Italy - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Italy  

Country Analysis Note

  • As a net importer of oil and natural gas, Italy is heavily dependent on imports to meet its energy needs.
  • In 2010, Italy imported nearly 2.0 million barrels per day (bbl/d) of crude oil and petroleum refined products. Italy's main crude oil suppliers are Libya, Azerbaijan, Saudi Arabia, and Russia. Total oil production in Italy has remained relatively stable over the past three years and was 155,000 bbl/d in 2012.
  • Natural gas imports were around 2.4 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) in 2012, while dry natural gas production that same year totaled 304 billion cubic feet. The majority of Italy's natural gas imports come from Algeria and Russia.
  • Italy has the fifth-largest proved reserves of crude oil in Europe with 521 million barrels, and the sixth-largest proved natural gas reserves in Europe with 2.3 Tcf, as of January 1, 2013.
  • Recent occurrences have highlighted the fragility of Italy's dependence on energy imports, particularly: the colder than normal weather in Europe in early 2012, oil and natural gas production outages in Libya, and the recent militant attacks on the In Amenas gas facility in Algeria. A significant portion of Italy's imported natural gas comes from Algeria and Libya through the Trans-Mediterranean (also known as Enrico Mattei) and Greenstream pipelines, respectively.
  • Italy enacted an offshore drilling ban in 2010, following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. The ban outlawed drilling within five nautical miles of the coastal baseline and within 12 miles of the perimeter of protected marine parks. In 2012 the ban was modified and no longer applied to projects that existed when the ban was enacted. The recent amendments also impose higher offshore royalties for oil and gas activities.
  • Italy has the second largest crude oil refining capacity in the European Union after Germany, with a total of nearly 2.2 million bbl/d from sixteen crude oil refineries. A recent Bloomberg survey indicated that Europe is set to close about 10 percent of refineries permanently in the next few years because of declining domestic consumption of petroleum products and competition from Asia. Italy is particularly at risk of having refineries closed, with one already slated to close in 2013 and the possibility of another in the next few years.

