , 145.1270 , 170.2350 , 176.7766 , 162.7011 , 171.4427 , 161.7521 , 172.0379 , 187.0492 , 205.6722 , 225.4608 , 241.7771 , 237.2201 , 246.8458 , 255.0851 , 267.8846 , 273.0922 , 269.6228
(1980-2011)
273.09 13,840 31,502 23   269.62

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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