Analysis Last Updated: August 2013


Overview data for Italy

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Italy
Europe
OECD
World
Rank
Italy
Total Oil Production 68.0000 , 68.0000 , 65.0000 , 78.0000 , 82.0000 , 84.0000 , 67.0869 , 85.0216 , 108.8668 , 101.5942 , 109.3815 , 104.1681 , 112.4384 , 112.8948 , 118.4608 , 126.3934 , 136.1958 , 148.7716 , 143.7869 , 122.0884 , 134.5218 , 122.2401 , 129.8389 , 142.8893 , 153.2107 , 164.8136 , 166.5321 , 168.6095 , 160.7857 , 145.5256 , 156.1428 , 152.7214 , 154.5105 , 155.0639
(1980-2013)
154.51 3,979 22,534 89,757 44 155.06
Crude Oil Production 38.0000 , 37.0000 , 35.0000 , 45.0000 , 45.0000 , 45.0000 , 49.0000 , 67.0000 , 90.0000 , 82.0000 , 87.0000 , 80.0000 , 83.3600 , 82.7240 , 86.2470 , 93.3700 , 101.0984 , 111.5890 , 106.9534 , 82.0000 , 90.0000 , 78.4600 , 85.3616 , 95.8493 , 104.1667 , 114.6082 , 110.3425 , 107.9370 , 99.4508 , 82.7808 , 96.0055 , 99.1781 , 100.9672 , 101.5205
(1980-2013)
100.97 3,116 15,663 75,887 43 101.52
Consumption 1934.0000 , 1874.0000 , 1781.0000 , 1750.0000 , 1720.0000 , 1705.0000 , 1734.0000 , 1815.0000 , 1829.0000 , 1897.0000 , 1868.0000 , 1856.0000 , 1894.0000 , 1891.0000 , 1869.0000 , 1942.0000 , 1920.0000 , 1934.0000 , 1943.0000 , 1891.0000 , 1853.7678 , 1832.4438 , 1870.1315 , 1859.6548 , 1828.9235 , 1780.5699 , 1776.5863 , 1728.6808 , 1666.7658 , 1544.2414 , 1544.2282 , 1493.8321 , 1352.7590
(1980-2012)
1,493.83 14,961 46,402 88,744 16 1,352.76
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -1866.0000 , -1806.0000 , -1716.0000 , -1672.0000 , -1638.0000 , -1621.0000 , -1666.9131 , -1729.9784 , -1720.1332 , -1795.4058 , -1758.6185 , -1751.8319 , -1781.5616 , -1778.1052 , -1750.5392 , -1815.6066 , -1783.8042 , -1785.2284 , -1799.2131 , -1768.9116 , -1719.2460 , -1710.2037 , -1740.2926 , -1716.7655 , -1675.7128 , -1615.7563 , -1610.0542 , -1560.0713 , -1505.9801 , -1398.7158 , -1388.0854 , -1341.1107 , -1198.2485
(1980-2012)
-1,341.11 -10,692 -24,777 -- 11 -1,198.25
Refinery Capacity 4131.0000 , 4092.0000 , 4003.0000 , 3283.0000 , 3050.0000 , 3095.0000 , 2738.0000 , 2679.0000 , 2563.0000 , 2450.0000 , 2804.0000 , 2385.0000 , 2386.3580 , 2420.3580 , 2262.0000 , 2259.8180 , 2284.4980 , 2261.8180 , 2453.4180 , 2446.2180 , 2340.6000 , 2359.1000 , 2282.8000 , 2300.8000 , 2313.4150 , 2320.9150 , 2324.4090 , 2337.2290 , 2337.2290 , 2337.2290 , 2337.2290 , 2337.2290 , 2337.2290
(1980-2012)
2,337 16,787 45,873 88,097 8 2,337
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.6450 , 0.6400 , 0.6250 , 0.7030 , 0.8000 , 0.8000 , 0.7400 , 0.7218 , 0.7390 , 0.7390 , 0.7271 , 0.6935 , 0.6922 , 0.7470 , 0.6205 , 0.6205 , 0.6205 , 0.6846 , 0.7293 , 0.6218 , 0.6218 , 0.6218 , 0.6218 , 0.6217 , 0.6217 , 0.6217 , 0.6217 , 0.6000 , 0.4065 , 0.4065 , 0.4237 , 0.4764 , 0.5232 , 0.5213
(1980-2013)
0.52 12 223 1,526 46 0.52
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Italy
Europe
World
Rank
 
Italy
Production 442.5323 , 495.9285 , 515.2105 , 461.4611 , 488.6183 , 503.0622 , 563.7333 , 576.4821 , 587.4297 , 599.5781 , 611.0000 , 614.0000 , 640.9673 , 690.7261 , 728.8000 , 719.8600 , 707.5007 , 680.4141 , 671.3028 , 617.1649 , 587.3944 , 538.2712 , 516.4112 , 490.3488 , 457.7177 , 426.2874 , 387.7234 , 342.7674 , 326.8403 , 282.9791 , 296.8579 , 298.3764 , 303.8856
(1980-2012)
298.38 9,965 116,255 42   303.89
Consumption 972.0101 , 942.4867 , 944.3584 , 967.2072 , 1134.8475 , 1150.9865 , 1216.6724 , 1345.9253 , 1460.2753 , 1581.2291 , 1674.0000 , 1775.0000 , 1760.3115 , 1800.9900 , 1748.1300 , 1920.6100 , 1984.1380 , 2047.5637 , 2204.5389 , 2396.0874 , 2498.3597 , 2505.2108 , 2488.2243 , 2743.3045 , 2846.7068 , 3046.4485 , 2983.5171 , 2998.1376 , 2997.6431 , 2755.4176 , 2934.5706 , 2751.6389 , 2645.6232
(1980-2012)
2,751.64 19,199 116,395 10   2,645.62
Net Export/Imports(-) -1075.0000 , -1165.0000 , -1197.9907 , -1134.0800 , -1028.4700 , -1210.4600 , -1308.1735 , -1378.8035 , -1504.3837 , -1745.7264 , -2026.9751 , -1932.1896 , -2092.0253 , -2204.1151 , -2384.2216 , -2580.2552 , -2720.3145 , -2609.1428 , -2707.1420 , -2441.1494 , -2656.1471 , -2480.7022 , -2386.7996
(1990-2012)
-2,480.70 -9,400 -- 3   -2,386.80
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
3.5000 , 3.5000 , 3.6500 , 4.3200 , 4.3400 , 4.3600 , 5.0000 , 8.0000 , 10.2000 , 10.2400 , 11.6930 , 11.6240 , 11.3700 , 12.9960 , 10.6650 , 13.2000 , 13.2000 , 10.5060 , 10.5060 , 8.0720 , 8.0720 , 8.0720 , 8.0720 , 8.0000 , 8.0000 , 8.0000 , 8.0000 , 5.8000 , 3.3250 , 3.3250 , 2.4660 , 2.2450 , 2.3310 , 2.2020
(1980-2013)
2.33 147 6,845 57   2.20
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Italy
Europe
World
Rank
 
Italy
Production 1.4220 , 1.3426 , 2.1043 , 1.9335 , 1.9687 , 2.1043 , 1.1244 , 1.0725 , 1.1464 , 1.1839 , 1.1177 , 1.0593 , 0.9094 , 0.6945 , 0.2998 , 0.1896 , 0.1510 , 0.2381 , 0.2083 , 0.1268 , 0.0154 , 0.1532 , 0.1797 , 0.2756 , 0.1080 , 0.1047 , 0.0231 , 0.1742 , 0.1290 , 0.0794 , 0.1113 , 0.1014
(1980-2011)
0.111 737 7,934 56   0.101
Consumption 19.2442 , 20.8888 , 22.7418 , 20.1359 , 24.6719 , 26.8755 , 23.5641 , 24.7138 , 23.3668 , 23.0890 , 24.7722 , 23.1816 , 20.3696 , 17.7252 , 18.7117 , 19.9662 , 18.3193 , 18.4340 , 19.2618 , 19.2100 , 20.4809 , 21.9040 , 22.7473 , 24.7546 , 27.7948 , 27.4972 , 27.7970 , 27.9745 , 27.2039 , 21.0575 , 23.3701 , 25.2650 , 25.4924
(1980-2012)
25.265 1,004 8,124 28   25.492
Net Export/Imports(-) -18126.4080 , -20269.3013 , -21400.2727 , -18933.2999 , -22358.1813 , -24215.5759 , -22653.6007 , -23588.3608 , -21652.7020 , -22790.2874 , -22588.5644 , -22361.4882 , -19740.1918 , -15931.7061 , -17582.9685 , -21069.5793 , -18571.7418 , -17257.7866 , -18734.8839 , -19230.9240 , -21393.6589 , -22095.8312 , -21784.9794 , -24228.8037 , -28127.6790 , -27311.9686 , -27706.5960 , -27742.9723 , -27659.1966 , -20552.5953 , -23620.3278 , -25436.9369
(1980-2011)
-23.620 -218 -- 9   -25.437
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Italy
Europe
World
Rank
 
Italy
Net Generation 175.4130 , 169.7610 , 173.0300 , 170.4400 , 169.8760 , 171.8610 , 178.3410 , 187.6070 , 173.7510 , 195.2898 , 200.8110 , 206.4490 , 210.9830 , 207.4010 , 216.1090 , 223.3940 , 225.2300 , 231.6800 , 237.9420 , 243.2580 , 253.2183 , 255.2507 , 259.7992 , 264.8928 , 277.3016 , 278.1547 , 288.7085 , 289.4176 , 295.0151 , 272.7467 , 283.1889 , 286.3490 , 286.1763
(1980-2012)
286.35 3,558 21,081 12   286.18
Net Consumption 164.8910 , 163.0870 , 165.7230 , 164.8540 , 174.1550 , 178.0660 , 183.5510 , 193.5490 , 186.8490 , 211.8418 , 219.0070 , 224.4290 , 229.5080 , 229.1830 , 236.6530 , 243.3070 , 245.6880 , 252.7980 , 260.1560 , 266.6970 , 278.3623 , 284.2717 , 290.6142 , 294.9718 , 302.0686 , 306.6837 , 313.7675 , 314.7246 , 314.6061 , 297.3537 , 306.7789 , 311.2330
(1980-2011)
306.78 3,351 18,501 12   311.23
Installed Capacity (GWe) 46.6730 , 47.7250 , 49.9050 , 51.3800 , 53.9360 , 55.5740 , 55.0980 , 56.1410 , 56.6120 , 56.1970 , 56.5550 , 57.8800 , 61.5610 , 63.4330 , 64.0820 , 65.8360 , 68.1970 , 70.2680 , 72.3700 , 73.7050 , 75.3520 , 76.0010 , 76.4150 , 78.1280 , 81.3360 , 85.2650 , 89.1810 , 93.2850 , 98.3110 , 101.1340 , 106.1880 , 118.2200
(1980-2011)
106.19 986 5,086 10   118.22
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Italy
Europe
World
Rank
 
Italy
Production 1.0847 , 1.1170 , 1.1661 , 1.1184 , 1.1659 , 1.1667 , 1.2536 , 1.1919 , 1.2634 , 1.1880 , 1.1870 , 1.2849 , 1.3179 , 1.3477 , 1.4214 , 1.3584 , 1.4277 , 1.4193 , 1.4031 , 1.3444 , 1.3244 , 1.2952 , 1.2201 , 1.1806 , 1.2555 , 1.1917 , 1.1600 , 1.0826 , 1.1474 , 1.1659 , 1.2890 , 1.3674
(1980-2011)
1.289 45 509 47   1.367
Consumption 6.1172 , 6.0011 , 5.8596 , 5.7512 , 6.0108 , 6.0278 , 6.1078 , 6.3310 , 6.4862 , 6.6755 , 6.7237 , 6.8751 , 6.8377 , 6.8258 , 6.7324 , 7.0442 , 7.0722 , 7.1768 , 7.3813 , 7.5078 , 7.5818 , 7.6230 , 7.6532 , 7.9047 , 8.1667 , 8.0792 , 8.0094 , 8.0393 , 7.8386 , 7.3513 , 7.6259 , 7.4054 , 7.1215
(1980-2012)
7.405 NA NA 14   7.121
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
5818.1896 , 5662.5790 , 5482.9595 , 5552.2177 , 5414.1735 , 5327.7602 , 5363.8071 , 5268.7592 , 5240.4286 , 5177.1579 , 5213.8666 , 5152.1690 , 5189.3880 , 5004.4159 , 5088.4944 , 5059.3645 , 5036.2764 , 5113.8601 , 5128.2099 , 4985.5853 , 4926.6545 , 4923.8320 , 5082.8851 , 5181.2057 , 5085.0284 , 4936.9983 , 4888.3309 , 4830.3404 , 4780.4119 , 4897.7713 , 4727.4533
(1981-2011)
4,898 5,486 7,452 115   4,727
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Italy
Europe
World
Rank
 
Italy
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
371.7888 , 365.7396 , 355.3060 , 346.3353 , 350.6664 , 365.7391 , 371.4873 , 391.8336 , 397.0392 , 412.4984 , 415.4090 , 416.4426 , 415.1003 , 412.1997 , 403.7363 , 431.4346 , 423.4916 , 423.9895 , 440.8473 , 440.5825 , 447.7229 , 444.8070 , 451.8268 , 472.2236 , 468.9252 , 471.8854 , 467.4860 , 459.5288 , 449.7486 , 407.6301 , 416.8183 , 400.9392
(1980-2011)
416.82 4,375 31,502 16   400.94

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013


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International Energy Statistics

U.S. Net Petroleum Imports By Country

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Annual Energy Outlook yearly US energy projections through 2040

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